Attachment: CURRENT REPORT


 

 

VERTEX ENERGY, INC. 8-K

Exhibit 4.1

 

 

Execution Version 

Confidential

 

WARRANT AGREEMENT

 

THIS WARRANT AGREEMENT (as amended from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof, this “Agreement”), dated as of May 26, 2022, is by and between Vertex Energy Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, a New York corporation, as warrant agent (together with its successors and assigns, the “Warrant Agent”).

 

RECITALS

 

WHEREAS, the Company is party to that certain Loan and Security Agreement (the “Existing Loan Agreement”), dated as of April 1, 2022, by and among the Company, Vertex Refining Alabama LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Borrower”), certain direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company from time to time party thereto and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, as administrative and collateral agent for the Lenders, pursuant to which the Lenders agreed to lend to the Borrower an aggregate of $125,000,000; and

 

WHEREAS, in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Existing Loan Agreement and pursuant to an exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2), and Rule 506 thereunder, of the Securities Act, the Company issued to the Initial Lenders (or Affiliates or Approved Funds of the Initial Lenders, as applicable) an aggregate of 2,750,000 warrants (the “Original Warrants”) in accordance with that certain Warrant Agreement (the “Original Warrant Agreement”), dated as of April 1, 2022, by and between the Company and the Warrant Agent (as defined therein), with each Original Warrant entitling the holder thereof to purchase one share of Common Stock (as may be adjusted in accordance with the Original Warrant Agreement, the “Original Warrant Shares”) at the Exercise Price (as defined in the Original Warrant Agreement); and

 

WHEREAS, the Company has entered into that certain Amendment Number One to Loan and Security Agreement (the “Loan Amendment” and the Existing Loan Agreement, as amended by the Loan Amendment, the “Loan Agreement”), dated as of the date hereof, pursuant to which the Initial Lenders agreed to lend to Borrower an additional aggregate amount of $40,000,000 (the “Incremental Term Loan”) and to make certain related changes to the Existing Loan Agreement; and

 

WHEREAS, in connection with the transactions contemplated by the Loan Amendment and pursuant to an exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2), and Rule 506 thereunder, of the Securities Act, the Company is issuing to certain Initial Lenders (or Affiliates or Approved Funds of such Initial Lenders, as applicable) an aggregate of 250,000 warrants (the “Warrants”), with each Warrant entitling the holder thereof to purchase one share of Common Stock (as may be adjusted in accordance herewith, the “Warrant Shares”) at the Exercise Price (as defined herein); and

 

WHEREAS, the Company desires to provide for the form and provisions of the Warrants, the terms upon which they shall be issued and may be exercised and the respective rights, limitation of rights, and immunities of the Company, the Warrant Agent and the registered holders of the Warrants (the “Holders”); and

 

WHEREAS, the Company desires for the Warrant Agent to act on behalf of the Company, and the Warrant Agent is willing so to act, in connection with the issuance, transfer, exchange and exercise of the Warrants and other matters as provided herein; and

 

WHEREAS, all acts and things have been done and performed which are necessary to make the Warrants, when issued, the valid, binding and legal obligations of the Company, and to authorize the execution and delivery of this Agreement.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements herein contained, the parties hereto agree as follows:

 

 

 

 

ARTICLE I
DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.1          Definition of Terms. In addition to the terms defined elsewhere in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated in this Section 1.1.

 

(a)          “Adjustment Right” means any right granted with respect to any securities issued in connection with, or with respect to, any issuance or sale (or deemed issuance or sale in accordance with Article V) of shares of Common Stock that could result in a decrease in the net consideration received by the Company in connection with, or with respect to, such securities (including, without limitation, any cash settlement rights, cash adjustment or other similar rights).

 

(b)          Affiliate” means, with respect to any specified Person, at any time, a Person that, directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls, or is controlled by, or is under common control with, such specified Person at such time. For purposes of this definition, “control,” when used with respect to any specified Person, shall mean (i) the direct or indirect ownership of more than 50% of the total voting power of securities or other evidences of ownership interest in such Person or (ii) the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person, directly or indirectly, whether through ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise.

 

(c)          “Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price” means, with respect to a Warrant, the product of the Exercise Price multiplied by the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise thereof.

 

(d)          Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender.

 

(e)          Black Scholes Value” means the value of the unexercised Warrants subject to a Put Notice or a Call Notice at the time such Put Notice or Call Notice is delivered, which value is to be calculated using the Black Scholes Option Pricing Model obtained from the “OV” function on Bloomberg utilizing (i) an underlying price per share equal to the greater of (1) the highest Closing Sale Price of the Common Stock during the period beginning on the Trading Day immediately preceding the announcement of the applicable Fundamental Transaction (or the consummation of the applicable Fundamental Transaction, if earlier) and ending on the Trading Day that the Put Notice or Call Notice is delivered and (2) the sum of the price per share being offered in cash in the applicable Fundamental Transaction (if any) plus the Fair Market Value of the non-cash consideration being offered in the applicable Fundamental Transaction (if any), (ii) a strike price equal to the Exercise Price in effect on the date that the Put Notice or Call Notice is delivered, (iii)    a risk-free interest rate corresponding to the U.S. Treasury rate for a period equal to the greater of (1) the remaining term of the Warrants as of the date that a Put Notice or Call Notice is delivered and (2) the remaining term of the Warrants as of the date of consummation of the applicable Fundamental Transaction, (iv)     a zero cost of borrow and (v) an expected volatility equal to the 90 day volatility obtained from the “HVT” function on Bloomberg (determined utilizing a 365 day annualization factor) as of the Trading Day immediately following the earliest to occur of (A) the public disclosure of the applicable Fundamental Transaction, (B) the consummation of the applicable Fundamental Transaction and (C) in the case of the exercise of a Put Right, the date on which the applicable Holder was first notified by the Company in writing of the execution and delivery of a definitive agreement with respect to the applicable Fundamental Transaction.

 

(f)           “Bloomberg” means Bloomberg Financial Markets or, to the extent Bloomberg Financial Markets is not in existence as of any date of determination, an equivalent, reliable reporting service reasonably acceptable to the Super-Majority Holders and the Company.

 

(g)          Board” means the board of directors of the Company.

 

(h)          Business Day” means any day other than Saturday, Sunday or other day on which commercial banks in The City of New York are authorized or required by law to remain closed.

 

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(i)          Closing Date” means the date of this Agreement (such date being the date of the making of the Incremental Term Loan and the consummation of the other transactions contemplated by the Loan Amendment).

 

(j)          Closing Sale Price” means, for any security as of any date, the last closing trade price for such security on the Principal Market, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market begins to operate on an extended hours basis and does not designate the closing trade price, then the last trade price, of such security prior to 4:00 p.m., New York time, as reported by Bloomberg, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal securities exchange or trading market for such security, the last closing trade price of such security on the principal securities exchange or trading market where such security is listed or traded as reported by Bloomberg, or if the foregoing do not apply, the last trade price of such security in the Over the Counter Bulletin Board (the “Bulletin Board”) for such security as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no last trade price is reported for such security by Bloomberg, the average of the bid prices, or the ask prices, respectively, of any market makers for such security as reported in the “pink sheets” (or any successor) by the OTC Markets Group, Inc. If the Closing Sale Price cannot be calculated for a security on a particular date on any of the foregoing bases, the Closing Sale Price shall be the fair market value for such security as determined by an independent, reputable appraiser selected in good faith by the Board, notice of whose selection shall be provided in writing to each Holder; provided, however, that if the Majority Holders object in writing to such selection within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice thereof to each Holder, the appraiser shall be selected jointly by the Company and the Majority Holders. The fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be paid by the Company. All such determinations to be appropriately adjusted for any stock dividend, stock split, stock combination or other similar transaction during the applicable calculation period.

 

(k)          Commission” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any governmental or regulatory authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

 

(l)            Common Stock” means (i) the Company’s shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share, and (ii) any capital stock into which such common stock shall have been changed or any share capital resulting from a reclassification of such common stock.

 

(m)         Common Stock Equivalent” means any security or obligation which is by its terms convertible or exchangeable into shares of Common Stock or another Common Stock Equivalent, and any option, warrant or other subscription or purchase right with respect to Common Stock.

 

(n)          Convertible Note Indenture” means that certain Indenture, dated as of November 1, 2021, by and between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association.

 

(o)          Convertible Securities” means any capital stock or other security (other than Options) that is at any time and under any circumstances, directly or indirectly, convertible into, exercisable or exchangeable for, or which otherwise entitles the holder thereof to acquire, any shares of Common Stock.

 

(p)          DTC” means The Depository Trust Company.

 

(q)          “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended from time to time.

 

(r)           Excluded Issuance” means the issuance or deemed issuance of (i) shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities issued or issuable to directors, officers, employees or consultants of the Company in connection with their service as directors of the Company, their employment by the Company or their retention as consultants by the Company pursuant to an equity compensation program or arrangement approved by the Board or the compensation committee of the Board; (ii) shares of Common Stock issued or issuable upon the conversion or exercise of Options or Convertible Securities issued prior to the Closing Date (including without limitation, the Existing Convertible Notes and the Original Warrants), provided that neither the conversion price or exercise price nor number of shares issuable under such Options or Convertible Securities is amended, modified or changed after the Closing Date other than pursuant to the provisions of such Options or Convertible Securities as they exist as of the Closing Date; (iii) shares of Common Stock issued in exchange for the Existing Convertible Notes, provided that any such exchange (including the payment of any cash or other consideration paid or delivered by the Company as consideration in such exchange) complies with the Loan Agreement (as in effect on the date of this Agreement); (iv) shares of Common Stock issued or issuable pursuant to any event for which adjustment is made pursuant to Article V; (v) shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities issued or issuable pursuant to and as consideration for (A) the acquisition of another corporation or other entity by the Company, by merger, purchase of stock or other equity interests, purchase of substantially all of the assets or other reorganization approved by the Board, or (B) an acquisition of assets from another corporation or other entity approved by the Board; (vi) shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities issued or issuable as consideration in connection with a strategic transaction or joint venture approved by the Board or (vii) shares of Common Stock issued upon the exercise of the Warrants.

 

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(s)          Existing Convertible Notes” means the 6.25% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2027 issued under the Convertible Note Indenture.

 

(t)          Fair Market Value” means (i) in the case of cash, the amount of such cash, (ii) in the case of a security, the Market Price of such security, or (iii) in the case of any consideration other than cash or securities, the amount as agreed between the Company and the Majority Holders; or if the Company and the Majority Holders do not agree on such amount within fifteen (15) Business Days, the fair value of such consideration as determined in good faith by the Board, notice of which shall be provided in writing to each Holder; provided, however, that if the Majority Holders object in writing to the fair value as determined by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice thereof to each Holder, the Company shall engage an independent, reputable appraiser selected in good faith by the Board, notice of whose selection shall be provided in writing to each Holder, to determine the fair value of such consideration (provided, however, that if the Majority Holders object in writing to the appraiser selected by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice of the selection to each Holder, the appraiser shall be selected jointly by the Company and the Majority Holders). The determination of such appraiser shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error and the fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be borne by the Company.

 

(u)          Form of Assignment” means a certificate in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit C accounting for the transfer of Warrants.

 

(v)          Fund” means any Person (other than a natural Person), fund, commingled investment vehicle or managed account that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its activities.

 

(w)          Fundamental Transaction” means any of the following transactions, whether effected directly or indirectly in one or a series of related transactions: (i) any merger or consolidation of the Company with or into another person, (ii) any sale, lease, license, assignment, transfer, conveyance or other disposition of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, (iii) the consummation of any purchase offer, tender offer or exchange offer (whether by the Company or another person) pursuant to which holders of Common Stock are permitted to sell, tender or exchange their shares for other securities, cash or property, (iv) any reclassification, reorganization or recapitalization of the Common Stock or any compulsory share exchange by the Company pursuant to which the Common Stock is effectively converted into or exchanged for other securities, cash or property and (v) the consummation of a stock or share purchase agreement or other business combination (including, without limitation, a reorganization, recapitalization, spin-off, merger or scheme of arrangement) with another person or group of persons; provided, however, only those transactions described in clauses (i), (iii), (iv) and (v) that result in (a) a person or group (as such term is used in Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act) becoming beneficial owners of a majority of the outstanding Common Stock or (b) the holders of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock as of immediately prior to the transaction (or series of related transactions) beneficially owning less than a majority by voting power of the outstanding shares of common stock of the surviving or successor entity as of immediately after the transaction, shall be considered a Fundamental Transaction for purposes of the Put Right and Call Right.

 

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(x)           Governmental Authority” means any government of any nation or any federation, province or state or any other political subdivision thereof, any entity, authority or body exercising executive, legislative, judicial, regulatory or administrative functions of or pertaining to government, including any governmental authority, agency, department, board, commission or instrumentality, or any political subdivision thereof, any court, tribunal or arbitrator, and any self-regulatory organization.

 

(y)          Initial Lenders” means the “Initial Lenders” identified in the Loan Agreement.

 

(z)           Initial Holder Representation Letter” means a representation letter substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit D.

 

(aa)         “Lenders” means the “Lenders” identified in the Loan Agreement.

 

(bb)        “Majority Holders” means Holders representing more than 50% of the Warrants then outstanding.

 

(cc)         “Market Price” as of a particular date means: (i) if the security is then listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market or any other national securities exchange, the Closing Sale Price of one (1) share of such security on such exchange on the last Trading Day for such security prior to such date; (ii) if the security is then quoted on the Bulletin Board or any similar quotation system or association, the Closing Sale Price of one (1) share of such security on the Bulletin Board or such other quotation system or association on the last Trading Day for such security prior to the such date or, if no such Closing Sale Price is available, the average of the high bid and the low asked price quoted thereon on the last Trading Day for such security prior to such date; or (iii) if the security is not then listed on a national securities exchange or quoted on the Bulletin Board or such other quotation system or association, the fair value of one (1) share of such security as of such date, as agreed between the Company and the Majority Holders; provided, that, if the Company and the Majority Holders do not agree upon such fair value within fifteen (15) Business Days, the Market Price shall be the fair value of one (1) share of such security as determined in good faith by the Board, notice of which shall be provided in writing to each Holder; provided, however, that if the Majority Holders object in writing to the fair value as determined by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice thereof to each Holder, the Company shall engage an independent, reputable appraiser selected in good faith by the Board, notice of whose selection shall be provided in writing to each Holder, to determine the fair value of one (1) share of such security (provided, however, that if the Majority Holders object in writing to the appraiser selected by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice of the selection to each Holder, the appraiser shall be selected jointly by the Company and the Majority Holders). The determination of such appraiser shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error and the fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be borne by the Company.

 

(dd)        “Nasdaq” means The NASDAQ Capital Market.

 

(ee)         “New Warrant Certificate” means a new Warrant Certificate issued in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit A.

 

(ff)          “Notice of Exercise” means the exercise form for the election to exercise the Warrants in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit B.

 

(gg)        “Options” means any rights, warrants or options to subscribe for, convert or exchange into, or purchase or acquire shares of Common Stock or Convertible Securities.

 

(hh)        “Person” means and includes any individual, any partnership, any corporation, any business trust, any joint stock company, any limited liability company, any unincorporated association or any other entity and any Governmental Authority.

 

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(ii)           “Principal Market” means, with respect to the Common Stock, the Nasdaq and, with respect to any other security, the principal securities exchange or trading market for such other security.

 

(jj)           “Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended from time to time.

 

(kk)         “Standard Settlement Period” means the standard settlement period, expressed in a number of Trading Days, on the Principal Market with respect to the Common Stock as in effect on the date of delivery of the Notice of Exercise.

 

(ll)           “Super-Majority Holders” means the Holders representing at least sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66 2/3%) of the Warrants then outstanding.

 

(mm)       “Trading Day” means, with respect to any security, any day on which such security is traded on the Principal Market, or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for such security, then on the principal securities exchange or securities market on which such security is then traded, provided that “Trading Day” shall not include any day that such security is suspended from trading during the final hour of trading on such exchange or market (or if such exchange or market does not designate in advance the closing time of trading on such exchange or market, then during the hour ending at 4:00:00 p.m., New York time) unless such day is otherwise designated as a Trading Day in writing by the applicable Holder.

 

(nn)        “Transferee Representation Letter” means a representation letter substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit E.

 

(oo)        “VWAP” means, with respect to any security, as of any day or period of days (as the case may be), the volume-weighted average sale price on the Principal Market as reported by, or based upon data reported by, Bloomberg or, if the Principal Market is not the principal trading market for such security, the volume weighted average sale price of such security on the principal securities exchange or trading market where such security is listed or traded as reported by Bloomberg or, if no volume-weighted average sale price is reported for such security by Bloomberg, then the last closing trade price of such security as reported by Bloomberg, or, if no last closing trade price is reported for such security by Bloomberg, the average of the bid prices of any market makers for such security that are listed in the over the counter market by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. or on the Bulletin Board (or any successor) or in the OTCQB market or “pink sheets” (or any successor) by the OTC Markets Group, Inc.; provided, however, that if VWAP cannot be calculated for such security on such date in the manner provided above, the VWAP shall be the fair market value of such security as agreed between the Company and the Majority Holders or, solely for purposes of Section 4.3(b), the exercising Holder or, if the Company and the Majority Holders or exercising Holder, as applicable, do not agree upon such fair market value within fifteen (15) Business Days, the fair market value of such security as determined in good faith by the Board, notice of which shall be provided in writing to each Holder or the exercising Holder, as applicable; provided, however, that if the Majority Holders or the exercising Holder, as applicable, object in writing to the fair market value as determined by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice thereof to each Holder or the exercising Holder, as applicable, the Company shall engage an independent, reputable appraiser selected in good faith by the Board, notice of whose selection shall be provided in writing to each Holder or the exercising Holder, as applicable, to determine the fair market value of such security (provided, however, that if the Majority Holders or the exercising Holder, as applicable, object in writing to the appraiser selected by the Board within ten (10) Business Days after the Company gives written notice of the selection to each Holder or the exercising Holder, as applicable, the appraiser shall be selected jointly by the Company and the Majority Holders or the exercising Holder, as applicable). The determination of such appraiser shall be final and binding upon all parties absent manifest error and the fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be borne by the Company.

 

(pp)        “Warrant Certificate” means a certificate in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit A representing such number of Warrants as is indicated on the face thereof. A reference to any Warrant Certificates hereunder shall also include New Warrant Certificates.

 

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Section 1.2        Rules of Construction. The singular form of any word used herein, including the terms defined in Section 1.1 hereof, shall include the plural, and vice versa. The use herein of a word of any gender shall include correlative words of all genders. Unless otherwise specified, references to Articles, Sections and other subdivisions of this Agreement are to the designated Articles, Sections and other subdivision of this Agreement as originally executed. The words “hereof,” “herein,” “hereunder” and words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole. References to “$” are to dollars in lawful currency of the United States of America.

 

ARTICLE II
APPOINTMENT OF WARRANT AGENT

 

Section 2.1        Appointment. The Company hereby appoints the Warrant Agent to act as agent for the Company in accordance with the express terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement (and no implied terms or conditions), and the Warrant Agent hereby accepts such appointment and agrees to perform the same in accordance with the express terms and subject to the conditions set forth in this Agreement.

 

ARTICLE III
WARRANTS

 

Section 3.1        Issuance of Warrants. On the Closing Date (i) the Company shall issue Warrants entitling each Initial Lender (or, subject to applicable securities laws, an Affiliate or Approved Fund of such Initial Lender) to purchase the amount of Warrant Shares set forth opposite the name of such Initial Lender (or such Initial Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund) on Schedule A attached hereto, which in the aggregate entitle the Holders to purchase 250,000 Warrant Shares (subject to adjustment from time to time as described herein) and (ii) each Initial Lender (or such Affiliate or Approved Fund of such Initial Lender) shall (as a condition of receipt of the applicable Warrants) execute and deliver to the Company an Initial Holder Representation Letter. The Warrants shall be dated as of the Closing Date and, subject to the terms hereof, shall evidence the only Warrants issued or outstanding under this Agreement as of the Closing Date.

 

Section 3.2        Form and Execution of Warrants. The Warrants shall reflect the provisions set forth on Exhibit A and shall be issued by book-entry registration and reflected by the Warrant Agent on the Warrant Register; provided, however, that, at the request of any Holder, the Warrants held by such Holder shall be represented by a definitive Warrant Certificate in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit A (except that a Warrant need not bear any legend appearing at the top of such form from and after such time as all the restrictions to which such legend relates no longer apply), the provisions of which are incorporated herein. Any Warrant Certificates shall be executed on behalf of the Company by its Chief Executive Officer, its President, its Chief Financial Officer or its Treasurer, either manually or by electronic signature, and which may be imprinted or otherwise reproduced on the Warrant Certificates. Warrant Certificates shall be countersigned by the Warrant Agent, either manually or by electronic signature, and in any case shall not be valid for any purpose unless so countersigned. Such signature by the Warrant Agent upon any Warrant Certificate executed by the Company shall be conclusive evidence that such Warrant Certificate so countersigned has been duly issued hereunder. In case any officer of the Company whose signature shall have been placed upon any of the Warrant Certificates shall cease to be such officer of the Company before issue and delivery thereof, such Warrant Certificates may, nevertheless, be issued, countersigned by the Warrant Agent and delivered with the same force and effect as though such person had not ceased to be such officer of the Company, and any Warrant Certificate may be signed on behalf of the Company by such person as, at the actual date of the execution of such Warrant Certificate, shall be a proper officer of the Company, although at the date of the execution of this Agreement any such person was not such officer. Any statements reflecting ownership of Warrants issued in book-entry registration shall conspicuously bear, or shall be deemed to conspicuously bear (even if such statement does not actually bear such legend), a legend substantially in the form of the legend appearing on the form attached as Exhibit A.

 

Section 3.3        Warrant Register. The Warrant Agent shall maintain books (the “Warrant Register”) for the registration of the original issuances, exercises, exchanges and cancellations of the Warrants, as well as all transfers in accordance with Section 6.3 below. Upon the initial issuance of the Warrants, the Warrant Agent shall issue and register the Warrants in the names of the respective holders thereof in such denominations and otherwise in accordance with instructions delivered to the Warrant Agent by the Company. The Company and the Warrant Agent may deem and treat the registered Holder of each Warrant as the absolute owner of the Warrants represented thereby for the purpose of any exercise thereof or any distribution to such Holder, and for all other purposes, absent actual notice to the contrary.

 

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ARTICLE IV

TERMS AND EXERCISE OF WARRANTS

 

Section 4.1        Exercise Price. Each Warrant shall entitle the registered Holder thereof, subject to the provisions of this Agreement and applicable law, the right to purchase from the Company one share of Common Stock (subject to adjustment from time to time as provided in Article V hereof), at a price of $9.25 per share (subject to adjustment from time to time as provided in Article V, the “Exercise Price”).

 

Section 4.2        Exercise Period. The Warrants may be exercised by the Holder thereof, in whole or in part (but not as to a fractional Warrant or a fractional share of Common Stock), at any time and from time to time after the Closing Date and prior to 5:00 P.M., New York time on November 26, 2027 (such period, the “Exercise Period”). To the extent that a Warrant or portion thereof is not exercised prior to the expiration of the Exercise Period, such Warrant shall be automatically cancelled and will become permanently and irrevocably null and void with no action by any Person, and with no further rights hereunder or under any Warrant Certificate representing such Warrants, upon such expiration and the Holder of such Warrant shall not be entitled to any distribution, payment or other amount in respect of such Warrant.

 

Section 4.3        Exercise of Warrants.

 

(a)        Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Holder of any Warrants may exercise, in whole or in part, such Holder’s right to purchase the Warrant Shares by completing, executing and delivering a physical copy or .pdf copy via email of a Notice of Exercise to the Company with a copy to the Warrant Agent in accordance with Section 8.2. The exercising Holder shall be required to physically surrender the Warrant Certificate (if any) to the Warrant Agent in connection with any exercise thereof. Except to the extent that the cashless exercise procedure specified in Section 4.3(b) is specified in the applicable Notice of Exercise, within the earlier of (i) two (2) Trading Days or (ii) the number of Trading Days comprising the Standard Settlement Period following the date on which the Company received the Notice of Exercise, the applicable Holder shall pay to the Warrant Agent on behalf of the Company an amount equal to the applicable Exercise Price multiplied by the number of Warrant Shares as to which the Warrants are being exercised (the “Aggregate Exercise Price”) in United States dollars by personal, certified or official bank check payable to the Warrant Agent or by wire transfer to an account specified in writing by the Warrant Agent to such Holder. No ink-original Notice of Exercise shall be required, nor shall any medallion guarantee (or other type of guarantee or notarization) of any Notice of Exercise be required unless required by the Warrant Agent in the case of an issuance of Warrant Shares to a Person who is not the registered Holder of the Warrant being exercised. Partial exercises of a Warrant resulting in purchases of a portion of the total number of Warrant Shares available thereunder shall have the effect of lowering the outstanding number of Warrant Shares purchasable thereunder in an amount equal to the applicable number of Warrant Shares purchased. Following the exercise by a Holder of any of its Warrants, the Warrant Agent shall reduce the Warrant Register and such Holder’s position by the number of Warrants duly exercised. As stated above, if a Warrant Certificate is surrendered by the exercising Holder and such Warrant Certificate covers a larger number of Warrants than the number exercised, the Warrant Agent shall deliver to the exercising Holder a New Warrant Certificate for the unexercised portion of such Warrant Certificate. Except as otherwise set forth herein, any exercise of Warrants pursuant to the terms of this Agreement shall be irrevocable and shall constitute a binding agreement between the Holder and the Company, enforceable in accordance with the terms of the Warrants and this Agreement. Any Warrant Certificate surrendered upon exercise to the Company or the Warrant Agent by a Holder shall be promptly cancelled by the Company.

 

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(b)        The Holder of any Warrants may, at such Holder’s option, elect to exercise Warrants, in whole or in part, by means of a “cashless exercise” in which such Holder shall be entitled to receive a number of Warrant Shares determined pursuant to the following formula:

 

X = (A – B) * C / A

 

where:

 

(A) =        the VWAP during the five (5) consecutive Trading Day period ending on the Trading Day immediately preceding the date the applicable Notice of Exercise is delivered to the Company pursuant to Section 4.3(a) hereof;

 

(B) =        the Exercise Price at the time of such exercise;

 

(C) =        the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of the applicable Warrants being exercised, if such exercise were by means of a cash exercise rather than a cashless exercise; and

 

(X) =        the number of Warrant Shares to be issued to such Holder.

 

If the foregoing calculation results in a negative number, then no Warrant Shares shall be issuable via a cashless exercise. If Warrant Shares are issued in such a cashless exercise the Warrant Shares shall take on the characteristics of the Warrants being exercised, and the holding period of the Warrant Shares being issued may be tacked on to the holding period of the applicable Warrants, to the extent permitted in accordance with Section 3(a)(9) of the Securities Act. The Company agrees not to take any position contrary to this Section 4.3(b).

 

Section 4.4        Issuance of Common Stock. On or before the first Business Day following the date on which the Company has received the properly completed and duly executed Notice of Exercise, the Company shall transmit by email a confirmation of receipt of the Notice of Exercise to the applicable Holder and the Warrant Agent. The Company shall cause the Warrant Shares purchased hereunder to be transmitted by the Warrant Agent to such Holder by crediting such Holder’s (or its specified designee’s) balance account with DTC through its Deposit or Withdrawal at Custodian (“DWAC”) system, if the Company is then a participant in such system and either (A) there is an effective registration statement permitting the issuance of the Warrant Shares to or resale of the Warrant Shares by such Holder or (B) the Warrant Shares are eligible for resale by such Holder without volume or manner-of-sale limitations pursuant to Rule 144 (assuming cashless exercise of the applicable Warrants), and otherwise by physical delivery of a certificate, registered in the Company’s share register in the name of such Holder or its specified designee, for the number of Warrant Shares to which such Holder is entitled pursuant to such exercise to the address specified by such Holder in the Notice of Exercise by the date that is the earliest of (i) two (2) Trading Days after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise and the Exercise Price, if applicable, and (ii) the Standard Settlement Period after the delivery to the Company of the Notice of Exercise and the Exercise Price, if applicable (such date, the “Warrant Share Delivery Date”). Upon delivery of the properly completed and duly executed Notice of Exercise and, if applicable, payment of the Aggregate Exercise Price in respect thereof, such Holder shall be deemed for all corporate purposes to have become the holder of record of the Warrant Shares with respect to which the applicable Warrant has been exercised, irrespective of the date of delivery of the Warrant Shares. If the Company fails to cause the Warrant Agent to transmit to such Holder such Warrant Shares on or before the Warrant Share Delivery Date, then such Holder will have the right to rescind such exercise. The Company reserves the right to reject any and all Notices of Exercise that it reasonably determines are not in proper form, provided that the Company shall promptly notify the exercising Holder of any such rejection. The Company reserves the right to waive any of the conditions to any particular exercise of Warrants or any defects in the Notice(s) of Exercise with respect to any particular exercise of Warrants.

 

Section 4.5        Reservation of Shares. During the Exercise Period, the Company shall at all times reserve and keep available out of its authorized but unissued shares of Common Stock solely for the purpose of issuance upon the exercise of the Warrants, a number of shares of Common Stock equal to the aggregate Warrant Shares issuable upon the exercise of all outstanding Warrants. The Company shall take such actions as may be reasonably necessary to assure that all such shares of Common Stock may be so issued without violating the Company’s governing documents, any agreements to which the Company is a party, any requirements of any national securities exchange upon which shares of Common Stock may be listed or any applicable laws. The Company covenants that it will take such actions as may be reasonably necessary or appropriate in order that all Warrant Shares issued upon exercise of the Warrants will, in accordance with the terms of this Agreement, be fully paid and non-assessable and free from any and all (i) security interests created by or imposed upon the Company and (ii) taxes, liens and charges with respect to the issuance thereof.

 

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Section 4.6        Compensation for Buy-In on Failure to Timely Deliver Warrant Shares Upon Exercise. If, the Company and Warrant Agent fail, for any reason or no reason, to deliver or cause to be delivered to the Holder the Warrant Shares in accordance with the provisions of Section 4.4 above on or before the Warrant Share Delivery Date, and if on or after the Warrant Share Delivery Date such Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) or such Holder’s brokerage firm otherwise purchases shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by such Holder of shares of Common Stock which such Holder anticipated receiving upon such exercise (a “Buy-In”), then the Company shall, within three (3) Business Days after such Holder’s request and in such Holder’s sole discretion, either (i) pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to such Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased, at which point the Company’s obligation to deliver such Warrant Shares shall terminate, or (ii) promptly honor its obligation to deliver to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock that would have been issued had the Company timely complied with its exercise and delivery obligations hereunder and pay cash to such Holder in an amount equal to the excess, if any, of the such Holder’s total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for such shares of Common Stock so purchased over the product of (x) such number of shares of Common Stock multiplied by (y) the price at which the sell order giving rise to the Buy-In obligation was executed. Such Holder shall provide the Company with written or email notice indicating the amount payable to such Holder in respect of the Buy-In and, upon request of the Company, evidence supporting the calculation of such amount. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder’s right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity, including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the failure to timely deliver shares of Common Stock upon exercise of a Warrant as required pursuant to the terms hereof.

 

Section 4.7       Fractional Shares. No fractional shares of Common Stock or scrip representing fractional shares of Common Stock shall be issued upon the exercise of a Warrant. As to any fraction of a share of Common Stock which a Holder would otherwise be entitled to purchase upon such exercise, the Company shall, at its election, either pay a cash adjustment in respect of such final fraction in an amount equal to such fraction multiplied by the Exercise Price or round up to the next whole share of Common Stock. The Company shall provide funding to cover cash payment in lieu of fractional shares of Common Stock. The Warrant Agent shall have no obligation to make cash payments in lieu of fractional shares of Common Stock unless the Company shall have provided the necessary funds to pay in full all amounts due and payable with respect thereto. Each Holder, by its acceptance of Warrants, expressly waives its right to any fraction of a share of Common Stock upon its exercise of such Warrant(s).

 

Section 4.8        Close of Books. The Company shall not close its books against the transfer of any Warrants or any Warrant Shares in any manner which interferes with the timely exercise of such Warrants.

 

Section 4.9       Charges, Taxes and Expenses. Issuance of Warrant Shares shall be made without charge to such Holder for any issue or transfer tax or other incidental expense in respect of the issuance of such Warrant Shares, all of which taxes and expenses shall be paid by the Company. The Company shall pay all fees required for same-day processing of any Notice of Exercise and all fees to the DTC (or another established clearing corporation performing similar functions) required for same-day electronic delivery of the Warrant Shares. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in connection with the exercise of any Warrants, the Company shall not be required to pay any tax or other charge imposed in respect of any transfer involved in the Company’s issuance and delivery of shares of Common Stock (including certificates therefor) (or any payment of cash or other property in lieu of such shares) to any recipient other than the Holder of the Warrants being exercised (such tax or other charge, a “Non-Registered Holder Tax”), and in case of any such Non-Registered Holder Tax, the Warrant Agent and the Company shall not be required to issue or deliver any such shares (or cash or other property in lieu of such shares) until (a) such Non-Registered Holder Tax has been paid or an amount sufficient for the payment thereof has been delivered to the Warrant Agent or the Company or (b) it has been established to the Company’s and the Warrant Agent’s satisfaction that any such Non-Registered Holder Tax that is or may become due has been paid. The Warrant Agent shall not have any duty or obligation to take any action under any section of this Agreement that requires the payment of Non-Registered Holder Taxes, unless and until the Warrant Agent is satisfied that all such Non-Registered Holder Taxes have been paid.

 

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Section 4.10      Investment Unit Allocation. The Company agrees, and by acceptance of any Warrant, each initial Holder is deemed to have agreed, (i) that the Incremental Term Loan disbursed to the Borrower on the Closing Date and the Warrants issued on the Closing Date, taken together, comprise an “investment unit” for purposes of Section 1273(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, (ii) to treat the investment unit as issued by the Company for U.S. federal income tax purposes and (iii) to allocate the purchase price of such investment unit among the Incremental Term Loan and the Warrants in proportion to their fair market value as of the Closing Date, in accordance with Treasury Regulations Section 1.1273-2(h) and the values determined pursuant to the side letter between the Company and Holders, dated May 26, 2022. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, the Company agrees, and, by acceptance of any Warrant, each initial Holder is deemed to have agreed, to file all tax returns in a manner consistent with this Section 4.10.

 

Section 4.11       Holder’s Exercise Limitations. Unless otherwise agreed in writing by both the Company and the Holder, the Company shall not effectuate any exercise of a Warrant, and a Holder shall not have any right to exercise a Warrant, to the extent that such exercise would result in such Holder (together with such Holder’s Affiliates and any other Persons acting as a group together with such Holder or any of such Holder’s Affiliates, in each case, to the extent that such Affiliates and persons acting as a group are required to aggregate their beneficial ownership of Common Stock for purposes of Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act (“Attribution Parties”)) beneficially owning more than the percentage of Common Stock outstanding set forth on Schedule A attached hereto opposite the name of such Holder (or for the Affiliate of such Holder that elected such Holder receive Warrants) as its “Initial Beneficial Ownership Limitation” (subject to adjustment under this Section 4.11, such Holder’s “Beneficial Ownership Limitation”). For purposes of this Section 4.11, beneficial ownership and the determination of any group status shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder (it being acknowledged and understood by the Holder that the Company is not representing to the Holder that such calculation is in compliance with Section 13(d) of the Exchange Act and that the Holder is solely responsible for the preparation of any schedules required to be filed in accordance therewith). To the extent that the limitations contained in this Section 4.11 apply to a Holder, the determination of whether any Warrants are exercisable, and the portion thereof that is exercisable in relation to other securities owned by such Holder and such Holder’s Attribution Parties, shall be in the discretion of the Holder and the submission of a Notice of Exercise shall be deemed to be a determination by such Holder in relation to other securities owned by such Holder and such Holder’s Attribution Parties that the Warrants set forth in the applicable Notice of Exercise are exercisable. Neither the Company, nor the Warrant Agent shall be required to independently confirm whether any exercise of any Warrant by a Holder would result in the violation by such Holder of its applicable Beneficial Ownership Limitation, and instead the Company and the Warrant Agent shall be able to rely for all purposes on a Notice of Exercise as such Holder’s determination and confirmation that such exercise set forth therein does not result in such Holder exceeding its Beneficial Ownership Limitation. Upon the written request of a Holder, the Company shall within two (2) Business Days confirm in writing to such Holder the number of shares of Common Stock then outstanding. A Holder, upon notice to the Company, may increase or decrease its Beneficial Ownership Limitation, provided that the Beneficial Ownership Limitation in no event exceeds 9.99% of the Common Stock outstanding and the provisions of this Section 4.11 shall continue to apply. Any change in the Beneficial Ownership Limitation will not be effective until the sixty-first (61st) day after such notice is delivered to the Company. The limitations contained in this paragraph shall apply to a successor holder of any Warrants which successor holder shall be subject to the same Beneficial Ownership Limitation as its transferor unless and until changed in accordance with this Section 4.11.

 

Section 4.12       Warrant Shares Legends. Unless the Warrants or the Warrant Shares are sold pursuant to an effective registration statement under the Securities Act, the certificates representing or statements evidencing the Warrant Shares will bear a conspicuous legend in substantially the form set forth below:

 

“THIS SECURITY HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”) OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES.”

 

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Section 4.13      Cap on Shares of Common Stock. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the maximum number of Warrant Shares eligible to be issued in connection with the exercise of the Warrants upon adjustment in accordance Sections 5.3, 5.4 or 5.5 hereof, shall not, when combined with the maximum number of Original Warrant Shares eligible to be issued in connection with the exercise of the Original Warrants pursuant to the Original Warrant Agreement, exceed (i) 19.9% of the outstanding shares of Common Stock immediately prior to the initial entry into the Original Warrant Agreement, or (ii) 19.9% of the combined voting power of the then outstanding voting securities of the Company immediately prior to the initial entry into the Original Warrant Agreement (the “Share Cap”), unless the Company has previously obtained the approval of the Company’s shareholders under applicable rules and requirements of the NASDAQ Capital Market for the issuance of shares of Common Stock in excess of the Share Cap (the “Shareholder Approval”), prior to issuing any Excess Shares (as defined below). In the event the number of shares of Common Stock to be issued to Holders hereunder in connection with the exercise of the Warrants exceeds the Share Cap, then the Company shall, in lieu of issuing such shares in excess of the Share Cap, pay the Holders the cash value of such shares of Common Stock which exceed the Share Cap (the “Excess Shares”), upon exercise of the applicable Warrants by the Holders thereof, with the value of each such Excess Share being the Fair Market Value thereof. For the sake of clarity, in the event Shareholder Approval has been received, or there is no limit on the number of Warrant Shares which may be issued under applicable Nasdaq Stock Market rules pursuant to the terms of this Warrant Agreement, there shall be no Excess Shares, this Section 4.13 shall have no effect, and the requirement to pay cash for any Excess Shares shall apply only if, and to the extent that, the exercise of the Warrants would result in a number of Warrant Shares being issued in excess of the Share Cap. To the extent that any concurrent exercise of Warrants by multiple Holders results in the Share Cap being exceeded, the maximum number of Warrant Shares issuable without exceeding the Share Cap shall be issued pro rata to each exercising Holder. Nothing herein shall prevent or limit the Company’s ability to issue a number of Warrant Shares up to, but without exceeding, the Share Cap.

 

ARTICLE V

 ADJUSTMENT OF EXERCISE PRICE AND NUMBER OF WARRANT SHARES

 

Section 5.1        General. In order to prevent dilution of the rights granted under the Warrants, the Exercise Price and number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of each Warrant shall be subject to adjustment from time to time as provided in this Article V; provided, that if more than one subsection of this Article V is applicable to a single event, the subsection shall be applied that produces the largest adjustment in favor of the Holders and no single event shall cause an adjustment under more than one subsection of this Article V so as to result in duplication.

 

Section 5.2        Stock Dividends and Splits. If the Company, at any time while a Warrant is outstanding: (a)     pays a stock dividend or otherwise makes a distribution or distributions on shares of its Common Stock or any other equity or equity equivalent securities payable in shares of Common Stock (which, for avoidance of doubt, shall not include any shares of Common Stock issued by the Company upon exercise of a Warrant), (b) subdivides outstanding shares of Common Stock into a larger number of shares, (c) combines (including by way of reverse stock split) outstanding shares of Common Stock into a smaller number of shares, or (d) issues by reclassification of shares of the Common Stock any shares of capital stock of the Company, then in each case (i) the Exercise Price of each outstanding Warrant shall be increased or decreased to an amount determined by multiplying (x) the Exercise Price in effect immediately prior to such event by (y) a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) outstanding immediately before such event and the denominator of which is the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such event and (ii) the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged. Any adjustment made pursuant to this Section 5.2 shall become effective immediately after the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to receive such dividend or distribution and shall become effective immediately after the effective date in the case of a subdivision, combination or re-classification. In the event that such dividend or distribution is not so made, the Exercise Price and the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be readjusted, effective as of the date when the Board determines not to make such dividend or distribution, to the Exercise Price that would then be in effect and the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant if such record date had not been fixed.

 

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Section 5.3        Tender or Exchange Offer. If the Company, at any time while a Warrant is outstanding, makes any payment or distribution in respect of any tender offer or exchange offer for shares of Common Stock where the Fair Market Value of the consideration per share of Common Stock when paid or distributed by the Company exceeds the Market Price of a share of Common Stock actually acquired in such tender offer or exchange offer as of the Business Day immediately preceding the first public announcement of the tender offer or exchange offer (the aggregate excess amount for all Common Stock acquired in such tender offer or exchange offer, the “Excess Tender Amount”), then, and in each such case, (i) the Exercise Price of each outstanding Warrant shall be decreased to an amount determined by multiplying (x) the Exercise Price in effect immediately prior to the close of business on the expiration date of the tender offer or exchange offer by (y) a fraction, (1) the numerator of which is the positive difference of (A) the Market Price of a share of Common Stock on the Business Day immediately preceding the first public announcement of the tender offer or exchange offer minus (B) the quotient determined by dividing (I) the Excess Tender Amount by (II) the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after the expiration of the tender offer or exchange offer (after giving effect to the purchase or exchange of Common Stock) and (2) the denominator of which is the Market Price of a share of Common Stock on the Business Day immediately preceding the first public announcement of the tender offer or exchange offer and (ii) the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged. Such adjustment shall become effective immediately after any such exchange offer or tender offer is consummated.

 

Section 5.4        Adjustment of Exercise Price Upon Issuance of Shares of Common Stock. If the Company, at any time while a Warrant is outstanding, in each case, other than in an Excluded Issuance, grants, issues or sells (or enters into any agreement to grant, issue or sell), or in accordance with this Section 5.4 is deemed to have granted, issued or sold, any shares of Common Stock (including the issuance or sale of shares of Common Stock owned or held by or for the account of the Company) for a consideration per share less than a price equal to the Exercise Price in effect immediately prior to such granting, issuance or sale or deemed granting, issuance or sale (such Exercise Price then in effect, the “Applicable Price” and such issuance, a “Dilutive Issuance”), then immediately after such Dilutive Issuance, the Exercise Price of each outstanding Warrant shall be reduced to an amount equal to the quotient determined by dividing (1) the sum of (I) the product of (x) the Applicable Price multiplied by (y) the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately prior to such Dilutive Issuance plus (II) the aggregate consideration, if any, received by the Company upon such Dilutive Issuance, by (2) the number of shares of Common Stock outstanding immediately after such Dilutive Issuance. For all purposes of the foregoing (including, without limitation, determining the adjusted Exercise Price under this Section 5.4), the following shall be applicable:

 

(a)           Issuance of Options. If the Company shall, at any time or from time to time after the Closing Date, in any manner (other than in an Excluded Issuance) grant, issue or sell or enter into any agreement to grant, issue or sell (whether directly or by assumption in a merger or otherwise) any Options, whether or not such Options or the right to convert or exchange any Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of such Options are immediately exercisable, and the price per share (determined as provided in this paragraph and in Section 5.4(d)) for which Common Stock is issuable upon the exercise of such Options or upon the conversion or exchange of Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of such Options is less than the Applicable Price, then the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of such Options or upon conversion or exchange of the total maximum amount of Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of such Options shall be deemed to have been issued as of the date of the granting, issuance or sale (or the date of execution of such agreement to grant, issue or sell, as applicable) of such Options (and thereafter shall be deemed to be outstanding for purposes of adjusting the Exercise Price under this Section 5.4), at a price per share equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (A) the sum (which sum shall constitute the applicable consideration received for purposes of this Section 5.4) of (x) the total amount, if any, received or receivable by the Company as consideration for the granting or sale of all such Options, plus (y) the minimum aggregate amount of additional consideration payable to the Company upon the exercise of all such Options, plus (z), in the case of such Options which relate to Convertible Securities, the minimum aggregate amount of additional consideration, if any, payable to the Company upon the issuance or sale of all such Convertible Securities and the conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities, by (B) the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of all such Options or upon the conversion or exchange of all Convertible Securities issuable upon the exercise of all such Options. Except as otherwise provided in Section 5.4(c), no further adjustment of the Exercise Price shall be made upon the actual issuance of Common Stock or of Convertible Securities upon exercise of such Options or upon the actual issuance of Common Stock upon conversion or exchange of Convertible Securities issuable upon exercise of such Options. Simultaneously with any adjustment to the Exercise Price of the Warrants pursuant this Section 5.4(a), the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged.

 

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(b)          Issuance of Convertible Securities. If the Company shall, at any time or from time to time after the Closing Date, in any manner (other than in an Excluded Issuance) grant, issue or sell or enter into any agreement to grant, issue or sell (whether directly or by assumption in a merger or otherwise) any Convertible Securities, whether or not the right to convert or exchange any such Convertible Securities is immediately exercisable, and the price per share (determined as provided in this paragraph and in Section 5.4(d)) for which Common Stock is issuable upon the conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities is less than the Applicable Price, then the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion or exchange of the total maximum amount of such Convertible Securities shall be deemed to have been issued as of the date of the granting, issuance or sale (or the date of execution of such agreement to grant, issue or sell, as applicable) of such Convertible Securities (and thereafter shall be deemed to be outstanding for purposes of adjusting the Exercise Price pursuant to this Section 5.4), at a price per share equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (A) the sum (which sum shall constitute the applicable consideration received for purposes of this Section 5.4) of (x) the total amount, if any, received or receivable by the Company as consideration for the granting or sale of such Convertible Securities, plus (y) the minimum aggregate amount of additional consideration, if any, payable to the Company upon the conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities, by (B) the total maximum number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the conversion or exchange of all such Convertible Securities. Except as otherwise provided in Section 5.4(c), no further adjustment of the Exercise Price shall be made upon the actual issuance of Common Stock upon conversion or exchange of such Convertible Securities or the granting, issuance or sale of Convertible Securities upon exercise of any Options to purchase any such Convertible Securities for which adjustments of the Exercise Price have been made pursuant to the other provisions of this Section 5.4. Simultaneously with any adjustment to the Exercise Price of the Warrants pursuant this Section 5.4(b), the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged.

 

(c)           Change in Option Price or Rate of Conversion. If the purchase or exercise price provided for in any Options, the consideration, if any, payable upon the conversion, exercise or exchange of any Convertible Securities, or the rate at which any Convertible Securities are convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of Common Stock increases or decreases at any time (other than (i) proportional changes in conversion or exercise prices, as applicable, in connection with an event referred to in Section 5.2, (ii) changes in conversion or exercise prices, as applicable, resulting from anti-dilution provisions contained in the instruments governing such securities which are in effect as of the Closing Date, and/or (iii) changes in conversion or exercise prices, as applicable, in respect of securities issued in an Excluded Issuance), then the Exercise Price then in effect shall be adjusted to an amount equal to the Exercise Price that would have been in effect had such Options or Convertible Securities provided for such increased or decreased purchase price, additional consideration or increased or decreased conversion rate, as the case may be, at the time initially granted, issued or sold. For purposes of this Section 5.4(c), if the terms of any Option or Convertible Security (including, without limitation, any Option or Convertible Security that was outstanding as of the date hereof) are increased or decreased in the manner described in the immediately preceding sentence, then such Option or Convertible Security and the Common Stock deemed issuable upon exercise, conversion or exchange thereof shall be deemed to have been issued as of the date of such increase or decrease. Simultaneously with any adjustment to the Exercise Price of the Warrants pursuant this Section 5.4(c), the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged. No adjustment pursuant to this Section 5.4(c) shall be made if such adjustment would result in an increase of the Exercise Price of the Warrants or a decrease in the number of Warrant Shares.

 

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(d)          Calculation of Consideration Received. If any Option, Convertible Security or Adjustment Right is issued in connection with the issuance or sale or deemed issuance or sale of any other securities of the Company, together comprising one integrated transaction, the aggregate amount of consideration therefor shall be deemed to be the Fair Market Value of such portion of the aggregate consideration received by the Company in such transaction as is attributable to such Options, Convertible Securities or Adjustment Rights, which portion shall be allocated based on the relative Fair Market Value of the applicable Options, Convertible Securities or Adjustment Rights and the other securities issued or sold or deemed to be issued or sold in connection therewith. If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued or sold or deemed to have been issued or sold for cash, the consideration received therefor will be deemed to be the net amount of consideration received by the Company therefor. If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued or sold for a consideration other than cash, the amount of such consideration received by the Company will be the Fair Market Value of such consideration, except where such consideration consists of publicly traded securities, in which case the amount of consideration received by the Company for such securities will be the VWAP of such securities during the five (5) consecutive Trading Day period applicable to such securities ending on the date immediately preceding the date of receipt. If any shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities are issued to the owners of the non-surviving entity in connection with any merger in which the Company is the surviving entity, the amount of consideration therefor will be deemed to be the Fair Market Value of such portion of the net assets and business of the non-surviving entity as is attributable to such shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, as the case may be.

 

(e)           Record Date. If the Company takes a record of the holders of shares of Common Stock for the purpose of entitling them to (i) receive a dividend or other distribution payable in shares of Common Stock, Options or in Convertible Securities or (ii) to subscribe for or purchase shares of Common Stock, Options or Convertible Securities, then such record date will be deemed to be the date of the issuance or sale of the shares of Common Stock deemed to have been issued or sold upon the declaration of such dividend or the making of such other distribution or the date of the granting of such right of subscription or purchase (as the case may be), provided, that if before the distribution to its holders of Common Stock the Company legally abandons its plan to pay or deliver such dividend, distribution, subscription or purchase rights and, to the extent such plan is publicly disclosed, announces the abandonment of such plan, then thereafter the adjustment previously made in respect thereof shall be rescinded and annulled.

 

(f)           Treatment of Terminated Options or Convertible Securities. Upon the occurrence of any event (other than any event that (i) constitutes or occurs in connection with a Fundamental Transaction or (ii) involves the Company making any payment or providing any consideration to the holder of such Option or Convertible Security) that results in (x) the lapse of any unexercised Option (or any portion thereof) prior to the scheduled expiration date thereof or (y) the early termination of a conversion or exchange right with respect to any unconverted or unexchanged Convertible Security (or portion thereof), in each case, for which any adjustment was made pursuant to this Section 5.4, the Exercise Price then in effect hereunder shall forthwith be changed pursuant to the provisions of this Section 5.4 to the Exercise Price which would have been in effect at the time of such lapse or early termination had such unexercised Option (or portion thereof) or unconverted or unexchanged Convertible Security (or portion thereof), to the extent outstanding immediately prior to such lapse or early termination, never been issued; provided, however, that no such adjustment of the Exercise Price under this Section 5.4(f) shall be made with respect to any unexercised Option (or portion thereof) or unconverted or unexchanged Convertible Security (or portion thereof) that lapses or is terminated more than one (1) calendar year after the date of issuance thereof.

 

Section 5.5           Pro Rata Distributions. If the Company, at any time while a Warrant is outstanding, shall declare or make any dividend or other distribution of its assets (or rights to acquire its assets) to holders of shares of Common Stock, by way of return of capital or otherwise (including, without limitation, any distribution of cash, stock (other than Common Stock) or other securities, assets, property or Options by way of a dividend, spin off, reclassification, corporate rearrangement, scheme of arrangement or other similar transaction, but excluding (i) any payment by the Company of a cash amount to repurchase shares of Common Stock pursuant to a repurchase plan designed to comply with Rule 10b-18 promulgated under the Exchange Act of 1934 or (ii) any distribution made upon the consummation of a Fundamental Transaction to the extent included in the Alternate Consideration) (a “Distribution”), then, in each such case, effective immediately after the record date mentioned above, (i) the Exercise Price of each outstanding Warrant shall be decreased to an amount determined by subtracting the (x) then per share Fair Market Value at such record date of the portion of such Distribution applicable to one (1) outstanding share of the Common Stock from (y) the amount of such Exercise Price and (ii) the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of each outstanding Warrant shall be proportionately adjusted such that the Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price shall remain unchanged. The adjustments shall be described in a statement provided to the Holder of the portion of assets or evidences of indebtedness so distributed or such subscription rights applicable to one share of Common Stock.

 

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Section 5.6            Other Events. If the Company (or any subsidiary of the Company), at any time while a Warrant is outstanding, shall take any action to which the provisions hereof are not strictly applicable, or, if applicable, would not operate to protect the Holders from dilution or if any event occurs of the type contemplated by the provisions of this Article V but not expressly provided for by such provisions (including, without limitation, the granting of stock appreciation rights, phantom stock rights or other rights with equity features), then the Board shall in good faith determine and implement an appropriate adjustment in the Exercise Price and the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of a Warrant so as to protect the rights of the Holders, provided that no such adjustment pursuant to this Section 5.6 will increase the Exercise Price or decrease the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of a Warrant as otherwise determined pursuant to this Article V, provided further that if the Majority Holders provide written notice in accordance with Section 8.2 to the Company within twenty (20) Business Days after notice of such adjustment is given by the Company to each Holder in accordance with Section 5.8 that they do not accept such adjustments as appropriately protecting their interests hereunder against such dilution, then the Board and the Majority Holders shall agree, in good faith, upon an independent investment bank of nationally recognized standing to make such appropriate adjustments, whose determination shall be final and binding and whose fees and expenses shall be borne by the Company.

 

Section 5.7           Fundamental Transaction.

 

(a)          In the event of a Fundamental Transaction, the Warrants shall remain outstanding and each Holder shall have the right thereafter to receive, upon exercise of a Warrant, the same amount and kind of securities, cash or property as it would have been entitled to receive upon the occurrence of such Fundamental Transaction if it had been, immediately prior to such Fundamental Transaction, the holder of the number of Warrant Shares then issuable upon exercise in full of such Warrant (assuming such Holder failed to exercise its rights of election, if any, as to the kind or amount of securities, cash or property receivable upon such Fundamental Transaction) (the “Alternate Consideration”). The Aggregate Warrant Exercise Price will not be affected by any such Fundamental Transaction, but, in the event of any such exercise occurring on or after the effectiveness of such Fundamental Transaction, the Company shall apportion the Aggregate Exercise Price among the Alternate Consideration in a reasonable manner reflecting the relative value of any different components of the Alternate Consideration. If holders of Common Stock are given any choice as to the securities, cash or property to be received in a Fundamental Transaction, then each Holder shall be given the same choice as to the Alternate Consideration it receives upon any exercise of a Warrant following such Fundamental Transaction. The Company shall cause any successor entity in a Fundamental Transaction in which the Company is not the survivor (the “Successor Entity”) to assume in writing all of the obligations of the Company under this Agreement prior to such Fundamental Transaction and shall, at the option of each Holder, deliver to such Holder in exchange for such Holder’s Warrants a security of the Successor Entity evidenced by a written instrument (reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Majority Holders) on substantially similar terms and substance to the Warrants which are exercisable for the Alternate Consideration (which, if the Alternate Consideration consists solely of capital stock of such Successor Entity (or its parent entity), shall represent a corresponding number of shares of capital stock of such Successor Entity (or its parent entity) equivalent to the Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants (without regard to any limitations on the exercise of the Warrants) prior to such Fundamental Transaction, and with an exercise price which applies the Exercise Price hereunder to such shares of capital stock (but taking into account the relative value of the shares of Common Stock pursuant to such Fundamental Transaction and the value of such shares of capital stock, such number of shares of capital stock and such exercise price being for the purpose of protecting the economic value of the Warrants immediately prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction)). Upon the occurrence of any such Fundamental Transaction, the Successor Entity shall succeed to, and be substituted for (so that from and after the date of such Fundamental Transaction, the provisions of this Agreement referring to the “Company” shall refer instead to the Successor Entity), and may exercise every right and power of, the Company and shall assume all of the obligations of the Company under this Agreement with the same effect as if such Successor Entity had been named as the Company herein.

 

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(b)          Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, in the event of a Fundamental Transaction, the Company shall provide (or cause the Warrant Agent to provide) written notice (a “Fundamental Transaction Notice”) of a Fundamental Transaction to all Holders reasonably promptly after public announcement by the Company of the execution and delivery of a definitive agreement with respect to such Fundamental Transaction (and, in any event, not less than thirty (30) days prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction), which notice shall include the date such Fundamental Transaction is expected to be consummated.

 

(i)           Holder Put Right. At any time on or after a Holder’s receipt of a Fundamental Transaction Notice in accordance with Section 5.7(b) and before the third Business Day prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, each Holder shall have the right (the “Put Right”) to require the Company to repurchase any portion of the Warrants held by such Holder concurrently with the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction by delivering written notice to the Company (the “Put Notice”) indicating the portion of the Warrants held by the Holder to which the Put Notice applies. In the event a Holder exercises the Put Right in accordance with this Section 5.7(b)(i), the Company shall, concurrently with and subject to the consummation of the Fundamental Transaction, repurchase, or cause another party to such Fundamental Transaction to purchase, the Warrants to which the Put Notice applies for an amount in cash equivalent to the aggregate value of such Warrants as determined by the Black Scholes Value.

 

(ii)           Company Call Right. At any time on or after the fifteenth (15th) day following the giving of a Fundamental Transaction Notice to all Holders of outstanding Warrants in accordance with Section 5.7(b) and before the third Business Day prior to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, the Company shall have the right (the “Call Right”) to repurchase the Warrants from all Holders thereof concurrently with the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction by delivering an irrevocable written notice of exercise of the Call Right to all Holders of the Warrants (the “Call Notice”) indicating the Company’s intent to exercise the Call Right concurrent with and subject to the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction. In the event the Company exercises the Call Right in accordance with this Section 5.7(b)(ii) the Company shall repurchase, or cause another party to such Fundamental Transaction to purchase, all of the unexercised Warrants for which a Notice of Exercise shall not have been delivered to the Company prior to the last Business Day preceding the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction for an amount in cash equivalent to the aggregate value of such Warrants as determined by the Black Scholes Value. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Holders shall retain the right to exercise the Warrants subject to the Call Notice at any time prior to the last Business Day preceding the consummation of such Fundamental Transaction, and the Company covenants and agrees that it will honor all Notices of Exercise with respect thereto.

 

Section 5.8       Notice of Adjustments. Whenever the number and/or kind of Warrant Shares or the Exercise Price is adjusted as provided in this Agreement, the Company shall promptly (i) prepare and deliver to the Warrant Agent, or cause to be prepared and delivered by the Warrant Agent, a written statement setting forth the adjusted number and/or kind of shares issuable upon the exercise of Warrants, the Exercise Price of the Warrants after such adjustment, the facts requiring such adjustment, the computation by which the adjustment was made and the record date or the effective date of the event and adjustment, and (ii) cause the Warrant Agent to give written notice of the foregoing to each Holder in the manner provided in Section 8.2 below. Failure to give such notice, or any defect therein, shall not affect the legality or validity of such event or any adjustment therefrom. The Warrant Agent shall be fully protected in relying upon any such written notice delivered in accordance with this Section 5.8, and on any adjustment therein contained and shall not be deemed to have knowledge of any such adjustment unless and until it shall have received such written notice.

 

Section 5.9        Calculations; Minimum Adjustments. All adjustment calculations under this Article V shall be made to the nearest one one-thousandth (1/1,000) of one cent ($0.01) or to the nearest one one-thousandth (1/1,000) of a share, as the case may be. For purposes of this Article V, subject to the adjustments set forth in Section 5.4(a) and Section 5.4(b), the number of shares of Common Stock deemed to be issued and outstanding as of a given date shall be the sum of the number of shares of Common Stock (excluding treasury shares, if any) issued and outstanding. No adjustment to the Exercise Price or the number of Warrant Shares issuable upon exercise of a Warrant shall be made if the amount of such adjustment would be less than $0.01 or one-tenth (1/10th) of a share of Common Stock, respectively, but any such amount shall be carried forward and an adjustment with respect thereto shall be made at the time of and together with any subsequent adjustment which, together with such amount and any other amount or amounts so carried forward, shall aggregate $0.01 or 1/10th of a share of Common Stock, respectively, or more.

 

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Section 5.10       Form of Warrant After Adjustments. The form of Warrant Certificate need not be changed because of any adjustments in the Exercise Price or the number and/or kind of shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, and the Warrant Certificates theretofore or thereafter issued may continue to express the same price and number and kind of shares as are stated therein, as initially issued; provided, that such adjustments in the Exercise Price or the number and/or kind of shares issuable upon exercise of the Warrants pursuant to the terms of this Agreement shall nonetheless have effect upon exercise of the Warrants. The Company, however, may at any time in its sole discretion make any change in the form of Warrant Certificate that it may deem appropriate to give effect to such adjustments and that does not affect the substance of the Warrant Certificate or this Agreement (including the rights, duties, liabilities or obligations of the Warrant Agent), and any Warrant Certificate thereafter issued, whether in exchange or substitution for an outstanding Warrant Certificate, may be in the form so changed.

 

ARTICLE VI

OTHER PROVISIONS RELATING TO RIGHTS OF HOLDERS OF WARRANTS

 

Section 6.1        No Rights or Liability as Stockholder. The Warrants do not entitle the Holders to any voting rights, dividends or other rights as a stockholder of the Company prior to the exercise hereof, except as expressly set forth in herein. No provision thereof and no mere enumeration therein of the rights or privileges of the Holders shall give rise to any liability of any Holder for the Exercise Price hereunder or as a stockholder of the Company, whether such liability is asserted by the Company or by creditors of the Company.

 

Section 6.2         Notice to Allow Exercise by Holder. If (a) the Company shall declare a dividend (or any other distribution in whatever form) on the Common Stock, (b) the Company shall declare a special nonrecurring cash dividend on or a redemption of the Common Stock, (c) the Company shall authorize the granting to all holders of the Common Stock rights or warrants to subscribe for or purchase any shares of capital stock of any class or of any rights, (d) the approval of any stockholders of the Company shall be required in connection with any reclassification of the Common Stock, consolidation or merger to which the Company (or any of its subsidiaries) is a party, any sale or transfer of all or substantially all of its assets, or any compulsory share exchange whereby the Common Stock is converted into other securities, cash or property, or (e) the Company shall authorize the voluntary or involuntary dissolution, liquidation or winding up of the affairs of the Company, then, in each case, the Company shall cause to be delivered by email to each Holder at its last email address as it shall appear upon the Warrant Register, at least fourteen (14) calendar days prior to the applicable record or effective date hereinafter specified, a notice stating (x) the date on which a record is to be taken for the purpose of such dividend, distribution, redemption, rights or warrants, or if a record is not to be taken, the date as of which the holders of the Common Stock of record to be entitled to such dividend, distributions, redemption, rights or warrants are to be determined or (y) the date on which such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange is expected to become effective or close, and the date as of which it is expected that holders of the Common Stock of record shall be entitled to exchange their shares of the Common Stock for securities, cash or other property deliverable upon such reclassification, consolidation, merger, sale, transfer or share exchange; provided that the failure to deliver such notice or any defect therein or in the delivery thereof shall not affect the validity of the corporate action required to be specified in such notice. To the extent that any notice provided in this Agreement constitutes, or contains, material, non-public information regarding the Company or any of its subsidiaries, the Company shall simultaneously file such notice with the Commission pursuant to a Current Report on Form 8-K. The Holders shall remain entitled to exercise the Warrants during the period commencing on the date of such notice to the effective date of the event triggering such notice except as may otherwise be expressly set forth herein.

 

Section 6.3         Transferability. Subject to compliance with any applicable securities laws and the conditions set forth in this Section 6.3, the Warrants and all rights hereunder are transferable by the Holders, in whole or in part, on the records of the Warrant Agent, subject to surrender of the applicable Warrant Certificate (if any) by the applicable Holder, by delivery of a Form of Assignment properly completed and duly signed, together with funds sufficient to pay any transfer taxes payable upon the making of such transfer, to the principal office of the Warrant Agent. Upon receipt of the foregoing, to the extent a Warrant Certificate is requested in writing by the transferee, the Company shall execute and deliver, or shall cause to be executed and delivered, one or more New Warrant Certificates evidencing the Warrants so transferred to the transferee and, to the extent a Warrant Certificate is requested by the transferor, a New Warrant Certificate evidencing the remaining portion of the Warrants not so transferred, if any, to the transferring Holder. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company shall not be required to effectuate a transfer that would result in the issuance of Warrants for the purchase of a fraction of a share of Common Stock. In connection with any transfer hereunder, the transferee’s acceptance of the transferred Warrants and (if applicable) the New Warrant Certificate shall be deemed to constitute acceptance by such transferee of all of the rights and obligations of a Holder of a Warrant. If requested by the Company or the Warrant Agent, in the event that the Warrants are not then covered under an effective registration statement under the Securities Act, the Holder and, where applicable, the transferee, shall, as a condition to the effectiveness of such transfer, provide the Company and the Warrant Agent, together with such Form of Assignment, with a duly executed Transferee Representation Letter or such information, confirmations and acknowledgements as are reasonably necessary for the Company and/or the Warrant Agent to confirm that an exemption from registration exists for such proposed transfer.

 

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Section 6.4         Registration Rights. The Holders shall be entitled to the benefit of certain registration rights with respect to the Warrant Shares pursuant to that certain Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, by and between the Company and the Initial Lenders, as may be amended, restated, supplemented, replaced or otherwise modified from time to time (such agreement, the “Registration Rights Agreement”), and such registration rights may only be assigned to any subsequent Holders in accordance with the terms and provisions thereof.

 

Section 6.5         Lost, Stolen, Mutilated or Destroyed Warrant Certificates. Upon receipt by the Company of evidence reasonably satisfactory to it of the loss, theft, destruction or mutilation of any Warrant Certificate or any stock certificate relating to the Warrant Shares, and in case of loss, theft or destruction, of indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it (which shall not include the posting of any bond), and upon surrender and cancellation of such Warrant Certificate or stock certificate, if mutilated, the Company or Warrant Agent will make and deliver a new Warrant Certificate or stock certificate of like tenor and dated as of such cancellation, in lieu of such Warrant Certificate or stock certificate.

 

ARTICLE VII

 CONCERNING THE WARRANT AGENT AND OTHER MATTERS

 

Section 7.1         Resignation, Removal, Consolidation or Merger of Warrant Agent.

 

(a)         Appointment of Successor Warrant Agent. The Warrant Agent, or any successor to it hereafter appointed, may resign its duties and be discharged from all further duties and liabilities hereunder after giving sixty (60) days’ notice in writing to the Company. If the office of the Warrant Agent becomes vacant by resignation or incapacity to act or otherwise, the Company shall appoint in writing a successor Warrant Agent (which successor Warrant Agent may not be the Company or an Affiliate of the Company and must be reasonably acceptable to the Majority Holders) in place of the Warrant Agent. If the Company shall fail to make such appointment within a period of sixty (60) days after it has been notified in writing of such resignation or incapacity by the Warrant Agent or by the Holder of a Warrant, then the Holder of any Warrant may apply to the Supreme Court of the State of New York for the County of New York for the appointment of a successor Warrant Agent at the Company’s cost. The Company may, at any time and for any reason, at no cost to the Holders, remove the Warrant Agent and appoint a successor Warrant Agent (which successor Warrant Agent may not be the Company or an Affiliate of the Company and must be reasonably acceptable to the Majority Holders) by written instrument signed by the Company and specifying such removal and the date when it is intended to become effective, one copy of which shall be delivered to the Warrant Agent being removed and one copy to the successor Warrant Agent. Any successor Warrant Agent, whether appointed by the Company or by such court, shall be a Person organized and existing under the laws of the United States of America, or any state thereunder, in good standing. After appointment, any successor Warrant Agent shall be vested with all the authority, powers, rights, immunities, duties and obligations of its predecessor Warrant Agent with like effect as if originally named as Warrant Agent hereunder, without any further act or deed; but if for any reason it becomes necessary or appropriate, the predecessor Warrant Agent shall execute and deliver, at the expense of the Company, an instrument transferring to such successor Warrant Agent all the authority, powers, rights, immunities, duties and obligations of such predecessor Warrant Agent hereunder; and upon request of any successor Warrant Agent, the Company shall make, execute, acknowledge and deliver any and all instruments in writing for more fully and effectually vesting in and confirming to such successor Warrant Agent all such authority, powers, rights, immunities, duties and obligations.

 

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(b)         Notice of Successor Warrant Agent. In the event a successor Warrant Agent shall be appointed, the Company shall (i) give notice thereof to the predecessor Warrant Agent and the transfer agent for the Common Stock not later than the effective date of any such appointment, and (ii) cause written or email notice thereof to be delivered to each Holder at such Holder’s address or email address, as applicable, appearing on the Warrant Register.

 

(c)         Merger or Consolidation of Warrant Agent. Any Person into which the Warrant Agent may be merged or with which it may be consolidated or any entity resulting from any merger or consolidation to which the Warrant Agent shall be a party shall be the successor Warrant Agent under this Agreement without any further act.

 

Section 7.2         Renumeration. The Company agrees to pay the Warrant Agent reasonable remuneration for its services as such Warrant Agent hereunder in accordance with a separate fee schedule to be mutually agreed upon by the Company and the Warrant Agent and shall, pursuant to its obligations under this Agreement, reimburse the Warrant Agent upon demand for all expenditures that the Warrant Agent may reasonably incur in the execution of its duties hereunder.

 

Section 7.3         Further Assurances. The Company agrees to perform, execute, acknowledge and deliver or cause to be performed, executed, acknowledged and delivered all such further and other acts, instruments, and assurances as may reasonably be required by the Warrant Agent for the carrying out or performing of the provisions of this Agreement.

 

Section 7.4         Liability of Warrant Agent.

 

(a)         Reliance on Company Statement. Whenever in the performance of its duties under this Agreement, the Warrant Agent shall deem it necessary or desirable that any fact or matter be proved or established by the Company prior to taking or suffering any action hereunder, such fact or matter (unless other evidence in respect thereof be herein specifically prescribed) may be deemed to be conclusively proved and established by a statement signed by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, President, Executive Vice President, Vice President, Secretary or Chairman of the Board and delivered to the Warrant Agent. The Warrant Agent may rely upon such statement for any action taken or suffered in good faith by it pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement.

 

(b)         Indemnity. The Warrant Agent shall be liable hereunder only for its own gross negligence, willful misconduct or bad faith. The Company agrees to indemnify the Warrant Agent and hold it harmless against any and all liabilities, including judgments, costs and reasonable counsel fees, for anything done or omitted by the Warrant Agent in the execution of this Agreement, except as a result of the Warrant Agent’s gross negligence, willful misconduct or bad faith.

 

(c)         Exclusions. The Warrant Agent shall have no responsibility with respect to the validity of this Agreement or with respect to the validity or execution of any Warrant (except its countersignature thereof). The Warrant Agent shall not be responsible for any breach by the Company of any covenant or condition contained in this Agreement or in any Warrant. The Warrant Agent shall not be responsible to make any adjustments required under the provisions of Article V hereof or responsible for the manner, method, or amount of any such adjustment or the ascertaining of the existence of facts that would require any such adjustment; nor shall it by any act hereunder be deemed to make any representation or warranty as to the authorization or reservation of any shares of Common Stock to be issued pursuant to this Agreement or any Warrant or as to whether any shares of Common Stock shall, when issued, be valid and fully paid and non-assessable.

 

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(d)         Acceptance of Agency. The Warrant Agent hereby accepts the agency established by this Agreement and agrees to perform the same upon the terms and conditions herein set forth and among other things, shall account promptly to the Company with respect to Warrants exercised and concurrently account for, and pay to the Company, all monies received by the Warrant Agent for the purchase of shares of Common Stock through the exercise of the Warrants.

 

ARTICLE VIII
MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 8.1         Binding Effects; Benefits. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and shall be binding upon the Company and the Warrant Agent and their respective heirs, legal representatives, successors and assigns. Nothing in this Agreement, expressed or implied, is intended to or shall confer on any person other than the Company, the Warrant Agent and the Holders, or their respective heirs, legal representatives, successors or assigns, any rights, remedies, obligations or liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement.

 

Section 8.2         Notices. All notices, requests, consents, claims, demands, waivers and other communications hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been given: (a) when delivered by hand; (b) when received by the addressee if sent by a nationally recognized overnight courier; (c) on the date and time sent by email of a PDF document, with receipt acknowledged, if sent during normal business hours of the recipient, and on the next Business Day if sent after normal business hours of the recipient; or (d) on the third (3rd) day after the date mailed, by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, postage prepaid. Such communications must be sent to the respective parties at the addresses indicated below (or at such other address for a party as shall be specified in a notice given in accordance with this Section 8.2).

 

(a)         If to the Warrant Agent, to: Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, 1 State Street, 30th Floor, New York, New York 10004, Attention: Compliance Department, Email: compliance@continentalstock.com.

 

(b)         If to the Company, to: Vertex Energy, Inc., 1331 Gemini St., Suite 250, Houston, Texas 77058, Attention: Chief Financial Officer, Email: chrisc@vertexenergy.com.

 

(c)         If to the Holder of any Warrant, to the address or email address of such Holder as shown on the Warrant Register. Any notice required to be delivered by the Company to the Holder of any Warrant may be given by the Warrant Agent on behalf of the Company.

 

Section 8.3         Counterparts. This Agreement may be executed in any number of original or electronic PDF counterparts and each of such counterparts shall for all purposes be deemed to be an original, and all such counterparts shall together constitute but one and the same instrument.

 

Section 8.4         Construction. This Agreement shall be deemed to be jointly drafted by the Company and the Warrant Agent and shall not be construed against any Person as the drafter hereof. The headings of this Agreement are for convenience of reference and shall not form part of, or affect the interpretation of, Agreement.

 

Section 8.5         Amendments and Waivers. Any provision of this Agreement may be amended or waived, but only pursuant to a written agreement signed by the Warrant Agent and the Company and consented to in writing by the Super-Majority Holders, provided that no such amendment or waiver shall, without the written consent of each Holder, (i) increase the Exercise Price or decrease the number of Warrant Shares receivable upon exercise of the Warrants held by such Holder, (ii) shorten the Exercise Period of any Warrants held by such Holder, (iii) modify any provision of Article V in a manner adverse to such Holder, (iv) change any of the provisions of this Section 8.5 or the definitions of “Majority Holders” or “Super-Majority Holders” or any other provision hereof specifying the number or percentage of Holders required to amend or waive any rights hereunder or make any determination or grant any consent hereunder or otherwise act with respect to this Agreement or any Warrants or (v) increase the obligations of such Holder or otherwise materially and adversely affect the rights and benefits of such Holder under this Agreement. No course of dealing between any Holder or the Company and any other party hereto or any failure or delay on the part of a Holder or the Company in exercising any rights or remedies under this Agreement shall operate as a waiver of any rights or remedies of any Holder or the Company. No single or partial exercise of any rights or remedies under this Agreement by a party shall operate as a waiver or preclude the exercise of any other rights or remedies hereunder by such party.

 

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Section 8.6        No Inconsistent Agreements; No Impairment. The Company shall not, on or after the date hereof, enter into any agreement with respect to its securities which conflicts with the rights granted to the Holders in this Agreement. The Company represents and warrants to the Holders that the rights granted hereunder do not in any way conflict with the rights granted to holders of the Company’s securities under any other agreements. The Company shall not, by amendment of its certificate of incorporation or through any reorganization, transfer of assets, consolidation, merger, dissolution, issue or sale of securities or any other voluntary action, avoid or seek to avoid the observance or performance of any of the terms to be observed or performed hereunder by the Company, but will at all times in good faith assist in the carrying out of all the provisions of this Agreement and in the taking of all such action as may be necessary in order to preserve the exercise rights of the Holders against impairment.

 

Section 8.7        Governing Law. This Agreement and each Warrant issued hereunder shall be governed by and construed under the laws of the State of New York in all respects as such laws are applied to agreements among New York residents entered into and to be performed entirely within New York, without reference to conflicts of laws or principles thereof. The parties hereto agree that any action brought by either party under or in relation to this Agreement, including without limitation to interpret or enforce any provision of this Agreement, shall be brought in, and each party agrees to and does hereby submit to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of, any state or federal court located in the City of New York, borough of Manhattan, and hereby irrevocably waives, and agrees not to assert in any suit, action or proceeding, any claim that it is not personally subject to the jurisdiction of any such court, that such suit, action or proceeding is brought in an inconvenient forum or that the venue of such suit, action or proceeding is improper. Each party hereto hereby irrevocably waives personal service of process and consents to process being served in any such suit, action or proceeding by mailing a copy thereof to such party at the address for notices to it contemplated by this Agreement and agrees that such service shall constitute good and sufficient service of process and notice thereof. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to limit in any way any right to serve process in any manner permitted by law. Each party hereto hereby irrevocably waives any right it may have to, and agrees not to request, a trial by jury for the adjudication of any action brought by either party under or in relation to this Agreement.

 

Section 8.8        Remedies. Each Holder, in addition to being entitled to exercise all rights granted by law, including recovery of damages, will be entitled to specific performance of its rights under this Agreement. The Company agrees that monetary damages would not be adequate compensation for any loss incurred by reason of a breach by it of the provisions of this Agreement and hereby agrees to waive and not to assert the defense in any action for specific performance that a remedy at law would be adequate.

 

Section 8.9        Severability. In the event that any one or more of the provisions contained in this Agreement, or the application thereof in any circumstances, is held invalid, illegal or unenforceable, the validity, legality and enforceability of any such provisions in every other respect and of the remaining provisions contained herein shall not be affected or impaired thereby.

 

Section 8.10       Binding Effect on Holders. By acceptance of any Warrant, each Holder acknowledges the terms of this Agreement and agrees to be bound hereby.

 

[Signature Page Follows]

 

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Agreement has been duly executed by the undersigned parties hereto as of the date first above written.

 

VERTEX ENERGY INC
  VERTEX ENERGY INC.
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name:  Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Warrant Agreement]

 

 

 

  CONTINENTAL STOCK TRANSFER & TRUST COMPANY, as
  Warrant Agent
   
  By: /s/ Henry Ferrell  
  Name:  Henry Ferrell
  Title: Vice President

 

 [Signature Page to Warrant Agreement]

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT A

 

[Form of Warrant]

 

NEITHER THIS SECURITY NOR THE SECURITIES FOR WHICH THIS SECURITY IS EXERCISABLE HAVE BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE IN RELIANCE UPON AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER SECTION 4(A)(2) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), AND RULE 506 OF REGULATION D THEREUNDER, AND, ACCORDINGLY, MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES. THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO ADDITIONAL AGREEMENTS SET FORTH IN THE WARRANT AGREEMENT REFERRED TO BELOW. SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OF THE COMPANY ISSUED OR ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED HEREBY SHALL BE ENTITLED TO CERTAIN REGISTRATION RIGHTS UNDER AN AMENDED AND RESTATED REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT EXECUTED BY THE COMPANY.

 

VERTEX ENERGY INC.

 Common Stock Purchase Warrant

 

This certifies that, _______________________ and its registered assigns, is the registered holder of _______________________ warrants evidenced hereby (the “Warrants”) to purchase shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share (“Common Stock”), of Vertex Energy Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”). Each whole Warrant entitles the holder, upon exercise during the period set forth in that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of May 26, 2022, by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as warrant agent (as amended from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, the “Warrant Agreement”), to receive from the Company that number of fully paid and non-assessable shares of Common Stock as set forth below, at the exercise price (the “Exercise Price”) as determined pursuant to the Warrant Agreement, payable in lawful money (or through “cashless exercise” as provided for in the Warrant Agreement) of the United States of America upon payment of the Exercise Price, if applicable, to the Warrant Agent on behalf of the Company, subject to the conditions set forth herein and in the Warrant Agreement. Defined terms used in this Warrant but not defined herein shall have the meanings given to them in the Warrant Agreement, which Warrant Agreement is hereby incorporated by reference in and made a part of this instrument and is hereby referred to for a description of the rights, limitation of rights, obligations, duties and immunities thereunder of the Warrant Agent, the Company and the Holders. A copy of the Warrant Agreement may be obtained by the Holder hereof upon written request to the Company.

 

Each Warrant is initially exercisable for one (1) fully paid and non-assessable share of Common Stock. The initial Exercise Price per share of Common Stock for any Warrant is equal to $9.25 per share. The Exercise Price and the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants are subject to adjustment upon the occurrence of certain events set forth in the Warrant Agreement. Subject to the conditions set forth in the Warrant Agreement, the Warrants may be exercised only during the Exercise Period and to the extent not exercised by the end of such Exercise Period, the Warrants shall become void.

 

A Warrant Certificate shall not be valid unless countersigned by the Warrant Agent. This Warrant shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of New York, without regard to conflicts of laws principles thereof.

 

[Signature Page Follows]

 

 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Warrant has been duly executed by the Company.

 

  VERTEX ENERGY INC.
   
  By:    
  Name:   
  Title:  

  

Countersigned:  
   
CONTINENTAL STOCK TRANSFER &  
TRUST COMPANY, as Warrant Agent  
   
By: _________________________________  
Authorized Signatory  

 

Dated:__________________, _______

[Signature Page to Warrant Certificate]

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT B

 

NOTICE OF EXERCISE

 

The undersigned holder hereby exercises the right to purchase _____________ of the shares of Common Stock (“Warrant Shares”) of Vertex Energy Inc., a Nevada corporation (the “Company”), which it is entitled to purchase under the Warrant Agreement and the Warrants issued to the undersigned thereunder (the “Warrants”). Capitalized terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the respective meanings set forth in the Warrant Agreement (the “Warrant Agreement”), dated as of May 26, 2022, by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, a New York corporation, as warrant agent (the “Warrant Agent”).

 

1.             1.          Form of Exercise Price. The Holder intends that payment of the Exercise Price shall be made as:

 

[ ] a “cash exercise” with respect to _____________ Warrants; and/or 

[ ] a “cashless exercise” with respect to _____________ Warrants.

 

2.          Payment of Exercise Price. In the event that the Holder has elected a cash exercise with respect to the exercise of some or all of the Warrants as set forth herein, the Holder shall pay the Aggregate Exercise Price in the sum of $_____________ with respect to such Warrants to the Company or the Warrant Agent in accordance with the terms of the Warrant Agreement.

 

3.          Surrender of Warrant Certificates. If the Warrants being exercised hereby are evidenced by a Warrant Certificate, the exercising Holder has caused the original Warrant Certificate to be surrendered for cancellation.

 

4.          Delivery of Warrant Shares. The Holder requests that a certificate for such shares of Common Stock be registered in the name of _________________, whose address is _____________________ and that such shares of Common Stock be delivered to ____________________ whose address (or DWAC account number) is _________________.

 

.

 

Name of Holder:    
Signature of Authorized Signatory of Investing Entity:    
Name of Authorized Signatory:    
Title of Authorized Signatory:    
   

Date: 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT C

 

FORM OF ASSIGNMENT

 

(To assign the foregoing Warrants, execute this form and supply required information. Do not use this form to purchase shares.)

 

FOR VALUE RECEIVED, the undersigned assigns and transfers of the Warrants [represented by this Warrant Certificate] to:

 

Assignee Name:    
Assignee Address:    
     

 

and irrevocably appoints the following____________________as its agent to transfer such Warrants on the books of the Warrant Agent.

 

Assignor Name:    
       
  By:    
  Name:    
  Title:    
  Date:    

  

 

 

 

EXHIBIT D

 

FORM OF INITIAL HOLDER REPRESENTATION LETTER

 

May 26, 2022

 

Vertex Energy, Inc.,

1331 Gemini St., Suite 250

Houston, Texas 77058

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

Reference is hereby made to (a) that certain Amendment Number One to Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of May 26, 2022 (the “Loan Amendment”), by and among Vertex Refining Alabama LLC, as Borrower thereunder, Vertex Energy, Inc. (the “Company”), as Parent and Guarantor thereunder, certain direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company, as Guarantors thereunder, the Lenders from time to time party thereto and Cantor Fitzgerald Securities as Agent thereunder and (b) that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of May 26, 2022 (the “Warrant Agreement”), by and between the Company and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as Warrant Agent thereunder. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Warrant Agreement.

 

In connection with the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Loan Amendment, the Company has agreed to issue (the “Issuance”) to the undersigned (“Recipient”) the number of Warrants set forth opposite the name of the Recipient on Schedule A of the Warrant Agreement. Each such Warrant shall entitle Recipient to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at the exercise price set forth in the Warrant Agreement.

 

Recipient acknowledges and agrees that the Warrants issued pursuant to the Loan Amendment are subject to, and entitled to the benefit of, the terms, provisions and conditions set forth in the Warrant Agreement.

 

In connection with, and as a condition to, the Issuance, Recipient hereby represents and warrants to the Company as follows:

 

1.It is an “Accredited Investor,” as that term is defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

 

2.It has such knowledge, skill and experience in securities, business and financial matters and investments generally, based on actual participation, that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of an investment in the Company and the Warrants and the suitability thereof as an investment for it.

 

3.It is capable of bearing and managing the risk of its investment in the Warrants.

 

4.It has reviewed such documents and information from the Company that it has requested and has had adequate opportunity to ask questions of and receive answers from the Company’s officers, directors and representatives concerning the terms and conditions of the Warrants, and the Company’s business, financial condition, properties, operations and prospects, and, without limiting any of Recipient’s rights under the Loan Agreement, Loan Amendment or Warrant Agreement, all such questions, if any, have been answered to its satisfaction. The Recipient is relying on the representations and warranties contained in the Loan Agreement and Loan Amendment and its own investigation and evaluation of the Company and the Warrants and not on any other information.

 

5.It is acquiring the Warrants, and any common stock issuable upon exercise thereof, for investment for its own account and not with a view to, or for sale or resale in connection with, any distribution thereof which would require registration under the Securities Act or any state securities laws.

 

6.It understands that the Warrants and any common stock issuable upon exercise thereof have not been registered under applicable state or federal securities laws by reason of certain exemptions from the registration provisions thereof which depend upon, among other things, the bona fide nature of its representations and investment intent as expressed herein. The Company has not agreed to register the Warrants or, except as provided in the Registration Rights Agreement (as defined in the Warrant Agreement), any of the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants for distribution in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act or applicable state securities laws, or agreed to comply with any exemption from registration under the Securities Act or applicable state securities laws for the resale of such shares. It understands that by virtue of the provisions of certain rules respecting “restricted securities” promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission, the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants shall be required to be held indefinitely, unless and until registered under the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws, or unless an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws is available, in which case it may still be limited as to the number of such shares that may be sold. It agrees that the Warrants will not be offered, sold or transferred except as permitted by the Warrant Agreement.

 

 

 

 

Unless sold pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act, the certificates representing the Warrants will bear a conspicuous legend in substantially the form set forth below:

 

NEITHER THIS SECURITY NOR THE SECURITIES FOR WHICH THIS SECURITY IS EXERCISABLE HAVE BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE IN RELIANCE UPON AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER SECTION 4(A)(2) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), AND RULE 506 OF REGULATION D THEREUNDER, AND, ACCORDINGLY, MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES. THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO ADDITIONAL AGREEMENTS SET FORTH IN THE WARRANT AGREEMENT DATED AS OF MAY 26, 2022, BY AND BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND THE WARRANT AGENT (AS DEFINED THEREIN). SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OF THE COMPANY ISSUED OR ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED HEREBY SHALL BE ENTITLED TO CERTAIN REGISTRATION RIGHTS UNDER AN AMENDED AND RESTATED REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT EXECUTED BY THE COMPANY.

 

Unless the Warrants or the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants are sold pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act, the certificates representing or statements evidencing the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants will bear a conspicuous legend in substantially the form set forth below:

 

THIS SECURITY HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”) OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES.

 

 

 

7.                   

7.It has not been offered the Warrants by any form of general solicitation or advertising, including, but not limited to, advertisements, articles, notices or other communications published in any newspaper, magazine, or other similar media or television or radio broadcast or any seminar or meeting where, to its knowledge, those individuals that have attended have been invited by any such or similar means of general solicitation or advertising.

 

8.To the extent that the Recipient is not one of the Initial Lenders, the Recipient represents that it is an affiliate of an Initial Lender, as such term is defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act, and that such applicable Initial Lender has requested that the Company issue the Warrants in the name of such affiliated Recipient.

 

9.Its principal place of business is as set forth on the signature page to this letter under the heading “Principal Place of Business”.

 

10.Its EIN and its address and email address for notices under the Warrant Agreement that should be included in the Warrant Register as its record address, are as set forth on the signature page to this letter under the heading “Notice Information”.

 

11.The Warrants will be governed by the Warrant Agreement, a copy of which has been provided to the Recipient, and, at the written request of the holder, may be evidenced by Warrant Certificates in the form attached to the Warrant Agreement as Exhibit A thereto.

 

The undersigned Recipient acknowledges that the Company and its representatives (including its attorneys) will be relying (and authorizes the Company and its representatives (including its attorneys) to rely) upon the representations set forth above for all purposes, including for the purposes of counsel to the Company’s legal opinion to the Warrant Agent with respect to the Issuance of the Warrants.

 

[The Remainder of this Page Left Blank]

 

 

 

 

  Very truly yours,
   
  [RECIPIENT]
   

 

  By:

        

    Name:
    Title:

Principal Place of Business:

 

[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]

 

Address, contact and phone number, for delivery of Warrant Certificate, if any:

 

[ATTN]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[PHONE NUMBER]

 

Notice Information:

 

[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
Attn:
Email:
EIN:

 

[Signature Page to Representations Letter]

 

 

 

EXHIBIT C

 

FORM OF TRANSFEREE REPRESENTATION LETTER

 

[●], 202[●]

 

Vertex Energy, Inc., 

1331 Gemini St., Suite 250 

Houston, Texas 77058

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

Reference is hereby made to that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of May 26, 2022 (the “Warrant Agreement”), by and between Vertex Energy, Inc. (the “Company”) and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as Warrant Agent thereunder, pursuant to which the Company issued an aggregate of 250,000 warrants (the “Warrants”), with each Warrant entitling the holder thereof to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock (subject to adjustment in accordance with the Warrant Agreement), on the terms set forth in the Warrant Agreement. Capitalized terms used but not otherwise defined herein have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Warrant Agreement.

 

The entity set forth on Schedule I attached hereto under the heading “Transferor” desires to transfer (the “Transfer”) the number of Warrants set forth on Schedule I attached hereto under the heading “Transferred Warrants” (the “Transferred Warrants”) to the undersigned (“Transferee”).

 

Transferee acknowledges and agrees that, upon consummation of the Transfer, the Transferred Warrants shall be subject to, and entitled to the benefit of, the terms, provisions and conditions set forth in the Warrant Agreement.

 

In connection with, and as a condition to, the Transfer, Transferee hereby represents and warrants to the Company as follows:

 

1.It is an “Accredited Investor,” as that term is defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”).

 

2.It has such knowledge, skill and experience in securities, business and financial matters and investments generally, based on actual participation, that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of an investment in the Company and the Warrants and the suitability thereof as an investment for it.

 

3.It is capable of bearing and managing the risk of its investment in the Warrants.

 

4.It has reviewed such documents and information from the Company that it has requested and has had adequate opportunity to ask questions of and receive answers from the Company’s officers, directors and representatives concerning the terms and conditions of the Warrants, and the Company’s business, financial condition, properties, operations and prospects, and, without limiting any of Transferee’s rights under the Warrant Agreement, all such questions, if any, have been answered to its satisfaction. The Transferee is relying on its own investigation and evaluation of the Company and the Warrants and not on any other information.

 

5.It is acquiring the Warrants, and any common stock issuable upon exercise thereof, for investment for its own account and not with a view to, or for sale or resale in connection with, any distribution thereof which would require registration under the Securities Act or any state securities laws.

 

6.It understands that the Warrants [and any common stock issuable upon exercise thereof]1 have not been registered under applicable state or federal securities laws by reason of certain exemptions from the registration provisions thereof which depend upon, among other things, the bona fide nature of its representations and investment intent as expressed herein. The Company has not agreed to register the Warrants [or, except as provided in the Registration Rights Agreement (as defined in the Warrant Agreement), any of the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants]2 for distribution in accordance with the provisions of the Securities Act or applicable state securities laws, or agreed to comply with any exemption from registration under the Securities Act or applicable state securities laws for the resale of such shares. It understands that by virtue of the provisions of certain rules respecting “restricted securities” promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission, the shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants shall be required to be held indefinitely, unless and until registered under the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws, or unless an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws is available, in which case it may still be limited as to the number of such shares that may be sold. It agrees that the Warrants will not be offered, sold or transferred except as permitted by the Warrant Agreement.

 

 

1 To be omitted to the extent the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants no longer qualifies as a restricted security. 

2 To be omitted to the extent the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants no longer qualifies as a restricted security.

 

 

 

Unless sold pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act, the certificates representing the Warrants will bear a conspicuous legend in substantially the form set forth below:

 

NEITHER THIS SECURITY NOR THE SECURITIES FOR WHICH THIS SECURITY IS EXERCISABLE HAVE BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE IN RELIANCE UPON AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER SECTION 4(A)(2) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), AND RULE 506 OF REGULATION D THEREUNDER, AND, ACCORDINGLY, MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES. THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS WARRANT CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO ADDITIONAL AGREEMENTS SET FORTH IN THE WARRANT AGREEMENT DATED AS OF MAY 26, 2022, BY AND BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND THE WARRANT AGENT (AS DEFINED THEREIN). SHARES OF COMMON STOCK OF THE COMPANY ISSUED OR ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THE SECURITIES EVIDENCED HEREBY SHALL BE ENTITLED TO CERTAIN REGISTRATION RIGHTS UNDER AN AMENDED AND RESTATED REGISTRATION RIGHTS AGREEMENT EXECUTED BY THE COMPANY.

 

Unless the Warrants or the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants are sold pursuant to a registration statement under the Securities Act, the certificates representing or statements evidencing the common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants will bear a conspicuous legend in substantially the form set forth below:

 

THIS SECURITY HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED WITH THE U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION OR THE SECURITIES COMMISSION OF ANY STATE AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD EXCEPT PURSUANT TO AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”) OR PURSUANT TO AN AVAILABLE EXEMPTION FROM, OR IN A TRANSACTION NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SECURITY MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES.

 

7.It has not been offered the Warrants by any form of general solicitation or advertising, including, but not limited to, advertisements, articles, notices or other communications published in any newspaper, magazine, or other similar media or television or radio broadcast or any seminar or meeting where, to its knowledge, those individuals that have attended have been invited by any such or similar means of general solicitation or advertising.

 

8.Its principal place of business is as set forth on the signature page to this letter under the heading “Principal Place of Business”.

 

 

 

9.Its EIN and its address and email address for notices under the Warrant Agreement that should be included in the Warrant Register as its record address, are as set forth on the signature page to this letter under the heading “Notice Information”.

 

10.The Warrants will be governed by the Warrant Agreement, a copy of which has been provided to the Transferee, and, at the written request of the holder, may be evidenced by Warrant Certificates in the form attached to the Warrant Agreement as Exhibit A thereto.

 

11.To the extent the Warrants subject to the Transfer are not covered under an effective registration statement under the Securities Act, the Transferee will provide, and will cause the Transferor to provide, such information, confirmations and documentation, as may be reasonably requested by the Company and its legal counsel, in order to confirm that an exemption from registration exists for the Transfer and in order to enable such parties to provide any required legal opinions to the Warrant Agent in connection therewith.

 

The undersigned Transferee acknowledges that the Company and its representatives (including its attorneys) will be relying (and authorizes the Company and its representatives (including its attorneys) to rely) upon the representations set forth above for all purposes, including for the purposes of counsel to the Company’s legal opinion to the Warrant Agent with respect to the Transfer.

 

[The Remainder of this Page Left Blank]

 

 

 

  Very truly yours,
   
  [TRANSFEREE]
     
  By:

   

Name:

    Title:

Principal Place of Business:

 

[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]

 

Address, contact and phone number, for delivery of Warrant Certificate, if any:

 

[ATTN]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[PHONE NUMBER]

 

Notice Information:

 

[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
[ADDRESS]
Attn:
Email:
EIN:

 

[Signature Page to Transferee Representation Letter]

 

 

 

EXHIBIT D

 

Schedule I

 

Transferor Transferee Transferred Warrants
     

 

 

 

SCHEDULE A

 

WARRANT ALLOCATIONS

 

Initial Holder

Warrant Shares

Initial Beneficial Ownership
Limitation
Whitebox Multi-Strategy Partners, LP 21,875 9.99%
Whitebox Relative Value Partners, LP 20,625 9.99%
Whitebox GT Fund, LP 2,500 9.99%
Highbridge Tactical Credit Master Fund, L.P. 45,000 9.99%
Global Credit Opportunities II Fund A Master SCSp 56,942 9.99%
GCO II Fund B (Investment 2), L.P. 35,945 9.99%
BlackRock Diversified Private Debt Fund Master LP 37,113 9.99%
Chambers Energy Capital IV, LP 15,000 9.99%
CrowdOut Credit Opportunities Fund LLC 15,000 4.99%
TOTAL 250,000 --

 

 


 

 

VERTEX ENERGY, INC. 8-K

Exhibit 10.1

 

 

Execution Version

 

AMENDMENT NUMBER ONE

TO LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

 

THIS AMENDMENT NUMBER ONE TO LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT (this “Amendment No. 1”), dated as of May 26, 2022, is entered into by and among Vertex Energy Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Parent”), Vertex Refining Alabama LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Borrower”), each of Parent’s direct and indirect Subsidiaries listed on Schedule 1 hereto other than Excluded Subsidiaries (collectively, the “Existing Subsidiary Guarantors” and each, individually, an “Existing Subsidiary Guarantor”), Vertex Refining OH, LLC, an Ohio limited liability company (“Vertex Ohio”), HPRM LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“HPRM”), Tensile- Heartland Acquisition Corporation, a Delaware corporation (“Tensile”; Tensile, together with Vertex Ohio and HPRM, each a “New Subsidiary Guarantor” and collectively, the “New Subsidiary Guarantors”; the New Subsidiary Guarantors, together with the Existing Subsidiary Guarantors and Parent, each a “Guarantor” and collectively, the “Guarantors”), Cantor Fitzgerald Securities (“Cantor”) as administrative agent and collateral agent for the Lenders (“Agent”) and the lenders from time to time party hereto (collectively with the Initial Lenders, the “Lenders” and each, a “Lender”).

 

W I T N E S S E T H

 

WHEREAS, Parent, Borrower, the Existing Subsidiary Guarantors, Lenders and Agent are parties to that certain Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of April 1, 2022 (the “Existing Loan Agreement”, and the Existing Loan Agreement as amended by this Amendment No. 1, the “Loan Agreement”; capitalized terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the meanings set forth in the Loan Agreement);

 

WHEREAS, Borrower has requested that Agent and Lenders (i) increase the Term Loan Commitment from $125,000,000 to $165,000,000 by providing an additional Term Loan in the aggregate principal amount of $40,000,000 (“Additional Term Loan”) and (ii) consent to certain amendments, each subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein;

 

WHEREAS, upon the terms and conditions set forth herein, Agent and Lenders have agreed to (i) provide the Additional Term Loan and (ii) make such amendments to the Existing Loan Agreement, each on the terms and conditions set forth herein; and

 

WHEREAS, on the Amendment Effective Date (as defined below), in connection with (and as additional consideration for) the making of the Additional Term Loan by the Lenders, Parent shall issue to each Lender (or, with respect to certain of the Lenders, to such Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund identified on Schedule A of that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of the date hereof, by and between Parent and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as “Warrant Agent” thereunder (as the same may be amended, restated, amended and restated, modified or otherwise supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof, the “Additional Warrant Agreement”), the number of warrants (the “Additional Warrants”) set forth opposite the name of such Lender (or such Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund, as applicable) on Schedule A of the Additional Warrant Agreement.

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants herein contained, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereby agree as follows:

 

1.             Defined Terms. All initially capitalized terms used herein (including the preamble and recitals hereof) without definition shall have the meanings ascribed thereto in Section 1.1 of the Loan Agreement.

 

 

 

 

2.             Amendments to Loan Agreement. Subject to the satisfaction (or waiver in writing by the Lenders) of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 3 hereof, the Existing Loan Agreement (other than the signature pages, Exhibits and Schedules thereto) is hereby amended (i) to delete the red or green stricken text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following examples: stricken text and stricken text) and (b) to add the blue or green double-underlined text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following examples: double-underlined text and double-underlined text), in each case, as set forth in the marked copy of the Loan Agreement attached as Exhibit A hereto. The parties hereto acknowledge and agree that each amendment to the Loan Agreement reflected in Exhibit A is and shall be effective as if individually specified in this Amendment No. 1 (the parties further acknowledging that amending the Loan Agreement by reference to Exhibit A provides a convenience to the parties to permit the amended terms to be read in the context of the full Loan Agreement).

 

3.Conditions Precedent to Amendment. The satisfaction (or waiver in writing by Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) or the Required Lenders) of each of the following shall constitute conditions precedent to the effectiveness of this Amendment No. 1 (the date on which all such conditions precedent are either satisfied or waived, being the “Amendment Effective Date”):

 

(a)The Agent and the Lenders shall have received this Amendment No. 1, duly executed by the parties hereto;

 

(b)Evidence of the insurance coverage for each of the New Subsidiary Guarantors as required by Section Error! Reference source not found. of the Loan Agreement;

 

(c)Customary legal opinions of (x) Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP, in its capacity as special counsel to the Loan Parties and (y) local counsel opinions covering the Loan Parties and jurisdictions as reasonably agreed by the Borrower and the Lenders in each case, dated as of the Amendment Effective Date and addressed to the Agent and the Lenders;

 

(d)A duly executed officer’s certificate of each Loan Party containing the following documents: (i) the Organization Documents of each Loan Party (which, to the extent filed with a Governmental Authority, shall be certified as of a recent date by such Governmental Authority) or to the extent applicable, certifying no change thereto as of the Amendment Effective Date, (ii) resolutions authorizing the Loan Documents and, in the case of Parent, the Additional Warrants, the Additional Warrant Agreement and the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement (including authorization of the reservation and issuance of Parent’s common stock upon exercise of the Additional Warrants), (iii) a good standing certificate from (A) each Loan Party’s state of formation and (B) from any state where such party is, or is required to be, qualified to do business to the extent failure to so qualified could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (iv) incumbency and representative signatures, or to the extent applicable, certifying no change thereto as of the Amendment Effective Date;

 

(e)All necessary consents of stockholders or members and other third parties with respect to the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents by the Loan Parties and, in the case of Parent, the Additional Warrants, the Additional Warrant Agreement and the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement (including consent to the issuance of Parent’s common stock upon exercise of the Additional Warrants);

 

2

 

(f)The execution and delivery of (i) an amendment to that certain Mortgage, Assignment Of Leases And Rents, Security Agreement And Fixture Filing, dated as of April 1, 2022, by Borrower, as mortgagor, to Agent, as mortgage (the “Alabama Mortgage Amendment”) and (ii) an amendment to that certain Multiple Indebtedness Leasehold Mortgage, Pledge of Leases and Rents and Security Agreement, dated as of April 1, 2022, by the Loan Parties thereto, collectively, as mortgagor, to Agent, as mortgagee (the “Louisiana Mortgage Amendment” and together with the Alabama Mortgagee Amendment, each, a “Mortgage Amendment” and, collectively, the “Mortgage Amendments”), each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders;

 

(g)The execution and delivery by the New Subsidiary Guarantors of a Joinder to Intercreditor Agreement;

 

(h)The execution and delivery by the New Subsidiary Guarantors of a Joinder to Intercompany Subordination Agreement;

 

(i)The execution and delivery by the New Subsidiary Guarantors of a Joinder to Collateral Pledge Agreement;

 

(j)The execution and delivery by Parent of the Additional Warrant Agreement and the Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, and the issuance by Parent of the Additional Warrants to the Lenders or their Affiliates or Approved Funds, as the case may be;

 

(k)A Solvency Certificate from the chief financial officer, chief executive officer, president or similar senior officer of Parent (after giving effect to the transactions contemplated by this Amendment No. 1, including the issuance by Parent of the Additional Warrants) certifying that the Loan Parties, individually and collectively, are not Insolvent;

 

(l)Such documents, instruments and agreements, including certificates evidencing Collateral consisting of Equity Interests, Uniform Commercial Code financing statements or amendments to Uniform Commercial Code financing statements, as the Lenders shall reasonably request to evidence the perfection and priority of the security interests granted to Agent pursuant to Article Error! Reference source not found. of the Loan Agreement;

 

(m)The execution and delivery by the parties thereto of the Amendment No. 1 to Deposit Account Control Agreement;

 

(n)Subject to Section 6.19 of the Loan Agreement, the Agent shall have received, subject to the Intercreditor Agreement, all documents, agreements and instruments required to create and perfect the Agent’s security interest in the Collateral. The New Subsidiary Guarantors shall have filed or shall have provided all UCC-1 financing statements in form for filing by the Required Lenders or their counsel and shall have delivered all certificated pledged equity and documented pledged debt (if any) with appropriate transfer powers and/or allonges by the Amendment Effective Date;

 

(o)Borrower shall have paid all Lender Expenses and all fees due pursuant to the Amendment Number One Fee Letter;

 

3

 

 

(p)The New Subsidiary Guarantors shall have provided no less than three (3) Business Days prior to the Amendment Effective Date the documentation and other information to the Lenders that are reasonably requested by the Lenders no later than 10 days prior to the Amendment Effective Date under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the USA PATRIOT ACT, the USA FREEDOM Act, IRS Form W-9 (if applicable) and other applicable tax forms;

 

(q)Confirmation that (i) the representations and warranties contained in Section 5 of the Loan Agreement and in Section 4 hereof shall be true and correct on and as of the Amendment Effective Date (except for such representations and warranties made as of a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be true and correct as of such specific date), after giving effect in all cases to any standard(s) of materiality contained in Article Error! Reference source not found. of the Loan Agreement and Section 4 hereof as to such representations and warranties, and (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, or would exist after giving effect to the funding of the Additional Term Loan. The making of the Additional Term Loan shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by Borrower on the date of the Additional Term Loan as to the accuracy of the facts referred to in this Section 3; and

 

(r)Such other documents, and completion of such other matters, as Agent or Lenders may reasonably deem necessary or appropriate.

 

For purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in this Section 3, each Lender that has signed this Amendment No. 1 shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required hereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless the Agent shall have received notice from such Lender prior to the proposed Amendment Effective Date specifying its objection thereto.

 

4.Representations and Warranties. Each Loan Party jointly and severally, hereby:

 

(a)represents and warrants that, each of the representations and warranties made to Agent and Lenders under the Loan Agreement and all of the other Loan Documents are true and correct in all material respects (except that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations and warranties that already are qualified or modified as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” in the text thereof, which representations and warranties are true and correct in all respects subject to such qualification) on and as of the date hereof (after giving effect to this Amendment No. 1 and the other documents executed in connection with this Amendment No. 1) except to the extent that such representations and warranties specifically relate to an earlier date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be true and correct in all material respects (except that such materiality qualifier shall not be applicable to any representations or warranties that already are qualified or modified as to “materiality” or “Material Adverse Effect” in the text thereof, which representations and warranties shall be true and correct in all respects subject to such qualification) on and as of such earlier date;

 

(b)represents and warrants that, after giving effect to this Amendment No. 1, no Default or Event of Default will have occurred and be continuing;

 

4

 

 

(c)represents and warrants that the execution, delivery and performance by each Loan Party of this Amendment No. 1 and the other documents, agreements and instruments executed by any Loan Party in connection herewith (collectively, together with this Amendment No. 1, the “Amendment Documents”) and the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby, are within such Loan Party’s powers, have been duly authorized by all necessary organizational action, and do not contravene (i) the Organizational Documents of such Loan Party or (ii) any law or any material Contractual Obligation of any Loan Party, except, for purposes of this clause (d), to the extent such contravention would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(d)represents and warrants that no authorization or approval or other action by, and no notice to or filing with, any Governmental Authority, any stockholders, members, partners or any other equityholders of any Loan Party, and any Person pursuant to any Contractual Obligation, is required for the due execution, delivery and performance by any Loan Party of any Amendment Document to which it is a party that has not already been obtained if the failure to obtain such authorization, approval or other action, or to provide such notice or make such filing, could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect;

 

(e)represents and warrants that each Amendment Document has been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party party thereto; and

 

(f)represents and warrants that this Amendment No. 1 constitutes, and each other Amendment Document to be executed on the date hereof will constitute, upon execution, the legal, valid and binding obligation of each Loan Party party thereto enforceable against such Loan Party in accordance with its respective terms, subject to the effect of any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or moratorium or similar laws relating to or affecting the rights of creditors generally and subject to general principles of equity (regardless of whether enforcement is sought in a proceeding at law or in equity).

 

5.Payment of Costs and Fees. Borrower shall pay to Agent and each Lender all expenses required to be paid pursuant to Section 2.5 and Section 10.3 of the Loan Agreement in connection with the preparation, negotiation, execution and delivery of this Amendment No. 1 and any documents and instruments relating hereto.

 

6.GOVERNING LAW; JURISDICTION; WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL PROVISIONS. THIS AMENDMENT NO. 1 SHALL BE SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS REGARDING GOVERNING LAW, JURISDICTION, AND WAIVER OF JURY TRIAL SET FORTH IN SECTION 14.14 OF THE LOAN AGREEMENT, AND SUCH PROVISIONS ARE INCORPORATED HEREIN BY THIS REFERENCE, MUTATIS MUTANDIS.

 

7.Amendments. This Amendment No. 1 cannot be altered, amended, changed or modified in any respect except in accordance with Section 14.4 of the Loan Agreement.

 

8.Counterparts. This Amendment No. 1 and any notices delivered under this Amendment No. 1 may be executed by means of (i) an electronic signature that complies with the Federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, the New York State Electronic Signatures and Records Act or any other similar state laws based on the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act; (ii) an original manual signature; or (iii) a faxed, scanned, or photocopied manual signature. Each electronic signature or faxed, scanned, or photocopied manual signature shall for all purposes have the same validity, legal effect, and admissibility in evidence as an original manual signature. The words “execution,” “execute”, “signed,” “signature,” and words of like import in or related to any document to be signed in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby shall be deemed to include electronic signatures or the keeping of records in electronic form, each of which shall be of the same legal effect, validity or enforceability as a manually executed signature or the use of a paper-based recordkeeping system, as the case may be, to the extent and as provided for in any Applicable Law, including the Federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, the New York State Electronic Signatures and Records Act, or any other similar state laws based on the Uniform Electronic Transactions Act. This Amendment No. 1 may be executed in any number of counterparts, and it is not necessary that the signatures of all parties hereto be contained on any one counterpart hereof, each counterpart will be deemed to be an original, and all together shall constitute one and the same document.

 

5

 

 

9.Effect on Loan Documents.

 

(a)           The Loan Agreement, as amended hereby, and each of the other Loan Documents shall be and remain in full force and effect in accordance with their respective terms and hereby are ratified and confirmed in all respects. The execution, delivery, and performance of this Amendment No. 1 shall not operate, except as expressly set forth herein, as a modification or waiver of any right, power, or remedy of Agent or any Lender under the Loan Agreement or any other Loan Document. Except for the amendments to the Loan Agreement expressly set forth herein, the Loan Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall remain unchanged and in full force and effect.

 

(b)           Upon and after the effectiveness of this Amendment No. 1, each reference in the Loan Agreement to “this Agreement”, “hereunder”, “herein”, “hereof” or words of like import referring to the Loan Agreement, and each reference in the other Loan Documents to “the Loan Agreement”, “thereunder”, “therein”, “thereof” or words of like import referring to the Loan Agreement, shall mean and be a reference to the Loan Agreement as modified and amended hereby.

 

(c)           To the extent that any of the terms and conditions in any of the Loan Documents shall contradict or be in conflict with any of the terms or conditions of the Loan Agreement, after giving effect to this Amendment No. 1, such terms and conditions are hereby deemed modified or amended accordingly to reflect the terms and conditions of the Loan Agreement as modified or amended hereby.

 

(d)           This Amendment No. 1 is a Loan Document.

 

10.Entire Agreement. This Amendment No. 1 and each of the other Loan Documents, taken together, constitute and contain the entire agreement between the Loan Parties, Agent and Lenders and supersede any and all prior agreements, negotiations, correspondence, understandings and communications between the parties, whether written or oral, respecting the subject matter hereof.

 

11.Reaffirmation of Obligations. The Loan Parties hereby acknowledge and agree that all terms, covenants, conditions and provisions of the Loan Documents (including, without limitation, each Collateral Document) continue in full force and effect, are herein reaffirmed in their entirety and remain unaffected and unchanged, except to the extent expressly set forth in this Amendment No. 1. Neither this Amendment No. 1 nor the execution and delivery of this Amendment No. 1 by Agent, the Lenders and the Loan Parties hereto shall constitute a novation or renewal of the Term Loan or the Indebtedness or any of the Loan Documents. This Amendment No. 1, except to the extent expressly set forth herein, is not intended to and shall not be deemed or construed to create or constitute a waiver, release, or relinquishment of, and shall not affect, the liens, security interests and rights, remedies and interests under the Loan Documents, all of which are hereby ratified, confirmed, renewed and extended in all respects. Without limiting the foregoing, each of the Loan Parties reaffirms to Agent and each Lender each of its representations, warranties, covenants and agreements set forth in the Loan Documents.

 

6

 

 

12.Severability of Provisions. Each provision of this Amendment No. 1 shall be severable from every other provision of this Amendment No. 1 for the purpose of determining the legal enforceability of any specific provision.

 

13.Agent. The Agent has executed this Amendment No. 1 as directed under and in accordance with the Loan Agreement and will perform this Amendment No. 1 solely in its capacity as Agent hereunder, and not individually. In performing under this Amendment No. 1, the Agent shall have all rights, protections, immunities and indemnities granted to it under the Loan Agreement. Subject to the terms of the Loan Agreement, the Agent shall have no obligation to perform or exercise any discretionary act. Each of the undersigned Lenders, constituting all of the Lenders both prior to and immediately after the Amendment No. 1 Effective Date hereby directs and consents to the Agent’s execution of this Amendment No. 1 and the documents contemplated hereunder.

 

14.Heartland Acknowledgement. Each party hereto hereby acknowledge that, as of the Amendment Effective Date, the transactions under the Heartland Purchase Agreement (as defined in the Loan Agreement) shall have been deemed to have occurred contemporaneously with the entry of this Amendment No. 1.

 

15.Intercreditor Agreement Governs. This Amendment No. 1 and the other Loan Documents are subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, in all respects and, in the event of any conflict between the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement and this Amendment No. 1, the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement shall govern. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the lien and security interest granted to the Agent or any Intermediation Facility Agent, as applicable, pursuant to any Loan Document or any Intermediation Facility Document, and the exercise of any right or remedy in respect of the Collateral by the Agent or any Intermediation Facility Agent, as applicable hereunder, under any other Loan Document, under any Intermediation Facility Document and any other agreement entered into in connection with the foregoing are subject to the provisions of the Intercreditor Agreement and in the event of any conflict between the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement, this Amendment No. 1, any other Loan Document, any Intermediation Facility Document and any other agreement entered into in connection with the foregoing, the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement shall govern and control with respect to the exercise of any such right or remedy or the Loan Parties’ covenants and obligations.

 

[Signature pages follow]

 

7

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have entered into this Amendment No. 1 as of the date first above written.

 

PARENT: VERTEX ENERGY, INC.
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

BORROWER: VERTEX REFINING ALABAMA LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

SUBSIDIARY GUARANTORS: VERTEX ENERGY OPERATING, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  VERTEX REFINING LA, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  VERTEX RECOVERY MANAGEMENT, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  VERTEX REFINING NV, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  VERTEX SPLITTER CORPORATION
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: Director

 

  VERTEX REFINING MYRTLE GROVE LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  CRYSTAL ENERGY, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President

 

  VERTEX ACQUISITION SUB, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  BANGO OIL LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  CEDAR MARINE TERMINALS, LP
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  CROSSROAD CARRIERS, L.P.
   
  By: Vertex II GP, LLC, its General Partner
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  VERTEX RECOVERY, L.P.
   
  By: Vertex II GP, LLC, its General Partner
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  H & H OIL, L. P.
   
  By: Vertex II GP, LLC, its General Partner
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  VERTEX MERGER SUB, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  TENSILE-MYRTLE GROVE ACQUISITION CORPORATION
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chairman of the Board

 

  VERTEX II GP, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

NEW SUBSIDIARY GUARANTORS: VERTEX REFINING OH, LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  HPRM LLC
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

  TENSILE-HEARTLAND ACQUISITION CORPORATION
   
  By: /s/ Benjamin P. Cowart  
  Name: Benjamin P. Cowart
  Title: President and Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the date first above written.

 

  LENDERS:
   
  WHITEBOX MULTI-STRATEGY PARTNERS, L.P.
         
  By: Whitebox Advisors LLC its investment manager
  By: /s/ Lisa Conrad  
    Name: Lisa Conrad
    Title: General Counsel & Chief Compliance Officer

 

  WHITEBOX RELATIVE VALUE PARTNERS, L.P.
         
  By: Whitebox Advisors LLC its investment manager
   
  By: /s/ Lisa Conrad  
    Name: Lisa Conrad
    Title: General Counsel & Chief Compliance Officer

 

  WHITEBOX GT FUND, LP
         
  By: Whitebox Advisors LLC its investment manager
   
  By: /s/ Lisa Conrad  
    Name: Lisa Conrad
    Title: General Counsel & Chief Compliance Officer

 

  PANDORA SELECT PARTNERS, L.P.
         
  By: Whitebox Advisors LLC its investment manager
   
  By: /s/ Lisa Conrad  
    Name: Lisa Conrad
    Title: General Counsel & Chief Compliance Officer

 

[Signature page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  HIGHBRIDGE TACTICAL CREDIT MASTER FUND, L.P.,
         
  By: Highbridge Capital Management, LLC,
as Trading Manager and not in its individual capacity
   
  By: /s/ Jonathan Segal  
    Name: Jonathan Segal
    Title: Managing Director, Co-Chief Investment Officer

 

[Signature page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  BLACKROCK DIVERSIFIED PRIVATE DEBT FUND MASTER LP
         
  By: BlackRock Financial Management, Inc.,
its manager
   
  By: /s/ Zach Viders  
    Name: Zach Viders
    Title: Authorized Signatory

 

  GCO II Aggregator 2 L.P.
         
  By: BlackRock Financial Management, Inc.,
its manager
   
  By: /s/ Zach Viders  
    Name: Zach Viders
    Title: Authorized Signatory

 

[Signature page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  CHAMBERS ENERGY CAPITAL IV, LP
         
  By: CEC Fund IV GP, LLC, its general partner
   
  By: /s/ Robert Hendricks  
    Name: Robert Hendricks
    Title: Partner

 

[Signature page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  CROWDOUT CREDIT OPPORTUNITIES FUND LLC
         
  By: /s/ Alexander Schoenbaum  
    Name: Alexander Schoenbaum
    Title: Managing Member

 

  CROWDOUT CAPITAL LLC
         
  By: /s/ Alexander Schoenbaum  
    Name: Alexander Schoenbaum
    Title: Chief Executive Officer

 

[Signature page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

  AGENT:
   
  CANTOR FITZGERALD SECURITIES, as Agent
         
  By: /s/ James Buccola  
    Name: James Buccola
    Title: Head of Fixed Income

 

(Vertex)

 

[Signature Page to Amendment No. 1 to Loan and Security Agreement]

 

 

 

 

EXECUTION VERSIONExhibit A

(Conformed through Amendment Number One to
Loan and Security Agreement dated May 26, 2022)

 

LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

 

Dated as of April 1, 2022

 

among

 

VERTEX REFINING ALABAMA LLC,

as the Borrower,

 

VERTEX ENERGY INC.,

as Parent and as a Guarantor,

 

CERTAIN DIRECT AND INDIRECT SUBSIDIARIES OF PARENT PARTY HERETO,

as Guarantors,

 

THE LENDERS PARTY HERETO,
CANTOR FITZGERALD SECURITIES,

as Agent

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
     
    Page
     
1. Definitions and Construction 1
1.1 Definitions 1
1.2 Divisions 4548
1.3 Other Interpretive Provisions 4548
     
2. Term Loan and Terms of Payment 4649
2.1 Term Loan 4649
2.2 Use of Proceeds; The Term Loan 4649
2.3 Procedure for Making the Term Loan; Interest 4650
2.4 Payments of Principal and Interest 4750
2.5 Fees and Expenses 4751
2.6 Prepayments 4953
2.7 Other Payment Terms 5256
2.8 Increased Costs 5458
2.9 Taxes 5558
2.10 Term 5862
2.11 Issuance of Warrants 5962
2.12 Investment Unit Allocation 5963
     
3. Conditions Precedent 5963
3.1 Conditions Precedent to the Closing Date 5963
     
4. Creation of Security Interest 6267
4.1 Grant of Security Interest 6267
4.2 Duration of Security Interest 6368
4.3 Possession of Collateral 6368
4.4 Delivery of Additional Documentation Required 6368
4.5 Right to Inspect 6469
4.6 Authorization to File 6469
     
5. Representations and Warranties 6470
5.1 Due Organization and Qualification 6470
5.2 Authority and Power 6570
5.3 Subsidiaries 6570

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

    Page
     
5.4 Conflict with Other Instruments, etc 6570
5.5 Enforceability 6570
5.6 No Prior Encumbrances 6570
5.7 Name; Location of Chief Executive Office, Principal Place of Business and Collateral 6571
5.8 Litigation; Governmental Action 6671
5.9 Financial Statements 6671
5.10 Solvency 6671
5.11 Taxes; Pension Plans 6671
5.12 Consents and Approvals 6772
5.13 Intellectual Property 6772
5.14 Accounts 6773
5.15 Environmental Matters 6873
5.16 Government Consents 6874
5.17 Full Disclosure 6974
5.18 Inventory 6974
5.19 Sanctioned Persons 6974
5.20 Foreign Assets Control Regulations, Etc 6974
5.21 Status 7075
5.22 Other Permitted Amendments to Disclosure Letter; Certificate of Title Collateral 7075
5.23 Tax Classification 7075
5.24 Title to Securities 7076
     
6. Affirmative Covenants 7176
6.1 Good Standing 7176
6.2 Government Compliance 7176
6.3 Financial Statements, Reports, Certificates 7177
6.4 Certificates of Compliance; Disclosure Letter Updates 7378
6.5 Notices 7379
6.6 Taxes 7479
6.7 Maintenance 7480
6.8 Insurance 7480
6.9 Environmental Laws 7580

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
     
    Page
     
6.10 Intellectual Property Rights 7681
6.11 Formation or Acquisition of Subsidiaries 7782
6.12 Further Assurances 7783
6.13 Inventory, Returns 7883
6.14 Delivery of Third-Party Agreements 7884
6.15 Inspections and Rights to Consult with Management 7984
6.16 Privacy and Data Security 7984
6.17 Deposit Accounts/Securities Accounts 7985
6.18 Operating Covenants 7985
6.19 Post-Closing Matters 8085
6.20 Most Favored Lender 8085
     
7. Negative Covenants 8086
7.1 Chief Executive Office; Location of Collateral 8086
7.2 Extraordinary Transactions and Disposal of Collateral 8186
7.3 Restructure 8187
7.4 Liens 8287
7.5 Indebtedness 8287
7.6 Investments 8287
7.7 [Reserved] 8287
7.8 Transactions with Affiliates 8287
7.9 Stock Certificates 8288
7.10 Compliance 8288
7.11 Deposit Accounts 8288
7.12 Equipment 8288
7.13 Restrictions on Use of Proceeds 8388
7.14 Accounting Changes; Change in Nature of Business; Foreign Operations 8388
7.15 Burdensome Agreements 8389
7.16 Restricted Payments; Prepayments of certain Indebtedness 8490
7.17 Amendments or Waivers of Certain Related Agreements 8592
7.18 Activities of Parent 8592
7.19 Financial Covenant 8692

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
     
    Page
     
8. Events of Default 8693
8.1 Payment Default 8693
8.2 Certain Covenant Defaults 8693
8.3 Other Covenant Defaults 8693
8.4 Attachment 8693
8.5 Other Agreements 8793
8.6 Judgments 8793
8.7 Misrepresentations 8794
8.8 Enforceability 8794
8.9 Involuntary Bankruptcy 8794
8.10 Voluntary Bankruptcy or Insolvency 8794
8.11 Insolvency 8894
8.12 Cross Default 8894
8.13 ERISA 8894
8.14 Change of Control 8895
8.15 Collateral Documents 8895
8.16 Intercreditor and Subordination 8895
8.17 Loss of Material Contracts 8895
     
9. Agent and Lenders’ Rights and Remedies 8995
9.1 Rights and Remedies 8995
9.2 Waiver by the Loan Parties 9096
9.3 Effect of Sale 9097
9.4 Power of Attorney in Respect of the Collateral 9097
9.5 Lender Expenses 9198
9.6 Remedies Cumulative 9198
9.7 Reinstatement of Rights 9198
9.8 Share Collateral 9298
9.9 Payments after an Event of Default 9299
     
10. Waivers; Indemnification 9399
10.1 Demand; Protest 9399
10.2 Liability for Collateral 9399

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
     
    Page
     
10.3 Indemnification; Lender Expenses 93100
     
11. Notices 94111
12. Agent Provisions 96103
12.1 Appointment and Authorization 96103
12.2 Agent in Individual Capacity; Lender as Agent 97104
12.3 Exculpatory Provisions 98104
12.4 Exculpation; Limitation of Liability 98105
12.5 Credit Decisions 99106
12.6 Indemnification 99106
12.7 Successor Agents 100107
12.8 Agent Generally 100107
12.9 Reliance 100107
12.10 Notice of Default 101108
12.11 Erroneous Payments 101108
12.12 Collateral Matters 104111
     
13. Guaranty 105112
13.1 Guaranty 105112
13.2 Rights of Lenders 105112
13.3 Certain Waivers 106113
13.4 Obligations Independent 106113
13.5 Subrogation 107114
13.6 Termination; Reinstatement 107114
13.7 Stay of Acceleration 107114
13.8 Condition of Borrower 107114
13.9 Appointment of Borrower 108115
13.10 Right of Contribution 108115
     
14. General Provisions 108115
14.1 Successors and Assigns 108115
14.2 [Reserved] 111118
14.3 Severability of Provisions 111118
14.4 Entire Agreement; Construction; Amendments and Waivers 111118

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
     
    Page
     
14.5 Reliance 114121
14.6 [Reserved] 114121
14.7 Counterparts 114121
14.8 Survival 114121
14.9 Publicity 114121
14.10 Keepwell; Acknowledgement Regarding Any Supported QFCs 114121
14.11 Relationship of Parties 115122
14.12 Confidentiality 116123
14.13 Patriot Act/Freedom Act 116124
14.14 Governing Law; Jurisdiction; Waiver of Jury Trial 117124
14.15 Replacement of Lender 117125
14.16 Counterparts 118125
14.17 Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of Affected Financial Institutions 118126
14.18 Consent to Intercreditor Agreement 119126
14.19 Intercreditor Agreement Governs 119127
14.20 Myrtle Grove Acknowledgement 120127

 

 

 

 

LOAN AND SECURITY AGREEMENT

 

This Loan And Security Agreement (this “Agreement”) is entered into as of April 1, 2022, by and among Vertex Energy Inc., a Nevada corporation (“Parent”), Vertex Refining Alabama LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Borrower”), each of Parent’s direct and indirect Subsidiaries from time to time party hereto listed on Schedule 1 hereto other than Excluded Subsidiaries (as hereinafter defined) (collectively, the “Subsidiary Guarantors” and each, individually, a “Subsidiary Guarantor”; the Subsidiary Guarantors, together with Parent, each a “Guarantor” and collectively, the “Guarantors”), Cantor Fitzgerald Securities (“Cantor”) as administrative agent and collateral agent for the Lenders (“Agent”) and the lenders from time to time party hereto (collectively with the Initial Lenders, the “Lenders” and each, a “Lender”).

 

RECITALS

 

Borrower has requested that the Lenders make available to the Borrower (i) a senior secured term loan in an aggregate principal amount equal to $125,000,000 on the Closing Date (as defined below) and (ii) a senior secured term loan in an aggregate principal amount equal to $40,000,000 on the Amendment Effective Date (as defined below). The Lenders are willing to make available the senior secured term loan facility described herein, subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement.

 

AGREEMENT

 

For good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, parties agree as follows:

 

1.Definitions and Construction.

 

1.1          Definitions. As used in this Agreement, the following terms shall have the following definitions:

 

Account” is any “account” as defined in the Code, and includes, without limitation, all accounts receivable and other sums owing to any Loan Party.

 

Account Debtor” is any “account debtor” as defined in the Code with such additions to such term as may hereafter be made.

 

Acquisition Side Letter” means that certain side letter dated as of February 25, 2022, by and among Parent, Tensile – Vertex Holdings LLC, and Tensile-Myrtle Grove Acquisition Corporation.

 

Additional Covenant” means any maintenance financial covenant or similar requirement applicable to any Loan Party (regardless of whether such provision is labeled or otherwise characterized as a covenant) required to be maintained under any Subject Indebtedness, including any defined terms as used therein and including any grace periods and/or equity or other cure rights with respect thereto, the subject matter of which either (i) is similar to that of any covenant in Section 7.19 of this Agreement, or related definitions in this Agreement, but contains one or more percentages, amounts, formulas or other provisions that are more restrictive as to any Loan Party or more beneficial to the holder or holders of the Indebtedness to which the document containing such covenant or similar restriction relates than as set forth herein (and such covenant or similar restriction shall be deemed an Additional Covenant only to the extent that it is more restrictive or more beneficial) or (ii) is different from the subject matter of any covenant in Section 7.19 of this Agreement, or the related definitions in this Agreement.

 

 

 

 

Additional Secured Obligations” means (x) all fees, costs and expenses incurred in connection with enforcement and collection of the Secured Obligations, including the out-of-pocket fees, charges and disbursements of counsel for each of the Agent and the Lenders, in each case whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assumption), absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising and (y) interest and fees that accrue after the commencement by or against any Loan Party or any Affiliate thereof of any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Laws naming such Person as the debtor in such proceeding, regardless of whether such interest, expenses and fees are allowed claims in such proceeding; provided that (x) Additional Secured Obligations of a Loan Party shall exclude any Excluded Swap Obligations with respect to such Loan Party and (y) Additional Secured Obligations shall not include any obligations (including, without limitation, any Transaction Obligations and Related Hedges (in each case, under and as defined under the Intermediation Facility (as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date)) under any Intermediation Facility Document, including, without limitation, by virtue of setoff or indemnification rights under the Intermediation Facility Documents.

 

Additional Term Loan” has the meaning set forth in the definition of the term “Term Loan”.

 

Additional Warrant Agreement” means that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of the Amendment Effective Date, by and between Parent and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as “Warrant Agent” thereunder, as the same may be amended, restated, amended and restated, modified or otherwise supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Additional Warrants” has the meaning set forth in the definition of the term “Warrants”.

 

Administrative Questionnaire” means with respect to each Lender, an administrative questionnaire in the form provided or approved by Agent (which form shall be reasonable in light of its scope and purpose) and submitted to Agent duly completed by such Lender.

 

Affected Financial Institution” means (a) any EEA Financial Institution or (b) any UK Financial Institution.

 

Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any Person that owns or Controls such Person, any Person that Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with such Person or each of such Person’s senior executive officers, directors, members or partners. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, no Secured Party (nor any of their Affiliates or Approved Funds), and none of Macquarie Energy North America Trading Inc., Shell Trading (US) Company, Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US, Shell Chemical LP, Synergy Supply & Trading LLC, and Idemitsu Apollo Renewable Corp. (or any of their respective Affiliates) shall be an Affiliate of any Loan Party or of any Subsidiary of any Loan Party.

 

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Agent” has the meaning given to such term in preamble to this Agreement.

 

“Agent Fee Letter” means that certain Agent Fee Letter, dated as of the date hereofClosing Date, by and between Parent, Borrower and Agent, as may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Amendment Effective Date” means May 26, 2022.

 

Amendment Number One” means that certain Amendment Number One to Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of the Amendment Effective Date, by and among, among others, the Loan Parties, the Agent and the Lenders party thereto.

 

“Amendment Number One Fee Letter” has the meaning set forth in the definition of the term “Fee Letter”.

 

Anti-Corruption Laws” means the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010, as amended, and all other Applicable Laws and regulations or ordinances concerning or relating to bribery, money laundering or corruption in any jurisdiction in which any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates is located or is doing business.

 

Anti-Money Laundering Laws” means the Applicable Laws, statutes, regulations or rules in any jurisdiction in which any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates is located or is doing business that relates to money laundering, any predicate crime to money laundering, or any financial record keeping and reporting requirements related thereto, including, but not limited to, the Bank Secrecy Act (31 U.S.C. § 5311 et seq.) and the USA Patriot Act.

 

Applicable Law” means, as to any Person, all applicable Laws of any Governmental Authority binding upon such Person or to which such a Person is subject.

 

Applicable Rate” means with respect to any Term Loan, a percentage equal to the Base Rate plus 9.25% per annum.

 

Approved Acquisitions” means (a) the Mobile Refinery Acquisition, (b) the acquisition (including, without limitation, by merger or consolidation) by Parent (or a Subsidiary thereof) after the Closing Date of all or substantially all of the assets or a business line, product line or unit or division of, or a majority of the capital stock (or membership interests) of, or an exclusive license or right to use the Intellectual Property or other assets of, a non-affiliated entity (the “New Target”), where all of the following criteria are satisfied: (i) no Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or would result from the consummation of the proposed acquisition and Agent and the Required Lenders have received evidence that Borrower is in compliance with all terms and conditions of this Agreement on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such acquisition, (ii) if the acquisition includes a merger of Borrower, Borrower shall remain the surviving legal entity after giving effect to such acquisition; (iii) if such acquisition is a stock acquisition, Borrower shall cause the New Target to comply with the requirements set forth in Section 6.11 and Section 6.12 of this Agreement; (iv) Parent (or any Subsidiary Guarantor) are not required to assume or guarantee any Indebtedness other than Permitted Indebtedness in connection with the transaction or the ownership or operation of the New Target or any of New Target’s assets, (v) the business and operations of the New Target is substantially similar to that of the Parent (or is a line of business reasonably related thereto); and (vi) the total cash consideration (including any earnout, deferred payments or management/employee compensation) payable by the Parent in connection with all such transactions (or series of related transactions) does not exceed $10,000,000 in the aggregate for all Approved Acquisitions during the term of this Agreement, (c) the acquisition pursuant to the Myrtle Grove Purchase Agreement, (d) the acquisition pursuant to the Heartland Purchase Agreement and (e) any Ordinary Course Acquisitions.

 

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Approved Bank” has the meaning ascribed thereto in the definition of “Cash Equivalents” contained herein.

 

Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of an entity that administers or manages a Lender.

 

Assignment Agreement” means an agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit C attached hereto or such other form as approved by Agent.

 

Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an Affected Financial Institution.

 

Bail-In Legislation” means (a) with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 5 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law, regulation rule or requirement for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, Part I of the United Kingdom Banking Act 2009 (as amended from time to time) and any other law, regulation or rule applicable in the United Kingdom relating to the resolution of unsound or failing banks, investment firms or other financial institutions or their affiliates (other than through liquidation, administration or other insolvency proceedings).

 

Bank Product” means any one or more of the following financial products or accommodations extended to any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries by a Bank Product Provider: (a) credit cards (including commercial cards (including so-called “purchase cards”, “procurement cards” or “p-cards”)), (b) payment card processing services, (c) debit cards, (d) stored value cards, (e) Cash Management Services, or (f) transactions under Hedging Agreements.

 

4 

 

 

Bank Product Agreements” means those agreements entered into from time to time by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries with a Bank Product Provider in connection with the obtaining of any of the Bank Products.

 

Bank Product Obligations” means (a) all obligations, liabilities, reimbursement obligations, fees, or expenses owing by each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries to any Bank Product Provider pursuant to or evidenced by a Bank Product Agreement and irrespective of whether for the payment of money, whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising, in each case, other than Hedge Obligations, (b) all Hedge Obligations, and (c) all amounts that Agent or any Lender is obligated to pay to a Bank Product Provider as a result of Agent or such Lender purchasing participations from, or executing guarantees or indemnities or reimbursement obligations to, a Bank Product Provider with respect to the Bank Products provided by such Bank Product Provider to a Loan Party; provided that Bank Product Obligations shall not include any obligations (including, without limitation, any Transaction Obligations and Related Hedges (in each case, under and as defined under the Intermediation Facility (as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date)) under any Intermediation Facility Document, including, without limitation, by virtue of setoff or indemnification rights under the Intermediation Facility Documents.

 

Bank Product Provider” means each Person providing the Bank Products to the Loan Parties.

 

Base Rate” shall be, for any day, the greater of (i) the per annum rate publicly quoted from time to time by The Wall Street Journal as the “Prime Rate” in the United States minus 1.50% as in effect on such day and (ii) the sum of the Federal Funds Rate for such day plus 1/2 of 1.0%. In no event shall the Base Rate be less than 1.0%.

 

BHC Act Affiliate” of a Person means an “affiliate” (as such term is defined under, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. 1841(k)) of such Person.

 

BlackRock Lenders” means each of the Lenders party hereto from time to time that are affiliated with or managed by BlackRock Financial Management, Inc. or any Affiliate thereof.

 

Board” means Parent’s board of directors (or equivalent management or oversight body) as elected from time to time in accordance with the Organization Documents and bylaws of Parent in effect from time to time.

 

“Books” means, as to any Person, the books and records, including: ledgers; records concerning such Person’s assets or liabilities, including the Collateral, business operations or financial condition; and all computer programs, or data storage, and the related devices and equipment, containing such information.

 

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Borrower” has the meaning set forth in the introductory paragraph hereto.

 

Borrower Joinder Agreement” means the agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit B-1 hereto.

 

Borrower Materials” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.3(c).

 

Business Day” means any day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or other day on which banks in the State of New York are authorized to close under the laws of, or are in fact closed in, New York.

 

Cantor” has the meaning given to such term in preamble to this Agreement.

 

Capital Lease Obligations” means, as to any Person means the obligations of such Person to pay rent or other amounts under any lease of (or other arrangement conveying the right to use) real or personal property, or a combination thereof, which obligations are required to be classified and accounted for as capital leases on a balance sheet of such Person under GAAP (consistently applied), and the amount of such obligations shall be the capitalized amount thereof determined in accordance with GAAP (consistently applied); provided that any lease that would properly be recognized as an “operating lease” by Parent as of the date hereofClosing Date shall continue to be treated as an operating lease and shall not constitute a Capital Lease Obligation for purposes of this Agreement.

 

Cash Equivalents” means, as to any Person: (a) securities issued or directly and guaranteed or insured by the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof having maturities of not more than twelve (12) months from the date of acquisition; (b) securities issued by any state of the United States or any political subdivision of any such state or any public instrumentality thereof having maturities of not more than twelve (12) months from the date of acquisition and having one of the two highest ratings from either Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., or Moody’s Investors Service, Inc.; (c)  certificates of deposit, denominated solely in U.S. Dollars, maturing within 180 days after the date of acquisition, issued by any commercial bank organized under the laws of the United States or any state thereof or the District of Columbia or that is a U.S. subsidiary of a foreign commercial bank; in each of the foregoing cases, solely to the extent that: (i) such commercial bank’s short-term commercial paper is rated at least A-1 or the equivalent by Standard & Poor’s, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., or at least P-1 or the equivalent thereof by Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. (any such commercial bank, an “Approved Bank”); or (ii) the par amount of all certificates of deposit acquired from such commercial bank are fully insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; or (d) commercial paper issued by any Approved Bank (or by the parent company thereof), in each case maturing not more than twelve months after the date of the acquisition thereof.

 

Cash Management Services” means any cash management or related services including treasury, depository, return items, overdraft, controlled disbursement, credit, purchasing debit card, merchant store value cards, e-payables services, electronic funds transfer, interstate depository network, treasury management services (including controlled disbursement services), cash pooling arrangements, automatic clearing house transfer (including the Automated Clearing House processing of electronic funds transfers through the direct Federal Reserve Fedline system) and other cash management arrangements.

 

6 

 

 

Casualty Event” means any material loss of or damage to any tangible property or interest in tangible property of Parent or any Subsidiary.

 

CERCLA” shall mean the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, as amended, 42 U.S.C. § 9601 et seq.

 

Certificate of Title Collateral” shall mean all Vehicles and Rolling Stock (to the extent covered by a certificate of title), in each case, with a fair market value in excess of $100,000.

 

CFP” means any current or future U.S. federal, state, regional or local renewable or clean transportation fuel program, other than the RFS, the LCFS, and the OCFP.

 

Change in Law” means the occurrence, after the date of this Agreement, of any of the following: (a) the adoption or taking effect of any law, rule, regulation or treaty, (b) any change in any law, rule, regulation or treaty or in the administration, interpretation, implementation or application thereof by any Governmental Authority or (c) the making or issuance of any request, rule, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of law) by any Governmental Authority; provided that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (y) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a “Change in Law”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.

 

Change of Control” means an event or series of events by which:

 

(a)           the direct or indirect Transfer (other than by way of merger or consolidation permitted hereunder), in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the Properties or assets of Loan Parties taken as a whole, to any “person” (as that term is defined in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended);

 

(b)           the adoption of a plan relating to the liquidation or dissolution of Parent;

 

(c)           the consummation of any transaction (including any merger or consolidation), in one or a series of related transactions, the result of which is that any “person” (as that term is defined in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended), becomes the beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of more than 33% of the Equity Interest of Parent, measured by voting power rather than number of shares, units or the like;

 

7 

 

 

(d)           Parent fails to own and control, directly or indirectly, one hundred percent (100%) of the Equity Interests of (x) the Borrower and (y) each other Loan Party, unless, in the case of this clause (y), permitted hereunder;

 

(e)           during any period of twelve (12) consecutive months commencing on or after the Closing Date, the occurrence of a change in the composition of the Board of Parent such that a majority of the members of such Board are not Continuing Directors; or

 

(f)           a “change of control” or any comparable term which would result in an “event of default”, termination event or similar or equivalent event would occur under, and as defined in, any other Indebtedness (with an aggregate principal amount, together with all related Indebtedness, in excess of the Threshold Amount) of the Loan Parties, shall have occurred.

 

Closing Date” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 3.1.

 

Code” means the Uniform Commercial Code as adopted and in effect in the State of New York, as amended from time to time, provided, that, to the extent that the Code is used to define any term herein or in any Loan Document and such term is defined differently in different Articles or Divisions of the Code, the definition of such term contained in Article or Division 9 shall govern; provided further, that in the event that, by reason of mandatory provisions of law, any or all of the attachment, perfection, or priority of, or remedies with respect to, Agent’s Lien on any Collateral is governed by the Uniform Commercial Code in effect in a jurisdiction other than the State of New York, the term “Code” shall mean the Uniform Commercial Code as enacted and in effect in such other jurisdiction solely for purposes of the provisions thereof relating to such attachment, perfection, priority, or remedies and for purposes of definitions relating to such provisions.

 

Collateral” means the property described on Exhibit A attached hereto.

 

Collateral Access Agreement” means an agreement reasonably satisfactory in form and substance to the Agent and the Required Lenders (it being agreed that the Agent shall not be obligated to enter into any agreement where it indemnifies a third party in Agent’s individual capacity) executed by (a) a bailee or other Person in possession of Collateral, and/or (b) any mortgagee or lessor of real property on which Collateral is stored, pursuant to which such Person (i) acknowledges the Agent’s Lien on the Collateral, (ii) releases or waives such Person’s Liens in such stored Collateral held by such Person or located on such real property, (iii) provides the Agent with access to such Collateral held by such bailee or other Person or located in or on such real property upon prior notice and on mutually agreeable terms and conditions, (iv) as to any mortgagee or landlord, provides the Agent with a reasonable time to sell and dispose of the Collateral from such real property on mutually agreeable terms and conditions, and (v) makes such other agreements with the Agent as the Agent may reasonably require, including but not limited to, leasehold mortgagee protections in favor of Agent to the extent such real property is subject to a Mortgage, in each case, as such agreements are amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

8 

 

Collateral Assignment of Material Contracts” means that (x) certain Collateral Assignment of Material Contracts, dated as of the Closing Date, by Parent in favor Agent relating to Material Contracts with Synergy Supply & Trading LLC, and Idemitsu Apollo Renewable Corp. and (y) any other collateral assignment of Material Contracts entered into after the date hereofClosing Date.

 

Collateral Documents” means Article 4 of this Agreement, the Collateral Pledge Agreement, the Mortgages, if any, the Collateral Access Agreements, if any, any Control Agreement, each Collateral Assignment of Material Contracts, and all other instruments, documents, and agreements delivered by any Loan Party pursuant to this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents which purport to grant to Agent, for the benefit of Secured Parties, a Lien on any real, personal, or mixed property of such Loan Party as security for the Secured Obligations and any power of attorney from time to time granted by Agent in relation to notating the Agent’s Lien on any Certificate of Title Collateral, in each case, as such Collateral Documents may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Collateral Pledge Agreements” mean, collectively, any pledge agreement relating to the Equity Interests or evidence of Indebtedness of any Subsidiary owned directly or indirectly by a Loan Party to the extent necessary or useful to perfect Agent’s security interest therein under Applicable Law, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Collateral Threshold Amount” means $250,000.

 

Commercial Tort Claim” means any “commercial tort claim” as defined in the Code.

 

“Commitment Letter” means that certain Commitment Letter, dated as of the February 17, 2022, by and between Parent, Borrower and the Initial Lenders, as may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Compliance Certificate” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.4.

 

“Conforming Renewable Product” means a renewable diesel that (i) is produced from one hundred percent (100%) Renewable Biomass and no portion of which is produced from non-renewable feedstock, including petroleum products; (ii) meets the Renewable Product Specifications, and (iii) is eligible to generate a valid RIN with a D Code of 4 under the RFS.

 

“Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.

 

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Consolidated Liquidity” means, for any period, an amount determined for the Loan Parties on a consolidated basis, equal to the aggregate sum of Unrestricted Cash of the Loan Parties.; provided that any calculation of Consolidated Liquidity for any purpose hereunder shall include a certification from the Loan Parties to the Agent that all accounts payable included in such calculation are within stated invoices terms and are no more than 60 days past due.

 

Construction Agreement” means that certain Construction Agreement dated on or about the Closing Date, by and between the Borrower and Hargrove & Associates, Inc.

 

Contingent Obligation” means, as applied to any Person, any obligation, whether contingent or otherwise, with respect to any indebtedness, lease, dividend, letter of credit of such Person or other obligation of another Person, including, without limitation, any obligation of such Person, with respect to (i) undrawn letters of credit, corporate credit cards, or merchant services issued or provided for the account of that Person; and (ii) all obligations arising under any agreement or arrangement designed to protect such Person against fluctuation in interest rates, currency exchange rates or commodity prices; provided, however, that the term “Contingent Obligation” shall not include endorsements for collection or deposit in the ordinary course of business. The amount of any Contingent Obligation shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determined amount of the primary obligation in respect of which such Contingent Obligation is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by Agent in good faith; provided, however, that such amount shall not in any event exceed the maximum amount of the obligations under such guarantee or other support arrangement.

 

Continuing Director” means (a) any member of the Board who was a director (or comparable manager) of Parent on the Closing Date, (b) any individual who becomes a member of the Board after the Closing Date if such individual was approved, appointed or nominated for election to the Board by a majority of the members of the Board on the Closing Date, and (c) any individual who becomes a member of the Board after the Closing Date if such individual was approved, appointed or nominated for election to the Board by a majority of the members of the Board referred to in clauses (a) and (b) constituting at the time of such approval, appointment or nomination at least a majority of that Board.

 

Contractual Obligation” means, as to any Person, any provision of any security issued by such Person or of any agreement, instrument or other undertaking to which such Person is a party or by which it or any of its property is bound.

 

Control” means the ability to directly or indirectly vote more than thirty percent (30%) of the outstanding voting stock of any Person. “Controlling” and “Controlled” have meanings correlative thereto.

 

Control Agreement” means an account control agreement, the terms of which are reasonably satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders (it being agreed that the Agent shall not be obligated to enter into any agreement where it indemnifies a third party in Agent’s individual capacity; provided that the Control Agreement entered into on or about the Closing Date is satisfactory to Agent), which is executed by Agent, each Loan Party and the applicable financial institution and/or securities/investment intermediary, and which perfects Agent’s (for itself and for the benefit of the Lenders) first priority security interest in the Loan Parties’ accounts maintained at such financial institution or securities/investment intermediary, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

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Copyrights” means any and all copyright rights in the United States (whether registered or unregistered and whether published or unpublished), copyright applications, copyright registrations and like protections in each work or authorship and derivative work thereof, together with any and all (i) rights and privileges arising under Applicable Law with respect thereto and (ii) renewals and extensions thereof.

 

Covered Entity” means any of the following:

 

(a)           a “covered entity” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 252.82(b);

 

(b)           a “covered bank” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 47.3(b); or

 

(c)           a “covered FSI” as that term is defined in, and interpreted in accordance with, 12 C.F.R. § 382.2(b).

 

Covered Party” has the meaning given to such term in Section 14.10(b).

 

Current Financial Statements” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.9.

 

Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code of the United States and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, arrangement, compromise, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar debtor relief Laws (including applicable provisions of any corporate laws) of the United States or any state thereof or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect.

 

Default” means any event which with the passing of time or the giving of notice or both would become an Event of Default hereunder.

 

Default Rate” means the per annum rate of interest equal to (i) the then Applicable Rate, plus (ii) 2% per annum.

 

Defaulting Lender” means any Lender that:

 

(a)           has failed to (i) fund any payments required to be made by it under the Loan Documents within two (2) Business Days after any such payment is due (excluding expense and similar reimbursements that are subject to good faith disputes) unless such Lender notifies Agent and the Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied or (ii) pay to Agent or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder within two (2) Business Days of the date when due,

 

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(b)           has given written notice (and Agent has not received a revocation in writing), to the Borrower, Agent or has otherwise publicly announced (and Agent has not received notice of a public retraction) that such Lender believes it will fail to fund payments or purchases of participations required to be funded by it under the Loan Documents (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Term Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) cannot be satisfied), or

 

(c)           has, or any Person that directly or indirectly controls such Lender has, (i) become subject to a voluntary or involuntary case under an Insolvency Proceeding, (ii) had a custodian, conservator, receiver or similar official appointed for it or any substantial part of such Person’s assets or (iii) made a general assignment for the benefit of creditors, been liquidated, or otherwise been adjudicated as, or determined by any Governmental Authority having regulatory authority over such Person or its assets to be, insolvent or bankrupt, and for this clause (c), Agent has determined that such Lender is reasonably likely to fail to fund any payments required to be made by it under the Loan Documents.

 

Deposit Account” means any “deposit account” as defined in the Code. “Disclosure Amount” means $250,000.

 

Disclosure Letter” means the disclosure letter/perfection certificate dated as of the Closing Date containing certain information and schedules delivered by the Loan Parties to Agent and the Lenders (as such disclosure letter/perfection certificate may be supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms of this Agreement).

 

Disqualified Equity Interests” means any Equity Interest that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security or other Equity Interests into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event or condition (a) matures or is mandatorily redeemable (other than solely for Qualified Equity Interests), pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (except as a result of a change of control or asset sale so long as any rights of the holders thereof upon the occurrence of a change of control or asset sale event shall be subject to the prior repayment in full of the Term Loans and all other Obligations that are accrued and payable and the termination of the Term Loan Commitments), (b) is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof (other than solely for Qualified Equity Interests), in whole or in part, (c) provides for the scheduled payments of dividends in cash, or (d) is or becomes convertible into or exchangeable for Indebtedness or any other Equity Interests that would constitute Disqualified Equity Interests, in each case, prior to the date that is ninety-one (91) days after the Maturity Date of the Term Loans at the time of issuance; provided that if such Equity Interests are issued pursuant to a plan for the benefit of employees of any Loan Party or by any such plan to such employees, such Equity Interests shall not constitute Disqualified Equity Interests solely because it may be required to be repurchased by any Loan Party in order to satisfy applicable statutory or regulatory obligations.

 

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Disqualified Institution” shall mean any person that is (i) designated by the Borrower by written notice delivered to Agent on or prior to the Closing Date or (ii) a competitor of the Parent or its Subsidiary Guarantors that has been identified by the Borrower to Agent, but excluding any affiliate that is primarily engaged in, or that advises funds or other investment vehicles that are engaged in, making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit or securities in the ordinary course and with respect to which the Disqualified Institution does not, directly or indirectly, possess the power to direct or cause the direction of the investment policies of such entity.

 

Disqualified Stock” means any Equity Interest that, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event, (a) matures (excluding any maturity as the result of an optional redemption by the issuer thereof) or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise, or is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part, or requires the payment of any cash dividend or any other scheduled payment constituting a return of capital, in each case at any time on or prior to the date that is one year and one day following the Maturity Date; or (b) is convertible into or exchangeable (unless at the sole option of the issuer thereof) for (i) debt securities or (ii) any Equity Interest referred to in clause (a) above, in each case at any time on or prior to the date that is one year and one day following the Maturity Date.

 

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

 

EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

 

EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

 

Engineering Review” means a third party engineering review by a licensed professional engineer that confirms the Renewable Diesel Project has achieved Mechanical Completion.

 

Environmental Claim” means any complaint, summons, citation, notice, request for information, notice of potential liability, notice of violation, directive, order, claim, suit, litigation, investigation, judicial or administrative proceeding, judgment, letter, or other written communication from any Governmental Authority or any other Person arising (i) pursuant to or in connection with any actual or alleged violation of any Environmental Law or permit, license or approval issued thereunder; (ii) in connection with the actual or alleged presence, Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Materials; (iii) exposure to any Hazardous Materials; or (iv) in connection with any actual or alleged liability under Environmental Law arising from any damage, injury, threat or harm to human health or safety, natural resources or the environment.

 

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Environmental Law” means any federal, state, provincial, foreign or local statute, law, rule, regulation, ordinance, code, or rule of common law now or hereafter in effect and in each case as amended, or any binding and enforceable judicial or administrative interpretation thereof, including any judicial or administrative order, consent decree or judgment, in each case, to the extent binding on any Loan Party and/or any Subsidiary thereof, relating to (i) the protection of human health, safety and the environment, (ii) the conservation, management or use of natural resources and wildlife, (iii) the manufacture, processing, handling, generation, use, disposal, production, storage, handling, treatment, Release, threatened Release or transport of, or exposure to, Hazardous Materials, (iv) occupational health and safety (to the extent relating to Hazardous Materials) or (v) pipeline safety, in each case as amended from time to time.

 

Environmental Liabilities” means all liabilities, contingent or otherwise (including any liability for damages, costs of medical monitoring, costs of environmental remediation or restoration, fines, penalties or indemnities), of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any of their respective Subsidiaries directly or indirectly resulting from or based upon (a) any violation of any Environmental Law or permit, license or approval issued thereunder, (b) the generation, use, handling, transportation, storage, treatment or disposal of any Hazardous Materials, (c) exposure to any Hazardous Materials, (d) the Release or threatened Release of any Hazardous Materials or (e) any contract, agreement or other consensual arrangement pursuant to which liability is assumed or imposed with respect to any of the foregoing.

 

Environmental Lien” means any Lien in favor of any Governmental Authority for Environmental Liabilities.

 

Equity Interests” mean shares of capital stock, partnership interests, membership interests in a limited liability company, beneficial interests in a trust or other equity interests in any Person, and any option, warrant, convertible debt or other right entitling the holder thereof to purchase or otherwise acquire any such equity interest.

 

Equity Issuance” means, any issuance by any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries to any Person of its Equity Interests.

 

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended from time to time.

 

ERISA Affiliate” means, with respect to any Loan Party, any entity, trade or business (whether or not incorporated) under common control with the Loan Party within the meaning of Section 414(b) or (c) of the Internal Revenue Code (and Sections 414(m) and (o) for purposes of provisions relating to Section 412 of the Internal Revenue Code).

 

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ERISA Event” means (a) a Reportable Event with respect to a Pension Plan; (b) the failure to meet the minimum funding standards of Sections 412 or 430 of the Code or Sections 302 or 303 of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan (whether or not waived in accordance with Section 412(c) of the Code or Section 302(c) of ERISA) or the failure to make by its due date a required installment under Section 430(j) of the Code with respect to any Pension Plan or the failure to make any required contribution to a Multiemployer Plan; (c) a determination that any Pension Plan is, or is expected to be, in “at risk” status (as defined in Section 430 of the Code or Section 303 of ERISA); (d) a determination that any Multiemployer Plan is, or is expected to be, in “critical” or “endangered” status under Section 432 of the Code or Section 305 of ERISA; (e) a withdrawal by a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Pension Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a substantial employer (as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA) or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (f) a complete or partial withdrawal by a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate from a Multiemployer Plan; (g) the filing of a notice of intent to terminate a Pension Plan, the treatment of a Plan amendment as a termination under Section 4041 or 4041A of ERISA, or the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to terminate a Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (h) an event or condition which constitutes grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Pension Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (i) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon Parent or any ERISA Affiliate; (j) receipt from the IRS of notice of the failure of any Pension Plan (or any other Plan intended to be qualified under Section 401(a) of the Code) to qualify under Section 401(a) of the Code, or the failure of any trust forming part of any Pension Plan to qualify for exemption from taxation under Section 501(a) of the Code, (k) the filing by a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate of an application with respect to a Pension Plan for a waiver of the minimum funding standard under Section 412(c) of the Code or Section 302(c) of ERISA, or (l) the imposition of a Lien pursuant to Section 430(k) of the Code or Section 303(k) of ERISA or a violation of Section 436 of the Code with respect to any Pension Plan.

 

Erroneous Payment” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(a).

 

Erroneous Payment Deficiency Assignment” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(d)(i).

 

Erroneous Payment Impacted Class” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(d)(i).

 

Erroneous Payment Return Deficiency” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(d)(i).

 

Erroneous Payment Subrogation Rights” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(e).

 

Escrow Account” has the meaning ascribed to such term in the Escrow Agreement.

 

Escrow Agent” means Cantor Fitzgerald Securities, in its capacity as escrow agent under the Escrow Agreement.

 

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Escrow Agreement” means that certain Escrow Agreement, dated as of March 2, 2022, by and among the Borrower, Parent, the Initial Lenders party thereto and the Escrow Agent.

 

Escrow Funding Date” means the date upon which the net amounts constituting the Initial Term Loan were funded into the Escrow Account which was March 2, 2022.

 

Event of Default” has the meaning given to such term in Article 8.

 

Excluded Account” means (a) any tax, trust, or payroll account (including, without limitation, accounts used for payroll, payroll taxes, workers’ compensation or unemployment compensation premiums or benefits and other employee wage and benefit payments to or for the benefit of any Loan Party’s employees or for other trust or fiduciary purposes of a Loan Party or accounts of a Loan Party used specifically and exclusively for holding any other taxes required to be collected or withheld by a Loan Party (including, without limitation, federal and state sales, use and excise taxes, customs duties, import duties and independent customs brokers’ charges) for which any Loan Party is or may reasonably be expected to be liable), so long as such deposit account contains only funds to be used exclusively for taxes, trust obligations and payroll obligations, (b) any account solely used to post cash collateral or margin to an Intermediation Facility Agent to secure any Intermediation Facility, (c) any account solely used to post cash collateral or margin to any Bank Product Provider to secure Non-LSA Hedges up to an amount not to exceed $25,000,000 less any amounts secured under clause (m) of Permitted Liens, (d) any collections accounts and other accounts solely containing proceeds of collateral securing Permitted Indebtedness under clauses, (f), (r) or (s) thereof and (e) other deposit accounts, so long as at any time the balance in any such account does not exceed $250,000 and the aggregate balance in all such accounts does not exceed $1,000,000.

 

Excluded Property” means, with respect to any Loan Party, (a) any property which, subject to the terms of clause (c) of “Permitted Indebtedness”, is subject to a Lien of the type described in clause (c) of “Permitted Liens” pursuant to documents that prohibit such Loan Party from granting any other Liens in such property, (b) Excluded Accounts, (c) (i) any contract, permit, license or any contractual obligation entered into by any Loan Party (A) that prohibits or requires the consent of any Person other than any Loan Party and its Affiliates (which consent has not been obtained) as a condition to the creation by such Loan Party of a Lien on any right, title or interest in such permit, license or contractual obligation or any equity interest related thereto or that would be breached or give the other party to the right to terminate such permit, license or contractual obligation as a result thereof or (B) to the extent that any requirement of law applicable thereto prohibits the creation of a Lien thereon, but only, with respect to the prohibition or requirement for consent in clauses (A) and (B), to the extent, and for as long as, such prohibition or requirement for consent (y) was not entered into in contemplation of this Agreement and (z) is not terminated or rendered unenforceable or otherwise deemed ineffective by the Code or any other requirement of law or by the receipt of the applicable Person whose consent is required, and (d) any “intent to use” trademark application for registration of a Trademark filed pursuant to Section 1(b) of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1051, prior to the filing of a “Statement of Use” pursuant to Section 1(d) of the Lanham Act or an “Amendment to Allege Use” pursuant to Section 1(c) of the Lanham Act with respect thereto.

 

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Excluded Subsidiary” means (x) as of the Closing Date, HPRM, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, Leverage Lubricants, LLC, a Texas limited liability company and Vertex Recovery Management LA, LLC, a Louisiana limited liability company and (y) any Subsidiary that is prohibited, but only so long as such Subsidiary would be prohibited, by any contract entered into by any Loan Party or any Subsidiary acquired after the Closing Date (but only to the extent in existence on the Closing Date or, upon the acquisition of any Subsidiary and in respect of such Subsidiary, in existence on the date of acquisition thereof and, in each case, only to the extent not entered into in contemplation of this Agreement or is not terminated or rendered unenforceable or otherwise deemed ineffective by the Code or any other requirement of law) with one or more unaffiliated third parties, from providing a guaranty of the Secured Obligations or granting a Lien on its assets to secure the Secured Obligations or that would require third party contractual authorization to provide such a guaranty or grant such a Lien unless such authorization has been received (it being understood that the Loan Parties shall not be obligated to seek any authorization except to the extent it is commercially reasonable to do so); provided that the exclusion in this clause (y) shall in no way be construed to (A) apply to the extent that any described prohibition is ineffective under Section 9-406, 9-407, 9-408, or 9-409 of the Code or other applicable law, or (B) limit, impair, or otherwise affect any of the Agent’s continuing security interests in and liens upon any rights or interests of any Loan Party in or to (1) monies due or to become due under or in connection with the Equity Interests of such Excluded Subsidiary, or (2) any proceeds from the sale, license, lease, or other dispositions of the Equity Interests of such Excluded Subsidiary; provided that in the case of clauses (x) or (y) above, such Subsidiary or Subsidiaries shall, upon no longer constituting an “Excluded Subsidiary”, promptly (and, in all events, within 10 Business Days or such longer period as the Required Lenders shall reasonably agree) comply with Sections 6.11 and 6.12; provided further that upon the consummation of the transactions under the Heartland Purchase Agreement, HPRM, LLC shall no longer constitute an Excluded Subsidiary and shall comply with Sections 6.11 and 6.12.

 

Excluded Swap Obligation” means, with respect to any Loan Party, any Hedge Obligation if, and to the extent that, all or a portion of the guaranty of such Loan Party of (including by virtue of the joint and several liability provisions of Section 14.1), or the grant by such Loan Party of a security interest to secure, such Hedge Obligation (or any guaranty thereof) is or becomes illegal under the Commodity Exchange Act or any rule, regulation or order of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (or the application or official interpretation of any thereof) by virtue of such Loan Party’s failure for any reason to constitute an “eligible contract participant” as defined in the Commodity Exchange Act and the regulations thereunder at the time the guaranty of such Loan Party or the grant of such security interest becomes effective with respect to such Hedge Obligation. If a Hedge Obligation arises under a master agreement governing more than one swap, such exclusion shall apply only to the portion of such Hedge Obligation that is attributable to swaps for which such guaranty or security interest is or becomes illegal.

 

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“Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient, (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable lending office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof) or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed on amounts payable to or for the account of such Lender with respect to an applicable interest in a Term Loan or Term Loan Commitment pursuant to a law in effect on the date on which (i) such Lender acquires such interest in the Term Loan or Term Loan Commitment or (ii) such Lender changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 2.9, amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changed its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 2.9(g) and (d) any withholding Taxes imposed under FATCA.

 

Existing Convertible Notes” means the 6.25% Convertible Senior Notes due 2027 issued by Vertex Energy Operating LLCpursuant to the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture and listed in Section 8 of the Disclosure Letter.

 

Existing Convertible Notes Indenture” means the Indenture, dated as of November 1, 2021, by and between Parent and U.S. Bank National Association, as Trustee, as in effect on the date hereof.

 

FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with), any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof, any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code and any fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules or practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement, treaty or convention among Governmental Authorities and implementing such Sections of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

Federal Funds Rate” means, for any day, the rate per annum calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York based on such day’s federal funds transactions by depositary institutions (as determined in such manner as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York shall set forth on its public website from time to time) and published on the next succeeding Business Day by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York as the federal funds effective rate; provided that if the Federal Funds Rate as so determined would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for the purposes of this Agreement.

 

“Fee Letter” means (a) that certain Fee Letter, dated as of the February 17, 2022, by and between Parent, Borrower and the Initial Lenders, as may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time. and/or (b) that certain Amendment Number One Fee Letter, dated as of the Amendment Effective Date (the “Amendment Number One Fee Letter”), by and between Parent, Borrower and the Lenders party thereto, as the same may be further amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, as the context may require.

 

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Flood Laws” means all Applicable Law relating to policies and procedures that address requirements placed on federally regulated lenders under the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994 and other Applicable Law related thereto.

 

Foreign Lender” means any Lender that is not a U.S. Person.

 

Free Trade Amount” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(f).

 

Fund” means any Person (other than a natural Person), fund, commingled investment vehicle or managed account that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans, bonds and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its activities.

 

Funds Flow Memorandum” shall mean (a) that certain funds flow memorandum to be dated the Closing Date and executed and delivered by the Borrower to the Agent in connection with the application of Initial Term Loan proceeds on the Closing Date, which funds flow memorandum shall be in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Initial Lenders. and (b) that certain funds flow memorandum to be dated the Amendment Effective Date and delivered by the Borrower to the Agent in connection with the application of Additional Term Loan proceeds on the Amendment Effective Date, which funds flow memorandum shall be in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Lenders.

 

GAAP” means, as of any date of determination, generally accepted accounting principles as then in effect in the United States of America set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.

 

GDPR” means the European Union General Data Protection Regulation, Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 of the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union and all regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

Governmental Authority” means (a) any United States federal, state, county, municipal or foreign government, or political subdivision thereof, (b) any governmental or quasi-governmental agency, authority, board, bureau, commission, department, instrumentality or public body, (c) any court or administrative tribunal or (d) with respect to any Person, any arbitration tribunal or other similar non-governmental authority to whose jurisdiction that Person has consented.

 

Guarantee” means, as to any Person, (a) any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person guaranteeing or having the economic effect of guaranteeing any Indebtedness of the kind described in the definition thereof or other obligation payable or performable by another Person (the “primary obligor”) in any manner, whether directly or indirectly, and including any obligation of such Person, direct or indirect, (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Indebtedness or other obligation, (ii) to purchase or lease property, securities or services for the purpose of assuring the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other obligation of the payment or performance of such Indebtedness or other obligation, (iii) to maintain working capital, equity capital or any other financial statement condition or liquidity or level of income or cash flow of the primary obligor so as to enable the primary obligor to pay such Indebtedness or other obligation, or (iv) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee in respect of such Indebtedness or other obligation of the payment or performance thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part), or (b) any Lien on any assets of such Person securing any Indebtedness or other obligation of any other Person, whether or not such Indebtedness or other obligation is assumed or expressly undertaken by such Person (or any right, contingent or otherwise, of any holder of such Indebtedness to obtain any such Lien). The amount of any Guarantee shall be deemed to be an amount equal to the stated or determinable amount of the related primary obligation, or portion thereof, in respect of which such Guarantee is made or, if not stated or determinable, the maximum reasonably anticipated liability in respect thereof as determined by the guaranteeing Person in good faith. The term “Guarantee” as a verb has a corresponding meaning.

 

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Guaranteed Obligations” has the meaning given to such term in Section 13.1.

 

Guarantor Joinder Agreement” means the agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit B-2 hereto.

 

Guaranty” means, collectively, the Guarantee made by the Guarantors under Article 13 in favor of the Secured Parties, together with each other guaranty delivered pursuant to Section 6.11, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Hazardous Materials” means (a) any material, substance, chemical, waste, product, derivative, compound, mixture, solid, liquid, mineral or gas, in each case, whether naturally occurring or manmade, that is defined, designated, identified or classified as a hazardous waste, hazardous substance, hazardous material, pollutant, contaminant or toxic substance under, or for which liability or standards of care are imposed by, any Environmental Law; and (b) any petroleum, petroleum distillate or petroleum-derived substances or products, crude oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids, synthetic gas, drilling fluids, produced waters, and other wastes associated with the exploration, development or production of crude oil or natural gas, radon, radioactive materials or wastes, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, asbestos or asbestos-containing materials, lead or lead-containing materials, urea formaldehyde foam insulation, and polychlorinated biphenyls.

 

Heartland Election Notice” has the meaning ascribed to such term in clause (g) of the definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” contained herein.

 

Heartland Indebtedness” has the meaning ascribed to such term in clause (g) of the definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” contained herein.

 

Heartland Purchase Agreement” means that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement dated as of February 25, 2022, between Vertex Splitter Corporation and Tensile-Vertex Holdings LLC, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified after the date thereof.

 

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Heartland ROFR” has the meaning ascribed to such term in clause (g) of the definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” contained herein.

 

Heartland ROFR Notice” has the meaning ascribed to such term in clause (g) of the definition of “Permitted Indebtedness” contained herein.

 

Hedge Obligations” means any and all obligations or liabilities, whether absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising, of each Loan Party arising under, owing pursuant to, or existing in respect of Hedging Agreements entered into with one or more of the Hedge Providers; provided that Hedge Obligations shall not include any obligations (including, without limitation, any Transaction Obligations and Related Hedges (in each case, under and as defined under the Intermediation Facility (as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date)) under any Intermediation Facility Document, including, without limitation, by virtue of setoff or indemnification rights under the Intermediation Facility Documents.

 

Hedge Provider” means any Bank Product Provider that is a party to a Hedging Agreement with a Loan Party or otherwise provides Bank Products under clause (f) of the definition thereof.

 

Hedging Agreement” means any interest rate protection agreement, foreign currency exchange agreement, commodity price protection agreement or other interest or currency exchange rate or commodity price hedging arrangement, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time; provided that, notwithstanding anything to the contrary, Intermediation Facility Documents shall not constitute a Hedging Agreement hereunder.

 

Highbridge Lenders” means each of the Lenders party hereto that are managed by Highbridge Capital Management, LLC.

 

Indebtedness” of any Person means, without duplication, (a) all obligations of such Person for borrowed money (including interest whether charged at the Applicable Rate or otherwise) or with respect to deposits or advances of any kind, (b) all obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or similar instruments, (c) all obligations of such Person upon which interest charges are customarily paid, (d) all obligations of such Person under conditional sale or other title retention agreements relating to property or assets purchased by such Person, including any earn-out obligations, (e) all obligations of such Person issued or assumed as the deferred purchase price of property or services (excluding trade accounts payable and accrued obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business and not more than sixty (60) days past due), (f) all Indebtedness of others secured by (or for which the holder of such Indebtedness has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Lien on property owned or acquired by such Person, whether or not the obligations secured thereby have been assumed, (g) all Contingent Obligations of such Person (not in duplication of any other clause of this definition), (h) all Capital Lease Obligations and Synthetic Lease Obligations of such Person, (i) all obligations of such Person as an account party in respect of letters of credit, (j) all obligations of such Person in respect of bankers’ acceptances, (k) obligations in respect of Disqualified Stock, and (l) all obligations of such Person in respect of any exchange traded or over the counter derivative transaction, including any Hedging Agreement, in each case, whether entered into for hedging or speculative purposes or otherwise. The amount of any Indebtedness of any Person in respect of a Hedging Agreement shall be the amount determined in respect thereof as of the end of the then most recently ended calendar quarter of such Person, based on the assumption that such Hedging Agreement had terminated at the end of such calendar quarter. In making such determination, if any agreement relating to such Hedging Agreement provides for the netting of amounts payable by and to such Person thereunder or if any such agreement provides for the simultaneous payment of amounts by and to such Person, then in each such case, the amount of such obligation shall be the net amount so determined, in each case to the extent that such agreement is legally enforceable in Insolvency Proceedings against the applicable counterparty thereof. The Indebtedness of any Person shall include the Indebtedness of any partnership or joint venture in which such Person is a general partner or joint venture; provided that Indebtedness will not be deemed to include obligations incurred in advance of, and the proceeds of which are to be applied in connection with, the consummation of a transaction (including any proceeds held in an escrow, trust, collateral or similar account or arrangement for a period of no longer than 30 days (or such longer period to which the Required Lenders may reasonably agree).

 

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Indemnified Taxes” means (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in (a), Other Taxes.

 

Initial Lender” means each of the Whitebox Lenders, the Highbridge Lenders, the BlackRock Lenders, Chambers Energy Capital IV, LP, CrowdOut Credit Opportunities Fund LLC, and CrowdOut Capital LLC.

 

Initial Term Loan” has the meaning set forth in the definition of the term “Term Loan”.

 

Initial Warrants” has the meaning set forth in the definition of the term “Warrants”.

 

Insolvency Proceeding” means any proceeding commenced by or against any Person or entity under any provision of the United States Bankruptcy Code, as amended, or under any other bankruptcy or insolvency law (domestic or foreign), including assignments for the benefit of creditors, formal or informal moratoria, compositions, extensions generally with its creditors, or proceedings seeking reorganization, arrangement, or other relief.

 

Insolvent” means, with respect to any Person as of any date of determination, that (a) the sum of the debt (including contingent liabilities existing as of the date hereofClosing Date) of such Person and its subsidiaries (on a consolidated basis) exceeds the present fair saleable value of the present assets of such Person and its subsidiaries (on a consolidated basis), (b) the capital of such Person and its subsidiaries (on a consolidated basis) is not unreasonably small in relation to its business as of such date or as contemplated as of such date, (c) such Person and its subsidiaries have incurred, or reasonably believe that they will incur, debts beyond their ability to pay such debts as they mature or, in the case of contingent liabilities, otherwise become payable, or (d) such Person is not “solvent” or is “insolvent”, as applicable within the meaning given those terms and similar terms under Applicable Law relating to fraudulent transfers and conveyances.

 

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“Intellectual Property” means all of a Person’s right, title, and interest in and to the following: Copyrights, Trademarks and Patents (including registrations and applications therefor prior to granting, and whether or not filed, recorded or issued); domain names; all trade secrets and related rights, including without limitation rights to unpatented inventions, know-how and manuals; all design rights; claims for damages by way of past, present and future infringement of any of the rights included above; all amendments, renewals and extensions of any Copyrights, Trademarks or Patents; all licenses or other rights to use any of the foregoing and all license fees and royalties arising from such use; and all proceeds and products of the foregoing.

 

Intellectual Property Security Agreement” means the agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit F hereto, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Intercreditor Agreement” means that certain Intercreditor Agreement, dated as of the date hereofClosing Date, by and between the Agent, the Lenders, each Intermediation Facility Agent party thereto from time to time, and acknowledged by the Loan Parties, or any Market Intercreditor Agreement or other intercreditor agreement entered into from time to time by the Loan Parties, Agent and other secured parties party thereto, in each case as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

Intercreditor Provisions” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 8.16.

 

Intermediation Facility” means (x) that certain Supply and Offtake Agreement, dated as of the date hereofClosing Date, entered into by the certain of the Loan Parties (including any replacement or refinancing of thereof) subject to and in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Intercreditor Agreement and (y) any other intermediation, monetization, supply and offtake or similar arrangement entered into by the Loan Parties, that provides for the purchase and/or sale or the financing of the Loan Parties of Intermediation Facility Priority Collateral, and the transactions contemplated thereby and entered into thereunder and in connection therewith, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Intermediation Facility Agent” means any Intermediators and/or any agent or representative acting for the Intermediators under the Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Intermediation Facility Documents” means the agreements documenting an Intermediation Facility between a Loan Party, the Intermediators and any Intermediation Facility Agent, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

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Intermediation Facility Priority Collateral” has the meaning specified therefor in the Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Intermediators” means Macquarie Energy North America Trading Inc and any other financing providers under any Intermediation Facility (including any replacement or refinancing of thereof), as the case may be.

 

Internal Revenue Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time, and the regulations promulgated and rulings issued thereunder.

 

Inventory” means “inventory” as defined in the Code, including work in process and finished products intended for sale or lease or to be furnished under a contract of service, of every kind and description now or at any time hereafter owned by or in the custody or possession, actual or constructive, of any Loan Party, including such inventory as is temporarily out of its custody or possession or in transit and including any returns upon any accounts or other proceeds, including insurance proceeds, resulting from the sale or disposition of any of the foregoing and any documents of title representing any of the above, and each Loan Party’s Books relating to any of the foregoing.

 

Investment” means any beneficial equity ownership in any Person (including stock, partnership interest or other securities), any purchase or other acquisition of debt or other securities of any Person, any loan, advance or capital contribution to, or Guarantee or assumption of debt of, any Person (including any partnership or joint venture interest in any Person), or the purchase or other acquisition (in one transaction or series of transactions) of all or substantially all of the property and assets or business of any Person or assets constituting a business unit, line of business or division of any Person.

 

Involuntary Disposition” means any loss of, damage to or destruction of, or any condemnation or other taking for public use of, any property of any Loan Party .

 

“IRS” means the United States Internal Revenue Service.

 

Knowingly” has a correlative meaning of undertaking an action with Knowledge.

 

Knowledge” means, with respect to a Person, the knowledge of the individuals of such Person, including a Responsible Officer, who have the responsibility for any day-to-day decision making, or legal, operational, or financial affairs of such Person, which knowledge shall include any and all facts and other information of such Person actually knew or reasonably should have known in accordance with all applicable industry standards and commercially reasonable prudence and diligence.

 

Laws” means, collectively, all international, foreign, federal, state, provincial, territorial and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority, in each case whether or not having the force of law.

 

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LCFS” means the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard as set forth in Section 95484 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, as amended or supplemented.

 

Lender Expenses” means all reasonable and reasonably documented out-of-pocket costs or expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses), incurred by Agent or any Lender in connection with the preparation, negotiation, administration, any Default or Events of Default, and enforcement of the Loan Documents (including without limitation the reasonable and documented legal fees and expenses of (i) Sidley Austin LLP, counsel for the Lender group (and one local counsel in each applicable jurisdiction, for the Lenders as a group and the Agent), (ii) Shipman & Goodwin LLP, counsel to the Agent, and (iii) Clifford Chance LLP, as special counsel for the Blackrock Lenders with scope of role and limitations as agreed by Blackrock and the Borrower), including any amendments, modifications, consents and waiver to and/or under any and all Loan Documents; any public record searches conducted by or at the request of Agent from time to time, including without limitation, title investigations, public records searches, pending litigation and tax lien searches and searches for applicable corporate, limited liability, partnership and related records; reasonable Collateral audit fees incurred by Agent or any Lender; and Agent’s and any Lender’s reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses incurred before, during and/or after an Insolvency Proceeding (i) protecting, storing, insuring, handling, maintaining, auditing, examining, valuing or selling any Collateral; or (ii) maintaining, amending, enforcing, collecting, performing (including any workout or restructuring) or defending the Loan Documents; or incurred in any other matter or proceeding relating to the Loan Documents (including in all cases, without limit, court costs, legal expenses and reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses, whether or not suit is instituted, and, if suit is instituted, whether at trial court level, appellate court level, in a bankruptcy, probate or administrative proceeding or otherwise).

 

Lender Group” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(b).

 

Lien” means any pledge, bailment, lease, mortgage, deed of trust (or similar instrument), hypothecation, conditional sales and title retention agreement, charge, claim, encumbrance, preference, priority or other lien (statutory or otherwise) in favor of any Person.

 

Loan Documents” means, collectively, this Agreement, Amendment Number One, each Note, the Warrants, the Warrant Agreement, the Additional Warrant Agreement, the Registration Rights Agreement, the Agent Fee Letter, the Fee Letter, the Commitment Letter, any Borrower Joinder Agreement, any Guarantor Joinder Agreement, each Notice of Borrowing, the Collateral Documents, any Subordination Agreement and all other documents, instruments and agreements executed or delivered by any Loan Party to or for the benefit of Agent and Lenders in connection with this Agreement, all as amended or extended from time to time.

 

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Loan Party” means the Borrower and each Guarantor.

 

Market Intercreditor Agreement” means any intercreditor agreement in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders, the Borrower and the other secured parties party thereto establishing, among other things, the relative Lien and payment priorities of the Secured Obligations vis-à-vis other Permitted Indebtedness (i.e., whether that the holder of such Permitted Lien will have a first priority lien in such Collateral), and terms relating to the control of remedies; provided that in no event shall the Intercreditor Agreement be considered precedent for any Market Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Material Adverse Effect” means a material adverse effect on (i) the business, operations, assets, liabilities, prospects or condition (financial or otherwise) of Parent and the other Loan Parties taken as a whole, (ii) the ability of Borrower to repay the Secured Obligations or any Loan Party to otherwise perform its obligations under the Loan Documents, or (iii) the validity, perfection or priority of, or any impairment to, Agent’s security interests in the Collateral or Agent’s right to enforce any of its rights or remedies with respect to the Secured Obligations.

 

Material Contracts” means any contract or agreement (whether written or oral) to which any Loan Party is a party where the aggregate consideration payable to or by such Loan Party pursuant to the terms of such contract or agreement exceeds 10% of such Loan Party’s expenditures for contracts or agreements of such type, with the types of “expenditures” being (A) Revenue, (B) costs and (C) operating expenditures.

 

Maturity Date” means April 1, 2025; provided that if such day is not a Business Day, the Maturity Date shall be the Business Day immediately succeeding such day.

 

Mechanical Completion” has the meaning set forth in the Construction Agreement (as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date).

 

Mobile Refinery” means that certain refinery and related assets in Mobile, Alabama to be purchased pursuant to the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement.

 

Mobile Refinery Acquisition” means the consummation of the purchase of the Mobile Refinery from Shell on terms satisfactory to the Initial Lenders pursuant to the terms of the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement.

 

Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement” means that certain Sale and Purchase Agreement by and between Borrower (as successor in interest to Vertex Energy Operating, LLC, a Texas limited liability company), as the Buyer, and Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US, Shell Chemical LP, and Shell Oil Company, as Sellers.

 

Mortgage” means a mortgage, deed of trust, trust deeds, or deed to secure debt, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders, made by a Loan Party in favor of Agent for the benefit of Agents and the Lenders, securing the Secured Obligations and delivered to Agent, in each case, as amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time.

 

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Multiemployer Plan” means any “multiemployer plan” (as defined in Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA) to which a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate makes or is obligated to make contributions, or during the preceding six years has made or been obligated to make contributions.

 

Myrtle Grove Purchase Agreement” means that certain Purchase and Sale Agreement dated as of February 25, 2022, between Vertex Splitter Corporation, Tensile – Vertex Holdings LLC and Tensile-Myrtle Grove Acquisition Corporation, as amended, restated, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time following the date thereof.

 

Negotiable Collateral” means all Collateral of which any Loan Party is a beneficiary, including, letters of credit, notes, drafts, instruments, securities, documents of title, and chattel paper, and such Loan Party’s Books relating to any of the foregoing.

 

Net Cash Proceeds” means the aggregate cash or Cash Equivalents proceeds received by Parent or any Subsidiary in respect of any Transfer, Equity Issuance, or Involuntary Disposition, net of (a) direct costs incurred in connection therewith (including, without limitation, legal, accounting and investment banking fees and sales commissions), (b) taxes paid or payable as a result thereof and (c) in the case of any Transfer or any Involuntary Disposition, the amount necessary to retire any Indebtedness permitted to be incurred hereunder and secured by a Permitted Lien (ranking senior to any Lien of the Agent) on the related property; it being understood that “Net Cash Proceeds” shall include, without limitation, any cash or Cash Equivalents received upon the sale or other disposition of any non-cash consideration received by Parent or any Subsidiary in any Transfer, Equity Issuance, or Involuntary Disposition.

 

New Facility” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 6.14(c). “Non-Conforming Renewable Product” means a renewable diesel that (i) is produced from one hundred percent (100%) Renewable Biomass and no portion of which is produced from non-renewable feedstock, including petroleum products; and (ii) does not meet the Renewable Product Specifications.

 

Non-Consenting Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 14.15.

 

Note” means a secured promissory note in favor of a Lender in substantially the form of Exhibit E.

 

Notice of Borrowing” means a notice of borrowing of a Term Loan pursuant to the terms of this Agreement in substantially the form of Exhibit D.

 

Obligations” means all debt, principal, interest, fees, charges, indemnities, Lender Expenses and other amounts owing by Borrower or any other Loan Party to Agent or a Lender of any kind and description whether arising under or pursuant to or evidenced by the Loan Documents, and whether or not for the payment of money, whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising, including the principal and interest due with respect to the Term Loans, and further including all Lender’s Expenses that Borrower or any other Loan Party is required to pay or reimburse by the Loan Documents, by law, or otherwise.

 

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OCFP” mean the regulations, orders, decrees and standards issued by a Governmental Authority implementing or otherwise applicable to the Oregon Clean Fuels Program as set forth in Oregon Administrative Rules chapter 340, division 253 as defined in Oregon Administrative Rules 340-253-0060(4) and each successor regulation.

 

OFAC” means Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Treasury Department.

 

Offer” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(f). “OID” means original issue discount.

 

Ordinary Course Acquisition” means an acquisition (whether in a single transaction or related series of transactions) in the ordinary course of Property (including goods, materials, supplies, inventory, equipment and other personal Property) consumable or useful in the operation of the business of the Loan Parties (taken as a whole) not to exceed an aggregate amount equal to $10,000,000 per calendar year, provided that any unused amounts shall be permitted to be carried forward to be used in the following calendar year; provided that in no event shall an event that could otherwise be considered an Approved Acquisition under clauses (a), (b), (c) or (d) of the definition thereof be considered an Ordinary Course Acquisition.

 

Organization Documents” means, (a) with respect to any corporation, the charter or certificate or articles of incorporation and the bylaws (or equivalent or comparable constitutive documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction), (b) with respect to any limited liability company, the certificate or articles of formation or organization and operating agreement or limited liability company agreement (or equivalent or comparable documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction), (c) with respect to any partnership, joint venture, trust or other form of business entity, the partnership, joint venture or other applicable agreement of formation or organization (or equivalent or comparable documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction) and (d) with respect to all entities, any agreement, instrument, filing or notice with respect thereto filed in connection with its formation or organization with the applicable Governmental Authority in the jurisdiction of its formation or organization (or equivalent or comparable documents with respect to any non-U.S. jurisdiction).

 

Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Term Loan or Loan Document).

 

Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment.

 

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Parent” has the meaning given to such term in preamble to this Agreement.

 

“Participant” has the meaning specified in Section 14.1(e).

 

“Participant Register” has the meaning specified in Section 14.1(e). “Patents” means all issued patents, patent applications and like protections including without limitation rights and privileges arising under Applicable Law with respect thereto (in the United States), inventions, improvements, divisions, continuations, renewals, reissues, extensions and continuations-in-part of the same.

 

Payment Recipient” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 12.11(a). “PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation established pursuant to Subtitle A of Title IV of ERISA, or any successor thereto.

 

Pension Plan” means any “employee benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA), other than a Multiemployer Plan, which is subject to Title IV of ERISA or Sections 412 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 302 of ERISA, and which is or was, within the preceding six years, maintained, or required to be contributed to, a Loan Party or any ERISA Affiliate.

 

Permitted Equity Issuance” means (a) any Equity Issuance pursuant to any employee, director or consultant option program, benefit plan or compensation program or agreement, (b) any Equity Issuance by a Loan Party to Parent, the Borrower or another Loan Party, (c) any Equity Issuance related to the Warrants, (d) any Equity Issuance to fund all or a portion of the purchase price of any (i) Approved Acquisition, (ii) any Permitted Investment, or (iii) any capital expenditures permitted hereunder, and (e) any Equity Issuance pursuant to (x) the Existing Convertible Notes and (y) any other convertible securities issued by Parent permitted by the terms of this Agreement (or as otherwise consented to by the Required Lenders in their reasonable discretion).

 

Permitted Indebtedness” means the following:

 

(a)           Indebtedness of any Loan Party in favor of Agent or a Lender arising under this Agreement or any other Loan Document;

 

(b)           Indebtedness existing on the Closing Date and disclosed in Section 8 of the Disclosure Letter;

 

(c)           Indebtedness consisting of: (i) capital leases; (ii) Permitted Investments allowed pursuant to clause (f) of the definition of Permitted Investments; and (iii) purchase money obligations for fixed or capital assets within the limitations set forth in clause (c) of the defined term “Permitted Liens,” provided such Indebtedness does not exceed the lesser of the cost or fair market value of the equipment and software financed with such Indebtedness; provided further, that the aggregate principal amount of Indebtedness permitted by this clause (c) shall not exceed $5,000,000 at any time outstanding and further provided that, if requested by the Required Lenders, the Loan Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the holders of such Indebtedness to enter into a Collateral Access Agreement on terms reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders; provided that no Loan Party shall be deemed in breach of this provision if the applicable holder of such Indebtedness does not deliver such Collateral Access Agreement;

 

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(d)           Indebtedness arising from the honoring by a bank or other financial institution of a check, draft or similar instrument inadvertently (except in the case of daylight overdrafts) drawn against insufficient funds in the ordinary course of business, provided that such Indebtedness is promptly extinguished;

 

(e)           Indebtedness arising in connection with endorsement of instruments for deposit in the ordinary course of business;

 

(f)           to the extent constituting Indebtedness, obligations arising from Permitted Renewables Transactions;

 

(g)           to the extent constituting Indebtedness, the obligations under the Acquisition Side Letter and any Indebtedness necessary to fund the Loan Parties obligations under subclause (a) of Section 1A thereof (such Indebtedness, the “Heartland Indebtedness”), provided that (x) (i) the applicable Loan Party shall provide written notice (the “Heartland ROFR Notice”) to the Lenders offering the Lenders a right of first refusal (the “Heartland ROFR”) to provide the Heartland Indebtedness (which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall not impose any requirement on any such Lender to provide (or commit to provide) the Heartland Indebtedness) through the establishment of one or more term loan commitments under this Agreement on terms substantially similar to the Term Loans or as otherwise mutually agreed, (ii) the Lenders shall have 15 days following receipt of such notice to accept or decline the Heartland ROFR by notice to the applicable Loan Party (the “Heartland Election Notice”); provided, however, if the Lenders do not respond in such 15 day period following the Heartland ROFR Notice, it shall be deemed that the Lenders have declined such Heartland ROFR, (iii) (x) if the Lenders accept the Heartland ROFR, the Lenders and Loan Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to close and fund the Heartland Indebtedness within 20 days of the Heartland Election Notice or (y) if the Lenders decline or are deemed to have declined the Heartland ROFR, then such Loan Party shall be permitted to engage alternate financing sources in connection with the Heartland Indebtedness; provided that any such Indebtedness be on terms reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders and, if intended to be secured by Collateral, be subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement;.

 

For the avoidance of doubt, as of the Amendment Effective Date, any and all obligations of the Loan Parties under this clause (g) shall be deemed to have been satisfied in all respects, in accordance with the terms hereof and no further Indebtedness shall be permitted to be incurred under this clause (g).

 

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(h)           Indebtedness of any Loan Party arising from Bank Products provided by Bank Product Providers; provided that in the case of Hedge Obligations (i) such obligations are (or were) entered into by such Person in the ordinary course of business and not for purposes of speculation and (ii) such Hedging Agreement does not contain any provision exonerating the non-defaulting party from its obligation to make payments on outstanding transactions to the defaulting party;

 

(i)           Indebtedness consisting of the financing of insurance premiums contemplated by clause (h) of the definition of “Permitted Liens”;

 

(j)           unsecured Indebtedness to trade creditors in the ordinary course of business which is more than 90 days past due (unless such Indebtedness is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which the Loan Parties have set aside on their Books adequate reserves in accordance with GAAP) not to exceed at any time outstanding more than $1,500,000 (for clarity all unsecured Indebtedness to trade creditors in the ordinary course of business which is less than sixty (60) days past due is permitted);

 

(k)           other obligations of any kind not to exceed at any time outstanding more than $1,000,000;

 

(l)           Indebtedness of the Loan Parties with respect to performance bonds, surety bonds, appeal bonds or customs bonds required in the ordinary course of business not to exceed in the aggregate more than $3,000,000 at any time outstanding;

 

(m)           intercompany Indebtedness by and among Parent and its Subsidiaries (subject to clauses (d) and (j) of the definition of “Permitted Investments”);

 

(n)           Indebtedness assumed or acquired in connection with Approved Acquisitions (but not in contemplation thereof), not to exceed $10,000,000 in aggregate outstanding at any time; provided, that (x) the material terms of such Indebtedness shall be satisfactory to the Required Lenders, (y) such Indebtedness shall not mature until at least ninety (90) days after the Maturity Date, and (z) to the extent secured, the Liens securing such Indebtedness shall not extend to any assets other than those of the Person that is subject to such Approved Acquisition;

 

(o)           purchase price adjustments, indemnity payments and earn-out obligations in connection with any Approved Acquisition (to the extent not in excess of the consideration limitations set forth in the definition thereof);

 

(p)           Subordinated Debt, so long as such Subordinated Debt is on then current market terms (as reasonably determined by the Borrower in consultation with the Required Lenders);

 

(q)           advances or deposits received in the ordinary course of business from customers or vendors;

 

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(r)           Indebtedness under an asset-based financing or working capital facility in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $25,000,000 at any time outstanding and any refinancings, refundings, renewals or extensions thereof; provided that (A) the amount of such Indebtedness is not increased at the time of such refinancing, refunding, renewal or extension except by an amount equal to a reasonable premium or other reasonable amount paid, and fees and expenses reasonably incurred, in connection with such refinancing and by an amount equal to any existing commitments unutilized thereunder and the direct or any contingent obligor with respect thereto is not changed, as a result of or in connection with such refinancing, refunding, renewal or extension and (B) the terms relating to principal amount, amortization, maturity, collateral (if any) and subordination, standstill and related terms (if any), and other material terms taken as a whole, of any such refinancing, refunding, renewing or extending Indebtedness, and of any agreement entered into and of any instrument issued in connection therewith, are no less favorable in any material respect to the Loan Parties or the Lenders than the terms of any agreement or instrument governing the Indebtedness being refinanced, refunded, renewed or extended and the interest rate applicable to any such refinancing, refunding, renewing or extending Indebtedness does not exceed the then applicable market interest rate; provided, further, that (i) all documentation therefor shall be in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders and (ii) the parties shall have entered into, and such Indebtedness shall be subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement;

 

(s)           Solely to the extent constituting Indebtedness, obligations, including deferred payment obligations, of and incurred by the Borrower in favor of Intermediation Facility Agent under Intermediation Facility entered into on the date hereofClosing Date, subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement and, notwithstanding Section 7.16(b), any refinancings, refundings, renewals or extensions thereof; provided that the terms relating to principal amount, amortization, maturity, collateral (if any) and subordination, standstill and related terms (if any), and other material terms taken as a whole, of any such refinancing, refunding, renewing or extending Indebtedness, and of any agreement entered into and of any instrument issued in connection therewith, are no less favorable in any material respect to the Loan Parties or the Lenders than the terms of any agreement or instrument governing the Indebtedness being refinanced, refunded, renewed or extended and the interest rate applicable to any such refinancing, refunding, renewing or extending Indebtedness does not exceed the then applicable market interest rate; provided, further, that (i) all documentation therefor shall be in form and substance reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders and (ii) the parties shall have entered into, and such Indebtedness shall be subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement; and

 

(t)            guarantees in respect of any Permitted Indebtedness;

 

(u)           Solely to the extent permitted under Section 7.16(b), extensions, refinancings, modifications, amendments and restatements of Indebtedness incurred pursuant to clauses (b) and (c) above (other than the Existing Convertible Notes), provided that (i) the principal amount thereof is not increased or the terms thereof are not modified to impose more burdensome terms upon any Loan Party or other applicable Loan Party, as the case may be, (ii) the maturity and weighted average life to maturity with respect to any Indebtedness incurred pursuant to clauses (b) and (c) above in this definition is not shortened in connection with any such extensions, refinancings, modifications, amendments and restatements, (iii) such Indebtedness shall have the same obligors as the Indebtedness so extended, refinanced, modified, amended or restated, (iv) to the extent unsecured, any such extended, refinanced, modified, amended or restated Indebtedness shall remain unsecured, and (v) with respect to any such extensions, refinancings, modifications, amendments and restatements of the Existing Convertible Notes, such Indebtedness shall be on then current market terms (as reasonably determined by the Borrower in consultation with the Agent and the Required Lenders).

 

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Permitted Investment” means:

 

(a)           Investments existing on the Closing Date disclosed in Section 1 of the Disclosure Letter;

 

(b)           Investments constituting cash and Cash Equivalents, provided such cash and Cash Equivalents are in accounts which are subject to a Control Agreement in favor of Agent to the extent required under Section 7.11 of this Agreement;

 

(c)           Investments accepted in connection with Permitted Transfers;

 

(d)           Investments among Loan Parties;

 

(e)           Investments (including debt obligations) received in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of customers or suppliers and in settlement of delinquent obligations of, and other disputes with, customers or suppliers arising in the ordinary course of the Loan Parties’ business;

 

(f)           Investments to the extent that payment for such Investments is made solely with Qualified Equity Interests of Parent or the proceeds from the issuance thereof; provided that Investments in Subsidiaries that have not signed a Borrower Joinder Agreement or Guarantor Agreement shall not exceed $200,000 in the aggregate during the term of this Agreement;

 

(g)           Investments consisting of (i) travel advances and employee relocation loans and other employee loans and advances in the ordinary course of business in an aggregate amount not to exceed $100,000 per fiscal year, and (ii) loans to employees, officers or directors relating to the purchase of equity securities of any Loan Party pursuant to employee stock purchase plans or agreements approved by Parent’s Board of Directors in an aggregate amount not to exceed $250,000 per fiscal year;

 

(h)           Approved Acquisitions; provided that if any Person is acquired or becomes a Subsidiary pursuant to such transactions, such Person shall comply with Sections 6.11 and 6.12 of this Agreement;

 

(i)           Investments consisting of the endorsement of negotiable instruments for deposit or collection or similar transactions in the ordinary course of business;

 

(j)           so long as no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would result from such Investment, Investments in Subsidiaries that have not signed a Borrower Joinder Agreement or Guarantor Agreement not to exceed $200,000 in the aggregate during the term of this Agreement;

 

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(k)           Investments in accounts at financial institutions; provided, that such accounts are permitted pursuant to Section 7.11 and Agent has a perfected security interest in the amounts held in such deposit accounts as required pursuant to Section 7.11;

 

(l)           Investments consisting of notes receivable of, or prepaid royalties and other credit extensions, to customers and suppliers who are not Affiliates, in the ordinary course of business, and Investments received in satisfaction or partial satisfaction thereof from financially troubled account debtors to the extent reasonably necessary in order to prevent or limit loss; provided that this clause shall not apply to Investments of Parent in any Subsidiary;

 

(m)           Investments held by any Person as of the date such Person is acquired in connection with an Approved Acquisition; provided that such Investments were not made, in any case, by such Person in connection with, or in contemplation of, such Approved Acquisition;

 

(n)           deposits made to secure the performance of leases, licenses or contracts in the ordinary course of business, and other deposits made in connection with the incurrence of Permitted Liens;

 

(o)           Investments by any Loan Party to the extent constituting Permitted Indebtedness hereunder (for the avoidance of doubt, other than clause (m) thereof); and

 

(p)           Investments not otherwise expressly permitted hereunder in an amount not to exceed $250,000 per fiscal year.

 

Permitted Liens” means the following:

 

(a)           Liens existing on the Closing Date and disclosed in Section 8 of the Disclosure Letter;

 

(b)           Liens for taxes, fees, assessments or other governmental charges or levies that are delinquent and for which the applicable Loan Party maintains adequate reserves;

 

(c)           Liens on fixed or capital assets or on Real Property of any Loan Party which secure Indebtedness permitted under clause (c) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness so long as (i) such Liens and the Indebtedness secured thereby are incurred prior to or within ninety (90) days after such acquisition, (ii) the Indebtedness secured thereby does not exceed the cost of acquisition of the applicable assets, and (iii) such Liens shall attach only to the assets or Real Property acquired, improved or refinanced with such Indebtedness and shall not extend to any other property or assets of the Loan Parties;

 

(d)           Liens incurred in connection with the extension, renewal or refinancing of the indebtedness secured by Liens of the type described in clauses (a) through (c) above, provided that any extension, renewal or replacement Lien (i) shall be limited to the property encumbered by the existing Lien, (ii) shall not exceed the principal amount and interest rate of the indebtedness being extended, renewed or refinanced and (iii) the term for payment, the maturity and weighted average life to maturity with respect to items listed in clause (a) above in this definition shall not decrease in connection with any such extension, renewal or refinancing;

 

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(e)           Non-exclusive licenses of Intellectual Property granted to third parties in the ordinary course of business and not materially interfering with the business of the Parent or any of its Subsidiaries;

 

(f)           Liens arising from judgments, decrees or attachments in circumstances not constituting an Event of Default under Section 8.4 or Section 8.6;

 

(g)           Liens in favor of other financial institutions arising in connection with Loan Parties’ deposit accounts or securities accounts held at such institutions to secure standard fees for services charged by, but not financing made available by such institutions; provided that Agent, for itself and the benefit of Lenders has a perfected security interest in the amounts held in such accounts to the extent required under Section 7.11 of this Agreement;

 

(h)           Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law to secure payments of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods;

 

(i)           Liens on insurance proceeds in favor of insurance companies granted solely as security for financed premiums;

 

(j)           Liens on deposits securing obligations with suppliers entered into in the ordinary course of business and deposits to secure the performance of bids, trade contracts and leases (other than Indebtedness), statutory obligations, surety and appeal bonds, performance bonds and other obligations of a like nature incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

(k)           statutory Liens of landlords and Liens of carriers, warehousemen, mechanics and suppliers and other Liens imposed by law or pursuant to customary reservations or retentions of title arising in the ordinary course of business; provided that such Liens attach only to Inventory and secure only amounts not yet due and payable or, if due and payable, are unfiled and no other action has been taken to enforce the same;

 

(l)           (i) Liens in favor of any Intermediation Facility Agent arising under Intermediation Facility Documents to secure Permitted Indebtedness under clause (s) of the definition thereof subject to the terms of the Intercreditor Agreement, (ii) Liens to secure Permitted Indebtedness under clause (r) of the definition thereof to be secured only by collateral typical of asset-based or working capital facilities with respect to the businesses other than the Mobile Refinery subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement, and (iii) Liens to secure Permitted Indebtedness under clause (f) of the definition thereof subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement;

 

(m)           Liens in favor of a Bank Product Provider securing Bank Product Obligations constituting Permitted Indebtedness under clause (h) of the definition thereof but not constituting Secured Obligations hereunder (any such obligations, “Non-LSA Hedges”); provided that the value of collateral securing such Bank Product Obligations shall not exceed $25,000,000 at any time outstanding less any cash collateral held in Excluded Accounts under clause (c) of the definition thereof; provided further that any such Liens are subject to a Market Intercreditor Agreement;

 

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(n)           Liens arising from the filing of any financing statement on operating leases, to the extent such operating leases are permitted under this Agreement;

 

(o)           Liens to secure workers’ compensation, employment insurance, old-age pensions, social security and other like obligations incurred in the ordinary course of business;

 

(p)           Liens on property of a Person existing at the time such Person is acquired in connection with an Approved Acquisition; provided that (i) such Liens were not created in contemplation of such Approved Acquisition, (ii) such Liens do not extend to any assets other than those of such Person, and (iii) the applicable Indebtedness or obligation secured by such Lien is not prohibited under this Agreement;

 

(q)           Liens on any earnest money deposits required in connection with an Approved Acquisition;

 

(r)           the replacement, extension or renewal of any Lien permitted by clauses (a) through (q) above (but without duplication thereof) upon or in the same property theretofore subject thereto or the replacement, extension or renewal (without increase in the amount or change in any direct or contingent obligor) of the Indebtedness secured thereby under clause (u) of Permitted Indebtedness;

 

(s)           Liens granted in favor of the Agent to secure the Secured Obligations; and

 

(t)           other Liens (not otherwise enumerated in this defined term) securing Indebtedness not exceeding $1,000,000 in the aggregate outstanding at any time.

 

Permitted Renewables Transaction” means an inventory monetization, intermediation agreement, supply and offtake agreement or other similar agreement with respect to any Renewable Feedstocks and Renewables Products, entered into by any Loan Party and a third party with respect to which each of the following is true:

 

(a)           immediately prior to and after giving effect to such transaction, no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing; and

 

(b)           as of any date, such agreement may not have an aggregate sale and repurchase price or maximum principal amount (as applicable) in an amount greater than the value of the Renewable Products (inclusive of the value of any hedge transaction entered into to hedge price risk with respect to such Renewable Products under such agreement) at any time for longer than three (3) Business Days.

 

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Permitted Tax Distributions” means:

 

(a)           for any taxable period in which Borrower and/or any of its Subsidiaries is a member of a consolidated, combined or similar income tax group of which a direct or indirect parent of the Borrower is the common parent (a “Tax Group”), distributions by a Loan Party to such direct or indirect parent of such Loan Party (in each case, taking into account indirect ownership through partnerships) to pay federal, foreign, state and local income Taxes of such Tax Group that are attributable to the taxable income of Parent and/or its Subsidiaries; provided that, for each taxable period, the amount of such payments made in respect of such taxable period in the aggregate shall not exceed the amount that Parent and the Subsidiaries would have been required to pay as a stand-alone Tax Group, reduced by any portion of such income Taxes directly paid by Parent or any of its Subsidiaries; or

 

(b)           with respect to any taxable year (or portion thereof) with respect to which Parent is a partnership or disregarded entity for U.S. federal, state and/or local income tax purposes, distributions to Parent’s direct owner(s) in an aggregate amount equal to the product of (i) the net taxable income of Parent and its Subsidiaries for such taxable year (or portion thereof), reduced by any cumulative net taxable loss with respect to all prior taxable years (or portions thereof) beginning after the date hereofClosing Date (determined as if all such periods were one period) to the extent such cumulative net taxable loss is of a timing perspective (based on applicable carryforward rules) and character (ordinary or capital) that would permit such loss to be deducted against the income of the taxable year in question (or portion thereof) and (ii) the highest combined marginal federal and applicable state and/or local income tax rate (taking into account, to the extent applicable, the deductibility of state and local income taxes for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the deduction for qualified business income under Section 199A of the Internal Revenue Code, and the character of the taxable income in question (i.e., long term capital gain, qualified dividend income, etc.)) applicable to any direct owner (or, if a direct owner is a pass-through entity, indirect owner) of Parent and its Subsidiaries for the taxable year in question (or portion thereof).

 

Permitted Transfer” has the meaning given to such term in Section 7.2. “Person” means and includes any individual, any partnership, any corporation, any business trust, any joint stock company, any limited liability company, any unincorporated association or any other entity and any Governmental Authority.

 

Plan” means any “employee benefit plan” (as such term is defined in Section 3(3) of ERISA) established, maintained or required to be contributed to by a Loan Party or, with respect to any such plan that is subject to Section 412 of the Internal Revenue Code or Title IV of ERISA, by any ERISA Affiliate.

 

Platform” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.3(c).

 

Prepayment Premium” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 2.5(b).

 

Pro Rata Percentage” means, with respect to any Lender (a) a percentage equal to a fraction (i) the numerator of which is such Lender’s applicable undisbursed Term Loan Commitment (as the case may be), then in effect plus the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the applicable Term Loans (as the case may be) of such Lender and (ii) the denominator of which is the aggregate of the applicable undisbursed Term Loan Commitments (as the case may be) of all Lenders then in effect plus the aggregate unpaid principal balance of all outstanding applicable Term Loans (as the case may be) or (b) if all of the applicable Term Loan Commitments (as the case may be) have terminated, a percentage equal to a fraction (i) the numerator of which is the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the applicable Term Loans (as the case may be) of such Lender and (ii) the denominator of which is the aggregate unpaid principal balance of all outstanding applicable Term Loans (as the case may be).

 

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Project Milestones” means each of the milestones set forth on Schedule 6.18 hereto.

 

Property” means any interest in any kind of property or asset, whether real, personal or mixed, whether tangible or intangible.

 

Public Lender” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.3(c).

 

Purchasing Initial Lender” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(f).

 

QFC” has the meaning assigned to the term “qualified financial contract” in, and shall be interpreted in accordance with, 12 U.S.C. 5390(c)(8)(D).

 

QFC Credit Support” has the meaning given to such term in Section 14.10(b).

 

Qualified ECP Guarantor” means, in respect of any Hedge Obligations under a Secured Hedge Agreement, each Loan Party that has total assets exceeding $10,000,000 at the time the relevant guarantee or grant of the relevant security interest becomes effective with respect to such Hedge Obligation under a Secured Hedge Agreement or such other person as constitutes an “eligible contract participant” under the Commodity Exchange Act and can cause another person to qualify as an “eligible contract participant” at such time by entering into a keepwell under Section 1a(18)(A)(v)(II) of the Commodity Exchange Act.

 

Qualified Equity Interests” means any Equity Interests that do not constitute Disqualified Equity Interests.

 

Qualifying Renewable Fuel” is defined as fuel eligible to generate RINs under the RFS Program.

 

Real Property” means any estates or interests in real property now owned or hereafter acquired by any Loan Party or one of its Subsidiaries and the improvements thereto.

 

“Real Property Deliverables” means each of the following agreements, instruments and other documents in respect of each New Facility, each in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders:

 

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(a)           a Mortgage duly executed by the applicable Loan Party, together with evidence of the recording of such Mortgage in such office or offices as may be necessary to create a valid and perfected Lien on such New Facility in favor of the Agent for the benefit of the Required Lenders (or evidence that such Mortgage has been deposited with such recording office or offices for recording) and that all filing and recording taxes and fees have been paid or otherwise provided for in a manner reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders;

 

(b)           a paid Title Insurance Policy with respect to each Mortgage, dated as of the date such Title Insurance Policy is required to be delivered to the Agent;

 

(c)           a current ALTA survey and a surveyor’s certificate, certified to Agent and to the issuer of the Title Insurance Policy with respect thereto by a professional surveyor licensed in the state in which such New Facility is located;

 

(d)           customary opinions of counsel (x) from counsel in the state where such New Facility is located with respect to the enforceability of the Mortgage to be recorded and (y) from counsel of the jurisdiction of organization of the Loan Party entering into the Mortgage as to matters relating to due authorization and execution of the Mortgage by such Loan Party;

 

(e)            to the extent reasonably requested by the Agent, an ASTM 1527-21 Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (“Phase I ESA”) by an independent firm reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders with respect to such New Facility;

 

(f)            such documentation and information reasonably requested by any Lender (through the Agent) to ensure that such Lender is in compliance with the Flood Laws applicable to New Facility that is subject to a Mortgage, including, but not limited to, if required by Flood Laws obtaining flood insurance for such property, structures and contents prior to or upon such property, structures and contents becoming Collateral, and thereafter maintaining such flood insurance in full force and effect for so long as required by the Flood Laws; and

 

(g)           such other agreements, instruments and other documents (including “bad boy” guarantees and opinions of counsel) as Agent may reasonably require and to the extent customarily required by lenders in comparable loan transactions.

 

Recipient” means (a) the Agent or (b) any Lender, as applicable.

 

Recovery Event Proceeds” means any insurance proceeds from any Casualty Event or any condemnation proceeds (or similar recoveries) received by any Parent or any Subsidiary, in each case, net of (a) any reasonable and documented collection expenses and other direct costs incurred in connection therewith (including, without limitation, legal and accounting fees, if applicable), (b) taxes paid or reasonably estimated by the Borrower to be payable by the applicable Loan Party as a result thereof (after taking into account any available tax credit or deduction), and (c) any amount required to be applied to the repayment of any Indebtedness secured by a Lien on the asset subject to the Casualty Event or condemnation (excluding any repayment hereunder).

 

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Register” has the meaning given to such term in Section 14.1.

 

Registration Rights Agreement” means that certain Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of the date hereofClosing Date, by and among Parent and the other Persons party thereto as “Holders” thereunder, as the same may be amended, restated, amended and restated, modified or otherwise supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Related Agreements” means, collectively, the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement, Construction Agreement, Myrtle Grove Purchase Agreement, the Heartland Purchase Agreement, Acquisition Side Letter, any Intermediation Facility Documents, any agreements governing Indebtedness over the Threshold Amount, any Organization Documents and any Material Contracts.

 

Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the partners, shareholders, controlling persons, members, directors, officers, employees, agents, trustees, administrators, financing sources, managers, advisors, attorneys-in-fact, managed funds and accounts and representatives of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates and each of the successors and assigns of each of the foregoing.

 

Release” means any release, spill, emission, leaking, pumping, pouring, injection, escaping, deposit, disposal, discharge, dispersal, dumping, leaching or migration of any Hazardous Material into the environment (including the abandonment or disposal of any barrels, containers or other closed receptacles containing any Hazardous Material), including from any building, structure, facility or fixture and any movement of any Hazardous Material through the air, soil, surface water or groundwater.

 

Renewable Biomass” has the meaning set forth in 42 U.S.C. § 7545(o)(I).

 

Renewable Diesel Project” means the conversion of the Mobile Refinery to a facility capable of producing Qualifying Renewable Fuel under the RFS Program.

 

Renewable Feedstock” means all renewable feedstocks, including Renewable Biomass.

 

Renewable Product” means Conforming Renewable Product or Non-Conforming Renewable Product.

 

Renewable Product Specifications” means (i) the requirements and specifications for fuels and fuel additives established by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Part 79 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations; (ii) the requirements and specifications established by the California Air Resources Board in Sections 2281, 2282, and 2284 of Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations; (iii) the requirements and specifications of American Society of Testing and Materials specification D 975; and (vi) all requirements under Applicable Law governing the production and composition of renewable diesel sold and used as vehicle fuel, including those imposed by any Governmental Authority and under any CFP.

 

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Replacement Lender” has the meaning specified therefor in Section 14.15.

 

Reportable Event” means any of the events set forth in Section 4043(c) of ERISA, other than events for which the thirty (30) day notice period has been waived.

 

Required Lenders” means Lenders holding more than 66 2/3% of the sum of (a) the undisbursed Term Loan Commitments then in effect plus (b) the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the Term Loans then outstanding. Such portion of the aggregate undisbursed Term Loan Commitments and the sum of the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loans then outstanding, as applicable, held by a Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Required Lenders at any time.

 

Resolution Authority” means EEA Resolution Authority or, with respect to any UK Financial Institution, a UK Resolution Authority.

 

Responsible Officer” means the President, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Head of Finance, or Controller of any Loan Party.

 

Restricted Payment” means (a) any dividend or other distribution (including without limitation Permitted Tax Distributions), direct or indirect, on account of any shares (or equivalent) of any class of Equity Interests of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, now or hereafter outstanding, (b) any redemption, retirement, sinking fund or similar payment, purchase or other acquisition for value, direct or indirect, of any shares (or equivalent) of any class of Equity Interests of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, now or hereafter outstanding, (c) any payment made to retire, or to obtain the surrender of, any outstanding warrants, options or other rights to acquire shares of any class of Equity Interests of any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries, now or hereafter outstanding, including with respect to the Existing Convertible Notes, (d) any payment with respect to any earnouts, hold back amounts, deferred purchase price, contingent obligations or similar obligation and (e) any payment or prepayment of principal of, premium, if any, or interest on, or redemption, purchase, conversion, retirement, defeasance (including in-substance or legal defeasance), sinking fund or similar payment with respect to, the Existing Convertible Notes or any Indebtedness subordinated to the Term Loan.

 

Revenue” means, for any Person, revenue received by such Person as determined in accordance with GAAP (consistently applied) from the sale of finished Goods, Inventory or services, in all cases in the ordinary course of such entity’s business, less returns, credits and sales taxes, computed using the same methodology employed in Current Financial Statements to report such matter.

 

RFS” means the renewable fuel program and policies established section 211(o) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. § 7545(o)) as implemented by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Subpart M of Part 80 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

 

RFS Program” means the renewable fuel program and policies established section 211(o) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. § 7545(o)) as implemented by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Subpart M of Part 80 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

 

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Right of First Offer” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(f).

 

RIN” means the renewable identification number, which is the serial number assigned to a batch of biofuel for the purpose of tracking biofuel production, use and trading as required by the RFS Program.

 

RIN Generation Protocol” is defined as the document (x) setting forth the Borrower’s process for RIN generation, transfer and separation and (y) establishing and describing the temperature-correcting methodology for Qualifying Renewable Fuel for inclusion in Engineering Review. For renewable diesel produced via co-processing renewable and petroleum feedstocks, the document must incorporate the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s required C14 testing protocol.

 

Rolling Stock” means all Equipment (as defined in the UCC) covered by a certificate of title under applicable state law, including, without limitation, trucks, trailers, tractors, and other registered mobile equipment.

 

Sanctions” means economic or financial sanctions, requirements or trade embargoes imposed, administered or enforced from time to time by Governmental Authorities in the United States (including, but not limited to, OFAC, the U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Department of Commerce), the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or any other relevant Governmental Authority.

 

Sanctions Target” means any Person: (a) that is the subject or target of any Sanctions; (b) named in any Sanctions-related list maintained by OFAC, the U.S. Department of State, the U.S. Department of Commerce or the U.S. Department of the Treasury, including the OFAC list of “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons,” or any similar list maintained by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or any other relevant Governmental Authority (c) located, organized or resident in a country, territory or geographical region which is itself the subject or target of any Sanctions (including, without limitation, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria, Crimea and so-called Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic regions of Ukraine, and, prior to January 1, 2017, Sudan) or (d) owned or controlled (as such terms are defined by the applicable Sanctions) by any such Person or Persons described in the foregoing clauses (a)-(c).

 

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any governmental or regulatory authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

 

Secured Bank Product Agreement” means any Bank Product permitted to be incurred under Section 7.5 and permitted to be secured under Section 7.4 that is entered into by and between any Loan Party (and to the extent such Loan Party is not the Borrower, the Borrower as joint and several primary obligor thereunder) and any Bank Product Provider and designated by the Borrower and the Bank Product Provider in writing to the Agent as a “Secured Bank Product Agreement”; provided that no such agreement (shall constitute a Secured Bank Product Agreement unless and until Agent receives an agreement (in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders) from such Person on or prior to the date that is ten (10) days after the provision of such Bank Product to a Loan Party (or such later date as Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) shall agree to in writing in its sole discretion) with respect to Bank Product Agreements entered into after the Closing Date. The designation of any Bank Products as a “Secured Bank Product Agreement” shall not create in favor of such Bank Product Provider any rights in connection with the management or release of Collateral or the obligations of any Loan Party under the Loan Documents.

 

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Secured Hedge Agreement” means any Hedging Agreement permitted to be incurred under Section 7.5 and permitted to be secured under Section 7.4 that is entered into by and between any Loan Party (and to the extent such Loan Party is not the Borrower, the Borrower as joint and several primary obligor thereunder) and any Hedge Provider and designated by the Borrower and the Hedge Provider in writing to the Agent as a “Secured Hedge Agreement”; provided that no such agreement (shall constitute a Secured Hedge Agreement unless and until Agent receives an agreement (in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders) from such Person on or prior to the date that is ten (10) days after the effectiveness of such Hedging Agreement (or such later date as Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) shall agree to in writing in its sole discretion) with respect to Hedging Agreements entered into after the Closing Date. The designation of any Hedging Agreement as a “Secured Hedge Agreement” as provided above shall not create in favor of such Hedge Provider any rights in connection with the management or release of Collateral or the obligations of any Loan Party under the Loan Documents.

 

Secured Obligations” means all Obligations, all Bank Product Obligations arising under Secured Bank Product Agreements and Secured Hedge Agreements, any Erroneous Payment Subrogation Rights and all Additional Secured Obligations.

 

Secured Parties” means, collectively, the Agent, the Lenders, the Bank Product Providers party to Secured Bank Product Agreements, the Indemnified Persons and each co-agent or sub-agent appointed by the Agent from time to time pursuant to Section 12.1; provided that no such Bank Product Provider (including any Hedge Provider), in its capacity as such, shall have any rights under any Loan Document in connection with the management or release of any Collateral or the obligations of any Loan Party under the Loan Documents.

 

Securities Account” means any “securities account” as defined in the Code.

 

Selling Initial Lender” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.1(f).

 

Similar Business” any of the following, whether domestic or foreign: refining used motor oil (as described in the definition of Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture), processing various grades of sweet crude oil and renewable biomass into gasoline, diesel, renewable diesel, vacuum gas oil, jet, renewable jet, benzene concentrate, LPG and other miscellaneous related products or byproducts, for sale to customers via pipeline, marine transportation and truck, any acquired business activity so long as a material portion of such acquired business was otherwise a Similar Business, and any business that is ancillary or complementary to the foregoing.

 

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Solvency Certificate” means a solvency certificate in substantially the form of Exhibit H.

 

Subject Indebtedness” has the meaning given to such term in Section 6.20.

 

Subordinated Debt” means any Indebtedness incurred by any Loan Party that is subordinated to the Secured Obligations pursuant to a Subordination Agreement on terms acceptable to Required Lenders.

 

Subordination Agreement” means any subordination, intercreditor, or other similar agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the Required Lenders entered into between Agent and the other creditor, on terms acceptable to the Required Lenders whereby a Person subordinates the Indebtedness of a Loan Party owing to such Person to the Indebtedness of a Loan Party owing to Agent and/or Lenders.

 

Subordination Provisions” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 8.16.

 

Subsidiary” means any Person that is an entity of which a majority of the outstanding capital stock, membership interests or other equity interests entitled to vote for the election of directors, managers or the equivalent is owned, controlled or held by Parent directly or indirectly through Subsidiaries including any Subsidiary formed after the date hereofClosing Date, in each case, other than Excluded Subsidiaries as of such date.

 

Subsidiary Guarantor” has the meaning given to such term in preamble to this Agreement.

 

Supermajority Lenders” means Lenders holding more than 80% of the sum of (a) the undisbursed Term Loan Commitments then in effect plus (b) the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the Term Loans then outstanding. Such portion of the aggregate undisbursed Term Loan Commitments and the sum of the aggregate unpaid principal amount of the Term Loans then outstanding, as applicable, held by a Defaulting Lender shall be excluded for purposes of making a determination of Supermajority Lenders at any time.

 

Supported QFC” has the meaning given to such term in Section 14.10(b).

 

Synthetic Lease Obligations” means, as to any Person, an amount equal to the capitalized amount of the remaining lease payments under any synthetic lease that would appear on a balance sheet of such Person in accordance with GAAP (consistently applied) if such obligations were accounted for as Capital Lease Obligations.

 

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Tax Group” has the meaning set forth in the definition of “Permitted Tax Distributions”.

 

Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

 

Term Loan” means (a) the term loan funded from the Escrow Account to the Borrower on the Closing Date pursuant to Section 2.1 in the aggregate principal amount of $125,000,000 (the “Initial Term Loan”) and (b) the additional term loan funded by the Lenders to the Borrower on the Amendment Effective Date pursuant to Amendment Number One in the aggregate principal amount of $40,000,000 (the “Additional Term Loan”), together which are equal to the Term Loan Commitment.

 

Term Loan Commitment” means (i) on the Closing Date, (a) with respect to all Lenders, $125,000,000 and (b) with respect to each Lender, the amount set forth opposite such Lender’s name on Schedule 2.1(a) attached hereto under the column entitled “Term Loan Commitment”.Commitments as of the Closing Date”, which for the avoidance of doubt were funded in full on the Closing Date and (ii) on the Amendment Effective Date, (a) with respect to all Lenders, $40,000,000 and (b) with respect to each Lender, the amount set forth opposite such Lender’s name on Schedule 2.1(a) attached hereto under the column entitled “Additional Term Loan Commitments as of the Amendment Effective Date”.

 

Term Loan Priority Collateral” has the meaning specified therefor in the Intercreditor Agreement.

 

Threshold Amount” means $2,000,000.

 

Title Insurance Policy” means a mortgagee’s loan policy, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders, together with all customary endorsements made from time to time thereto and available in the state in which the New Facility is located, issued by or on behalf of a title insurance company reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders, insuring the Lien created by a Mortgage in an amount equal to the loan amount allocated to such real property secured by the Mortgage and on terms otherwise reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders and delivered thereto.

 

Trademarks” means any and all trademark and service mark rights, whether registered or not, applications to register and registrations of the same and like protections (whether filed with the USPTO or any similar offices in any State of the United States), and the entire goodwill of the business of Loan Party connected with and symbolized by such trademarks, together with any and all (i) rights and privileges arising under Applicable Law, (ii) extensions and renewals thereof and (iii) rights corresponding thereto throughout the world.

 

Transfer” has the meaning given to such term in Section 7.2. “Transferred” has a correlative meaning.

 

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UK Financial Institution” means any BRRD Undertaking (as such term is defined under the PRA Rulebook (as amended from time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Prudential Regulation Authority) or any person falling with IFPRU 11.6 of the FCA Handbook (as amended from time to time) promulgated by the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority, which includes certain credit institutions and investment firms, and certain affiliates of such credit institutions or investment firms.

 

UK Resolution Authority” means the Bank of England or any other public administrative authority having responsibility for the resolution of any UK Financial Institution.

 

Unrestricted Cash” of any Person, means cash or Cash Equivalents of such Person, (a) that are not, and are not required to be, designated as “restricted” on the financial statements of such Person, (b) that are not contractually required, and have not been contractually committed by such Person, to be used for a specific purpose, (c) that are not subject to (i) any provision of law, statute, rule or regulation, (ii) any provision of the organizational documents of such Person, (iii) any order of any Governmental Authority or (iv) any contractual restriction (including the terms of any Equity Interests), in each case of (i) through (iv), preventing such cash or Cash Equivalents from being applied to the payment of the Obligations, (d)     in which no Person other than Agent has a Lien other than Permitted Liens as set forth in clause (f) of the definition of Permitted Liens, and (e) that are held in a Deposit Account or Securities Account, as applicable, in which Agent has a valid and enforceable security interest, perfected by “control” (within the meaning of the applicable Code or for any Deposit Account or Securities Account located outside the United States, other controlling legal authority), but in all cases shall exclude the amount of such Person’s Indebtedness which is more than 10 Business Days overdue (or in the case of Indebtedness of the type described in clause (e) of the definition of Indebtedness, remains outstanding more than 10 Business Days from the date constituting Indebtedness).

 

U.S. Borrower” means any Borrower that is a U.S. Person.

 

U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

U.S. Special Resolution Regimes” has the meaning given to such term in Section 14.10(b).

 

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate” has the meaning given to such term in Section 2.9(g).

 

USA FREEDOM Act” means The Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ending Eavesdropping, Dragnet-collection and Online Monitoring (USA FREEDOM ACT) Act of 2015, Public Law 114-23 (June 2, 2015), as may be amended.

 

USA PATRIOT Act” means The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Title III of Pub. L. No. 107-56 (signed into law October 26, 2001)), as may be amended.

 

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Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture” means the sale, transfer or other disposition of any substantial portion of the businesses and related assets owned or controlled by Borrower and/or its Affiliates consisting primarily of (1) operating two used oil refineries and a barge terminal and, in connection therewith, acquiring used lubricating oils from commercial and retail establishments and re-refining such oils into processed oils and other products for the distribution, supply and sale to end-customers, (2) collecting and processing used motor oil, oil filters, and related automotive waste streams and (3) the provision of related products and support services.

 

Vehicles” means (i) all cars, Rolling Stock, construction and earth moving equipment and other vehicles covered by a certificate of title or similar evidence of title, law of any state, (ii) motor vehicles, trailers, and road vehicles in each case as defined in any applicable UCC and any other term now or hereafter used to describe or define any of the foregoing in any applicable UCC, and (iii) in any event, shall include, without limitation, the vehicles listed on Schedules 3(A)(4) or 3(A)(5) of the Disclosure Letter.

 

Warrant Agreement” means that certain Warrant Agreement, dated as of the date hereofClosing Date, by and between Parent and Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, as “Warrant Agent” thereunder, as the same may be amended, restated, amended and restated, modified or otherwise supplemented from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

 

Warrants” means (i) the warrants to purchase shares of common stock of Parent issued by Parent to the Initial Lenders (or at the Initial Lender’s option, an Affiliate or Approved Fund of such Initial Lender) on the date hereofClosing Date pursuant to Section 2.122.11, which warrants are governed by and subject to the terms of the Warrant Agreement. (the “Initial Warrants”) and (ii) the warrants to purchase shares of common stock of Parent issued by Parent to the Initial Lenders (or at the Initial Lender’s option, an Affiliate or Approved Fund of such Initial Lender) on the Amendment Effective Date pursuant to Section 2.11, which warrants are governed by and subject to the terms of the Additional Warrant Agreement (the “Additional Warrants”).

 

Whitebox Lender” means each of the Lenders party hereto that are affiliated with or managed by Whitebox Advisors, LLC.

 

Withholding Agent” means the Borrower and the Agent.

 

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, (a) with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule, and (b) with respect to the United Kingdom, any powers of the applicable Resolution Authority under the Bail-In Legislation to cancel, reduce, modify or change the form of a liability of any UK Financial Institution or any contract or instrument under which that liability arises, to convert all or part of that liability into shares, securities or obligations of that person or any other person, to provide that any such contract or instrument is to have effect as if a right had been exercised under it or to suspend any obligation in respect of that liability or any of the powers under that Bail-In Legislation that are related to or ancillary to any of those powers.

 

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1.2          Divisions. For all purposes under the Loan Documents, in connection with any division or plan of division under Delaware law (or any comparable event under a different jurisdiction’s laws): (a) if any asset, right, obligation or liability of any Person becomes the asset, right, obligation or liability of a different Person, then it shall be deemed to have been transferred from the original Person to the subsequent Person, and (b) if any new Person comes into existence, such new Person shall be deemed to have been organized on the first date of its existence by the holders of its Equity Interests at such time.

 

1.3         Other Interpretive Provisions. References in this Agreement to “Articles,” “Sections,” “Exhibits,” “Schedules” and “Annexes” are to articles, sections, exhibits, schedules and annexes herein and hereto unless otherwise indicated. References in this Agreement and each of the other Loan Documents to (a) any other document, instrument or agreement shall include all exhibits, schedules, annexes and other attachments thereto, and (b) any law, statute or regulation shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing, supplementing or interpreting such law, statute or regulation, and (c) any reference herein to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s successors and permitted assigns. References to this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents shall mean such document, instrument or agreement, or replacement or predecessor thereto, as amended, modified and supplemented from time to time and in effect at any given time, provided that Borrower may amend the Disclosure Letter unilaterally only as expressly authorized in Section 5 herein. The words “hereof,” “herein” and “hereunder” and words of similar import when used in this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall refer to this Agreement or such other Loan Document, as the case may be, as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Agreement or such other Loan Document, as the case may be. The words “include” and “including” and words or similar import when used in this Agreement or any other Loan Document shall not be construed to be limiting or exclusive. Unless otherwise indicated in this Agreement or any other Loan Document, (d) all references to dollars, Dollars or $ shall mean United States Dollars, and (e)     all accounting terms used in this Agreement or any other Loan Document (e.g. revenue) shall be construed, and all accounting and financial computations hereunder or thereunder shall be computed, in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied. Any of the terms defined herein may, unless the context otherwise requires, be used in the singular or the plural, depending on the reference. Whenever the context may require, any pronoun shall include the corresponding masculine, feminine and neuter forms. Any reference herein or in any other Loan Document to the “satisfaction,” “repayment,” “paid in full” or “payment in full” of the Secured Obligations (including the “Guaranteed Obligations” and the “Secured Obligations” as may be defined in any Collateral Document) shall mean the repayment in Dollars in full in cash of immediately available funds of all of the Secured Obligations other than (x) unasserted contingent indemnification obligations or (y) Bank Product Obligations or Additional Secured Obligations relating to such Bank Product Obligations unless acceptable arrangements have been made with the Bank Product Providers holding such Bank Product Obligations. A Default or Event of Default shall be deemed to exist at all times during the period commencing on the date that such Default or Event of Default occurs to the date on which such Default or Event of Default is waived in writing pursuant to this Credit Agreement or, in the case of a Default, is cured within any period of cure expressly provided for in this Credit Agreement; and an Event of Default shall “continue” or be “continuing” until such Event of Default has been waived in writing by the Required Lender.

 

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2.Term Loan and Terms of Payment.

 

2.1Term Loan.

 

(a)                  Prior to the date hereofClosing Date, subject to the terms and conditions of the Commitment Letter and the Escrow Agreement, each Lender shall have funded the Initial Term Loan in an amount equal to its Term Loan Commitment (net of certain fees and expenses payable prior to the date hereof fromClosing Date pursuant to the Fee Letter) to the Escrow Account. Upon satisfaction of the conditions precedent specified in Section 3.1, the Initial Lenders, shall, together with the Borrower, deliver a Joint Release Instruction (as defined in the Escrow Agreement) to the Escrow Agent under the Escrow Agreement directing the Escrow Agent to make the full amount on deposit in the Escrow Account available to the Borrower on the Closing Date for disbursement (net of certain fees and expenses payable pursuant to the Commitment Letter) in accordance with the Funds Flow Memorandum, which shall constitute the making of the Initial Term Loan to the Borrower for purposes hereof.

 

(b)                 Upon satisfaction and/or waiver of the conditions precedent specified in Section 4 of Amendment Number One, on the Amendment Effective Date, each Lender shall fund the Additional Term Loan in an amount equal to its Term Loan Commitment (net of certain fees and expenses payable prior to the Amendment Effective Date pursuant to the Amendment Number One Fee Letter) to the Borrower in accordance with the Funds Flow Memorandum, which shall constitute the making of the Additional Term Loan to the Borrower for purposes hereof.

 

2.2Use of Proceeds; The Term Loan.

 

(a)                  Use of Proceeds. The proceeds of the Initial Term Loan provided on the Closing Date, shall be used solely to fund (i) the Mobile Refinery Acquisition, (ii) the renewable diesel conversion of the Mobile Refinery, (iii) working capital and liquidity needs and (iv) certain fees and expenses associated with the closing of the Initial Term Loan, in all cases, subject to the terms of this Agreement. The proceeds of the Additional Term Loan provided on the Amendment Effective Date, shall be used solely to fund (i) all or a portion of the purchase price under the Heartland Purchase Agreement and the Acquisition Side Letter and (ii) certain fees and expenses associated with the closing of the transactions contemplated by the Heartland Purchase Agreement and the Acquisition Side Letter, and the Additional Term Loan, in all cases, subject to the terms of this Agreement.

 

(b)                 The Term Loan. The Term Loan shall be repayable as set forth in Section 2.4. If prepaid or repaid, the principal of the Term Loan may not be re-borrowed. Each Lender and Agent may, and are hereby authorized by Borrower to, endorse in Lender’s and Agent’s books and records appropriate notations regarding such Lender’s interest in the Term Loan; provided, however, that the failure to make, or an error in making, any such notation shall not limit or otherwise affect the Obligations.

 

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2.3Procedure for Making the Term Loan; Interest.

 

(a)Notice and Eligibility.

 

(i)            (a) Notice and Eligibility. The Notice of Borrowing for the Initial Term Loan must be submitted by 3:00 p.m. New York time at least one (1) Business Day before the Closing Date. Upon receipt of a Notice of Borrowing, Agent shall promptly notify the Lenders. The Closing Date shall be subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in Section 3.1. Upon satisfaction of the conditions set forth in Section 3.1, each Initial Lender with a Term Loan Commitment applicable to suchInitial Term Loan agrees, severally and not jointly, to deliver the Joint Release Instruction as provided in Section 2.12. The amount of the requested Initial Term Loan on the Closing Date shall be $125,000,000 (net of any upfront fees and OID).

 

(ii)                 The Notice of Borrowing for the Additional Term Loan must be submitted by 3:00 p.m. New York time at least one (1) Business Day before the Amendment Effective Date. Upon receipt of such Notice of Borrowing, Agent shall promptly notify the Lenders. Upon satisfaction and/or waiver of the conditions set forth in Section 4 of Amendment Number One, each Lender with a Term Loan Commitment applicable to the Additional Term Loan agrees, severally and not jointly, to fund its Pro Rata Percentage of the Additional Term Loan to the Borrower to such account specified in the Notice of Borrowing. The amount of the requested Additional Term Loan on the Amendment Effective Date shall be $40,000,000 (net of any upfront fees and OID).

 

(b)           Interest Rate. Interest will accrue on the unpaid principal amount of the Term Loan from the date of thefunding of such Term Loan until thesuch Term Loan has been paid in full, at a per annum rate of interest equal to the Applicable Rate, payable as set forth in Section 2.4(a). All computations of interest shall be based on a year of three hundred sixty (360) days for actual days elapsed including the first day, but excluding the last. Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, the amount of interest payable hereunder shall not in any event exceed the maximum amount permitted by the law applicable to interest charged on commercial loans.

 

(c)           Disbursement. Subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth in Section 3.1, upon receipt of the funds from the Escrow Account, Agent shall make all funds so received available to Borrower in like funds as received by Agent by wire transfer of such in accordance with the Funds Flow Memorandum.

 

2.4Payments of Principal and Interest.

 

(a)            Interest Payments. Interest on the Term Loan shall be payable in cash (i) quarterly, in arrears, on the last Business Day of each calendar quarter, commencing on the last Business Day of the calendar quarter ending June 30, 2022, (ii) in connection with any payment, prepayment or repayment of the Term Loan, and (iii) at maturity (whether upon demand, by acceleration or otherwise).

 

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(b)           Amortization of Principal. On the last Business Day of each March, June, September and December ending on or after March 31, 2023, Borrower shall repay the Term Loan in quarterly installments as specified in the table below which amounts shall be reduced as a result of the application of prepayments in accordance with the order of priority set forth in Section 2.6(c), unless accelerated sooner pursuant to Section 9.1:

 

Payment Dates Principal Repayment Installments
March 31, 2023 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
June 30, 2023 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
September 30, 2023 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
December 31, 2023 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
March 31, 2024 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
June 30, 2024 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
September 30, 2024 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00
December 31, 2024 $1,562,500.002,062,500.00

 

provided, however, that if any principal repayment installment to be made by the Borrower shall come due on a day other than a Business Day, such principal repayment installment shall be due on the next succeeding Business Day, and such extension of time shall be reflected in computing interest or fees, as the case may be.

 

(c)           Principal Payment at Maturity. Unless the Term Loan is prepaid in full prior to the Maturity Date, Borrower shall pay the entire unpaid principal and accrued interest and all unpaid Obligations constituting Secured Obligations and Additional Secured Obligations relating to such Obligations on the Maturity Date. Agent shall allocate and distribute all such payments of principal and accrued interest to the Lenders based on each Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage.

 

2.5Fees and Expenses.

 

(a)           [Reserved].

 

(b)           Applicable Premium. (A) Upon the making of any payment, repayment, prepayment (other than payments under Sections 2.4(b), 2.6(a)(iii), 2.6(a)(v) or 2.6(a)(vii)), replacement, refinancing, reduction or other satisfaction of the Term Loan (including, without limitation, as a result of acceleration and/or as otherwise contemplated below) (any such event, a “Payment”) (i) at any time during the first eighteen (18) months after the Closing Date, the Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the account of the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentage (x), one hundred fifty percent (150%) of the Applicable Rate or Default Rate (as applicable), multiplied by (y), the amount of such prepayment, (ii) at any time during or after the nineteenth (19th) month through twenty-fourth (24th) month after the Closing Date, the Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the account of the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentage (x), fifty percent (50%) of the Applicable Rate or Default Rate (as applicable), multiplied by (y), the amount of such Payment and (iii) at any time during or after the twenty-fifth (25) month after the Closing Date but prior to the date that is 90 days before the Maturity Date, the Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the account of the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentage (x), twenty five percent (25%) of the Applicable Rate or Default Rate (as applicable), multiplied by (y), the amount of such Payment or (B) upon the making of any prepayment in accordance with Section 2.6(a)(v) or Section 2.6(a)(vii), the Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the account of the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentage, a premium equal to 1.00% of the aggregate principal amount of the Term Loan so prepaid (collectively, each a “Prepayment Premium”).

 

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Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Borrower acknowledges and agrees that if payment of the Obligations is accelerated or the Term Loan and other Obligations otherwise become due prior to the time period specified above, in each case, in respect of any Event of Default (including, but not limited to, upon the occurrence of a bankruptcy or insolvency event (including the acceleration of claims by operation of Applicable Law) or a Change of Control) or otherwise, the Prepayment Premium with respect to any payment, repayment or prepayment of the Term Loan will also be due and payable immediately as though the Term Loan were prepaid (regardless of whether all or any portion of the Term Loan were or will be paid or prepaid) and shall constitute part of the Secured Obligations, in view of the impracticability and extreme difficulty of ascertaining actual damages and by mutual agreement of the parties as to a reasonable calculation of each Lender’s lost profits as a result thereof. The Prepayment Premium payable above shall be presumed to be the liquidated damages sustained by each Lender as the result of the early redemption and the Loan Parties agree that it is reasonable under the circumstances currently existing. The Prepayment Premium shall also be payable immediately in the event the Term Loans are satisfied, restructured, discharged or released by foreclosure (whether by power of judicial proceeding), deed in lieu of foreclosure or by any other means on any date prior to the Maturity Date. EACH OF THE LOAN PARTIES EXPRESSLY WAIVES (TO THE FULLEST EXTENT IT MAY LAWFULLY DO SO) THE PROVISIONS OF ANY PRESENT OR FUTURE STATUTE OR LAW THAT PROHIBITS OR MAY PROHIBIT THE COLLECTION OF THE FOREGOING PREPAYMENT PREMIUM IN CONNECTION WITH ANY SUCH ACCELERATION. The Loan Parties expressly agree (to the fullest extent they may lawfully do so) that: (A) the Prepayment Premium is reasonable and is the product of an arm’s-length transaction between sophisticated business people, ably represented by counsel; (B) the Prepayment Premium shall be payable notwithstanding the then-prevailing market rates at the time payment is made; (C) there has been a course of conduct between the Lenders and the Loan Parties giving specific consideration in this transaction for such agreement to pay the Prepayment Premium; and (D) the Loan Parties shall be estopped hereafter from claiming differently than as agreed to in this paragraph. The Loan Parties expressly acknowledge that the Borrower’s agreement to pay the Prepayment Premium to the Lenders as herein described is a material inducement to the Lenders to provide the Term Loan. For the avoidance of doubt, each reference to the Term Loan in this paragraph shall include all interest (if any) that has been capitalized and added to the principal of the Term Loan from time to time.

 

(c)           Agent Fees. The Borrower agrees to pay Agent the fees set forth in the Agent Fee Letter.

 

(d)           Lender Expenses. On the Closing Date, Borrower shall pay to Agent, for the benefit of the applicable Persons, (i) the fees set forth in the Commitment Letter and (ii) all unreimbursed Lender Expenses, which Agent may deduct from the Escrow Amount (as defined in the Escrow Agreement). Thereafter, all unreimbursed Lender Expenses shall be due and payable on demand. Agent shall allocate and disburse such payments to the Person having incurred such Lender Expenses.

 

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2.6Prepayments.

 

(a)Mandatory Prepayments.

 

(i)            Acceleration. If, at the election of Agent (acting at the direction of the Required Lenders) repayment of the Term Loan is accelerated following the occurrence and continuance of an Event of Default, then Borrower shall immediately pay to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, as applicable (x) (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder plus (y) if applicable, the Prepayment Premium.

 

(ii)[Reserved].

 

(iii)          Recovery Event Proceeds. Subject in all respects to the terms and conditions of and the rights of other secured parties set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, Borrower shall prepay the Term Loans in an aggregate amount equal to 100% of the Recovery Event Proceeds concurrently upon receipt of the same by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent and the same shall be applied to (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder; provided, however, that so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, such Recovery Event Proceeds shall not be required to be so applied to the extent that Borrower notifies Agent prior to or concurrently with receipt of such Recovery Event Proceeds that the same will be used (and to the extent Borrower, Parent or such Subsidiary actually uses such Recovery Event Proceeds) for the replacement, substitution or restoration of the assets subject to the applicable Casualty Event or condemnation within one hundred eighty (180) days after the receipt of such Recovery Event Proceeds; provided further that, if at any time Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent determines that such Recovery Event Proceeds or any portion thereof will not be so used within one hundred eighty (180) days after the receipt of such Recovery Event Proceeds, such Recovery Event Proceeds shall be immediately applied to prepay the Term Loans as required above.

 

(iv)          Transfers and Involuntary Dispositions (Excluding the Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture). Subject in all respects to the terms and conditions of, and the rights of other secured parties set forth in, the Intercreditor Agreement, Borrower shall (x) prepay the Term Loans in an aggregate amount equal to 100% of the Net Cash Proceeds received by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent from all Transfers (other than Permitted Transfers and any Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture) and Involuntary Dispositions within five (5) Business Days of the date of such Transfer or Involuntary Disposition and shall be applied to (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder and (y) shall immediately pay to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, if applicable, the Prepayment Premium; provided, however, that so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, such Net Cash Proceeds shall not be required to be so applied at the election of the Borrower (as notified by the Borrower to the Agent) to the extent Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent reinvests all or any portion of such Net Cash Proceeds in operating assets (other than current assets) used in the business within one hundred eighty (180) days after the receipt of such Net Cash Proceeds; provided further that, if such Net Cash Proceeds shall have not been so reinvested, such Net Cash Proceeds shall be immediately applied to prepay the Term Loans as required above.

 

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(v)           Used Motor Oil Asset Divesture (Required Amounts). Subject to Section 2.6(d), Borrower shall (x) prepay (a) the Term Loans in an aggregate amount equal to 50% of the Net Cash Proceeds received by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent from any Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture (such proceeds “UMO Sale Proceeds”) within five (5) Business Days of the date of such Transfer; provided, however, that so long as no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, such Net Cash Proceeds shall not be required to be so applied until at least $5,000,000 of Net Cash Proceeds have been received by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent and thereafter shall be applied to (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder and (y) shall immediately pay to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, if applicable, the Prepayment Premium.

 

(vi)          Used Motor Oil Asset Divesture (Elective Amounts). Subject to Section 2.6(d), Borrower may, at its election, offer to prepay (x) the Term Loans in an aggregate amount greater than the 50% of the UMO Sale Proceeds received by any Loan Party in clause (v) above, within five (5) Business Days of the date of such Transfer; such excess Net Cash Proceeds shall be applied to (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii)     the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan, (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder and (y) shall immediately pay to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, if applicable, the Prepayment Premium.

 

(vii)         Change of Control. Upon a Change of Control, Borrower shall immediately offer to pay to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, as applicable (x) (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan due prior to the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan and (iii) all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder and (y) the Prepayment Premium.

 

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(viii)        Equity Issuance. Immediately upon the receipt by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent of the Net Cash Proceeds of any Equity Issuance (other than any Permitted Equity Issuance) Borrower shall prepay the Term Loans in an aggregate amount equal to 100% of such Net Cash Proceeds plus if applicable, the Prepayment Premium.

 

(ix)           Issuance of Indebtedness. Immediately upon the receipt by Borrower, Parent or any Subsidiary of Parent of the Net Cash Proceeds of any Indebtedness (other than any Permitted Indebtedness), the Borrower shall prepay the Term Loans as hereinafter provided in an aggregate amount equal to 100% of such Net Cash Proceeds plus if applicable, the Prepayment Premium.

 

(b)           Voluntary Prepayments. Borrower may voluntarily prepay the Term Loan in whole or in part, at any time; provided that each of the following conditions is satisfied: Borrower pays to Agent for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, as applicable, (i) all accrued and unpaid payments of interest with respect to the Term Loan (or portion thereof subject to prepayment) due up to and including the date of prepayment, (ii) the outstanding principal amount of the Term Loan being prepaid, (iii) to the extent the Term Loan is being voluntarily prepaid in full, all other sums, if any, that shall have become due and payable hereunder with respect to the Term Loan, including all Obligations due hereunder and (iv) the Prepayment Premium. Term Loans bearing interest based on the Base Rate may be prepaid with same-day written notice, which is received by the Agent no later than 11:00 a.m. New York time on a Business Day, subject to the applicable Prepayment Premium.

 

(c)           Each prepayment of the outstanding Term Loan pursuant to this Section 2.6 shall be applied to the principal repayment installments thereof in indirect order of maturity on a pro rata basis. Such prepayments shall be paid to the Lenders in accordance with their Pro Rata Percentage.

 

(d)           Borrower shall notify the Agent in writing (such writing to include, the subsection of this Section 2.6 pursuant to which such prepayment is being made, the amount of such prepayment (including any Prepayment Premium) and the date of such prepayment) of any prepayment required to be made pursuant to this Section 2.6 at least one (1) Business Day prior to the date of such prepayment. Each Lender may elect (in its sole discretion) to decline all or any portion of its Pro Rata Percentage of any mandatory prepayment pursuant to Section 2.6(a)(v) or Section 2.6(a)(vi) (such declined amounts the “Declined Proceeds” and each such Lender, a “Declining Lender”) by giving notice of such election in writing to the Agent by 11:00 a.m. New York time on the date that is one (1) Business Day after the date of such Lender’s receipt of notice from the Agent regarding such prepayment. If a Lender fails to deliver a notice of election declining receipt of its Pro Rata Percentage of such mandatory prepayment to the Agent within the time frame specified above, any such failure will be deemed to constitute an acceptance of such Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage of the total amount of such mandatory prepayment of Term Loans. Upon receipt by the Agent of such notice, the Agent shall immediately notify the Borrower of such election. Any Declined Proceeds shall (1) first, be applied to prepay non-Declining Lenders’ Pro Rata Percentage of the outstanding amount of the Term Loan (excluding the outstanding amount of the Term Loan owed to the Declining Lenders) and (2) second, be retained by the Borrower; provided that non-Declining Lenders’ may decline such additional amounts under clause (1) and such amounts will be retained by the Borrower and/or applied by the Borrower in any manner not inconsistent with the terms of this Agreement. If the Borrower elects to voluntarily prepay the outstanding amount of the Term Loan with any Declined Proceeds, then such prepayment shall be accompanied with the applicable Prepayment Premium.

 

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2.7Other Payment Terms.

 

(a)           Place and Manner. Except as otherwise provided herein. all payments to be made by Borrower under any Loan Document, including payments of principal and accrued but unpaid interest hereunder, and all fees and Lender Expenses shall be made without setoff or counterclaim from. All payments to be made by Borrower under any of the Loan Documents shall be made by 3:00 p.m. New York time in immediately available funds by same day wire transfer to Agent, for its benefit and the benefit of Lenders, as applicable, in accordance with the wire transfer instructions as provided in writing by Agent from time to time. Unless otherwise determined by Agent (acting at the direction of the Required Lenders), all payments received from Borrower shall be applied first to any outstanding fees and/or Lender Expenses, then to accrued and unpaid interest, then to principal. Any wire transfer or payment received by Agent after 3:00 p.m. New York time may be deemed to have been received by Agent, in its sole discretion, as of the opening of business on the immediately following Business Day. Any prepayment made pursuant to Section 2.6 shall be accompanied by interest to, but not including, the prepayment date on the amount so prepaid.

 

(b)           Date. Whenever any payment due hereunder shall fall due on a day other than a Business Day, such payment shall be made on the next succeeding Business Day, and such extension of time shall be included in the computation of interest or fees, as the case may be.

 

(c)           Default Rate. If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, at the election of the Required Lenders (or automatically if an Event of Default pursuant to Sections 8.1, 8.9 or 8.10 is continuing), Borrower shall pay interest on the Obligations from the date of such Event of Default until such Event of Default is cured, at a per annum rate equal to the Default Rate. All computations of interest shall be made on the basis of a year of 360 days, as the case may be, and actual days elapsed.

 

(d)           Sharing of Payments, Etc. If any Lender, directly or through an Affiliate or branch office thereof, obtains any payment of any Obligation of any Loan Party (whether voluntary, involuntary or through the exercise of any right of setoff or the receipt of any Collateral or “proceeds” (as defined under the applicable Code) of Collateral) (and other than pursuant to Section 2.8, Section 14.1, Section 14.15, or any purchase option pursuant to any intercreditor agreement or any subordination agreement to which Agent is a party) and such payment exceeds the amount such Lender would have been entitled to receive if all payments had gone to, and been distributed by, Agent in accordance with the provisions of the Loan Documents, such Lender shall purchase for cash from other Lenders such participations in their Obligations as necessary for such Lender to share such excess payment with such Lenders to ensure such payment is applied as though it had been received by Agent and applied in accordance with this Agreement (or, if such application would then be at the discretion of the Borrower, applied to repay the Obligations in accordance herewith); provided, however, that (i) if such payment is rescinded or otherwise recovered from such Lender in whole or in part, such purchase shall be rescinded and the purchase price therefor shall be returned to such Lender without interest and (ii) such Lender shall, to the fullest extent permitted by applicable requirements of law, be able to exercise all its rights of payment (including the right of setoff) with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were the direct creditor of the applicable Loan Party in the amount of such participation.

 

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(e)           Defaulting Lenders.

 

(i)            Responsibility. The failure of any Defaulting Lender to make any Term Loan, or to fund any purchase of any participation required to be made or funded by hereunder, or to make any payment required by it under any Loan Document on the date specified therefor shall not relieve any other Lender of its obligations to make such loan, fund the purchase of any such participation, or make any other such required payment on such date, and neither Agent nor, other than as expressly set forth herein, any other Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any Defaulting Lender to make a loan, fund the purchase of a participation or make any other required payment under any Loan Document.

 

(ii)           Voting Rights. Notwithstanding anything set forth herein to the contrary, including Section 14.4, a Defaulting Lender shall not have any voting or consent rights under or with respect to any Loan Document (or be, or have its Term Loans and Term Loan Commitments, included in the determination of “Required Lenders” or “Lenders directly and adversely affected” pursuant to Section 14.4) for any voting or consent rights under or with respect to any Loan Document, provided that (A) the Term Loan Commitment of a Defaulting Lender may not be increased, extended or reinstated, (B) the principal of a Defaulting Lender’s Term Loans may not be reduced or forgiven, and (C) the interest rate applicable to Obligations under the Loan Documents owing to a Defaulting Lender may not be reduced in such a manner that by its terms affects such Defaulting Lender more adversely than other Lenders, in each case, without the consent of such Defaulting Lender. Moreover, for the purposes of determining Required Lenders, the Term Loans and Term Loan Commitments held by Defaulting Lenders shall be excluded from the total Term Loans and Term Loan Commitments outstanding.

 

(iii)           Borrower Payments to a Defaulting Lender. Agent shall be authorized to use all payments received by Agent for the benefit of any Defaulting Lender pursuant to this Agreement to pay in full the Aggregate Excess Funding Amount to the appropriate Lenders. Upon any such unfunded obligations owing by a Defaulting Lender becoming due and payable, Agent shall be authorized to use such cash collateral to make such payment on behalf of such Defaulting Lender. In the event that Agent is holding cash collateral of a Defaulting Lender that cures pursuant to clause (iv) below or ceases to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to the definition of Defaulting Lender, Agent shall return the unused portion of such cash collateral to such Lender. The “Aggregate Excess Funding Amount” of a Defaulting Lender shall be the aggregate amount of all unpaid obligations owing by such Lender to Agent, and other Lenders under the Loan Documents.

 

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(iv)          Cure. A Lender may cure its status as a Defaulting Lender under clause (a) of the definition of Defaulting Lender if such Lender fully pays to Agent, on behalf of the applicable Lenders the Aggregate Excess Funding Amount, plus all interest due thereon. Any such cure shall not relieve any Lender from liability for breaching its Contractual Obligations hereunder and shall not constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from that Lender’s having been a Defaulting Lender.

 

2.8Increased Costs.

 

If any Change in Law shall:

 

(a)           impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets of, deposits with or for the account of, or credit extended or participated in by, any Lender;

 

(b)           subject any Recipient to any Taxes (other than (A) Indemnified Taxes, (B) Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and (C) Connection Income Taxes) on its loans, loan principal, letters of credit, commitments, or other obligations, or its deposits, reserves, other liabilities or capital attributable thereto; or

 

(c)           impose on any Lender or the London interbank market any other condition, cost or expense (other than Taxes) affecting this Agreement or Term Loans made by such Lender or participation in any such Term Loan;

 

and the result of any of the foregoing shall be to increase the cost to such Lender or such other Recipient of making, converting to, continuing or maintaining any Term Loan or of maintaining its obligation to make any such Term Loan, or to reduce the amount of any sum received or receivable by such Lender or other Recipient hereunder (whether of principal, interest or any other amount) then, upon request of such Lender or other Recipient, the Borrower will pay to such Lender or other Recipient, as the case may be, such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or other Recipient, as the case may be, for such additional costs incurred or reduction suffered.

 

2.9Taxes.

 

(a)           Defined Terms: For purposes of this Section, the term “Applicable Law” includes FATCA.

 

(b)           Payments Free of Taxes. Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of any Loan Party under any Loan Document shall be made without deduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by Applicable Law. If any Applicable Law (as determined in good faith discretion of an applicable Withholding Agent) requires the deduction or withholding of any Tax from any such payment by a Withholding Agent, then the applicable Withholding Agent shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding and shall timely pay the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law and, if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax, then the sum payable by such Loan Party shall be increased as necessary so that after such deduction or withholding has been made (including such deductions and withholdings applicable to additional sums payable under this Section 2.9(b)) the applicable Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deduction or withholding been made.

 

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(c)           Payment of Other Taxes by Borrower. The Borrower shall timely pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law, or at the option of the Agent timely reimburse it for the payment of, any Other Taxes.

 

(d)            Indemnification by Borrower. The Borrower shall indemnify each Recipient, within 10 days after demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section) payable or paid by such Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Recipient and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to the Borrower by a Lender (with a copy to the Agent), or by the Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

 

(e)            Indemnification by the Lenders. Each Lender shall severally indemnify the Agent, within 10 days after demand therefor, for (i) any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that the Borrower has not already indemnified the Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Borrower to do so), (ii) any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 14.1(e) relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (iii) any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Agent in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority. A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error. Each Lender hereby authorizes the Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under any Loan Document or otherwise payable by the Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Agent under this paragraph (e).

 

(f)            Evidence of Payments. As soon as practicable after any payment of Taxes by the Borrower to a Governmental Authority pursuant to this Section, the Borrower shall deliver to the Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Agent.

 

(g)           Status of Lenders. (i) Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to the Borrower and the Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent as will permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding. In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by Applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in paragraphs (g)(ii)(A), (ii)(B) and (ii)(D) of this Section) shall not be required if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender.

 

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(ii)           Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that the Borrower is a U.S. Borrower,

 

(A)          any Lender that is a U.S. Person shall deliver to the Borrower and the Agent on or about the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Agent), executed copies of IRS Form W-9 certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding tax.

 

(B)          Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or about the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Agent), whichever of the following is applicable

 

(1)            in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party (x) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty and (y) with respect to any other applicable payments under any Loan Document, IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;

 

(2)            executed copies of IRS Form W-8ECI;

 

(3)            in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, (x) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit I-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, a “10 percent shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of Section 871(h)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, or a “controlled foreign corporation” related to the Borrower as described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (y) executed copies of IRS Form W-8BEN or IRS Form W-8BEN-E; or

 

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(4)            to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner, executed copies of IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN, IRS Form W 8 BEN-E, a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit I-2 or Exhibit I-3, IRS Form W-9, or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit I-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner

 

(C)          any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or about the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Agent), executed copies of any other form prescribed by Applicable Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by Applicable Law to permit the Borrower or the Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and

 

(D)          if a payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Agent, at the time or times prescribed by law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent, such documentation prescribed by Applicable Law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount, if any, to deduct and withhold from such payment. Solely for purposes of this clause (D), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.

 

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Each Lender agrees that if any form or certification it previously delivered expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall update such form or certification or promptly notify the Borrower and the Agent in writing of its legal inability to do so.

 

(h)           Treatment of Certain Refunds. If any party determines, in its sole discretion exercised in good faith, that it has received a refund of any Taxes as to which it has been indemnified pursuant to this Section (including by the payment of additional amounts pursuant to this Section), it shall pay to the indemnifying party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made under this Section with respect to the Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) of such indemnified party and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund). Such indemnifying party, upon the request of such indemnified party, shall repay to such indemnified party the amount paid over pursuant to this paragraph (h) (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) in the event that such indemnified party is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this paragraph (h), in no event will the indemnified party be required to pay any amount to an indemnifying party pursuant to this paragraph (h) the payment of which would place the indemnified party in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the indemnified party would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid. This paragraph shall not be construed to require any indemnified party to make available its Tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to the indemnifying party or any other Person.

 

(i)            Survival. Each party’s obligations under this Section 2.9 shall survive the resignation or replacement of the Agent or any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Term Loan Commitments and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all obligations under any Loan Document.

 

2.10       Term. This Agreement shall become effective on the Closing Date and shall continue in full force and effect for so long as any Obligations remain outstanding (other than inchoate indemnity obligations). Agent’s Lien on the Collateral shall remain in effect for so long as any Obligations are outstanding (other than inchoate indemnity obligations) and upon payment in full of all Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations which are not the subject of an indemnity claim), Agent’s Lien on the Collateral shall terminate automatically. This Agreement may be terminated prior to the Maturity Date by Borrower, effective five (5) Business Days after written notice of termination is given to Agent and Lenders and upon receipt by Agent of payment of the Obligations (including, without limitation, the Prepayment Premium, if applicable) in full in cash (other than inchoate indemnity obligations and any other obligations which, by their terms, are to survive the termination of this Agreement).

 

2.11Issuance of Warrants.

 

(a)            On the Closing Date, in connection with (and as additional consideration for) the making of the Initial Term Loan by the Initial Lenders, Parent has issued to each Initial Lender (or, with respect to certain of the Initial Lenders, to such Initial Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund identified on Schedule A of the Warrant Agreement), the number of Initial Warrants set forth opposite the name of such Initial Lender (or such Initial Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund, as applicable) on Schedule A of the Warrant Agreement. The Initial Warrants are governed by and entitled to the benefits, and subject to the terms of, the Warrant Agreement.

 

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(b)           2.11 Issuance of Warrants. On the ClosingAmendment Effective Date, in connection with (and as additional consideration for) the making of the Additional Term LoansLoan by the Initial Lenders, Parent shall issue to each Initial Lender (or, with respect to certain of the Initial Lenders, to such Initial Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund identified on Schedule A of the Additional Warrant Agreement), the number of Additional Warrants set forth opposite the name of such Initial Lender (or such Initial Lender’s Affiliate or Approved Fund, as applicable) on Schedule A of the Additional Warrant Agreement. Upon issuance pursuant to this Section 2.11(b), the Additional Warrants shall be governed by and shall be entitled to the benefits, and subject to the terms, of the Additional Warrant Agreement.

 

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2.12       Certain Tax Considerations; Investment Unit Allocation. Each Loan Party and each Lender hereby agree (i) that (x) the Initial Term Loan disbursed to the Borrower on the Closing Date and the Initial Warrants issued on the Closing Date, taken together, comprise an “investment unitfor purposes of Section 1273(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code and (y) the Additional Term Loan disbursed to the Borrower on the Amendment Effective Date and the Additional Warrants issued on the Amendment Effective Date, taken together, comprise an “investment unit” for purposes of Section 1273(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, (ii) to treat theeach such investment unit as issued by the Parent for U.S. federal income tax purposes and (iii) to allocate the (x) issue price of such investment unit among the Initial Term Loan and the Initial Warrants in proportion to their fair market value as of the Closing Date, in accordance with Treasury Regulations Section 1.1273-2(h). The Lenders shall determine in good faith the fair market value of the Warrants for purposes of allocating the issue and (y) the purchase price of the investment unit between theAdditional Term Loan and the Warrants, as described in clause (iii) above, notice of which shall be provided in writing to the Borrower; provided, however, that if the Borrower objects in writing to theAdditional Warrants in proportion to their fair market value as determined by the Lenders within ten (10) Business Days after the Lenders give written notice thereof, the Borrower shall engage an independent, reputable appraiser selected jointly by the of the Amendment Effective Date, in accordance with Treasury Regulations Section 1.1273-2(h). The Lenders, each Loan Party and the Borrower agree to treat the issuance of the Additional Term Loan hereunder as a “qualified reopening”, within the meaning of Treasury Regulations Section 1.1275-2(k)(3)(i), of the Initial Term Loan. Therefore, the Lenders and the Borrower have agreed that the Additional Term Loan should have the same issue date, the same issue price, and (with respect to the Lenders) the same adjusted issue price as the Initial Term Loan. The Lenders and the Borrower agree to the additional terms applicable to this Section 2.12 that are set forth in the side letter between the Borrower and the Lenders, to determine such fair market value. The fees and expenses of such appraiser shall be paid by the Borrowerdated May 26, 2022. Unless otherwise required by Applicable Law, Borrower, each Loan Party and each Lender agree to file all tax returns in a manner consistent with this Section 2.12.

 

3.Conditions Precedent.

 

3.1          Conditions Precedent to the Closing Date. The Initial Lenders and the Borrower shall issue a joint release instruction to the Escrow Agent upon the satisfaction of (or waiver by the Initial Lenders in writing of) the following the conditions precedent, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent and Initial Lenders (the “Closing Date”):

 

(a)       The Loan Documents (including, but not limited to, this Agreement and the Agent Fee Letter) duly executed by Borrower and the Guarantors required to sign such Loan Document;

 

(b)       The Current Financial Statements of Parent;

 

(c)       Evidence of the insurance coverage required by Section 6.8 of this Agreement;

 

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(d)       To the extent requested by any Initial Lender, a Note in the principal amount of the Initial Term Loan in respect of such Initial Lender’s Pro Rata Percentage shall be provided by Borrower to such requesting Initial Lender;

 

(e)       Customary legal opinions of (x) Stroock & Stroock & Lavan LLP, in its capacity as special counsel to the Loan Parties and (y) local counsel opinions covering Loan Parties and jurisdictions as reasonably agreed by the Borrower and the Initial Lenders in each case, dated as of the Closing Date and addressed to the Agent and the Initial Lenders;

 

(f)        Delivery of an executed Notice of Borrowing, direction letter and Funds Flow Memorandum;

 

(g)       The Closing Date shall not occur before April 1, 2022;

 

(h)       A duly executed officer’s certificate of each Loan Party containing the following documents: (i) the Organization Documents of each Loan Party (which, to the extent filed with a Governmental Authority, shall be certified as of a recent date by such Governmental Authority), (ii) resolutions authorizing the Loan Documents and, in the case of Parent, the Initial Warrants, the Warrant Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement (including authorization of the reservation and issuance of Parent’s common stock upon exercise of the Initial Warrants), (iii) a good standing certificate from (A) each Loan Party’s state of formation and (B) from any state where such party is, or is required to be, qualified to do business to the extent failure to so qualified could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (iv) incumbency and representative signatures;

 

(i)        All necessary consents of stockholders or members and other third parties with respect to the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents by the Loan Parties and, in the case of Parent, the Initial Warrants, the Warrant Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement (including consent to the issuance of Parent’s common stock upon exercise of the Initial Warrants);

 

(j)        [reserved];

 

(k)       The execution and delivery by the Intermediation Facility Agent and the Loan Parties of an Intercreditor Agreement;

 

(l)        The execution and delivery by Parent of the Warrant Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement and the issuance by Parent of the Initial Warrants to the Initial Lenders or their Affiliates or Approved Funds;

 

(m)       A Solvency Certificate from the chief financial officer, chief executive officer, president or similar senior officer of Parent (after giving effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, including the issuance by Parent of the Initial Warrants) certifying that the Loan Parties, individually and collectively, are not Insolvent;

 

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(n)       The Mobile Refinery Acquisition shall have been consummated substantially simultaneously with the initial borrowings under the Facility in accordance with the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement;

 

(o)       Since the date of the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement, there shall not have occurred a Material Adverse Effect (as defined in the Mobile Refinery Acquisition Agreement);

 

(p)       Such documents, instruments and agreements, including certificates evidencing Collateral consisting of Equity Interests, Uniform Commercial Code financing statements or amendments to Uniform Commercial Code financing statements, as the Initial Lenders shall reasonably request to evidence the perfection and priority of the security interests granted to Agent pursuant to Section 4;

 

(q)       Subject to Section 6.19, the Agent shall have received, subject to the Intercreditor Agreement, all documents, agreements and instruments required to create and perfect the Agent’s security interest in the Collateral. The Loan Parties shall have filed or shall have provided all UCC-1 financing statements and the Intellectual Property Security Agreement in form for filing by the Required Lenders or their counsel and shall have delivered all certificated pledged equity and documented pledged debt (if any) with appropriate transfer powers and/or allonges by the Closing Date;

 

(r)        Borrower shall have paid all Lender Expenses and all fees due pursuant to the Agent Fee Letter or the Commitment Letter, as applicable;

 

(s)       The Borrower and each of the Guarantors shall have provided no less than 3 business days prior to the Closing Date the documentation and other information to the Lenders that are reasonably requested by the Lenders no later than 10 days prior to the Closing Date under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the USA PATRIOT ACT, the USA FREEDOM Act, IRS Form W-9 (if applicable) and other applicable tax forms;

 

(t)        Such other documents, and completion of such other matters, as Agent or Initial Lenders may reasonably deem necessary or appropriate;

 

(u)       Confirmation that (i) the representations and warranties contained in Section 5 shall be true and correct on and as of the Closing Date (except for such representations and warranties made as of a specific date, in which case such representations and warranties shall be true and correct as of such specific date), after giving effect in all cases to any standard(s) of materiality contained in Article 5 as to such representations and warranties, and (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, or would exist after giving effect to the funding of the Initial Term Loan. The making of the Initial Term Loan shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by Borrower on the date of the Term Loan as to the accuracy of the facts referred to in this Section 3.1; and

 

(v)       Concurrently with the consummation of the Mobile Refinery Acquisition, the Loan Parties (and/or any Intermediation Facility Agent) shall execute and deliver or confirm effectiveness of the material supply and offtake agreements with Macquarie Energy North America Trading Inc., Shell Trading (US) Company, Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US, Shell Chemical LP, Synergy Supply & Trading LLC, and Idemitsu Apollo Renewable Corp. on substantially similar terms as the agreements provided to counsel to the Lenders on February 16, 2022, subject to (x) any amendments, modifications or adjustments to the terms thereof (other than economic terms) required by any Intermediation Facility Agent, the Loan Parties or the applicable counterparty to the intermediation arrangements to the extent not materially adverse to the Lenders and (y) any amendments, modifications or adjustments to the economic terms thereof required by any Intermediation Facility Agent, the Loan Parties or the applicable counterparty to the intermediation arrangements to the extent not adverse to the Lenders.

 

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For purposes of determining compliance with the conditions specified in this Section 3.1, each Initial Lender that has signed this Agreement shall be deemed to have consented to, approved or accepted or to be satisfied with, each document or other matter required thereunder to be consented to or approved by or acceptable or satisfactory to a Lender unless the Agent shall have received notice from such Lender prior to the proposed Closing Date specifying its objection thereto.

 

4.Creation of Security Interest.

 

4.1          Grant of Security Interest. To secure prompt repayment of any and all Secured Obligations and prompt performance by the Loan Parties of each of their covenants and duties under the Loan Documents, each Loan Party grants Agent, for itself and as agent for Lenders, a continuing security interest in all presently existing and hereafter acquired or arising Collateral. Such security interest constitutes a valid, first priority security interest in the presently existing Collateral, and will constitute a valid, first priority security interest in Collateral acquired after the date hereofClosing Date, in each case, subject to Permitted Liens. This Agreement is intended by the parties to be a security agreement for purposes of the Code.

 

IT BEING UNDERSTOOD, HOWEVER, that, notwithstanding anything in this Section 4.1 to the contrary, (1) in no event shall the Collateral include, or the security interest or Lien granted under this Section 4.1 attach to, any Excluded Property, and (2) for so long as the applicable property continues to be Excluded Property, the Loan Parties shall not be required to take any action intended to cause any Excluded Property to constitute Collateral, and none of the covenants or representations and warranties herein shall be deemed to apply to any property constituting Excluded Property; provided, however, that the security interest granted under this Section 4.1 shall immediately attach to, and the Collateral shall immediately include, any such asset (or portion thereof) that would otherwise constitute Collateral, were it not Excluded Property, upon such asset (or portion thereof) ceasing to be Excluded Property and (3) any and all assets or property sold, conveyed, transferred, assigned or otherwise disposed of by the Loan Parties to the extent permitted by the terms of the Loan Documents shall be free of the security interests granted and created herein upon, from and after such sale, conveyance, transfer, assignment or other disposition, and all rights therein shall revert to the applicable Loan Party; provided, further, however, that security interests granted and created herein shall continue in any Proceeds (as defined in the UCC) of such sale, conveyance, transfer, assignment or other disposition. Upon any such release or such sale, transfer, conveyance, assignment or other disposition of Collateral or any part thereof, the Agent shall, upon the request and at the sole cost and expense of the Loan Parties, assign, transfer and deliver to the applicable Loan Party, against receipt and without recourse to our any warranty by Agent except as to the fact that the Agent has not encumbered the released assets, such of the Collateral or any part thereof to be released (in the case of a release) as may be in the possession of the Agent and as have been sold or otherwise applied pursuant to the terms hereof, and, with respect to any other Collateral, documents and instruments (including UCC-3 termination financing statements or releases) reasonably requested by the Borrower acknowledging the termination hereof or the release of such Collateral.

 

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4.2          Duration of Security Interest. Agent’s security interest in the Collateral shall continue until the payment in full in cash and the satisfaction of all Secured Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations or other obligations that expressly survive termination), whereupon such security interest shall terminate and Agent shall, at Borrower’s sole cost and expense, promptly execute such further documents and take such further actions as may be reasonably requested by the Borrower at the Borrower’s sole cost and expense to effect the release contemplated by this Section 4.2, including duly executing and delivering termination statements for filing in all relevant jurisdictions under the Code. Any such release shall be without recourse, representation or warranty by Agent.

 

4.3          Possession of Collateral. So long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, and subject to the respective rights and terms and conditions set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, the Loan Parties shall remain in full possession, enjoyment and control of the Collateral (except only as may be otherwise required by Agent or the Required Lenders for perfection or protection of Agent’s security interest therein or in connection with any Permitted Lien, Permitted Distribution or Permitted Disposition) and shall be entitled to manage, operate and use the same and each part thereof with all the rights and franchises appertaining thereto; provided, however, that the possession, enjoyment, control and use of the Collateral shall at all times be subject to the observance and performance of the terms of this Agreement.

 

4.4Delivery of Additional Documentation Required.

 

(a)       Negotiable Collateral. Subject to the rights of the respective secured parties set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, the Loan Parties shall from time to time execute and deliver to Agent for the benefit of Lenders, in accordance with the terms of the Collateral Pledge Agreement, all Negotiable Collateral (in the case of pledged Indebtedness, to the extent having a value in excess of the Collateral Threshold Amount in the aggregate) and other documents that Agent (at the direction of Required Lenders) may reasonably request, in a form reasonably satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders, to perfect and continue the perfection of Agent’s security interests in the Collateral and in order to fully consummate all of the transactions contemplated under the Loan Documents.

 

(b)       Commercial Tort Claims. Subject to the rights of the respective secured parties set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, for the avoidance of doubt, if Borrower acquires a Commercial Tort Claim (which would reasonably be expected to result in damages in excess of the Collateral Threshold Amount, Borrower shall promptly notify Agent in a writing signed by Borrower of the general details thereof and upon Agent’s request (at the direction of the Required Lenders), Borrower shall promptly, but in no event more than ten (10) Business Days after such request agree to an amendment to the definition of Collateral in Exhibit A hereto to include such Commercial Tort Claim, such amendment to be in form and substance as required by Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders).

 

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(c)       Certificate of Title Collateral. Subject to Section 6.19, on the Closing Date, each Loan Party agrees to deliver to Agent or Agent’s designee the certificates of title for all Certificate of Title Collateral owned by such Loan Party for notation of the Agent’s Lien. With respect to any Certificate of Title Collateral acquired by any Loan Party after the Closing Date, the Loan Parties shall deliver to Agent or Agent’s designee the certificates of title for all Certificate of Title Collateral identified on the most recently delivered Disclosure Letter within twenty (20) Business Days of the delivery of such Disclosure Letter. Each Loan Party agrees to take all actions necessary to cause such certificates to be filed (with the Agent’s Lien noted thereon) in the appropriate state motor vehicle filing office.

 

4.5          Right to Inspect. Agent and/or a representative of the Required Lenders (through any of their officers, employees, or agents) shall have the right, upon reasonable prior notice, from time to time during the Loan Parties’ usual business hours but no more than once per year at the expense of the Borrower (or if an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing may do any of the foregoing at the expense of the Borrower as often as the Agent and/or a representative of the Required Lenders may desire any time during normal business hours and without advance notice), to inspect each Loan Party’s Books and to make copies thereof and to check, test, and appraise the Collateral in order to verify the Loan Parties’ financial condition or the amount, condition of, or any other matter relating to, the Collateral.

 

4.6          Authorization to File. Each Loan Party hereby authorizes the Agent, at the expense of such Loan Party (including the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of outside counsel to the extent of and as permitted by Section 10.3), to file one or more financing or continuation statements, and amendments thereto, relating to all or any part of the Collateral without the signature of such Loan Party where permitted by law and using language such as “All assets of the Debtor whether now owned or hereafter acquired or arising and wheresoever located, including all accessions thereto and products and proceeds thereof” or such other language as the Agent (acting at the direction of the Required Lenders) reasonably deems necessary or appropriate. A photocopy or other reproduction of any financing statement covering the Collateral or any part thereof shall be sufficient as a financing statement where permitted by law. Each Loan Party understands and agrees that even though the Agent has no obligation to do so, with respect to any financing statement, the Agent intends to file (at the expense of such Loan Party, including the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of outside counsel to the extent of and as permitted by Section 10.3) any continuation statement or amendment where failure to so file could reasonably be expected to result in the lapse of such financing statement at any time within six months of any such proposed filing. Notwithstanding the foregoing, Agent shall have no obligation to make such filings or to otherwise perfect or maintain the perfection of the security interest on the Collateral.

 

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5.Representations and Warranties.

 

Each Loan Party represents, warrants and covenants to Agent and Lenders as follows, which representations, warranties and covenants shall survive the execution and delivery of this Agreement and the providing of any Term Loan pursuant hereto:

 

5.1          Due Organization and Qualification. Each Loan Party (a) is duly formed and existing under the laws of its respective state of formation or incorporation, as applicable, and (b) is qualified and licensed to do business in any state in which the conduct of its business or its ownership of property requires that it be so qualified, except, solely in the case of this clause (b), where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected to cause a Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.2          Authority and Power. The execution, delivery, and performance of the Loan Documents are within each Loan Party’s powers, have been duly authorized, and are not in conflict with nor constitute a breach of any provision of such Loan Party’s Organization Documents. No Loan Party is in default under any Material Contract to which it is a party or by which it is bound in which the default could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and the execution and delivery by the Loan Parties of the Loan Documents will not cause a breach of any Material Contract to which any Loan Party is a party or by which it is bound.

 

5.3          Subsidiaries. Parent has no Subsidiaries other than as disclosed in (i) Section 1 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended and (ii) Schedule 1 hereto. The ownership interests in each Subsidiary is uncertificated. Each Subsidiary is duly formed and validly existing under the laws of its respective jurisdiction.

 

5.4          Conflict with Other Instruments, etc. Neither the execution and delivery of any Loan Document to which any Loan Party is a party nor the consummation of the transactions therein contemplated nor compliance with the terms, conditions and provisions thereof will (a) conflict with or result in a breach of any law or any regulation, order, writ, injunction or decree of any court or governmental instrumentality (other than instances in which (i) such instance is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and for which adequate reserves have been established in accordance with GAAP or (ii) such instance could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect) or (b) result in the creation or imposition of any Lien on any assets of any Loan Party, other than Permitted Liens under this Agreement.

 

5.5          Enforceability. The Loan Documents have been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party that is a party thereto, and constitute legal, valid and binding obligations of such Loan Party, enforceable in accordance with their respective terms, except as the enforceability thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar laws of general application relating to or affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights or by general principles of equity.

 

5.6          No Prior Encumbrances. Except as set forth in Section 8 of the Disclosure Letter, each Loan Party has good and marketable title to (i) its respective property, except for defects to title which individually or in the aggregate could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect and (ii) its respective Collateral, free and clear of Liens, except for Permitted Liens.

 

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5.7          Name; Location of Chief Executive Office, Principal Place of Business and Collateral. As of the Closing Date and each date that a Compliance Certificate is to be delivered (a) in the most recent five (5) years, no Loan Party has done business under any name other than that specified on the signature page hereof or as disclosed on Section 1 or 2 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended, (b) the chief executive office, principal place of business, and the locations where each Loan Party maintains its records concerning its respective Collateral are presently located at the address(es) set forth on Section 1 or 2 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended (c) the tangible property included in the Collateral is presently located at the address(es) set forth on Section 2 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended, and (d) the information in the Disclosure Letter is accurate and complete in all material respects. Except as disclosed in Section 2 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended, no Collateral is in the possession of a bailee or any third party.

 

5.8           Litigation; Governmental Action. Except as set forth in Section 5 of the Disclosure Letter, as amended/or as otherwise disclosed to Agent and Lenders pursuant to Section 6.3 hereof, there are no actions or proceedings pending or, to the Knowledge of the Responsible Officers, threatened by or against any Loan Party or any of their respective Subsidiaries (x) with reasonably expected liability more than the Disclosure Amount or (y) that could be reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.9          Financial Statements. As of the Closing Date, Agent and the Lenders have received (a) audited consolidated balance sheet of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, and the related consolidated statement of operations, shareholder’s equity and cash flows for the fiscal year then ended, and (b) the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Parent and its Subsidiaries for the twelve (12) months ended December 31, 2021, and the related consolidated statement of operations and cash flows for the twelve (12) months then ended (the “Current Financial Statements”). The Current Financial Statements fairly present in all material respects Parent’s consolidated financial condition as of the dates thereof and consolidated results of operations for the periods then ended, subject, in the case of unaudited financial statements, to normal year-end adjustments and the absence of footnote disclosures. On the Closing Date, there has not been a material adverse change in the financial condition of the Loan Parties, taken as a whole, since the date of the most recent of such Current Financial Statements.

 

5.10 Solvency. The Loan Parties, individually and collectively, are not Insolvent.

 

 

5.11        Taxes; Pension Plans. Parent and each Subsidiary has filed or caused to be filed all federal income tax returns and other material tax returns required to be filed, and has paid, or has made adequate provision for the payment of, all Taxes before the same become delinquent, other than payments of Taxes in an aggregate amount not to exceed the Disclosure Amount or except to the extent such Taxes are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings promptly instituted and diligently conducted, so long as such reserve or other appropriate provision, if any, as shall be required in conformity with GAAP shall have been made therefor. No Loan Party is aware of any claims or adjustments proposed for Parent’s or any Subsidiary’s prior tax years which could result in additional Taxes in excess of the Disclosure Amount becoming due and payable. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) Parent and each Subsidiary have paid all amounts necessary, if any, to fund all present pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans in accordance with their terms, (b) no Loan Party nor any ERISA Affiliate has incurred any liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation which remains outstanding other than the payment of premiums, and there are no such premium payments which have become due which are unpaid, (c) no ERISA Event has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur and (d) no Loan Party or ERISA Affiliate has withdrawn from participation in, permitted the partial or complete termination of, or permitted the occurrence of any other event with respect to, any pension, profit sharing and deferred compensation plans which could reasonably be expected to result in any liability to any Loan Party, including any such liability to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or its successors or any other governmental agency.

 

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5.12       Consents and Approvals. No approval, authorization or consent of any trustee or holder of any Indebtedness or obligation of any Loan Party or of any other Person under any material agreement, contract, lease or license or similar document or instrument to which any Loan Party is a party or by which any Loan Party is bound, is required to be obtained by the Loan Parties in order to make or consummate the transactions contemplated under the Loan Documents except for those that have already been obtained and are in full force and effect and except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect. All consents and approvals of, filings and registrations with, and other actions in respect of, all Governmental Authorities required to be obtained by the Loan Parties in order to make or consummate the transactions contemplated under the Loan Documents have been, or prior to the time when required will have been, obtained, given, filed or taken and are or will be in full force and effect, except for those that have already been obtained and are in full force and effect and except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.13       Intellectual Property. The Loan Parties own all Intellectual Property used in their business, except for (i) off the shelf or shrink-wrap software and non-customized mass market licenses that are commercially available to the public, (ii) non-exclusive licenses granted by any Loan Party to its customers or other third parties in the ordinary course of business and not materially interfering with the business of the Parent or its Subsidiaries, (iii) [reserved], and (iv) Intellectual Property licensed to any Loan Party. To the Knowledge of such Loan Party, each Loan Party has all rights with respect to Intellectual Property that are reasonably necessary for, or otherwise used or held for use in, the operation of any portion of its respective businesses as currently conducted. Section 3 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended, lists all of the Loan Parties’ pending and registered Intellectual Property. No Intellectual Property material to the Loan Parties’ business is owned by any Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party. Except as set forth in the Disclosure Letter, (a) each of the Copyrights, Trademarks and Patents owned by any Loan Party that is material to its business is valid and enforceable, (b) no part of the Intellectual Property owned by any Loan Party that is material to its business has been judged invalid or unenforceable, in whole or in part, (c) no claim has been made to any Loan Party that any material Intellectual Property used in the business of such Loan Party violates or infringes the rights of any third party, and (d) no Loan Party is a party to, or bound by, any material inbound license or other agreement that restricts the grant by such Loan Party of a security interest in Parent’s or such Subsidiary’s rights in such license or agreement or any other Intellectual Property. Each Loan Party has a valid license agreement for the use of Intellectual Property rights of third parties known to the Loan Parties to be necessary to the conduct of the Loan Parties’ business.

 

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5.14       Accounts. The Deposit Accounts and Securities Accounts of each Loan Party are listed on Section 3 of the Disclosure Letter, as may be amended. Each of such accounts is subject to a Control Agreement in favor of Agent to the extent required under Section 7.11 of this Agreement. Prior to opening any new account after the Closing Date (other than Excluded Accounts), each Loan Party shall first notify Agent and not deposit any funds or securities into such account until such account is subject to a Control Agreement in favor of Agent to the extent required under Section 7.11 of this Agreement, whereupon, such Loan Party shall be deemed to have updated Section 3 of the Disclosure Letter to include such new account.

 

5.15       Environmental Matters. Except as, individually or in the aggregate, could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries, business, operations and Real Property are in compliance with, and none of the Loan Parties or their Subsidiaries have any liability under, any Environmental Laws, (b) each Loan Party and its Subsidiaries have obtained and maintain all permits, licenses, approvals, registrations and other authorizations required for the conduct of their businesses and operations, and the ownership, operation and use of their Real Property, under Environmental Laws, and all such permits, licenses, approvals, registrations and other authorizations are valid and in good standing, (c) there has been no Release or threatened Release of any Hazardous Materials on, at, under, to or from any Real Property or facility presently or formerly owned, leased or operated by the Loan Parties, their Subsidiaries, or their predecessors in interest that would result in liability for the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries under Environmental Law (d) there is no Environmental Claim pending, or to each Loan Party’s Knowledge, threatened against the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries or relating to any Real Property currently or formerly owned, leased or operated by the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries or relating to the operations of the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries, and there are no actions, activities, circumstances, conditions, events or incidents that could reasonably be expected to form the basis of such Environmental Claim, (e) no Real Property or facility owned, operated or leased by the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries and, to each Loan Party’s Knowledge, no Real Property or facility formerly owned, operated or leased by the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries or predecessors in interest is (i) listed or proposed for listing on the National Priorities List promulgated pursuant to CERCLA or (ii) listed on the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System or the Superfund Enterprise Management System promulgated pursuant to CERCLA or (iii) included on any similar list maintained by any Governmental Authority including any such list relating to petroleum, (f) none of the Loan Parties or their Subsidiaries is conducting any investigation, removal, remedial or other corrective action pursuant to any Environmental Law at any location, (g) no Environmental Lien has been recorded or attached to any revenues or to any Real Property owned or operated by a Loan Party or any of their Subsidiaries, (h) none of the Loan Parties or their Subsidiaries has treated, stored, transported, released or disposed or arranged for disposal or transport for disposal of Hazardous Materials at, on, under or from any currently or formerly owned or leased Real Property or facility in a manner that could reasonably be expected to give rise to any Environmental Liability of the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries, and (i) no Loan Party nor any of its Subsidiaries nor any of their respective facilities or operations is subject to any outstanding written order, consent decree, or settlement agreement with any Person relating to any Environmental Law or Environmental Liability.

 

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5.16       Government Consents. Each Loan Party (and each Subsidiary thereof) has obtained all consents, approvals and authorizations of, made all declarations or filings with, and given all notices to, all Governmental Authorities that are necessary for the continued operation of the Loan Parties’ (and their Subsidiaries’) business as currently conducted, except where the failure to do so could not reasonably be expected, either individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

5.17       Full Disclosure. No representation, warranty or other statement made by (or on behalf of) any Loan Party (or any Subsidiary thereof) in any Loan Document, certificate or written statement furnished to Agent or any Lender, taken together with all such certificates, Loan Documents and written statements, contains any untrue statement of a material fact or omits to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements contained in such Loan Documents, certificates or statements not misleading, it being recognized by Agent and Lenders that the projections and forecasts provided by the Loan Parties in good faith and based upon reasonable assumptions are not to be viewed as facts and that actual results during the period or periods covered by any such projections and forecasts may differ from the projected or forecasted results.

 

5.18       Inventory. All Inventory is in all material respects of good and marketable quality, free from all material defects, spoilage, non-conformance, or payment dispute (except for Inventory for which adequate reserves have been made), and free and clear of Liens (except for Permitted Liens).

 

5.19       Sanctioned Persons. None of Parent or any of its Subsidiaries, and to Parent’s Knowledge, any of their directors, officers, agents, employees or Affiliates is, or is owned or controlled (as such terms are defined in the applicable Sanctions) by Persons that are, currently subject to or the target of any Sanctions, or is a Sanctions Target, or is located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the subject of Sanctions. Borrower will not directly or Knowingly indirectly use the proceeds of the Term Loan or otherwise make available such proceeds to any Person, for the purpose of financing the activities of any Person subject to any Sanctions.

 

5.20Foreign Assets Control Regulations, Etc.

 

(a)       Neither the borrowing of the Term Loan by Borrower hereunder nor its use thereof will violate (i) the United States Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended, (ii) any of the foreign assets control regulations of the United States Treasury Department (31 CFR, Subtitle B, Chapter V, as amended) executive order relating thereto, (iii) Executive Order No. 13,224, 66 Fed Reg 49,079 (2001), issued by the President of the United States (Executive Order Blocking Property and Prohibiting Transactions with Persons Who Commit, Threaten to Commit or Support Terrorism) (the “Terrorism Order”), (iv) USA PATRIOT ACT, or (v) USA FREEDOM ACT. No part of the Term Loan will be used, directly or Knowingly indirectly, for any material payments to any governmental official or employee, political party, official of a political party, candidate for political office, or anyone else acting in an official capacity, in order to obtain, retain or direct business or obtain any improper advantage, in violation of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended.

 

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(b)       Neither Parent nor any Subsidiary, including Borrower (i) is or will become a “blocked person” as described in Section 1.01 of the Terrorism Order or (ii) engages or will engage in any dealings or transactions, or is otherwise associated, with any such blocked person.

 

(c)       Each Loan Party, including Borrower, and their respective Affiliates are in compliance, in all material respects, with the USA PATRIOT ACT and the USA FREEDOM ACT.

 

(d)       The Loan Parties, each of their Subsidiaries, and, to the Knowledge of Parent, each of their respective directors, officers and employees and, to the Knowledge of Parent, the agents of the Loan Parties, are and will remain in material compliance with all applicable Sanctions and all Anti-Corruption Laws and Anti-Money Laundering Laws. Parent and its Subsidiaries, including Borrower have instituted and maintain policies and procedures designed to ensure continued compliance with applicable Sanctions, Anti-Corruption Laws and Anti-Money Laundering Laws.

 

5.21       Status. Neither Parent nor any of its Subsidiaries, including Borrower, ever has been, is, or, upon the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby, by any other Loan Document or any related agreements, will be (i) a “passive foreign investment company” within the meaning of Section 1297 of the Internal Revenue Code, (ii) a “controlled foreign corporation” within the meaning of Section 957(a) of the Internal Revenue Code or (iii) a “U.S. Real Property Holding Corporation” within the meaning of Section 897 of the Internal Revenue Code.

 

5.22       Other Permitted Amendments to Disclosure Letter; Certificate of Title Collateral. In addition to those Sections of the Disclosure Letter which Borrower is permitted to amend as set forth in this Section 5, Borrower may also amend the other Sections of the Disclosure Letter from time to time, with the exception of Section 8 of the Disclosure Letter which may only be amended to the extent the Indebtedness and Liens per any such amendment are otherwise permitted under the express terms of this Agreement; provided that with the delivery of each Compliance Certificate, the Borrower shall update the Vehicles listed on Schedules 3(A)(4) or 3(A)(5) of the Disclosure Letter. All such amendments to the Disclosure Letter may be made without Agent’s or Lenders’ consent, and shall be made by delivery of an amended Disclosure Letter (together with, in each case, a copy marked to show changes from the previous version) by email to Agent.

 

5.23Tax Classification. The Borrower is classified as a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

  

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5.24       Title to Securities. Upon issuance in accordance with the terms of the Warrant Agreement or the Additional Warrant Agreement, as applicable, the Warrants will be duly and validly issued, and upon issuance in accordance with the terms of the Warrant Agreement, or Additional Warrant Agreement, as applicable, the common stock of Parent issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, will be duly and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. On the date of issuance of the Warrants, such common stock will have been reserved for issuance. Upon issuance in accordance with the terms of the Warrant Agreement or the Additional Warrant Agreement, as applicable, the Initial Lenders will have good title to the Warrants and, upon exercise of the Warrants in accordance with the terms of the Warrant Agreement or the Additional Warrant Agreement as applicable, to such common stock, free and clear of all liens, claims and encumbrances of any kind, other than (i) transfer restrictions set forth under the Warrant Agreement or Additional Warrant Agreement, as applicable, (ii) transfer restrictions under federal and state securities laws and (iii) liens, claims or encumbrances imposed due to the actions of the Initial Lenders.

 

6.Affirmative Covenants.

 

The Loan Parties covenant and agree that, until the full and complete payment of the Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations) in cash, each Loan Party shall (and shall cause each of its Subsidiaries to) do all of the following:

 

6.1          Good Standing. Each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries shall maintain its corporate existence and good standing in its jurisdiction of formation and maintain qualification in each other jurisdiction in which the failure to so qualify could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect. Each Loan Party and each of its Subsidiaries shall maintain in force all licenses, approvals and agreements, the loss of which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

6.2          Government Compliance. Parent, each Loan Party, and each of their Subsidiaries shall comply with all applicable federal and state statutes, laws, ordinances and government rules and regulations (including Environmental Laws) to which it or its operations is subject, noncompliance with which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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6.3Financial Statements, Reports, Certificates.

 

(a)       Borrower shall deliver the following to Agent by email to the address specified pursuant to Article 11 (and Agent shall deliver same to Lenders immediately upon receipt thereof), and Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely on the information contained therein: (i) as soon as available, but in any event within the earlier of (x) forty-five (45) days after the end of each calendar quarter and (y) the date on which delivered to the SEC, Parent’s consolidated financial statements including a cash flow statement, income statement and balance sheet for the period reported, and certified by a Responsible Officer of Parent; (ii) if a Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, as soon as available, but in any event within thirty (30) days after the end of each calendar month (in form and substance satisfactory to the Required Lenders), Parent’s consolidated financial statements including a cash flow statement, income statement and balance sheet for the period reported, and certified by a Responsible Officer of Parent; (iii) as soon as available, but in any event within the earlier of (x) one hundred and twenty (120) days after the end of Parent’s fiscal year and (y) the date on which delivered to the SEC, audited consolidated financial statements of Parent in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied, together with an unqualified opinion on the financial statements from an independent certified public accounting firm reasonably acceptable the Initial Lenders; (iv) as soon as available, but in any event within thirty (30) days prior to the end of Parent’s fiscal year, an annual operating budget and financial projections (including income statements, balance sheets and cash flow statements) for such fiscal year, presented in a quarterly format reasonably acceptable to the Required Lenders; (v) copies of all statements, reports and notices sent or made available generally by any Loan Party to its security holders and debt holders, when made available to such holders; (vi) promptly upon receipt of written notice thereof, a report of any legal actions pending or threatened against any Loan Party that could reasonably be deemed to result in damages, fines, penalties or other sanctions by any Governmental Authority payable by any Loan Party exceeding the Threshold Amount, or claims for injunctive or equitable relief; (vii) promptly upon receipt thereof (but in any event no more than three (3) Business Days thereafter), (A) copies of any amendments, waivers, consents or other modifications to any Intermediation Facility Documents or any other documents relating to Indebtedness in excess of the Threshold Amount, as applicable, (B) notices of default required to be delivered pursuant to any Intermediation Facility Documents, or any other documents relating to Indebtedness in excess of the Threshold Amount, as applicable, (C) notices of material adverse changes, and (D) notice of any Change of Control; (viii) other financial information as Agent or any Lender may reasonably request from time to time promptly after such request and (ix) environmental, social and corporate governance related materials reasonably requested by the Lenders, including the BlackRock ESG Questionnaire within 75 days after the end of each year. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Lender may request to not receive any information that may constitute material non-public information from the Agent, it being acknowledged that such documents or information may include amendments or requests for amendment that have been designated as “private side” information by the Borrower.

 

(b)       Electronic Delivery. Documents required to be delivered pursuant to Section 6.3(a) (to the extent any such documents are included in materials otherwise filed with the SEC) may be delivered electronically and if so delivered, shall be deemed to have been delivered on the date (i) on which Parent or any other Loan Party posts such documents, or provides a link thereto on the Parent’s website at: www.vertexenergy.com; or (ii) on which such documents are posted on the Loan Parties’ behalf on an Internet or intranet website, if any, to which each Lender and the Agent have access (whether a commercial, third-party website or whether sponsored by the Agent); provided that: (x) the Borrower shall deliver paper copies of such documents to the Agent or any Lender upon its request to the Borrower to deliver such paper copies until a written request to cease delivering paper copies is given by the Agent or such Lender and (y) the Borrower shall notify the Agent and each Lender (by fax transmission or e-mail transmission) of the posting of any such documents (other than documents otherwise filed with the SEC) and provide to the Agent by e-mail electronic versions (i.e., soft copies) of such documents. The Agent shall have no obligation to request the delivery of or to maintain paper copies of the documents referred to above, and in any event shall have no responsibility to monitor compliance by the Borrower with any such request by a Lender for delivery, and each Lender shall be solely responsible for requesting delivery to it or maintaining its copies of such documents.

 

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(c)       “PUBLIC” Borrower Materials. The Loan Parties hereby acknowledge that (i) the Agent and/or an Affiliate thereof may, but shall not be obligated to, make available to the Lenders materials and/or information provided by or on behalf of the Loan Parties hereunder (collectively, “Borrower Materials”) by posting the Borrower Materials on IntraLinks, Syndtrak, ClearPar or a substantially similar electronic transmission system (the “Platform”) and (ii) certain of the Lenders (each, a “Public Lender”) may have personnel who do not wish to receive material non-public information with respect to Parent, Borrower or their Affiliates, or the respective securities of any of the foregoing, and who may be engaged in investment and other market-related activities with respect to such Persons’ securities. The Loan Parties hereby agree that they will use commercially reasonable efforts to identify that portion of the Borrower Materials that may be distributed to the Public Lenders and that (A) all such Borrower Materials shall be clearly and conspicuously marked “PUBLIC” which, at a minimum, means that the word “PUBLIC” shall appear prominently on the first page thereof; (B) by marking Borrower Materials “PUBLIC,” the Loan Parties shall be deemed to have authorized the Agent, any Affiliate thereof and the Lenders to treat such Borrower Materials as not containing any material non-public information (although it may be sensitive and proprietary) with respect to Parent, Borrower, their Affiliates or their respective securities for purposes of United States federal and state securities laws (provided, however, that to the extent such Borrower Materials constitute Confidential Information, they shall be treated as set forth in Section 14.12); (C) all Borrower Materials marked “PUBLIC” are permitted to be made available through a portion of the Platform designated “Public Side Information;” and (D) the Agent and any Affiliate thereof shall be entitled to treat the Borrower Materials that are not marked “PUBLIC” as being suitable only for posting on a portion of the Platform not designated “Public Side Information.”

 

(d)       Reports delivered to the Agent pursuant this Section 6.3 are for informational purposes only and the Agent will not be deemed to have actual or constructive notice of any information contained therein or determinable therefrom, including the Borrower’s compliance with its covenants under this Agreement.

 

6.4         Certificates of Compliance; Disclosure Letter Updates. Each time financial statements are required to be furnished pursuant to Section 6.3(a) or (c) above, there shall be delivered to Agent a certificate signed by a Responsible Officer of Parent (each a “Compliance Certificate”) in the substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit G certifying that as of the end of the reporting period for such financial statements, the Loan Parties were in full compliance with all of the terms and conditions of the Loan Documents, and setting forth such other information as Agent shall reasonably request. If any information contained in the Schedules to the Disclosure Letter changes after the Closing Date and if that information relates to a subsection of Section 5 which specifically allows for information in the Disclosure Letter to be updated after the Closing Date, Borrower shall update such information in an amended Disclosure Letter (if applicable), to be delivered with the next compliance certificate then due. Parent shall deliver the Compliance Certificate and updated Disclosure Letter (if any) to Agent by email to the address specified pursuant to Section 11, and Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely on the information contained therein.

 

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6.5Notices.

 

(a)       As soon as possible, and in any event within three (3) Business Days after any Loan Party’s Knowledge of a Default or an Event of Default, notify the Agent of the facts relating to or giving rise to such Default or Event of Default and the action which the Loan Parties propose to take with respect thereto. Borrower shall deliver such notice to Agent by email to the address specified pursuant to Section 11, and Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely on the information contained therein.

 

(b)       Notify the Agent, as soon as possible, and in any event within five (5) Business Days after any Loan Party’s Knowledge of (x) any completion of, or material delay in, reaching the Project Milestones and (y) any material communication received by a Loan Party from any Governmental Authority in respect of the Renewable Diesel Project which could result in a delay in reaching the Project Milestones. Borrower shall deliver such notice to Agent by email to the address specified pursuant to Section 11, and Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely on the information contained therein.

 

(c)       Notify the Agent (each such notice, an “IA Notice”), as soon as possible, and in any event within five (5) Business Days after any Loan Party’s Knowledge that the amount of the Intermediation Facility Cash Collateral (as defined in the Intercreditor Agreement) has increased by 20% or more from (x) the amount of the Intermediation Facility Cash Collateral (as defined in the Intercreditor Agreement) as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date or (y) the amount of the Intermediation Facility Cash Collateral (as defined in the Intercreditor Agreement) as in effect on the date of the previously delivered IA Notice, as applicable. Borrower shall deliver such IA Notice to Agent by email to the address specified pursuant to Section 11, and Agent and Lenders shall be entitled to rely on the information contained therein.

 

(d)       Notify the Agent, as soon as possible, and in any event within five (5) Business Days after any Loan Party’s Knowledge of any matter that results in or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect with respect to the Loan Parties, taken as a whole.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Lender may request to not receive any information that may constitute material non-public information from the Agent, it being acknowledged that such documents or information may include amendments or requests for amendment that have been designated as “private side” information by the Borrower.

 

6.6          Taxes. Parent shall make, and cause each other Subsidiary to make, due and timely payment or deposit of all federal and material state and local Taxes, assessments, or contributions required of it by law or imposed on its income or upon any properties belonging to it (other than payments of due and payable Taxes in an aggregate amount not to exceed $250,000); and Parent will make due and timely payment or deposit of all material related tax payments and withholding Taxes required of it by Applicable Law, including those laws concerning F.I.C.A., F.U.T.A., and state disability, and will, upon request, furnish Agent with proof reasonably satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders indicating that the Loan Parties have made such payments or deposits; provided that the Loan Parties need not make any payment if the amount or validity of such payment is contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and is fully reserved against by the applicable Loan Party.

 

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6.7         Maintenance. The Loan Parties, at their expense, shall maintain the Collateral in good condition, normal wear and tear and casualty and condemnation excepted, and will comply in all material respects with all laws, rules and regulations to which the use and operation of the Collateral may be or become subject. Such obligation shall extend to repair and replacement of any partial loss or damage to the Collateral, regardless of the cause, except where the failure to do so would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

 

6.8Insurance.

 

(a)       The Loan Parties and each of their Subsidiaries shall maintain, at its sole cost and expense, with financially sound and reputable insurance companies which are not Affiliates of the Loan Parties, insurance with respect to the Collateral, its properties and businesses against loss or damage of the kinds customarily insured against by Persons engaged in the same or similar business, of such types and in such amounts in such amounts, with such deductibles and covering such risks as are, in the reasonable business judgment of the management of Parent, adequate for Loan Parties. All such policies of insurance shall be in such form, with such companies, and in such amounts as are reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders.

 

(b)       All such policies of property insurance shall contain a lender’s loss payable endorsement, in a form satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders, showing Agent for itself and the benefit of each other Secured Party as an additional loss payee thereof, and all liability insurance policies shall show Agent for itself and the benefit of each other Secured Party as an additional insured and shall specify that the insurer must give at least thirty (30) days’ notice to Agent before canceling its policy for any reason (except for nonpayment, which shall be ten (10) days prior notice). Each Loan Party shall promptly deliver to Agent its current copy of such policies of insurance, evidence of the payments of all premiums therefor and insurance certificates and related endorsements thereto, it being understood that any time there is a change or renewal of insurance, it is Borrower’s obligation to promptly deliver such materials to Agent.

 

(c)       The Loan Parties shall bear the risk of the Collateral being lost, stolen, destroyed, damaged beyond repair, rendered permanently unfit for use, or seized by a Governmental Authority for any reason whatsoever at any time. Proceeds payable under any insurance policy shall, at Agent’s option, be payable to Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties on account of the Secured Obligations.

 

6.9Environmental Laws.

 

(a)       At its sole expense, the Loan Parties shall (i) comply, and shall cause their Subsidiaries and their Real Property and operations to comply, with applicable Environmental Laws, the breach of which, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (ii) not Release or threaten to Release any Hazardous Material on, under, about or from any of the Loan Parties’ or any of their Subsidiaries’ Real Property or any other property offsite the Real Property to the extent caused by any Loan Party’s or any of their Subsidiaries’ operations except in compliance with applicable Environmental Laws, if and to the extent that the Release or threatened Release of such Hazardous Materials, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; (iii) timely obtain or file all permits, licenses, approvals, registrations and other authorizations to be obtained or filed in connection with the operation or use of the Loan Parties’ or any of their Subsidiaries’ Real Property, if and to the extent that the failure to obtain or file such permits, licenses, approvals, registrations or other authorizations, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and (iv) promptly commence and diligently prosecute to completion any assessment, evaluation, investigation, monitoring, containment, cleanup, removal, repair, restoration, remediation or other remedial obligations (collectively, the “Remedial Work”) in the event such Remedial Work is required under applicable Environmental Laws because of or in connection with the Release or threatened Release of Hazardous Material on, under, about or from any of the Loan Parties’ or any of their Subsidiaries’ Real Property, if and to the extent that failure to commence and diligently prosecute to completion such Remedial Work, individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

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(b)       If any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries receives written notice of any action or, investigation or inquiry by any Governmental Authority or any threatened demand or lawsuit by any Person against any Loan Party, any of its Subsidiaries, or their Real Properties, in each case in connection with any Environmental Laws, the Borrower shall within fifteen (15) days after any Responsible Officer obtains actual Knowledge thereof give written notice of the same to Agent if such action, investigation, inquiry, demand or lawsuit could reasonably be expected to cause a Material Adverse Effect.

 

6.10Intellectual Property Rights.

 

(a)       Concurrently with the delivery of each Compliance Certificate for the months ending March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 pursuant to Section 6.4, Borrower shall give Agent written notice of: (i) any registration or filing of any Trademark, Copyright or Patent by any Loan Party since the delivery of the prior Compliance Certificate including the date of such registration or filing, the registration or filing numbers, the jurisdiction of such registration or filing, and a general description of such registration or filing and shall execute an Intellectual Property Security Agreement and take such other actions as necessary or that Agent (at direction forof the Required Lenders) may request to perfect and maintain a first priority perfected security interest in favor of the Agent; (ii) any material change to any Loan Party’s material Intellectual Property, and (iii) Parent’s knowledge of an event that could reasonably be expected to materially and adversely affect the value of its or any other Loan Party’s material Intellectual Property.

 

(b)       The Loan Parties shall (and shall cause all its licensees to) (i) (1) continue to use each material Trademark in order to maintain such Trademark in full force and effect with respect to each class of goods for which such Trademark is currently used, free from any claim of abandonment for non-use, (2) maintain at least the same standards of quality of products and services offered under such Trademark as are currently maintained, (3) use such Trademark with the appropriate notice of registration and all other notices and legends required by applicable requirements of law, (4) not adopt or use any other Trademark that is confusingly similar or a colorable imitation of such Trademark unless the Agent shall obtain a perfected security interest in such other Trademark pursuant to this Agreement and (ii) not do any act or omit to do any act whereby (w) such Trademark (or any goodwill associated therewith) may become destroyed, invalidated, impaired or harmed in any way, (x) any material Patent may become forfeited, misused, unenforceable, abandoned or dedicated to the public, (y) any portion of the material Copyrights may become invalidated, otherwise impaired or fall into the public domain or (z) any material trade secret may become publicly available or otherwise unprotectable.

 

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(c)       The Loan Parties shall notify the Agent promptly if it knows, or has reason to know, that any application or registration relating to any material Intellectual Property may become forfeited, misused, unenforceable, abandoned or dedicated to the public, or of any adverse determination or development regarding the validity or enforceability or such entity’s ownership of, interest in, right to use, register, own or maintain any material Intellectual Property (including the institution of, or any such determination or development in, any proceeding relating to the foregoing in any intellectual property office). The Loan Parties shall take all actions that are necessary or reasonably requested by the Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) to maintain and pursue each application (and to obtain the relevant registration or recordation) and to maintain each registration and recordation included in the material Intellectual Property.

 

(d)       The Loan Parties shall not knowingly do any act or omit to do any act to infringe, misappropriate, dilute, violate or otherwise impair the Intellectual Property of any other Person. In the event that any material Intellectual Property of the Loan Parties is or has been infringed, misappropriated, violated, diluted or otherwise impaired by a third party, such entity shall take such action as it reasonably deems appropriate under the circumstances in response thereto, including promptly bringing suit and recovering all damages therefor.

 

6.11        Formation or Acquisition of Subsidiaries. Notwithstanding and without limiting the negative covenants contained in Section 7.6 hereof, the Loan Parties will cause each of their Subsidiaries (other than any Excluded Subsidiary so long as such Subsidiary remains an Excluded Subsidiary) whether newly formed, after acquired or otherwise existing to promptly (and in any event within thirty (30) days after such Subsidiary is formed or acquired (or such longer period of time as agreed to by the Required Lenders in their reasonable discretion)) become a Guarantor hereunder by way of execution of a Guarantor Joinder Agreement or become a Borrower hereunder by way of execution of a Borrower Joinder Agreement. In connection therewith, the Loan Parties shall give notice to the Agent and the Lenders not less than ten (10) days prior to creating a Subsidiary (or such shorter period of time as agreed to by the Required Lenders in their reasonable discretion), or acquiring the Equity Interests of any other Person that results in such Person becoming a Subsidiary. In connection with the foregoing, the Loan Parties shall deliver to the Agent and the Lenders, with respect to each new Guarantor or Borrower to the extent applicable, substantially the same documentation required pursuant to Sections 4.013.1(b) – (e), and 6.12 and such other documents or agreements as the Agent or any Lender may reasonably request with respect to any new Subsidiary that signs and delivers a Borrower Joinder Agreement or Guarantor Joinder Agreement in order to comply with their ongoing obligations under applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including the USA PATRIOT ACT, the USA FREEDOM Act, an IRS Form W-9 or other applicable tax forms.

 

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6.12Further Assurances.

 

(a)           Except with respect to Excluded Property, each Loan Party will cause all Equity Interests and all of its tangible and intangible personal property now owned or hereafter acquired by it to be subject at all times to a first priority, perfected Lien (subject to Permitted Liens) in favor of the Agent for the benefit of the Secured Parties to secure the Secured Obligations pursuant to the terms and conditions of the Collateral Documents. Each Loan Party shall provide opinions of counsel and any filings and deliveries reasonably necessary in connection therewith to perfect the security interests therein, all in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Required Lenders.

 

(b)          At any time upon request of the Required Lenders, promptly execute and deliver any and all further instruments and documents and take all such other action as the Required Lenders may reasonably deem necessary or desirable to maintain in favor of the Agent, for the benefit of the Secured Parties, Liens and insurance rights on the Collateral that are duly perfected in accordance with the requirements of, or the obligations of the Loan Parties under, the Loan Documents and all Applicable Laws.

 

(c)          Promptly upon request by the Agent, or any Lender through the Agent, (a) correct any material defect or material error that may be discovered in any Loan Document or in the execution, acknowledgment, filing or recordation thereof, and (b) do, execute, acknowledge, deliver, record, re-record, file, re-file, register and re-register any and all such further acts, deeds, certificates, assurances and other instruments as the Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) may reasonably require from time to time in order to (i) carry out more effectively the purposes of (A) the Collateral Documents or (B) this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, (ii) to the fullest extent permitted by Applicable Law, subject any Loan Party’s or any of its Subsidiaries’ (other than any Excluded Subsidiary so long as such Subsidiary remains an Excluded Subsidiary) properties, assets, rights or interests to the Liens intended to be covered by any of the Collateral Documents, (iii) perfect and maintain the validity, effectiveness and priority of any of the Collateral Documents and any of the Liens intended to be created thereunder and (iv) assure, convey, grant, assign, transfer, preserve, protect and confirm more effectively unto the Secured Parties the rights granted or now or hereafter intended to be granted to the Secured Parties under any Loan Document or under any other instrument executed in connection with any Loan Document to which any Loan Party or any of its Subsidiaries (other than any Excluded Subsidiary so long as such Subsidiary remains an Excluded Subsidiary) is or is to be a party, and cause each of its Subsidiaries (other than any Excluded Subsidiary so long as such Subsidiary remains an Excluded Subsidiary) to do so, provided that in the case of clause (i)(B) above, the same does not increase the obligations, or detract from the rights, of any Loan Parties under the Loan Documents in any material respect.

 

6.13       Inventory, Returns. The Loan Parties shall use commercially reasonable efforts to keep all Inventory in good and marketable condition, free from all material defects and payment disputes (except for Inventory for which adequate reserves have been made), and free and clear of Liens (except for Permitted Liens). Returns and allowances, if any, as between the Loan Parties and its Account Debtors shall be on the same basis and in accordance with GAAP, consistently applied, or with the usual customary practices of the Loan Parties, as they exist at the time of the execution and delivery of this Agreement.

 

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6.14Delivery of Third-Party Agreements.

 

(a)        Subject to the terms and conditions and other rights set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, for any existing lease of a Loan Party and in the event that any Loan Party shall enter into a new lease with respect to a new or additional operating location after the Closing Date where more than $500,000 of equipment or other similar assets constituting Term Loan Priority Collateral (as defined in the Intercreditor Agreement) will be located, then such Loan Party shall, upon Agent’s request (at direction for the Required Lenders), within sixty (60) days following the Closing Date or execution of such lease, as applicable, use commercially reasonable efforts to obtain from the applicable landlord and deliver to Agent a Collateral Access Agreement with respect to such lease, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders; provided that no Loan Party shall be deemed in breach of this provision if the applicable landlord does not execute or deliver such Collateral Access Agreement.

 

(b)       [reserved].

 

(c)       Subject to the terms and conditions and other rights set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, upon the acquisition by Loan Party after the date hereofClosing Date of any fee interest in any real property (wherever located) (each such interest, a “New Facility”) with a Current Value (as defined below) in excess of $500,000, promptly so notify Agent, setting forth with reasonable specificity a description of the interest acquired, the location of the real property, any structures or improvements. For purposes of this Section 6.14(c), the “Current Value” shall be calculated as the greater of (i) either an appraisal or such Loan Party’s good-faith and reasonable estimate of the current fair market value of such real property and (ii) the value of such real property at the time of its acquisition. Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) shall notify such Loan Party whether it intends to require a Mortgage (and any other Real Property Deliverables) with respect to any such New Facility with a Current Value in excess of $500,000. Upon receipt of such notice requesting a Mortgage (and any other Real Property Deliverables), the Loan Party that has acquired such New Facility shall promptly furnish the same to Agent within ninety (90) days of such Loan Party’s receipt of such notice. The Borrower shall pay all actual fees and out-of-pocket expenses, including, without limitation, reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses, and all customary title insurance charges and premiums, in connection with each Loan Party’s obligations under this Section 6.14(c).

 

6.15       Inspections and Rights to Consult with Management. Agent and Lenders shall have the inspection rights provided in Section 4.5 of this Agreement. In addition, the Loan Parties shall permit any representative of the Agent or the Lenders to meet, at reasonable times and upon reasonable notice, with management and officers of the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries at least once per calendar quarter (unless an Event of Default is continuing, in which case such additional meetings as requested shall be permitted).

 

6.16       Privacy and Data Security. The Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries shall, at all times, remain in compliance in all material respects with all applicable United States and international privacy and data security laws and regulations including GDPR (to the extent applicable).

 

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6.17       Deposit Accounts/Securities Accounts. Except for Excluded Accounts, prior to opening any Deposit Account or Securities Account after the Closing Date, subject to the Intercreditor Agreement, each Loan Party shall first notify Agent and not deposit any funds or securities into such account until such account is subject to a Control Agreement in favor of Agent, whereupon, Borrower shall update the Disclosure Letter to include such new account.

 

6.18       Operating Covenants. Borrower shall (x) provide evidence of initial commercial production of renewable diesel by February 28, 2023 (the “Commercial Operations Date”) and (y) agrees to complete, or cause all the Project Milestones to be completed and submitted (as applicable) not later than the dates set forth Schedule 6.18; provided that the Lenders and the Borrower agree to use commercially reasonable efforts to agree to reasonable extensions to the Commercial Operations Date and any remaining Project Milestone should the Commercial Operations Date or Project Milestones become unachievable due to causes, in each case, which (i) are directly related to the achievement of the Commercial Operations Date and/or the relevant Project Milestone, whether related to the operation of the Mobile Refinery or the Renewable Diesel Project and (ii) are beyond Borrower’s or any other Loan Party’s control, including, but not limited, to:

 

(a)       Acts of God, lightning, epidemics, pandemics (including, without limitation, COVID-19), floods, fires, earthquakes, other natural disasters, explosions or storm; transportation difficulties, unplanned outages, breakdown of necessary equipment, power outages, strikes, lockouts or other industrial disturbances;

 

(b)       wars, invasions, boycotts, terrorist activities, or any law, rule, order or action of any court or instrumentality of the federal, state or local government or any foreign government; and

 

(c)       exhaustion, reduction, or unavailability or delay in delivery of any material or product necessary in the manufacture of renewable diesel.

 

6.19        Post-Closing Matters. Each Loan Party agrees to complete, or cause all of the items, matters and documents set forth in Schedule 6.19 to be completed, executed and delivered (as applicable) not later than the dates and times set forth in the Schedule 6.19.

 

6.20Most Favored Lender.

 

(a)       If, on any date on or after the Closing Date, Parent or any of the other Loan Parties enters into, assumes or otherwise becomes bound or obligated under any agreement, document or instrument creating or evidencing any Indebtedness above the Threshold Amount or under which any Indebtedness is outstanding or may be incurred by any Loan Party, or amends any agreement, document or instrument (whether in effect on or after the Closing Date) creating or evidencing any Indebtedness or under which any Indebtedness is outstanding or may be incurred by any Loan Party, in each case in excess of the Threshold Amount (such Indebtedness, the “Subject Indebtedness”), that contains one or more Additional Covenants (including, for the avoidance of doubt, as a result of any amendment to any such agreement, whether or not in effect on the date hereofClosing Date, causing it to contain one or more Additional Covenants), then, concurrently therewith, (i) the Borrower will notify the Agent and the Required Lenders thereof, and (ii) whether or not the Borrower provides such notice, the terms of this Agreement shall, without any further action on the part of the Borrower, the Agent or any Lender, be deemed to be amended automatically to include each Additional Covenant, including any applicable equity cure right under such Subject Indebtedness in this Agreement.

 

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(b)       The Loan Parties further covenant to promptly execute and deliver at their expense (including, without limitation, the fees and expenses of counsel for the Agent and the Lenders) an amendment to this Agreement in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Agent and the Required Lenders evidencing any amendment of this Agreement pursuant to this Section 6.20 to include such Additional Covenants in this Agreement, provided that the execution and delivery of such amendment shall not be a precondition to the effectiveness of such amendment as provided for in this Section 6.20, but shall merely be for the convenience of the parties hereto.

 

7.Negative Covenants.

 

Each Loan Party covenants and agrees that until the full and complete payment of the Obligations (other than inchoate indemnity obligations) in cash and termination of the Term Loan Commitment, such Loan Party (and will cause each of its Subsidiaries to) will not do any of the following:

 

7.1          Chief Executive Office; Location of Collateral. During the continuance of this Agreement, change the state of formation, chief executive office or principal place of business or remove or cause to be removed, except in the ordinary course of a Loan Party’s business, the Collateral or the records concerning the Collateral from the premises listed in Section 2 of the Disclosure Letter without twenty (20) days prior written notice to Agent, provided that any such removal of a Loan Party’s Collateral may not be to a location outside of the United States without Agent’s (at direction for the Required Lenders) and Required Lenders’ prior written consent.

 

7.2          Extraordinary Transactions and Disposal of Collateral. Convey, sell, lease, license, transfer or otherwise dispose of (collectively, a “Transfer”), all or any Collateral, other than: (i) Inventory in the ordinary course of business (including with respect to consignment arrangements with respect to such Inventory and any disposition or transfer of any Inventory pursuant to the terms of any Indebtedness under clauses (r) and (s) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness); (ii) Transfers of surplus, worn-out or obsolete equipment, Vehicles, Rolling Stock and similar assets; (iii) uses of cash and Cash Equivalents not prohibited under this Agreement, (iv) Transfers consisting of or made in connection with Permitted Liens and Permitted Investments and Restricted Payments, to the extent permitted under Section 7.16, (v) the issuance, transfer or sale of stock of Parent and Permitted Equity Issuances, (vi) other assets of Parent or any other Loan Party the fair market value of which do not in the aggregate exceed $1,000,000 in any fiscal year or (vii) the Used Motor Oil Asset Divestiture (collectively, the “Permitted Transfers”). Except for the pledge of its interests in the Equity Interest of any of its Subsidiaries in compliance with the provisions of this Section 7.2, no Loan Party shall, nor shall it permit any of its Subsidiaries to, (a) directly or indirectly sell, assign, pledge or otherwise encumber or dispose of any Equity Interests of any of its Subsidiaries, except to qualify directors if required by applicable law; or (b) permit any of its Subsidiaries directly or indirectly to sell, assign, pledge or otherwise encumber or dispose of any Equity Interests of any of its Subsidiaries, except to another Loan Party (subject to the restrictions on such disposition otherwise imposed hereunder), or to qualify directors if required by applicable law.

 

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7.3          Restructure. (i) Without providing not less than twenty (20) days advance written notice to Agent, change its name, type of organization, or jurisdiction of formation, (ii) suspend operation of its business or permit any Subsidiary to suspend operations of its business (other than in connection with a dissolution permitted pursuant to Section 7.3(vi)), (iii) engage in any business other than the businesses currently engaged in by Parent and its Subsidiaries, and any business substantially similar or related thereto (except for the conversion of a portion of the Mobile Refinery to renewable diesel); (iv) experience a departure of a Responsible Officer, without providing Agent a written notice within 10 days after the occurrence of such departure; (v) without Agent’s and Required Lenders’ prior written consent, change the date on which its fiscal year ends; (vi) permit any Loan Party to liquidate or dissolve (other than the liquidation or dissolution of Subsidiaries that (x) are not Loan Parties or (y) whose assets are transferred to Borrower or another Loan Party at the time of such liquidation or dissolution) or (vii) consummate or permit any Subsidiary to consummate any transaction or series of related transactions (provided such transactions are otherwise permitted under this Agreement) in which the stockholders of Parent or such Subsidiary, as applicable, who were not stockholders immediately prior to the first such transaction own more than fifty percent (50%) of the voting Equity Interests of a Loan Party, including the Borrower, or a Subsidiary, as applicable, immediately after giving effect to such transaction or related series of such transactions.

 

7.4          Liens. Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien with respect to any of Collateral, except for Permitted Liens.

 

7.5          Indebtedness. Create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Indebtedness other than Permitted Indebtedness without Required Lenders’ prior written consent.

 

7.6          Investments. Directly or indirectly make any Investment other than a Permitted Investment without Required Lenders’ prior written consent.

 

7.7[Reserved].

 

7.8          Transactions with Affiliates. Directly or indirectly enter into or permit to exist any material transaction with any Affiliate of any Loan Party after the Closing Date except for (i) ordinary course compensatory transactions and agreements (including employment agreements and benefit plans) with officers and directors, (ii) transactions that are in the ordinary course of the Loan Party’s business, on material terms no less favorable to such Loan Party than could be obtained in an arm’s length transaction with a non-affiliated Person, (iii) transactions between or among Loan Parties, (iv) equity financings, the Existing Convertible Notes or Subordinated Debt with the Loan Party’s investors (or their Affiliates), as permitted hereunder, (v) the issuance or transfer of Qualified Equity Interests, as permitted hereunder, and (vi) other transactions approved by the Required Lenders in writing.

 

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7.9          Stock Certificates. For any Loan Party (other than Parent) for which such Loan Party’s parent’s ownership interest is not evidenced by a certificate, allow such Subsidiary Guarantor to certificate such ownership interest without Agent’s (at direction for the Required Lenders) and Required Lenders’ prior written consent, which consent may be conditioned upon requiring such Subsidiary Guarantor to execute and deliver a Collateral Pledge Agreement satisfactory to Agent and Required Lenders.

 

7.10       Compliance. Become an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act of 1940 or undertake as one of its important activities extending credit to purchase or carry margin stock, or use the proceeds of the Term Loan for that purpose; except as could not be reasonably expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, fail to meet the minimum funding requirements of ERISA with respect to any Pension Plan or permit an ERISA Event or a Prohibited Transaction (as such term is defined in Section 406 of ERISA and Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code) to occur; fail to comply with the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act or violate any other law or regulation, if the violation could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

 

7.11       Deposit Accounts. Maintain any Deposit Accounts or Securities Accounts except accounts respecting which Agent has obtained a Control Agreement, provided however, that the Loan Parties may maintain Excluded Accounts without them being subject to a Control Agreement.

 

7.12       Equipment. Subject to the rights, terms and conditions set forth in the Intercreditor Agreement, store equipment constituting Collateral with a bailee, warehouseman, or other third party where the aggregate amount of such equipment constituting Collateral with such bailee, warehouseman or other third party shall be in excess of 5% of the Loan Parties’ aggregate equipment for a period of ninety (90) days or longer (other than those entities for which such Loan Party has delivered a Collateral Access Agreement pursuant to Section 6.14).

 

7.13       Restrictions on Use of Proceeds. Directly or Knowingly indirectly use any part of the Term Loan to (a) make any payments to a Sanctions Target, to fund any investments, loans or contributions in, or otherwise make such proceeds available to, a Sanctions Target, to fund any operations, activities or business of a Sanctions Target, or in any other manner that would result in a violation of Sanctions applicable to any party hereto or (b) in furtherance of an offer, payment, promise to pay, or authorization of the payment or giving of money, or anything else of value, to any Person in material violation of any Anti-Corruption Laws or Anti-Money Laundering Laws.

 

7.14       Accounting Changes; Change in Nature of Business; Foreign Operations. Change the Parent’s or any Loan Party’s accounting and financial reporting practices as in effect as of the Closing Date in any material respect, except for any changes made in accordance with GAAP, without the prior written consent of the Agent (at the direction of the Required Lenders) or engage in any material line of business other than a Similar Business or hold a material portion of its Property that would otherwise be required pursuant to the Loan Documents to become subject to a fully perfected Lien in favor of the Agent in a foreign jurisdiction.

 

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7.15       Burdensome Agreements. Enter into any Contractual Obligation that (x) limits the ability of the Borrower or any Guarantor to create, incur, assume or suffer to exist any Lien upon any of its property to secure the Obligations hereunder or (y) limits the ability of any Subsidiary to make Restricted Payments to the Borrower or any Guarantor or to otherwise transfer property to the Borrower or any Guarantor; provided, however, that the foregoing clause shall not apply to Contractual Obligations which:

 

(a)       solely in the case of clause (y) of this Section 7.15, exist on the Closing Date and (to the extent not otherwise permitted by this Section 7.15) are listed on Schedule 7.15;

 

(b)       are binding on a Subsidiary at the time such Subsidiary first becomes a Subsidiary of the Parent, so long as such Contractual Obligations were not entered into solely in contemplation of such Person becoming a Subsidiary of the Borrower;

 

(c)       arise in connection with covenants in documents creating Permitted Liens prohibiting further Liens on the properties encumbered thereby;

 

(d)       arise in connection the Intermediation Facility Documents or any Permitted Indebtedness (including negative pledges and restriction on Liens in favor of any holder of Permitted Indebtedness, Permitted Investments or Restricted Payments permitted by this Agreement);

 

(e)       arise in connection with any Permitted Transfer solely with respect to the assets that are the subject of such Transfer;

 

(f)        are customary restrictions on leases, subleases, licenses or asset sale agreements otherwise permitted hereby so long as such restrictions relate to the assets subject thereto;

 

(g)       are customary provisions restricting subletting or assignment of any lease governing a leasehold interest of the Parent or any Subsidiary;

 

(h)       are customary limitations (including financial maintenance covenants) existing under or by reason of leases entered into in the ordinary course of business;

 

(i)        are restrictions on cash or other deposits imposed under contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business;

 

(j)        are customary provisions restricting assignment of any agreements;

 

(k)       arise in connection with any Contractual Obligations that relate to Excluded Property;

 

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(l)        arise in connection with Applicable Law, rule, regulation, order, approval, license, permit or similar restriction (whether or not existing on the Closing Date) or are mandated by any Governmental Authority;

 

(m)      customary provisions in Hedging Agreements;

 

(n)       customary provisions in joint venture agreements and other similar agreements to the extent permitted hereunder; or

 

(o)       are set forth in any agreement evidencing an amendment, modification, restatement, renewal, increase, supplement, refunding, replacement or refinancing of the Contractual Obligations referred to in clauses (a) through (n) above; provided, that such amendment, modification, restatement, renewal, increase, supplement, refunding, replacement or refinancing is, in the good faith judgment of the Borrower, not materially less favorable to the Loan Party with respect to such limitations than those applicable pursuant to such Contractual Obligations prior to such amendment, modification, restatement, renewal, increase, supplement, refunding, replacement or refinancing.

 

7.16       Restricted Payments; Prepayments of certain Indebtedness. (a) Declare or make, directly or indirectly, any Restricted Payment, or incur any obligation (contingent or otherwise) to do so, and except that:

 

(i)        each Subsidiary may make Restricted Payments to any Person that owns Equity Interests in such Subsidiary, ratably according to their respective holdings of the type of Equity Interest in respect of which such Restricted Payment is being made;

 

(ii)       Parent may make Permitted Tax Distributions;

 

(iii)       (A) Parent and each Subsidiary may declare and make dividend cashless payments or other distributions payable solely in common Equity Interests of such Person; and (B) Parent may acquire Existing Convertible Notes in exchange for its common Equity Interests;

 

(iv)       So long as no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing or would occur as a result of making such Restricted Payment, Parent may make Restricted Payments, from time to time, constituting either (a) the open market or negotiated repurchase, redemption (to the extent such redemption is in accordance with the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture) or acquisition by tender offer or exchange offer of Existing Convertible Notes and/or (b) the repurchase of Parent’s then outstanding Equity Interests; provided, that the aggregate cash portion of any such Restricted Payments made pursuant to this clause (iv) shall not exceed (A) $20,000,000 plus (B) an additional amount determined by Parent from time to time so long as in the case of this clause (B), the (x) Consolidated Liquidity of the Loan Parties is not less than $75,000,000 on a pro forma basis immediately after giving effect to the applicable Restricted Payment and (y) Parent shall provide notice to the Agent prior to making any such payment, which notice shall demonstrate pro forma compliance with clause (x) after giving effect to such payment; provided further that in connection with an Optional Redemption (as defined in the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture) of the Existing Convertible Notes, the requirements of this clause (iv) shall be required to be satisfied at the time Parent delivers a notice of such Optional Redemption to a holder of the Existing Convertible Notes and the notice provided by Parent to the Agent pursuant to clause (y) shall be accompanied by an officer’s certificate of Parent to the Agent certifying to compliance with the condition set forth in clause (x) of this clause (iv), including a reasonably detailed calculation of Consolidated Liquidity on the applicable redemption date on a pro forma basis after giving effect to all payments of the amounts due on the applicable redemption date and to all circumstances then reasonably known to the Loan Parties at the time of such certification. For the avoidance of doubt, unless Parent otherwise specifies, any basket capacity available under clause (B) of the proviso of this Section 7.16(a)(iv) shall be deemed to be used prior to any basket capacity in clause (A) of such proviso;

 

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(v)       Parent may make Restricted Payments constituting either (a) cash payments (including interest payments) with respect to the Existing Convertible Notes required to be made to Holders pursuant to the terms of the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture (and, for the avoidance of doubt, not cash payments which are at the option of Parent including, without limitation, pursuant to an Optional Redemption or repurchase of the Existing Convertible Notes which, in each case, shall only be permitted to the extent permitted under clause (iv) above regardless of whether redemption notice has been delivered to the holders of the Existing Convertible Notes under the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture) or (b) conversions into Equity Interests of the Parent at the option of a Holder of the Existing Convertible Notes, in each case, as set forth in the Existing Convertible Notes Indenture;

 

(vi)       (iv) Restricted Payments in connection with the Warrants, the Warrant Agreement, the Additional Warrant Agreement and the Registration Rights Agreement; and the Existing Convertible Notes;

 

(vii)      Restricted Payments permitted under subclauses (x), (y) or (z) of clause (b) below.

 

provided, however, that notwithstanding the foregoing, no Loan Party shall, nor shall it permit any Subsidiary to, directly or indirectly, make any Restricted Payment to any parent company of Parent other than as provided in clauses (ii) and, (iii) and (iv) of this Section 7.16(a).

 

Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, no amount shall be permitted to be distributed by any Loan Party to pay, or otherwise in connection with, any Tax resulting from the cancellation or discharge of Indebtedness.

 

(b)       Directly or indirectly, purchase, redeem, refinance, convert, exchange, settle, acquire for value, defease or prepay any principal of, premium, if any, interest or any other amount payable in respect of any Indebtedness prior to its scheduled maturity, other than (x) the Secured Obligations, (y) Permitted Indebtedness (other than the Existing Convertible Notes any Subordinated Debt or any unsecured Indebtedness for borrowed money), or (z) make any payment with respect to any Subordinated Debt except in accordance with the terms of the applicable Subordination Agreement. No Loan Party (nor any Subsidiary thereof) may make any “earn-out” payments or other similar payments if a Default or Event of Default exists at the time of such payment or would arise after giving effect to any such payment, unless such payment is made with common Equity Interests of Parent. Borrower shall provide notice to the Agent prior to making any such payment, which notice shall demonstrate pro forma compliance with Section 7.167.19 after giving effect to such payment. For greater clarity, any payments (including any Restricted Payments) of or with respect to the Existing Convertible Notes shall be governed by clause (a) above, and if permitted thereby, such payments shall also be permitted under this clause (b).

 

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7.17       Amendments or Waivers of Certain Related Agreements. (a) To the extent adverse to the rights of the Lenders, agree to any amendment, restatement, supplement or other modification to, any of its rights under any Related Agreement (other than any Intermediation Facility Documents) after the Closing Date without in each case obtaining the prior written consent of Agent (at direction for the Required Lenders) and Required Lenders to such amendment, restatement, supplement or other modification or waiver or (b) (x) except as permitted under the Intercreditor Agreement, agree to any amendment, restatement, supplement or other modification to, or waiver of, any of its rights under any Intermediation Facility Documents or (y) to the extent materially adverse to the rights of the Lenders, agree to amend or modify any Intermediation Facility Documents that would have the effect of changing the definition of Independent Amount (as defined in the Independent Amount Letter (as defined in the Intercreditor Agreement) as in effect on the date hereofClosing Date) or any component definition or component calculation thereof.

 

7.18       Activities of Parent. In respect of Parent, (a) incur, directly or indirectly, any Indebtedness or any other obligation or liability whatsoever, other than guarantees and obligations under the Loan Documents and any Intermediation Facility Documents; (b) create or suffer to exist any Lien upon any property or assets now owned or hereafter acquired by it other than the Liens created under the Collateral Documents to which it is a party or Liens permitted pursuant to Section 7.4; (c) engage in any business or activity or own any assets other than (i) directly or indirectly holding 100% of the Equity Interests of each of the Loan Parties and directly or indirectly holding Equity Interests in the other non-Loan Party Subsidiaries as of the Closing Date; (ii) performing its obligations and activities incidental thereto under the Loan Documents, and to the extent not inconsistent therewith, the Related Agreements; (iii) making Restricted Payments and Investments to the extent permitted by this Agreement; (d) consolidate with or merge with or into, or convey, transfer or lease all or substantially all its assets to, any Person; (e) sell or otherwise dispose of any Equity Interests of any of its Subsidiaries other than as permitted under this Agreement; (f) create or acquire any Subsidiary or make or own any Investment in any Person other than the Subsidiaries on the Closing Date other than to the extent permitted by this Agreement; or (g) fail to hold itself out to the public as a legal entity separate and distinct from all other Persons.

 

7.19       Financial Covenant. At any time, permit Consolidated Liquidity to be less than $17,500,000 for any period of more than three (3) consecutive Business Days.

 

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8.Events of Default.

 

Any one or more of the following events shall constitute an “Event of Default” under this Agreement:

 

8.1          Payment Default. If Borrower or any other Loan Party fails to (a) make any payment of principal or interest on the Term Loan when due, or (b) pay any other Obligations required under the terms of the Loan Document within three (3) Business Days after such Obligations are due and payable (which three (3) Business Day cure period shall not apply to payments due on the Maturity Date).

 

8.2          Certain Covenant Defaults. If Borrower or any other Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof fails to perform any obligation under Section 4.4, Section 6.3, Section 6.4, Section 6.5, Section 6.8, Section 6.10(a), Section 6.11, Section 6.12, Section 6.17, Section 6.18, Section 6.19 and Section 6.20, or violates any of the covenants contained in Section 7 of this Agreement.

 

8.3          Other Covenant Defaults. If Borrower or any other Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof fails or neglects to perform or observe any other material term, provision, condition, or covenant, or if any representation or warranty made by (or on behalf of) Borrower or any other Loan Party or any Subsidiary thereof becomes untrue, in each case contained in this Agreement, in any of the Loan Documents, and as to any default under such other term, provision, condition, covenant, representation or warranty that can be cured, has failed to cure such default within the earlier of thirty (30) days after Borrower receives notice thereof or any Responsible Officer of Borrower becomes aware thereof.

 

8.4          Attachment. If any material portion of the Collateral is attached, seized, subjected to a writ or distress warrant, or is levied upon, or comes into the possession of any trustee, receiver or Person acting in a similar capacity and such attachment, seizure, writ or distress warrant or levy has not been removed, discharged or rescinded within ten (10) Business Days, or if any Loan Party is enjoined, restrained, or in any way prevented by court order from continuing to conduct all or any material part of its business affairs, or if a judgment or other claim becomes a lien or encumbrance upon any material portion of any Loan Party’s assets, or if a notice of lien, levy, or assessment is filed of record with respect to any Loan Party’s assets by the United States Government, or any department, agency, or instrumentality thereof, or by any state, county, municipal, or governmental agency, and the same is not paid within ten (10) days after such Loan Party receives notice thereof; provided that none of the foregoing shall constitute an Event of Default where such action or event is stayed or an adequate bond has been posted pending a good faith contesting by the Loan Parties.

 

8.5          Other Agreements. If an “event of default”, termination event or similar or equivalent event has occurred and is continuing under any agreement governing Indebtedness in excess of $3,000,000 to which Parent or a Subsidiary, including Borrower, is a party with a third party or parties (other than any Intermediation Facility Documents).

 

8.6          Judgments. If there is entry of a judgment or judgments against any Loan Party, including Borrower, (other than a judgment or judgements covered by independent third-party insurance as to which liability has been acknowledged by such insurance carrier) for the payment of money in an amount, individually or in the aggregate, of at least the Threshold Amount, and the same are not, within thirty (30) days after the entry thereof, vacated or stayed or bonded pending appeal.

 

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8.7       Misrepresentations. If any material misrepresentation or material misstatement exists when made or when deemed made in any written warranty, representation, statement, certificate, or report made to Agent or any Lender by (or on behalf of) any Loan Party or any Responsible Officer of any Loan Party.

 

8.8       Enforceability. If any Loan Document shall in any material respect cease to be, or any Loan Party asserts that any Loan Document is not a legal, valid and binding obligation of the Loan Party that is a party thereto, enforceable in accordance with its terms except for the termination of such Loan Document pursuant to its terms. If any Subordination Agreement relating to Subordinated Debt shall in any material respect cease to be a legal, valid and binding obligation, or the holder or holders of Subordinated Debt of an aggregate amount equal to or greater than the Threshold Amount challenge(s) the legality, validity or binding nature of the Subordination Agreement to which such Subordinated Debt relates except for the termination of such Subordination Agreement pursuant to its terms.

 

8.9       Involuntary Bankruptcy. If a proceeding shall have been instituted in a court having jurisdiction in the premises seeking a decree or order for relief in respect of any Loan Party, including Borrower, in an involuntary case under any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar law