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DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
The information called for by Part III of this Form 10-K is incorporated herein by reference from the registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement for its 2022 annual meeting of stockholders which the registrant intends to file pursuant to Regulation 14A not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this report.
U.S. GOLD CORP
|Items 1 and 2.||Business and Properties||4|
|Item 1A.||Risk Factors||21|
|Item 1B.||Unresolved Staff Comments||32|
|Item 3.||Legal Proceedings||32|
|Item 4.||Mine Safety Disclosures||32|
|Item 5.||Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities||33|
|Item 7.||Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations||33|
|Item 7A.||Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk||36|
|Item 8.||Financial Statements and Supplementary Data||37|
|Item 9.||Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure||38|
|Item 9A.||Controls and Procedures||38|
|Item 9B.||Other Information||39|
|Item 9C.||Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections.||39|
|Item 10.||Directors, Executive Officers, and Corporate Governance||40|
|Item 11.||Executive Compensation||40|
|Item 12.||Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters||40|
|Item 13.||Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence||40|
|Item 14.||Principal Accountant Fees and Services||40|
|Item 15.||Exhibit and Financial Statement Schedules||41|
|Item 16.||Form 10-K Summary||43|
Some information contained in or incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such forward-looking statements concern our anticipated results and developments in our operations in future periods, planned exploration and development of our properties, plans related to our business and other matters that may occur in the future. These statements relate to analyses and other information that are based on forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable and assumptions of management. These statements include, but are not limited to, comments regarding:
|●||The timing of preparation and filing of our mine construction and operating permits for the CK Gold Project;|
|●||The assumptions and projections contained in the CK Gold PFS, including estimated mineral resources and mineral reserves, mine life, projected operating and capital costs, projected production, IRR and NPV calculations, and the possibility of upside potential at the project;|
|●||Our planned expenditures during our fiscal year ended April 30, 2023;|
|●||Future exploration plans and expectations related to our properties;|
|●||Our ability to fund our business over through April 30, 2023 with our current cash reserves based on our currently planned activities;|
|●||Our anticipation of future environmental and regulatory impacts; and|
|●||Our business and operating strategies.|
We use the words “anticipate,” “continue,” “likely,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “could,” “will,” “project,” “should,” “believe” and similar expressions (including negative and grammatical variations) to identify forward-looking statements. Statements that contain these words discuss our future expectations and plans, or state other forward-looking information. Although we believe the expectations and assumptions reflected in those forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that these expectations and assumptions will prove to be correct. Our actual results could differ materially from those expressed or implied in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors described in this annual report on Form 10-K, including:
|●||Timing, duration and overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, including potential future suspension of exploration activities at our properties;|
|●||Unfavorable results from our exploration activities;|
|●||Decreases in gold, copper or silver prices;|
|●||Whether we are able to raise the necessary capital required to continue our business on terms acceptable to us or at all, and the likely negative effect of volatility in metals prices or unfavorable exploration results;|
|●||Whether we will be able to begin to mine and sell minerals successfully or profitably at any of our current properties at current or future metals prices;|
|●||Potential delays in our exploration activities or other activities to advance properties towards mining resulting from environmental consents or permitting delays or problems, accidents, problems with contractors, disputes under agreements related to exploration properties, unanticipated costs and other unexpected events;|
|●||Our ability to retain key management and mining personnel necessary to successfully operate and grow our business;|
|●||Economic and political events affecting the market prices for gold, copper, silver, and other minerals that may be found on our exploration properties;|
|●||Volatility in the market price of our common stock; and|
|●||The factors set forth under “Risk Factors” in Item 1A of this annual report on Form 10-K.|
Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in our forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, such statements can only be based on facts and factors currently known to us. Consequently, forward-looking statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties and actual results and outcomes may differ materially from the results and outcomes discussed in or anticipated by the forward-looking statements. These statements speak only as of the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except as required by law, we are not obligated to publicly release any revisions to these forward-looking statements to reflect future events or developments. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us and persons acting on our behalf are qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this section and elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Descriptions of agreements or other documents contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K are intended as summaries and are not necessarily complete. Please refer to the agreements or other documents filed or incorporated herein by reference as exhibits. Please see the exhibit index at the end of this report for a complete list of those exhibits.
Items 1 and 2. BUSINESS AND PROPERTIES
U.S. Gold Corp., formerly known as Dataram Corporation (the “Company”), was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada in 2016 and was originally incorporated in the State of New Jersey in 1967. Effective June 26, 2017, the Company changed its legal name to U.S. Gold Corp. from Dataram Corporation. On May 23, 2017, the Company merged with Gold King Corp. (“Gold King”), in a transaction treated as a reverse acquisition and recapitalization, and the business of Gold King became the business of the Company. We are a gold and precious metals exploration company pursuing exploration opportunities primarily in Wyoming, Nevada and Idaho.
We are an exploration and development company that owns certain mining leases and other mineral rights comprising the CK Gold Project in Wyoming the Keystone and Maggie Creek Projects in Nevada and the Challis Gold Project in Idaho. The Company’s CK Gold property contains proven and probable mineral reserves and accordingly is classified as a development stage property, as defined in subpart 1300 of Regulation S-K promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“S-K 1300”). None of the Company’s other properties contain proven and probable mineral reserves and all activities are exploratory in nature. We do not currently have any revenue-producing activities.
Effective as of 5:00 pm Eastern Time on March 19, 2020, the Company filed an amendment to the Articles of Incorporation to effect a reverse stock split of the issued and outstanding shares of its common stock, par value $0.001 per share, at a ratio of one share for ten shares. All share and per share information in this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been retroactively adjusted to reflect the reverse stock split.
Corporate Organization Chart
The name, place of incorporation, continuance or organization and percent of equity securities that we own or control as of July 29, 2022 for each of our subsidiaries is set out below.
The current address, telephone number of our offices are:
U.S. Gold Corp.
1910 E. Idaho Street, Suite 102-Box 604
Elko, NV 89801
We make available, free of charge, on or through our website, at https://www.usgoldcorp.gold, our annual report on Form 10-K, our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and our current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and other information. Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be, and are not, incorporated into this annual report on Form 10-K. The SEC maintains an Internet website (http://www.sec.gov) that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
As of April 30, 2022, we had 4 full-time employees and no part-time employees. In addition, we use consultants with specific skills to assist with various aspects of our project evaluation, due diligence, corporate governance and property management.
OUR MINERAL PROPERTIES AND PROJECTS
For a map showing the more precise location of each property, see the individual property descriptions set forth below.
Summary of Mineral Properties
|Property||Stage of Property/Mine and mineralization types||Ownership,
Leases or Options
|Key permit conditions||Processing plants and other available facilities||Other|
|CK Gold Project - Wyoming||Development stage, proposed open-pit mine producing a copper concentrate containing gold, copper and silver from porphyry-style mineralization.||100% ownership - Two state of Wyoming Mineral Leases covering approximately 1,120 acres in Laramie County, Wyoming. State of Wyoming has certain royalty interests on mineral production.||Exploration permits received. Preparing to submit applications to the Wyoming Division of Enviromental Quality for the permit to mine, industrial siting, and air permits.||No significant facilities||Working on detailed engineering studies for feasibility study|
|Keystone -Nevada||Gold exploration||100% ownership - 650 unpatented lode mining claims comprising approximately 20 square miles in Eureka County, Nevada.||Exploration permits received. Reclamation bonding in place. Additional exploration permits may be necessary for additional exploration.||No significant facilities|
|Maggie Creek - Nevada||Gold exploration||Earn-in Agreement to acquire a 50% ownership interest with the ability to increase ownership to 70% of 103 unpatented mining claims in Eureka County, Nevada covering approximately 3 square miles. Certain royalty interests have been granted on the Maggie Creek property.||Exploration permits received and reclamation bond in place. Additional exploration permits may be necessary for additional exploration.||No significant facilities||Drilled two exploration holes in the year ended April 30, 2022|
|Challis - Idaho||Gold exploration||100% ownership - 87 unpatented lode mining claims in Lemhi County, Idaho covering approximately 1,710 acres. A royalty interest has been granted on the Challis property.||Preparing a revised plan of operations for further exploration.||No significant facilities|
Quality Assurance/Quality Control (“QA/QC”) Procedure
We employ a rigorous QA/QC protocol on all aspects of sampling and analytical procedure. Drill core is checked, logged, marked for sampling and sawn in half. One-half of each drill core is maintained for future reference and the other half of each drill core is sent to ALS, an ISO 17025 accredited laboratory in Reno, Nevada to complete all sample preparation and assaying. Samples are analyzed by employing fire assaying with atomic absorption finish for gold, and four-acid ICP-MS analysis for silver and copper. For QA/QC purposes, certified standards, blank samples and sample duplicates are inserted into the sample stream. We also periodically submit sample pulps to another independent laboratory for check analysis.
CK Gold Project, Wyoming
The CK Gold Project (the “CK Gold”) consists of certain mining leases and other mineral rights comprising the CK Gold, gold and copper exploration project located in the Silver Crown Mining District of southeast Wyoming.
Location and Access
The CK Gold Project is located in southeastern Wyoming, approximately 20 miles west of the city of Cheyenne, on the southeastern margin of the Laramie Range (Figure 1). The property covers about two square miles that include the S½ Section 25, NE¼ Section 35, and all of Section 36, T.14N., R.70W., Sixth Principal Meridian. Access to within an approximate 0.9 miles of the property is provided by paved and maintained gravel roads. The surface of S½ Section 25, NE¼ Section 35 is privately owned. An easement agreement providing access for exploration and other minimal impact activities has been negotiated with an adjacent landowner. The fee for this easement is $10,000 per year, renewable each year prior to July 11. The surface of Section 36 is owned by the State of Wyoming and is currently leased to an adjacent landowner for grazing.
The project is entirely located on mineral rights owned and administered by the State of Wyoming. There are no federal lands within or adjoining the CK Gold land position. Curt Gowdy State Park lies northwest of the property, partially within Section 26. The state park’s southeastern boundary is approximately 1,000 feet northwest of the property and approximately 3,000 feet northwest of the mineralized area. The CK Gold property position consists of two State of Wyoming Metallic and Non- metallic Rocks and Minerals Mining Leases.
Figure 1 – CK Gold Project Location and Project Boundary
Rights to the CK Gold Project
Our rights to the CK Gold Project arise under two State of Wyoming mineral leases:
|1)||State of Wyoming Mining Lease No. 0-40828|
Township 14 North, Range 70 West, 6th P.M., Laramie County, Wyoming:
Section 36: All
|2)||State of Wyoming Mining Lease No. 0-40858|
Township 14 North, Range 70 West, 6th P.M., Laramie County, Wyoming:
Section 25: S/2
Section 35: NE/4
Ownership of the mineral rights remains in the possession of the State of Wyoming as conveyed to the State by the United States, evidenced by 1942 patents for Section 36, and 1989 Order confirming title to Section 25 and 35. The State of Wyoming issued Mineral Leases for the mineral rights to Wyoming Gold Mining Company, Inc. (“Wyoming Gold”) in 2013 and 2014. These leases were assigned to us on June 23, 2014.
Lease 0-40828 is a ten-year lease that expires on February 1, 2023. Lease 0-40858 is a ten-year lease that expires on February 1, 2024. Each lease requires an annual payment of $2.00 per acre. Each lease is renewable for successive ten-year terms by submitting a renewal application fee and paying a nominal fee of $50. We are currently in discussion with the State of Wyoming concerning the lease renewals beyond the current expiration dates.
The following production royalties must be paid to the State of Wyoming, although once the project is in operation, the Board of Land Commissioners has the authority to reduce the royalty payable to the State:
|FOB Mine Value per Ton||Percentage Royalty|
|$00.00 to $50.00||5||%|
|$50.01 to $100.00||7||%|
|$100.01 to $150.00||9||%|
|$150.01 and up||10||%|
Given the project’s proximity to Cheyenne, the state capital of Wyoming and the Front Range metropolitan area, personnel needs, delivery of consumables, and infrastructure needs are available both locally and regionally. The area has access to a Union Pacific railroad line, intersection of 2 major interstate highways I-80 and I-25, and a regional airport.
High voltage powerlines are approximately 1.5 miles (2.4km) from the current project area. A connection to the local power provider and easement for transmission lines has been identified and scoped. While there is a nearby line serving the local population, we anticipate that a new line to the project site will be constructed. Water to meet project demand has been identified and potential well sites investigated. Minor water sources have been identified around the project site from monitoring well locations, and additional deeper well sites will be investigated in upcoming fields seasons with a view to securing an independent water supply. However, water is available to purchase from the City of Cheyenne from its infrastructure running along North Crow Creek less than a mile away from the project site. Additionally, a pipeline to access purchased water runs across the property and may provide an alternative source of water.
History of Prior Operations and Exploration on the CK Gold Project
Limited exploration and mining were conducted on the CK Gold property in the late 1880s and early 1900s. Approximately 300 tons of material was reported to have been produced from a now inaccessible 160-foot-deep shaft with two levels of cross-cuts. A few small adits and prospect pits with no significant production are scattered throughout the property.
Since 1938, at least nine historic (pre-Strathmore Minerals Corp.) drilling campaigns by at least seven companies plus the U.S. Bureau of Mines have been conducted at CK Gold, previously referred to as Copper King. The current project database contains 91 drill holes totaling 37,500 feet that were drilled before Wyoming Gold acquired the property. All but six of the drill holes are within the current resource area. Other work conducted at CK Gold by previous companies has included ground and aeromagnetic surveys as well as induced polarization surveys along with geochemical sampling, geologic mapping, and a number of metallurgical studies.
Wyoming Gold conducted an exploration drill program in 2007 and 2008. Thirty-five diamond core drill holes were completed for a total of 25,500 feet. The focus of that work was to confirm and potentially expand the mineralized body outlined in the previous drill campaigns, increase the geologic and geochemical database leading to the creation of the current geologic model and mineralization estimate, and to provide material for further metallurgical testing. The CK Gold historic assay database for some 120 holes contains 8,357 gold assays and 8,225 copper assays. At least 10 different organizations or individuals conducted metallurgical studies on the gold-copper mineralization at the request of prior operators between 1973 and 2009.
Geology and Mineralization
The CK Gold Project is underlain by Proterozoic rocks that make up the southern end of the Precambrian core of the Laramie Range. Metavolcanic and metasedimentary rocks of amphibolite-grade metamorphism are intruded by the 1.4-billion-year-old Sherman Granite and related felsic rocks. Within the project area, foliated granodiorite is intruded by aplitic quartz monzonite dikes, thin mafic dikes and younger pegmatite dikes. Shear zones with cataclastic foliation striking N60°E to N60°W are found in the southern part of the Silver Crown district, including at CK Gold. The granodiorite typically shows potassium enrichment, particularly near contacts with quartz monzonite. Copper and gold mineralization occur primarily in unfoliated to mylonitic granodiorite. The mineralization is associated with a N60°W-trending shear zone and disseminated and stockwork gold-copper deposits in the intrusive rocks. The mineralization style is consistent with a porphyry gold-copper deposit of Paleoproterozoic age. Hydrothermal alteration is overprinted on retrograde greenschist alteration and includes a central zone of silicification, followed outward by a narrow potassic zone, surrounded by propylitic alteration. Higher-grade mineralization occurs within a central core of thin quartz veining and stockwork mineralization that is surrounded by a ring of lower-grade disseminated mineralization. Disseminated sulfides and native copper with stockwork malachite and chrysocolla are present at the surface, and chalcopyrite, pyrite, minor bornite, primary chalcocite, pyrrhotite, and native copper are present at depth. Gold occurs as free gold and within chalcopyrite crystals.
The CK Gold exploration property contains oxide, mixed oxide-sulfide, and sulfide rock types. At the stated cutoff grade of 0.015oz AuEq/ton, approximately 80% of the resource is sulfide material with the remaining 20% split evenly between the oxide and mixed rock types. There is consistent distribution of gold and copper, albeit generally low-grade, throughout this potential open-pit type deposit.
Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources
Mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates were calculated by Gustavson Associates through the effective date of November 15, 2021 as shown in the Technical Report Summary attached to this annual report on Form 10-K. The mineral reserve and mineral resource tabulations shown below are based on assumed metals prices of $1,625/oz gold, $3.25/lb copper and $18.00/oz silver. These metals price assumptions are comprised of long-term metals forecasting (33%) and the two-year trailing average (67%). Based on the actual prices of these metals at the end of our fiscal year ($1,911/oz gold, $4.45/lb copper and $23.45/oz silver, based on the respective London Metal Exchange, we believe that the price assumptions used in preparing our mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates at November 15, 2021 remain reasonable and, therefore, we believe the estimates prepared by Gustavson Associates remain a reasonable estimate of our mineral resources and mineral reserves at April 30, 2022.
CK Gold Project – Summary of Gold, Copper and Silver Mineral Resources at April 30, 2022 based on $1,625/oz gold, $3.25/lb copper and $18.00/oz silver
|Mass||Gold (Au)||Copper (Cu)||Silver (Ag)||Au Equivalent (AuEq)|
|Tons (000’s)||Oz (000’s)|
|lbs (millions)||%||Oz (000’s)||oz/st||Oz (000’s)|
|M + I||11,500||100||0.014||32||0.16||550||0.039||140||0.018|
(1) Resources tabulated at a cutoff grade of (0.0107 – 0.0088) AuEq oz/st, 0.009 AuEq oz/st average
(2) Note only 3 significant figures shown, may not sum due to rounding
(3) Estimates of mineral resources are exclusive of mineral reserves
CK Gold Project – Summary of Gold, Copper and Silver Mineral Reserves at April 30, 2022 based on $1,625/oz gold, $3.25/lb copper and $18.00/oz silver
|Mass||Gold (Au)||Copper (Cu)||Silver (Ag)||Au Equivalent (AuEq)|
|Tons (000’s)||Oz (000’s)|
|lbs (millions)||%||Oz (000’s)|
|P1 + P2||70,400||1,010||0.014||248||0.176||2,660||0.038||1,440||0.02|
(1) Reserves tabulated at a cutoff grade of (0.0107 – 0.0088) AuEq oz./st, 0.009 AuEq Oz/st average
(2) Note only 3 significant figures shown, may not sum due to rounding
Mineral resources are reported at a gold equivalent grade (AuEq) cutoff grade, which considers metal recovery and pricing Cutoff grade varies with expected recovery for delineated material types, but averages 0.009 short ton (oz/st) AuEq, equivalent to 0.31 grams per metric tonne (g/t) AuEq. Gold equivalent grade (Au/Eq) is used to simplify cutoff grade to a single equivalent metal (gold). The mineral resource is constrained inside an optimization shell which, combined with the cutoff grade, represents reasonable prospects for economic extraction. The mineral reserve estimate lies inside of a designed mine open pit. See Section 12.1 in the Technical Report Summary incorporated by reference in this Form 10-K for a discussion of pit optimization, cutoff grade and dilution.
Prefeasibility Study (“PFS”)
On December 1, 2021, we released the results of our PFS. The PFS was prepared by Gustavson Associates, LLC with an effective date of November 15, 2021.
The following are highlights from the PFS:
|●||10-year Mine Life at 20,000 short tons per day process rate|
|○||Average AuEq production: 108,500 ounces per year|
|○||First three years: 135,300 AuEq ounces per year|
|●||Initial Capital: $221 million|
|○||Potential attractive financing terms from equipment suppliers and development capital sources|
|●||Economics – 39.4% IRR before tax and 33.7% IRR after tax|
|○||NPV (5%): $323 million and $266 million, before and after tax, respectively|
|○||All in Sustaining Cost (“AISC”) at $800 per AuEq ounce|
|○||Assumes $1,625/ounce gold price and $3.25/lb copper price|
|○||Highly leveraged to increasing metals prices|
|○||Aggregate sales from mine waste rock, proven to be excellent quality|
|○||FS level value engineering and plant optimization|
|○||Ongoing metallurgical testing to enhance recovery of gold and copper|
|○||Resource expansion potential at depth and to the south-east|
|●||Permitting and Development|
|○||Project footprint under the jurisdiction of Wyoming agencies|
|●||Potential to submit mine permit in 2022 and receive approval in 2023|
The economic projections in the PFS are subject to a variety of assumptions and qualifications that are described in more detail in the Technical Report Summary incorporated by reference into this Form 10-K. In summary, the low-grade copper, silver and gold deposit located on Wyoming State Land and under lease to US Gold Corp, is proposed as an open pit mine. The rate of extraction will be sufficient to feed minerals to the process plant at a rate of 20,000 tons per day, involving the removal of surrounding waste material at a similar rate. The process plant serves to crush and grind the ore into a fine particle form in a slurry, whereupon the copper, silver and gold values can be separated from non-mineralized rock into a concentrate using froth flotation. The concentrate will be dried and shipped off site and sold to a smelter for final metal extraction. The waste material will be filtered to recoup and recycle water back to the process plant, and the filtered tailings will be trucked and mechanically stacked onto a tailings pile. The process facility is also on the same Wyoming State section less than a mile away from the mineralized orebody, with the entire operation some 20-miles west of Cheyenne. The metallurgical test work supporting the extraction methodology was initially performed by a previous owner between 2009 and 2012, but the company has gathered additional representative sample and conducted further extensive test work between 2020 and 2022. The results of the test work were incorporated into the prefeasibility study published on December 1st, 2021, and have continued to confirm results and inform the feasibility study due for publication in the second half of 2022.
We expense all mineral exploration costs as incurred. Although we have identified proven and probable mineral reserves on our CK Gold project, development costs will be capitalized when all the following criteria have been met, (a) we receive the requisite operating permits, (b) completion of a favorable Feasibility Study and (c) approval from our board of director’s authorizing the development of the ore body. Until such time all these criteria have been met, we record pre-development costs to expense as incurred. The current book value of our property is approximately $3.1 million, which is recorded in mineral properties and reflects the value that was attributed to the purchase of CK Gold. We do not have any costs on our balance sheet related to plant or equipment as we have not incurred any such costs.
Primarily in support of the feasibility study presently underway, during the 2021 field season, 47 core, rotary and conventional holes were drilled at the CK Gold Project. The primary purpose of the drilling program is to supplement the geotechnical and hydrological information.
Additional work centered around the capture and interpretation of environmental base line data encompassing sub-surface and surface water, fauna, flora, cultural, air quality, meteorological conditions, wetlands and socio-economic factors in the project area. Starting in September 2020 over 19 months of monitoring data have been gathered and ongoing monitoring in critical areas continues. With the data in hand, the project impacts have been assessed and the preparation of a mine operating permit application submission is in progress for the second half of 2022.
Additionally, a great deal of social outreach has been conducted to familiarize the immediate population and the Wyoming, Cheyenne and Laramie governmental and regulatory agencies.
Geological Potential of the CK Gold Project
Potential to expand existing resource exists primarily at depth beyond current drilling depths and to the south of the proposed pit. Numerous drill holes end in significant mineralization. We are developing a program to evaluate a magnetic anomaly, similar to that found centered on the CK Gold mineralization, ½ mile to the southeast of the project.
Keystone Project, Cortez Trend, Nevada
The Keystone Project consists of 650 unpatented lode mining claims situated in Eureka County, Nevada. The claims making up the Keystone Project are situated in Eureka County, Nevada in Sections 2-4 and 9-11, Township 23 North, Range 48 East, and Sections 22- 28, and 33-36 Township 24 North, all Range 48 East of the Mount Diablo Meridian (Figures 2 and 3).
Figure 2 – Location of Keystone, Maggie Creek and Gold Bar North Projects and Major Gold Trends in Nevada
Figure 3 – Keystone Project Claim Boundaries
The Keystone Project is accessible via unpaved roads. Navigation through the interior of the project is by off-road vehicle on exploration tracks.
Title and Ownership for Keystone Project
The Keystone Project consists of unpatented mining claims located on federal land administered by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (“BLM”). An annual maintenance fee of $165 per claim per year must be paid to the Nevada BLM by September 1 of each year, and failure to make the payment on time renders the claims void.
We acquired the mining claims comprising the Keystone Project on May 27, 2016 from Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC and Americas Gold Exploration, Inc. (“Americas Gold”). Some of the Keystone claims are subject to pre-existing net smelter royalty (“NSR”) obligations. In addition, Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC retained additional NSR rights of 0.5% with regard to certain claims and 3.5% with regard to certain other claims. The unpatented mining claims comprising the Keystone Project, with applicable NSR obligations, are as follows:
|1.||Acquired 100% from Americas Gold; subject to a one percent (1%) NSR held by Wolfpack Gold Nevada Corp.; a two percent (2.0%) NSR with respect to precious metals and one percent (1.0%) NSR with respect to all other metals and minerals held by Orion Royalty Company, LLC; and a one-half percent (0.5%) NSR to Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC.|
27 unpatented lode mining claims situated in Eureka County, Nevada, in Sections 33 and 34, Township 24 North, Range 48 East, and Sections 3, 4, 9, and 10, Township 23 North, Range 48 East, Mount Diablo Base Line and Meridian.
|2.||Acquired 100% from Americas Gold; subject to a three and one-half percent (3.5%) NSR to Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC|
13 unpatented lode mining claims situated in Eureka County, Nevada, in Sections 27, 28 and 35, Township 24 North, Range 48 East, and Sections 2 and 3, Township 23 North, Range 48 East, Mount Diablo Base Line and Meridian.
|3.||Acquired 100% from Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC; subject to a three and one-half percent (3.5%) NSR to Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC|
28 unpatented lode mining claims situated in Eureka County, Nevada, in Sections 2 & 11, Township 23 North, Range 48 East, Mount Diablo Base Line and Meridian.
|4.||Acquired 50% from Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC, 50% from Americas Gold, subject to a three and one-half percent (3.5%) NSR to Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC|
216 unpatented lode mining claims, alphabetically ordered, situated in Eureka County, Nevada, in Sections 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 33, 34, 35 & 36, Township 24 North, Range 48 East, Mount Diablo Base Line and Meridian.
Under the terms of the Purchase and Sale Agreement, dated May 25, 2016, under which we acquired the claims, we had the right to buy down 1% of the NSR owed to Nevada Gold Ventures LLC at any time through the fifth anniversary of the closing date, May 25, 2021, for $2,000,000. In addition, we may buy down an additional 1% of the NSR owed to Nevada Gold Ventures, LLC anytime through the eighth anniversary of the closing date, May 25, 2024, for $5,000,000. At April 30, 2022, we have not bought down any portion of the NSR. The decision to make a buy down payment would be driven by our progress in identifying an economic mineral resource, coupled with financial factors, such as available cash or an expressed interest by larger producing companies to enter into joint ventures or development arrangements. We do not currently anticipate making such a buy down payment at this time.
History of Prior Operations and Exploration on the Keystone Project
No comprehensive, modern-era, model-driven exploration has ever been conducted on the Keystone Project. Newmont drilled 6 holes in the old base metal and silver Keystone mine area in 1967 and encountered low-grade (+/- 0.02 opt) gold intercepts. Chevron staked the property in 1981-1983 and drilled 27 shallow drill holes, continued by an agreement with USMX that drilled an additional 19 shallow holes; significant amounts of low grade and anomalous gold were intersected, but results were considered uneconomic, and the project was dropped. In 1988 and 1989, Phelps Dodge acquired a southern portion of the district and drilled 6 holes, one of which contained gold mineralization in its total depth and was subsequently deepened in 1990 resulting in over 200’ of low-grade gold mineralization. About this time Coral Resources acquired a northern portion of the property and drilled 21 shallow holes to follow-up previous drill intercepts. 1995-1997, Golden Glacier, a junior company, acquired the north end of the district, and Uranerz a portion of the southern area; 6 holes were drilled in the north and only 2 holes in the south, respectively. The entire district was dropped by all parties.
In 2004, with the discovery of Cortez Hills and escalating gold prices, Nevada Pacific Gold, Great American Minerals (Don McDowell), and Tone Resources (Dave Mathewson) competed in claim staking the entire district. Subsequently, Don McDowell, founder of Great American Minerals approached Placer Dome (prior to Barrick acquisition) who discovered Pipeline and Cortez Hills, and who correctly recognized the Keystone district potential. Placer Dome entered into separate joint venture agreements with Nevada Pacific and Great American. The following year Barrick Gold bought Placer Dome and dropped all Placer Dome’s Nevada exploration projects and joint ventures, including Keystone. In 2006, Nevada Pacific and Tone were purchased by McEwen Mining. McEwen Mining, drilled 35 holes mostly near the north end of the district; targeting the range front pediment and the historic Keystone Mine. McEwen Mining dropped their Keystone claims and quit claimed them to Dave Mathewson and NV Gold Ventures. NV Gold Ventures and American Gold staked their own additional claims in the district. This expanded group of claims was acquired in the original Keystone Purchase Agreement. We have staked additional claims in the district, such as Potato Canyon, since acquiring the project.
Geology and Mineralization
To date, a technical report has not been prepared on the Keystone Project. Keystone is positioned on the prolific Cortez gold trend. The Keystone Project is centered on a granitic intrusion that warped the local Paleozoic stratigraphy into a dome, allowing for exposure of highly favorable Devonian, Carboniferous (Mississippian-Pennsylvania) and Permo- Triassic rocks including key likely host rocks for mineralization, the silty carbonate strata of the Horse Creek Formation and the Wenban limestone, as well as possible sandy clastic units of the Diamond Peak Formation. The Horse Canyon and Wenban rocks are the primary host rocks at the nearby Cortez Hills Mine and Gold Rush deposit currently operated by Barrick Gold.
Infrastructure and Facilities
The Keystone Project does not currently include any significant facilities. The Keystone Project sits some 10 miles to the southwest of Nevada Gold mines Cortez Complex. The Cortez Complex, consisting of surface and underground mines, is served by roads and power, while water in the area is extracted from sub-surface water resources. The Keystone Project is served by paved and unpaved roads, which extend down trend from the Cortez Complex to the north and additional road and infrastructure to the north-east. The whole area is some 30 miles to the south of the I-80 interstate corridor between the towns of Battle Mountain and Winnemucca, with Elko, Nevada being the dormitory town for the majority of the workforce and support services.
Maggie Creek Project, Nevada
On September 10, 2019, we, 2637262 Ontario Inc., a corporation incorporated under the laws of the Providence of Ontario (“NumberCo”) and all of the shareholders of the NumberCo (the “NumberCo Shareholders”), entered into the Share Exchange Agreement, dated September 10, 2019 (the “Agreement”), pursuant to which, among other things, we agreed to issue to the NumberCo Shareholders 200,000 shares of our common stock in exchange for all of the issued and outstanding shares of NumberCo, with NumberCo becoming a wholly owned subsidiary.
NumberCo owns all of the issued and outstanding shares of Orevada Metals Inc. (“Orevada”), a corporation under the laws of the state of Nevada. At the time of acquisition, we acquired from NumberCo cash of $159,063, and assumed liabilities consisting of accounts payable totaling $125,670. As a result, we acquired Orevada’s right to an option agreement dated in February 2019 (the “Option Agreement”). The Option Agreement grants Orevada the exclusive right and option to earn-in and acquire up to 50% undivided interest in a property called Maggie Creek, located in Eureka County, Nevada by completing $4.5 million in exploration and development expenditures (“Initial Earn-in”) and payment to Renaissance Exploration, Inc. (“Renaissance”), now Orogen Royalties, Inc. (OGN: TSX-V), the grantor, of $250,000. Orevada may elect within 60 days after making the $250,000 payment, to increase its interest by an additional 20% (total interest of 70%) by producing a feasibility study by the end of the ninth year of the Option Agreement.
The Maggie Creek Project lies on the eastern margin of the Lynn-Carlin window, adjacent to the giant Gold Quarry deposits. U.S. Gold controls approximately three-square miles of unpatented mining claims on the Carlin Trend (Figure 4).
Figure 4 – Location of Maggie Creek Project and Major Gold Trends in Nevada
Figure 5 – Maggie Creek Project Claim Boundaries
History of Prior Operations and Exploration on the Maggie Creek Project
The Maggie Creek claims have been subjected to multiple exploration programs between 1974 and 2000, including geologic mapping, geochemical and geophysical surveys, and much shallow drilling. Parties who worked on the project include: USGS-Radtke, Campbell Trust, Amselco, Freeport, Western States, Getty Oil, Cordex, USMX, Fischer Watt, Barrick, Newmont and Teck. Of the 241 holes drilled historically, only 22 are deeper than 1,000 feet. Since 2000, Timberline Resources, Renaissance Gold and Orevada Metals held the property, completed limited data review and compilation, but completed no drilling or field work.
Geology and Mineralization
Maggie Creek is located along the eastern side of the Carlin gold belt, directly northeast of Newmont Mining’s Gold Quarry mine. Mineralized northeast trending faults from Gold Quarry project onto the Maggie Creek claims, at surface and below the post-mineral Carlin Formation. The Gold Quarry mine is localized at the intersection of the northeast faults (Chukar-Alunite-Gold Quarry fault zone) with the west-northwest trending Good Hope fault. Good Hope parallel, gold-bearing west-northwest trending faults have been mapped on the Maggie Creek claims (Cress fault), some of which contain gold bearing, altered felsic dikes which have been poorly mapped to date. Northeast and west-northwest fault zone intersection zones in the Maggie Creek claims are most prospective for ore deposition.
Favorable Roberts Mountains Formation carbonate rocks exposed at surface consist of thrust slices. At drillable depth, below the thrusts, in-place Lower Plate Rodeo Creek, Popovich, Roberts Mountains and Hanson Creek rocks are present. Detailed structural mapping where exposures allow will help define targets within these deeper units.
U.S Gold Corp. Maggie Creek Exploration Activities
On April 7, 2021, we announced new targets for a Maggie Creek exploration drilling program including:
|-||We drilled two holes totaling 4,400 feet.|
|-||This program seeks to assess a new target concept below post-mineral cover to the east of Nevada Gold Mines’ Gold Quarry mine. Target was developed using structural projections, gravity data and geochemistry|
On June 30, 2021, we announced the successful interception of the Popovich Formation, the host of the majority of gold mine in the northern Carlin trend. A presumed hangingwall structure above the Popovich contained sooty pyrite and orpiment in a hydrothermal breccia (Figure 6). Assays were anomalous in gold, arsenic, mercury and thallium with a high of 165 ppb gold. The second hole was terminated within the upper plate Vinini sandstone at 1,503 ft. The hole is cased and secured for reentry, permitting completion of the hole into the Popovich in the near future.
Infrastructure and Facilities
The Maggie Creek project does not currently include any significant facilities The property is located within two to three miles of the Nevada Gold Mines Gold Quarry Mine. The area is reached via the I80 interstate and the turn-off to the site is at Carlin some 5-miles south of the Maggie Creek Claims. The Maggie Creek property sits on the prolific Carlin Trend which host some of the largest gold mines in the State of Nevada. As such, significant paved road and power infrastructure pass withing 2-miles of the Maggie Creek Property.
The Challis Gold Project, Idaho
The Challis Gold property is situated in the Salmon River Mountains, approximately 40 km (25 mi) southwest of the town of Salmon, Idaho, and 69 km (43 mi) north of the smaller town of Challis (Figure 7). The project area is considered to be within the Cobalt Mining District, as the past-producing Blackbird Cobalt Mine is located 9.3 km (5.75 mi) north-northwest of the property. The nearly-abandoned town of Cobalt, a previous company town for the Blackbird Mine, is along Panther Creek 9.7 km (6 mi) northeast of the property. Meridian Gold’s Beartrack Mine, the closest of the larger gold mines in the region, is 24 km (15 mi) northeast of the Challis Gold Project. The central portion of the property is located at approximately 45º 2’ North Latitude and 114º 20’ West Longitude. The claims are situated in the south-central portion of unsurveyed Township T20N, R18E.
|-||Figure 7: The Challis Gold Project Location in Idaho|
Title and Ownership for Challis Gold Project
All of the mining claims comprising the Musgrove property are unpatented lode mining claims that have been recorded in the Lemhi County Court House in Salmon, Idaho and filed with the US Bureau of Land Management office in Boise.
History of Prior Operations and Exploration
Early mining dates to the late 1880’s when gold was discovered at the nearby Yellow Jacket Mine and copper and cobalt was discovered north of the project area at the Blackbird Mine. Small scale intermittent mining was conducted in the project area from 1908 through the 1930’s at the Musgrove Mine and at the Smith-Gahan Mine.
In the mid-1980’s, alteration and quartz veining was identified located along the ridge north of Musgrove CreekA large block of claims covering the area was staked by an independent geologist and then leased to Atlas Minerals. Atlas completed an extensive sampling program and, in 1991, drilled nine reverse circulation holes resulting in the discovery of significant mineralization at the Johny’s Point deposit.
The project was acquired by Newmont in 1992 as part of the Grassy Mountain Deposit acquisition. Newmont conducted an extensive exploration program between 1992 and the fall of 1995 consisting of mapping and rock chip sampling. Twenty-seven core holes were completed consisting of nine holes in the Johny’s Point area and 18 holes testing targets along strike from Johny’s Point. Newmont concluded that the project did not meet the potential for their size criteria and the project was dropped.
In 1996, Meridian Gold acquired the property and drilled an additional 20 core holes and three reverse circulation drill holes. The property was subsequently returned to the owner due to declining gold prices.
In 2003, Wave Exploration leased the property and completed a GIS compilation of the surface and drill hole data. Wave subsequently commissioned a technical report. In 2004, Wave drilled two confirmation drill holes and two step out holes and completed a soil geochemical program northwest of Johny’s Point.
In 2005, Wave optioned the property to Journey Resources. In 2006 and 2007, Journey drilled nine reverse circulation drill holes and five core holes northwest of Johny’s Point.
There is no documented exploration activity from 2008 until 2018. On September 1, 2018, Journey Resources failed to pay the required claim payments to the Bureau of Land Management and the claims were forfeited. Subsequently, Northern Panther Resources Corporation located or acquired new claims covering the project. In 2020, we acquired Northern Panther Resources. In 2020, we contracted with Wright Geophysics to conduct a ground magnetic geophysical over the current claim block. This survey identified a prominent low magnetic linear feature that trends from the Musgrove Mine north-northwest for over two miles.
Geology and Mineralization
The project is located within the Trans-Challis Fault System, a prominent NE-trending fault zone which crosscuts central Idaho and hosts numerous gold deposits. Host rocks consist of quartzites and phyllites of the Precambrian Apple Creek Fm with minor mineralization within the Eocene Challis Volcanics. The Musgrove Mine – Johny’s Point mineral trend is within and adjacent to the Musgrove Fault, a northwest-trending fault that brings the Challis Volcanics into contact with the Precambrian rocks. This is a major structural zone that forms the northern edge of the Panther Creek Graben.
Gold mineralization occurs within epithermal quartz veins, quartz vein stockworks, and silicified breccia. The mineralization displays the characteristics of a low sulfidation epithermal gold system. The Musgrove Mine – Johny’s Point mineral trend has been defined by a broad soil and rock chip gold and arsenic anomaly that extends a distance 3000 feet and is up to 800 feet wide. Approximately 600 feet of this zone has been drilled with the remainder tested by wide spaced drilling.
Infrastructure and Facilities
The Challis Gold project does not currently include any significant facilities. The Challis property is located in the Salmon-Challis National Forest and served by paved and unpaved roads. There are historic workings in the area and there has been recent mining activity in the area. The site is somewhat remote from grid power and power lines would have to be extended into the area, or onsite power generation used to support an eventual operation. There is water in the area from both surface and sub-surface sources. The Bear Track operation, now closed but under renewed exploration, is some 16 miles as the crow flies to the northeast of the property. Historic mining was conducted; however the facilities have been abandoned decades ago and the nearest habited area is a forest ranger station near Forney some 5-miles from site.
We do not compete directly with anyone for the exploration or removal of minerals from our property as we hold all interest and rights to the claims. Readily available commodities markets exist in the U.S. and around the world for the sale of minerals. Therefore, we will likely be able to sell minerals that we are able to recover. We will be subject to competition and unforeseen limited sources of supplies in the industry in the event spot shortages arise for supplies such as explosives or large equipment tires, and certain equipment such as bulldozers and excavators and services, such as contract drilling that we will need to conduct exploration. If we are unsuccessful in securing the products, equipment and services we need, we may have to suspend our exploration plans until we are able to secure them.
Compliance with Government Regulation
We will be required to comply with all regulations, rules and directives of governmental authorities and agencies applicable to the exploration of minerals in the United States generally. We will also be subject to the regulations of the BLM and the US Forest Service (“Forest Service”) with respect to mining claims on federal lands.
Future exploration drilling on any of our properties that consist of BLM or Forest Service land will require us to either file a Notice of Intent (NOI) or a Plan of Operations, depending upon the amount of new surface disturbance that is planned. A Notice of Intent is required for planned surface activities that anticipate less than 5.0 acres of surface disturbance, and usually can be obtained within a 30 to 60-day time period.
Environmental Permitting Requirements
Various levels of governmental controls and regulations address, among other things, the environmental impact of mineral mining and exploration operations and establish requirements for reclamation of mineral mining and exploration properties after exploration operations have ceased. With respect to the regulation of mineral mining and exploration, legislation and regulations in various jurisdictions establish performance standards, air and water quality emission limits and other design or operational requirements for various aspects of the operations, including health and safety standards. Legislation and regulations also establish requirements for reclamation and rehabilitation of mining properties following the cessation of operations and may require that some former mining properties be managed for long periods of time after mining activities have ceased.
Our activities are subject to various levels of federal and state laws and regulations relating to protection of the environment, including requirements for closure and reclamation of mineral exploration properties. Some of the laws and regulations include the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA”), the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and related state laws in Nevada. Additionally, much of our property is subject to the federal General Mining Law of 1872, which regulates how mining claims on federal lands are located and maintained.
The State of Nevada, where we focus our mineral exploration efforts, requires mining projects to obtain a Nevada State Reclamation Permit pursuant to the Mined Land Reclamation Act (the “Nevada MLR Act”), which establishes reclamation and financial assurance requirements for all mining operations in the state. New and expanding facilities are required to provide a reclamation plan and financial assurance to ensure that the reclamation plan is implemented upon completion of operations. The Nevada MLR Act also requires reclamation plans and permits for exploration projects that will result in more than five acres of surface disturbance on private lands.
The State of Wyoming, where we focus mineral exploration and development efforts at the CK Gold Project, requires exploration and mining projects to obtain permits from the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (WDEQ), and various other state agencies. New and expanding facilities are required to provide a reclamation plan and financial assurance to ensure that the reclamation plan is implemented upon completion of operations. WDEQ in granting permits requires that reclamation plans and permits are in place and that bonds have been secured covering the cost of remediation of disturbances on both state and private land.
Executive Officers of U.S. Gold Corp.
|Eric Alexander||55||Chief Financial Officer - Principal Financial and Accounting Officer||2020|
|of U.S. Gold Corp.|
|George M. Bee||64||Chief Executive Officer, President and Director of U.S. Gold Corp.||2020|
|Kevin Francis||62||Vice President – Exploration and Technical Services||2021|
Eric Alexander is our Chief Financial Officer and Secretary and has been with us since September 2020. He has over 30 years of corporate, operational and business experience, and over 15 years of mining industry experience. Previously he served as Corporate Controller of Helix Technologies, Inc., a publicly traded software and technology company from April 2019 to September 2020. Prior to that, he served as the Vice President Finance and Controller of Pershing Gold Corporation, a mining company (formerly NASDAQ: PGLC), from September 2012 until April 2019. Prior to that, Mr. Alexander was the Corporate Controller for Sunshine Silver Mines Corporation, a privately held mining company with exploration and pre-development properties in Idaho and Mexico, from March 2011 to August 2012. He was a consultant to Hein & Associates LLP from August 2012 to September 2012 and a Manager with Hein & Associates LLP from July 2010 to March 2011. He served from July 2007 to May 2010 as the Corporate Controller for Golden Minerals Company (and its predecessor, Apex Silver Mines Limited), a publicly traded mining company with operations and exploration activities in South America and Mexico. In addition to his direct experience in the mining industry, he has also held the position of Senior Manager with the public accounting firm KPMG LLP, focusing on mining and energy clients. Mr. Alexander has a B.S. in Business Administration (concentrations in Accounting and Finance) from the State University of New York at Buffalo and is also a licensed CPA.
George M. Bee has been serving as a member of our Board since November 2020 and our Executive Chairman from March 2021 to May 2022. He was appointed as our President in August 2020 and become Chief Executive Officer in November 2020. Mr. Bee is a senior mining industry executive, with deep mine development and operational experience. He has an extensive career advancing world-class gold mining projects in eight countries on three continents for both major and junior mining companies. In 2018, Mr. Bee concluded a third term with Barrick Gold Corporation (“Barrick Gold”) (NYSE: GOLD) as Senior VP Frontera District in Chile and Argentina working to advance Pascua Lama feasibility as an underground mine. This capped a 16-year tenure at Barrick Gold, where he served in multiple senior-level positions, including Mine Manager at Goldstrike during early development and operations, Operations Manager at Pierina Mine taking Pierina from construction to operations, and General Manager of Veladero developing the project from advanced exploration through permitting, feasibility and into production. Previously, Mr. Bee held positions as CEO and Director of Jaguar Mining Inc. between March 2014 and December 2015, President and CEO of Andina Minerals Inc. from February 2009 until January 2013 and Chief Operating Officer for Aurelian Resources, Inc. from 2007 to 2009. As Chief Operating Officer of Aurelian Resources in 2007, he was in charge of project development for Fruta del Norte in Ecuador until Aurelian was acquired by Kinross Gold in 2008. Mr. Bee has served on the board of directors of Stillwater Mining Company, Sandspring Resources Ltd., Jaguar Mining, Peregrine Metals Ltd. and Minera IRL. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from the Camborne School of Mines in Cornwall, United Kingdom. He also holds ICD.D designation from the Institute of Corporate Directors.
Kevin Francis is our Vice President - Exploration and Technical Services and has been with us since July 2021. Mr. Francis has held many senior roles within the mining industry, including VP of Project Development for Aurcana Corporation, VP of Technical Services for Oracle Mining Corporation, VP of Resources for NovaGold Resources and Principal Geologist for AMEC Mining and Metals. Most recently, he consulted to U.S. Gold Corp. as Principal of Mineral Resource Management LLC, a consultancy providing technical leadership to the mining industry, as well as through his association with Gustavson Associates (a member of WSP) since September 2020. Mr. Francis is a “qualified person” as defined by SEC S-K 1300 and Canadian NI 43-101 reporting standards and holds both an M.S. degree and a B.A. in geology from the University of Colorado.
Item 1A. RISK FACTORS
RISKS RELATED TO OUR FINANCIAL CIRCUMSTANCES
If we fail to establish and maintain an effective system of internal control, we may not be able to report our financial results accurately or prevent fraud. Any inability to report and file our financial results accurately and timely could harm our reputation and adversely impact the trading price of our common stock and our ability to file registration statements pursuant to registration rights agreements and other commitments.
Effective internal control is necessary for us to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. If we cannot provide reliable financial reports or prevent fraud, we may not be able to manage our business as effectively as we would if an effective control environment existed, and our business and reputation with investors may be harmed. As a result of our small size, any current internal control deficiencies may adversely affect our financial condition, results of operation and access to capital. As of April 30, 2022, management has concluded that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective.
There is substantial doubt about whether we can continue as a going concern.
To date, we have earned no revenues and have incurred accumulated net losses of $57.9 million. We have limited financial resources. As of April 30, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents of $9.1 million and working capital of $8.8 million. Therefore, our continuation as a going concern is dependent upon our achieving a future financing or strategic transaction. However, there is no assurance that we will be successful pursuing a financing or strategic transaction. Accordingly, there is substantial doubt as to whether our existing cash resources and working capital are sufficient to enable us to continue our operations for the next 12 months as a going concern. Ultimately, in the event that we cannot obtain additional financial resources, or achieve profitable operations, we may have to liquidate our business interests and investors may lose their investment. The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that our company will continue as a going concern. Continued operations are dependent on our ability to obtain additional financial resources or generate profitable operations. Such additional financial resources may not be available or may not be available on reasonable terms. Our consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty. Such adjustments could be material.
We have a limited operating history on which to base an evaluation of our business and prospects.
Since our inception, we have had no revenue from operations. We have no history of producing metals from any of our exploration properties. Our properties are exploration stage properties. Advancing properties from the exploration stage requires significant capital and time, and successful commercial production from a property, if any, will be subject to completing feasibility studies, permitting and construction of the potential mine, processing plants, roads, and other related works and infrastructure. As a result, we are subject to all of the risks associated with developing and establishing new mining operations and business enterprises including:
|●||completion of feasibility studies to verify potential mineral reserves and commercial viability, including the ability to find sufficient mineral reserves to support a commercial mining operation;|
|●||the timing and cost, which can be considerable, of further exploration, preparing feasibility studies, permitting and construction of infrastructure, mining and processing facilities;|
|●||the availability and costs of drill equipment, exploration personnel, skilled labor and mining and processing equipment, if required;|
|●||the availability and cost of appropriate smelting and/or refining arrangements, if required;|
|●||compliance with environmental and other governmental approval and permit requirements;|
|●||the availability of funds to finance exploration activities, as warranted;|
|●||potential opposition from non-governmental organizations, environmental groups, local groups or local inhabitants which may delay or prevent exploration activities;|
|●||potential increases in exploration, construction and operating costs due to changes in the cost of fuel, power, materials and supplies;|
|●||inability to secure fair and reasonable terms associated with mineral leases; and|
|●||potential shortages of mineral processing, construction and other facilities-related supplies.|
The costs, timing and complexities of exploration activities may be increased by the location of our properties and demand by other mineral exploration and mining companies. It is common in exploration programs to experience unexpected problems and delays during drill programs and, if ever commenced, development, construction and mine start-up. Accordingly, our activities may not ever result in profitable mining operations and we may not succeed in establishing mining operations or profitably producing metals at any of our properties.
We will require significant additional capital to fund our business plan.
We will be required to expend significant funds to continue exploration and if warranted, develop our existing exploration properties and to identify and acquire additional properties to diversify our properties portfolio. We have spent and will be required to continue to expend significant amounts of capital for drilling, geological and geochemical analysis, assaying and feasibility studies with regard to the results of our exploration. We may not benefit from some of these investments if we are unable to identify any commercially exploitable mineralized material.
Our ability to obtain necessary funding for these purposes, in turn, depends upon a number of factors, including the status of the national and worldwide economy and the price of gold and copper. We may not be successful in obtaining the required financing or, if we can obtain such financing, such financing may not be on terms that are favorable to us. Failure to obtain such additional financing could result in delay or indefinite postponement of further exploration operations, development activities and the possible partial or total loss of our potential interest in our properties.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS
We do not know if our properties contain any gold or other minerals that can be mined at a profit.
Although the properties on which we have the right to explore for gold are known to have historic deposits of gold, there can be no assurance such deposits can be mined at a profit. Whether a gold deposit can be mined at a profit depends upon many factors. Some but not all of these factors include: the particular attributes of the deposit, such as size, grade and proximity to infrastructure; operating costs and capital expenditures required to start mining a deposit; the availability and cost of financing; the price of gold, which is highly volatile and cyclical; and government regulations, including regulations relating to prices, taxes, royalties, land use, importing and exporting of minerals and environmental protection.
Most of our projects are in the exploration stage.
Although we have established an estimate of mineral reserves on the CK Gold Project, there are no current estimates of mineral resources or mineral reserves at the Keystone Property, Maggie Creek Property or Challis Gold Project. There is no assurance that we can establish the existence of any mineral reserves on those projects in commercially exploitable quantities. If we do not establish the existence of mineral reserves or mineral resources on those projects, we may lose all of the funds that we expend on exploration.
The commercial viability of an established mineral deposit will depend on a number of factors including, by way of example, the size, grade and other attributes of the mineral deposit, the proximity of the mineral deposit to infrastructure such as a smelter, roads and a point for shipping, government regulation and market prices. Most of these factors will be beyond our control, and any of them could increase costs and make extraction of any identified mineral deposit unprofitable.
We have no history of producing metals from our current mineral properties and there can be no assurance that we will successfully establish mining operations or profitably produce precious metals.
We have no history of producing metals from our properties. We do not produce gold and do not currently generate operating earnings. While we seek to advance our projects and properties through exploration, such efforts will be subject to all of the risks associated with establishing new future potential mining operations and business enterprises, including:
|●||the timing and cost, which are considerable, of the construction of mining and processing facilities;|
|●||the availability and costs of skilled labor and mining equipment;|
|●||compliance with environmental and other governmental approval and permit requirements;|
|●||the availability of funds to finance exploration activities;|
|●||potential opposition from non-governmental organizations, environmental groups, local groups or local inhabitants that may delay or prevent exploration activities; and|
|●||potential increases in construction and operating costs due to changes in the cost of labor, fuel, power, materials and supplies.|
It is common in new mining operations to experience unexpected problems and delays. In addition, our management will need to be expanded. This could result in delays in the commencement of potential mineral production and increased costs of production. Accordingly, we cannot assure you that our activities will result in any profitable mining operations or that we will ever successfully establish mining operations.
We may not be able to obtain all required permits and licenses to place any of our properties into future potential production.
Our current and future operations, including additional exploration activities, require permits from governmental authorities and such operations are and will be governed by laws and regulations governing prospecting, exploration, taxes, labor standards, occupational health, waste disposal, toxic substances, land use, environmental protection, mine safety and other matters. Companies engaged in mineral property exploration generally experience increased costs, and delays in exploration and other schedules as a result of the need to comply with applicable laws, regulations and permits. We cannot predict if all permits which we may require for continued exploration and development activities, will be obtainable on reasonable terms, if at all. Costs related to applying for and obtaining permits and licenses may be prohibitive and could delay our planned exploration activities. Failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations and permitting requirements may result in enforcement actions, including orders issued by regulatory or judicial authorities causing exploration operations to cease or be curtailed, and may include corrective measures requiring capital expenditures, installation of additional equipment, or remedial actions.
Parties engaged in exploration operations may be required to compensate those suffering loss or damage by reason of the exploration activities and may have civil or criminal fines or penalties imposed for violations of applicable laws or regulations. Amendments to current laws, regulations and permits governing operations and activities of exploration companies, or more stringent implementation thereof, could have a material adverse impact on our operations and cause increases in capital expenditures or production costs or reduction in levels of exploration activities at our properties or require abandonment or delays in future activities.
We are subject to significant governmental regulations, which affect our operations and costs of conducting our business.
Our current and future operations are and will be governed by laws and regulations, including:
|●||laws and regulations governing mineral concession acquisition, prospecting, exploration and development and operation;|
|●||laws and regulations related to exports, taxes and fees;|
|●||labor standards and regulations related to occupational health and mine safety; and|
|●||environmental standards and regulations related to waste disposal, toxic substances, land use and environmental protection.|
Companies engaged in exploration activities often experience increased costs and delays in exploration and other schedules as a result of the need to comply with applicable laws, regulations and permits. Failure to comply with applicable laws, regulations and permits may result in enforcement actions, including the forfeiture of mineral claims or other mineral tenures, orders issued by regulatory or judicial authorities requiring operations to cease or be curtailed, and may include corrective measures requiring capital expenditures, installation of additional equipment or costly remedial actions. We may be required to compensate those suffering loss or damage by reason of our mineral exploration activities and may have civil or criminal fines or penalties imposed for violations of such laws, regulations and permits. Existing and possible future laws, regulations and permits governing operations and activities of exploration companies, or more stringent implementation, could have a material adverse impact on our business and cause increases in capital expenditures or require abandonment or delays in exploration.
Our business is subject to extensive environmental regulations that may make exploring, or related activities prohibitively expensive, and which may change at any time.
All of our operations are subject to extensive environmental regulations that can substantially delay exploration and make exploration expensive or prohibit it altogether. We may be subject to potential liabilities associated with the pollution of the environment and the disposal of waste products that may occur as the result of exploring and other related activities on our properties. We may have to pay to remedy environmental pollution, which may reduce the amount of money that we have available to use for exploration, or other activities, and adversely affect our financial position. If we are unable to fully remedy an environmental problem, we might be required to suspend exploration operations or to enter into interim compliance measures pending the completion of the required remedy. We have not purchased insurance for potential environmental risks (including potential liability for pollution or other hazards associated with the disposal of waste products from our exploration activities) and such insurance may not be available to us on reasonable terms or at a reasonable price. All of our exploration will be subject to regulation under one or more local, state and federal environmental impact analyses and public review processes. It is possible that future changes in applicable laws, regulations and permits or changes in their enforcement or regulatory interpretation could have significant impact on some portion of our business, which may require our business to be economically re-evaluated from time to time. These risks include, but are not limited to, the risk that regulatory authorities may increase bonding requirements beyond our financial capability. Inasmuch as posting of bonding in accordance with regulatory determinations is a condition to the right to operate under specific federal and state exploration operating permits, increases in bonding requirements could prevent operations even if we are in full compliance with all substantive environmental laws.
Regulations and pending legislation governing issues involving climate change could result in increased operating costs, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.
A number of governments or governmental bodies have introduced or are contemplating regulatory changes in response to the potential impact of climate change. Legislation and increased regulation regarding climate change could impose significant costs on us, our venture partners and our suppliers, including costs related to increased energy requirements, capital equipment, environmental monitoring and reporting and other costs to comply with such regulations. Any adopted future climate change regulations could also negatively impact our ability to compete with companies situated in areas not subject to such limitations. Given the emotion, political significance and uncertainty around the impact of climate change and how it should be dealt with, we cannot predict how legislation and regulation will affect our financial condition, operating performance and ability to compete. Furthermore, even without such regulation, increased awareness and any adverse publicity in the global marketplace about potential impacts on climate change by us or other companies in our industry could harm our reputation. The potential physical impacts of climate change on our operations are highly uncertain and would be particular to the geographic circumstances in areas in which we operate. These may include changes in rainfall and storm patterns and intensities, water shortages, changing sea levels and changing temperatures. These impacts may adversely impact the cost, production and financial performance of our operations.
The values of our properties are subject to volatility in the price of gold and any other deposits we may seek or locate.
Our ability to obtain additional and continuing funding, and our profitability in the event we commence future mining operations or sell the rights to mine, will be significantly affected by changes in the market price of gold. Gold prices fluctuate widely and are affected by numerous factors, all of which are beyond our control. Some of these factors include the sale or purchase of gold by central banks and financial institutions; interest rates; currency exchange rates; inflation or deflation; fluctuation in the value of the United States dollar and other currencies; speculation; global and regional supply and demand, including investment, industrial and jewelry demand; and the political and economic conditions of major gold or other mineral producing countries throughout the world, such as Russia and South Africa. The price of gold or other minerals have fluctuated widely in recent years, and a decline in the price of gold could cause a significant decrease in the value of our properties, limit our ability to raise money, and render continued exploration activities of our properties impracticable. If that happens, then we could lose our rights to our properties and be compelled to sell some or all of these rights. Additionally, the future progression of our properties beyond the exploration stage is heavily dependent upon the level of gold prices remaining sufficiently high to make the continuation of our properties economically viable. You may lose your investment if the price of gold decreases. The greater the decrease in the price of gold, the more likely it is that you will lose money.
Our property titles may be challenged, and we are not insured against any challenges, impairments or defects to our mineral claims or property titles.
We cannot guarantee that title to our properties will not be challenged. Title insurance is not available for our mineral properties, and our ability to ensure that we have obtained secure rights to individual mineral properties or mining concessions may be severely constrained. Our unpatented Keystone claims were created and maintained in accordance with the federal General Mining Law of 1872. Unpatented claims are unique U.S. property interests and are generally considered to be subject to greater title risk than other real property interests because the validity of unpatented claims is often uncertain. This uncertainty arises, in part, out of the complex federal and state laws and regulations under the General Mining Law. We have obtained a title report on our Keystone claims but cannot be certain that all defects or conflicts with our title to those claims have been identified. Further, we have not obtained title insurance regarding our purchase and ownership of the Keystone claims. Defending any challenges to our property titles may be costly and may divert funds that could otherwise be used for exploration activities and other purposes. We cannot provide any assurances that there are no title defects affecting our properties. In addition, unpatented claims are always subject to possible challenges by third parties or contests by the federal government, which, if successful, may prevent us from exploiting our discovery of commercially extractable gold. Challenges to our title may increase its costs of operation or limit our ability to explore on certain portions of our properties. We are not insured against challenges, impairments or defects to our property titles, nor do we intend to carry extensive title insurance in the future.
Market forces or unforeseen developments may prevent us from obtaining the supplies and equipment necessary to explore for gold and other minerals.
Gold exploration, and mineral exploration in general, is a very competitive business. Competitive demands for contractors and unforeseen shortages of supplies and/or equipment could result in the disruption of our planned exploration activities. Current demand for exploration drilling services, equipment and supplies is robust and could result in suitable equipment and skilled manpower being unavailable at scheduled times for our exploration program. The recent inflationary environment has also resulted in a significant increase in costs, including fuel. If we cannot find the equipment and supplies needed for our various exploration programs, we may have to suspend some or all of them until equipment, supplies, funds and/or skilled manpower become available. Any such disruption in our activities may adversely affect our exploration activities and financial condition.
Joint ventures and other partnerships may expose us to risks.
We may enter into future joint ventures or partnership arrangements with other parties in relation to the exploration, of a certain portion of the CK Gold, Keystone, Maggie Creek and Challis Gold Properties in which we have an interest. Joint ventures can often require unanimous approval of the parties to the joint venture or their representatives for certain fundamental decisions such as an increase or reduction of registered capital, merger, division, dissolution, amendments of consenting documents, and the pledge of joint venture assets, which means that each joint venture party may have a veto right with respect to such decisions which could lead to a deadlock in the operations of the joint venture. Further, we may be unable to exert control over strategic decisions made in respect of such properties. Any failure of such other companies to meet their obligations to us or to third parties, or any disputes with respect to the parties’ respective rights and obligations, could have a material adverse effect on the joint ventures or their properties and therefore could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial performance, cash flows and the price of the Common Shares.
Our rights in certain mineral properties require us to perform contractual work commitments to retain our interest in those properties.
Pursuant to the Option Agreement, we have an exclusive right and option to earn-in and acquire up to 50% undivided interest in Maggie Creek, subject to work commitment expenditures which require us to perform exploration and development expenditures of $4.5 million plus make a payment of $250,000 to Orogen Royalties, Inc. We may elect within 60 days after making the $250,000 payment, to increase our interest by an additional 20% by producing a feasibility study by the end of the ninth year of the Option Agreement. There is no assurance that we will achieve the work commitment expenditure and the payment of $250,000 to Orogen Royalties, Inc. If we do not meet the contractual work commitments and payment, we could lose the option and our rights to the property. Furthermore, we may not elect to increase our interest within 60 days after the $250,000 payment or we may fail to produce a feasibility study by the ninth year of the Option Agreement.
We may pursue acquisitions, divestitures, business combinations or other transactions with other companies, involving our properties or new properties, which could harm our operating results, may disrupt our business and could result in unanticipated accounting charges.
Acquisitions of other companies or new properties, divestitures, business combinations or other transactions with other companies may create additional, material risks for our business that could cause our results to differ materially and adversely from our expected or projected results. Such risk factors include the effects of possible disruption to the exploration activities and mine planning, loss of value associated with our properties, mismanagement of project development, additional risk and liability, indemnification obligations, sales of assets at unfavorable prices, failure to sell non-core assets at all, poor execution of the plans for such transactions, permit requirements, debt incurred or capital stock issued to enter into such transactions, the impact of any such transactions on our financial results, negative stakeholder reaction to any such transaction and our ability to successfully integrate an acquired company’s operations with our operations. If the purchase price of any acquired businesses exceeds the current fair values of the net tangible assets of such acquired businesses, we would be required to record material amounts of goodwill or other intangible assets, which could result in significant impairment and amortization expense in future periods. These charges, in addition to the results of operations of such acquired businesses and potential restructuring costs associated with an acquisition, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. We cannot forecast the number, timing or size of future transactions, or the effect that any such transactions might have on our operating or financial results. Furthermore, potential transactions, whether or not consummated, will divert our management’s attention and may require considerable cash outlays at the expense of our existing operations. In addition, to complete future transactions, we may issue equity securities, incur debt, assume contingent liabilities or have amortization expenses and write-downs of acquired assets, which could adversely affect our profitability.
We may experience difficulty attracting and retaining qualified management to meet the needs of our anticipated growth, and the failure to manage our growth effectively could have a material adverse effect on our business and financial condition. In addition, we are dependent upon our employees being able to safely perform their jobs, including the potential for physical injuries or illness.
We are dependent on a relatively small number of key employees, including our President and Chief Executive Officer, our Chief Financial Officer and our Vice President – Exploration and Technical Services. The loss of any officer could have an adverse effect on us. We have no life insurance on any individual, and we may be unable to hire a suitable replacement for them on favorable terms, should that become necessary.
Our success is also dependent on the contributions of our highly skilled and experienced workforce. Our ability to achieve our operating goals depends upon our ability to recruit, hire, retain and develop qualified and diverse personnel to execute on our strategy. There continues to be competition over highly skilled personnel in our industry. If we lose key personnel, or one or more members of our senior management team, and we fail to develop adequate succession plans, or if we fail to hire, retain and develop qualified and diverse employees, our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be harmed. COVID-19 vaccine mandates and other COVID-19 related laws and policies could make hiring and retaining highly skilled key employees more difficult in the future.
Our business is dependent upon our workforce being able to safely perform their jobs, including the potential for physical injuries or illness. If we experience periods where our employees are unable to perform their jobs for any reason, including as a result of illness (such as COVID-19), our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows could be adversely affected.
We may have exposure to greater than anticipated tax liabilities.
Our future income taxes could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in jurisdictions that have lower statutory tax rates and higher than anticipated in jurisdictions that have higher statutory tax rates, changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets or liabilities, or changes in tax laws, regulations, or accounting principles, as well as certain discrete items. We are subject to review or audit by tax authorities. As a result, we may in the future receive assessments in multiple jurisdictions on various tax-related assertions. Any adverse outcome of such a review or audit could have a negative effect on our operating results and financial condition. In addition, the determination of our provision for income taxes and other tax liabilities requires significant judgment, and there could be situations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. Although we believe our estimates are reasonable, the ultimate tax outcome may differ from the amounts recorded in our financial statements and may materially affect our financial results in the period or periods for which such determination is made.
Our activities may be adversely affected by unforeseeable and unquantifiable health risks, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, whether those effects are local, nationwide or global. Matters outside our control may prevent us from executing on our exploration programs, limit travel of Company representatives, adversely affect the health and welfare of Company personnel or prevent important vendors and contractors from performing normal and contracted activities.
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in numerous actions taken by governments and governmental agencies in an attempt to mitigate the spread of the virus, including travel bans, quarantines and other emergency public health measures. These measures have resulted in a significant reduction in economic activity and extreme volatility in the financial markets.
The risks we face related to contagious disease, or policies implemented by governments to protect against the spread of a disease, are unforeseeable and unquantifiable by us. We, or our people, investors, contractors or stakeholders, may be prevented from free cross-border travel or normal attendance to activities in conducting Company business at trade shows, presentations, meetings or other activities meant to promote or execute our business strategy and transactions. We may be prevented from receiving goods or services from contractors. Decisions beyond our control, such as canceled events, restricted travel, barriers to entry or other factors may affect our ability to accomplish drilling programs, technical analysis of completed exploration actions, equity raising activities, and other needs that would normally be accomplished without such limitations.
We use a variety of outsourced contractors to execute our exploration programs. Drilling contractors need to be able to access our projects and ensure social distancing recommended safety standards While our contractors are currently able to access our projects, there can be no assurances that this access will continue if subsequent waves of the infection or variant strains appear.
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought tremendous uncertainty to the global financial markets. As an exploration and development company with no revenues, we are reliant on constantly raising additional capital to fund our operations. A continuation or worsening of the levels of market disruption and volatility seen in the recent past could have an adverse effect on our ability to access capital, on our business, results of operations and financial condition, and on the market price of our common stock. There are no assurances we will be able to raise additional capital on favorable terms in the foreseeable future.
RISKS RELATED TO THE MINERAL EXPLORATION INDUSTRY
Exploring for gold is an inherently speculative business.
Natural resource exploration and exploring for gold in particular is a business that by its nature is very speculative. There is a strong possibility that we will not discover gold or any other resources which can be mined or extracted at a profit. Although we have established the existence of mineral reserves at the CK Gold Project, we may be unsuccessful in bringing it into production on a profitable basis. Few properties that are explored are ultimately developed into producing mines. Unusual or unexpected geological formations, geological formation pressures, fires, power outages, labor disruptions, flooding, explosions, cave-ins, landslides and the inability to obtain suitable or adequate machinery, equipment or labor are just some of the many risks involved in mineral exploration programs and the subsequent expansion of potential gold deposits.
Estimates of mineral reserves and mineral resources are subject to evaluation uncertainties that could result in project failure.
Our exploration and future potential mining operations, if any, are and would be faced with risks associated with being able to accurately predict the quantity and quality of mineral resources or mineral reserves within the earth using statistical sampling techniques. Estimates of mineral resources or mineral reserves on our properties are made using samples obtained from appropriately placed trenches, test pits and underground workings and intelligently designed drilling. There is an inherent variability of assays between check and duplicate samples taken adjacent to each other and between sampling points that cannot be reasonably eliminated. Additionally, there also may be unknown geologic details that have not been identified or correctly appreciated at the current level of accumulated knowledge about our properties. This could result in uncertainties that cannot be reasonably eliminated from the process of estimating potential mineral resources/reserves. If these estimates were to prove to be unreliable, we could implement an exploitation plan that may not lead to any commercially viable operations in the future.
We may be denied the government licenses and permits which we need to explore or mine on our properties.
Exploration activities usually require the granting of permits from various governmental agencies. For example, exploration drilling on unpatented mineral claims requires a permit to be obtained from the United States BLM, which may take several months or longer to grant the requested permit. Depending on the size, location and scope of the exploration program, additional permits may also be required before exploration activities can be undertaken. Prehistoric or Native American graveyards, threatened or endangered species, archeological sites or the possibility thereof, difficult access, excessive dust and important nearby water resources may all result in the need for additional permits before exploration activities can commence. As with all permitting processes, there is the risk that unexpected delays and excessive costs may be experienced in obtaining required permits. The needed permits may not be granted at all. Delays in or our inability to obtain necessary permits will result in unanticipated costs, which may result in serious adverse effects upon our business.
Possible amendments to the General Mining Law and other regulations could make it more difficult or impossible for us to execute our business plan.
In recent years, the U.S. Congress has considered a number of proposed amendments to the General Mining Law, as well as legislation that would make comprehensive changes to the law. Although no such comprehensive legislation has been adopted to date, there can be no assurance that such legislation will not be adopted in the future. If adopted, such legislation, if it includes concepts that have been part of previous legislative proposals, could, among other things, (i) limit on the number of millsites that a claimant may use, (ii) impose time limits on the effectiveness of plans of operation that may not coincide with mine life, (iii) impose more stringent environmental compliance and reclamation requirements on activities on unpatented mining claims and millsites, (iv) establish a mechanism that would allow states, localities and Native American tribes to petition for the withdrawal of identified tracts of federal land from the operation of the General Mining Law, (v) allow for administrative determinations that mining would not be allowed in situations where undue degradation of the federal lands in question could not be prevented, (vi) impose royalties on gold and other mineral production from unpatented mining claims or impose fees on production from patented mining claims, and (vii) impose a fee on the amount of material displaced at a mine. Further, such legislation, if enacted, could have an adverse impact on earnings from our exploration operations, could reduce future estimates of any reserves we may establish and could curtail our future exploration activity on our unpatented claims.
Our ability to conduct exploration, and related activities may also be impacted by administrative actions taken by federal agencies.
We may not be able to maintain the infrastructure necessary to conduct exploration and development activities.
Our exploration and development activities depend upon adequate infrastructure. Reliable roads, bridges, power sources and water supply are important factors which affect capital and operating costs. Climate change or unusual or infrequent weather phenomena, sabotage, government or other interference in the maintenance or provision of such infrastructure could adversely affect our exploration activities and financial condition.
We compete against larger and more experienced companies.
The mining industry is intensely competitive. Many large mining companies are primarily producers of precious or base metals and may become interested in the types of deposits and exploration projects on which we are focused, which include gold, silver and other precious metals deposits or polymetallic deposits containing significant quantities of base metals, including copper. Many of these companies have greater financial resources, experience and technical capabilities than we do. We may encounter increasing competition from other mining companies in our efforts to acquire mineral properties and hire experienced mining professionals. Increased competition in our business could adversely affect our ability to attract necessary capital funding or acquire suitable mining properties or prospects for mineral exploration in the future.
We rely on contractors to conduct a significant portion of our exploration operations.
A significant portion of our exploration operations are currently conducted in whole or in part by contractors. As a result, our exploration operations are subject to a number of risks, some of which are outside our control, including:
|●||negotiating agreements with contractors on acceptable terms;|
|●||the inability to replace a contractor and its operating equipment in the event that either party terminates the agreement;|
|●||reduced control over those aspects of operations which are the responsibility of the contractor;|
|●||failure of a contractor to perform under its agreement;|
|●||interruption of exploration operations or increased costs in the event that a contractor ceases its business due to insolvency or other unforeseen events;|
|●||failure of a contractor to comply with applicable legal and regulatory requirements, to the extent it is responsible for such compliance; and|
|●||problems of a contractor with managing its workforce, labor unrest or other employment issues.|
In addition, we may incur liability to third parties as a result of the actions of our contractors. The occurrence of one or more of these risks could adversely affect our results of operations and financial position.
Our exploration activities may be adversely affected by the local climate or seismic events, which could prevent us from gaining access to our property year-round.
Earthquakes, heavy rains, snowstorms, wildfires and floods could result in serious damage to or the destruction of facilities, equipment or means of access to our property, or may otherwise prevent us from conducting exploration activities on our property. There may be short periods of time when the unpaved portion of the access road is impassible in the event of extreme weather conditions or unusually muddy conditions. During these periods, it may be difficult or impossible for us to access our property, make repairs, or otherwise conduct exploration activities on them.
We may be unable to secure surface access or to purchase required surface rights.
Although we acquire the rights to some or all of the minerals in the ground subject to the mineral tenures that it acquires, or has a right to acquire, in most cases it does not thereby acquire any rights to, or ownership of, the surface to the areas covered by such mineral tenures. In such cases, applicable mining laws usually provide for rights of access to the surface for the purpose of carrying on exploration activities, however, the enforcement of such rights through the courts can be costly and time consuming. It is necessary to negotiate surface access or to purchase the surface rights if long-term access is required. There can be no guarantee that, despite having the right at law to access the surface and carry on exploration activities, we will be able to negotiate satisfactory agreements with any such existing landowners/occupiers for such access or purchase of such surface rights, and therefore we may be unable to carry out planned exploration activities. In addition, in circumstances where such access is denied, or no agreement can be reached, we may need to rely on the assistance of local officials or the courts in such jurisdiction the outcomes of which cannot be predicted with any certainty. Our inability to secure surface access or purchase required surface rights could materially and adversely affect our timing, cost or overall ability to develop any potential mineral deposits we may locate.
RISKS RELATED TO OWNERSHIP OF OUR COMMON STOCK
Our stock price may be volatile.
The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could fluctuate widely in price in response to various factors, many of which are beyond our control, including the following:
|●||results of our operations and exploration efforts;|
|●||fluctuation in the supply of, demand and market price for gold and copper;|
|●||our ability to obtain working capital financing;|
|●||additions or departures of key personnel;|
|●||limited “public float” in the hands of a small number of persons whose sales or lack of sales could result in positive or negative pricing pressure on the market price for our common stock;|
|●||our ability to execute our business plan;|
|●||sales of our common stock and decline in demand for our common stock;|
|●||economic and other external factors;|
|●||investor perception of our industry or our prospects; and|
|●||period-to-period fluctuations in our financial results.|
In addition, the securities markets have from time-to-time experienced significant price and volume fluctuations that are unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. These market fluctuations may also materially and adversely affect the market price of our common stock. As a result, you may be unable to resell your shares of our common stock at a desired price.
Volatility in the price of our common stock may subject us to securities litigation.
As discussed above, the market for our common stock is characterized by significant price volatility when compared to seasoned issuers, and we expect that our share price will continue to be more volatile than a seasoned issuer for the indefinite future. In the past, plaintiffs have initiated securities class action litigation against a company following periods of volatility in the market price of its securities. We may in the future be the target of similar litigation. Securities litigation could result in substantial costs and liabilities and could divert management’s attention and resources.
There is currently a limited trading market for our common stock and we cannot ensure that one will ever develop or be sustained.
Although our common stock is currently quoted on NASDAQ, there is limited trading activity. We can give no assurance that an active market will develop, or if developed, that it will be sustained. If an investor acquires shares of our common stock, the investor may not be able to liquidate our shares should there be a need or desire to do so. There can be no assurance that there will be an active market for our shares of common stock either now or in the future. The market liquidity of our common stock is limited and may be dependent on the market perception of our business, among other things. We may, in the future, take certain steps, including utilizing investor awareness campaigns, press releases, road shows and conferences to increase awareness of our business and any steps that we might take to bring us to the awareness of investors may require we compensate consultants with cash and/or stock. There can be no assurance that there will be any awareness generated or the results of any efforts will result in any impact on our trading volume. Consequently, investors may not be able to liquidate their investment or liquidate it at a price that reflects the value of the business and trading may be at an inflated price relative to our performance due to, among other things, availability of sellers of our shares. If a market should develop, the price may be highly volatile. Because there may be a low price for our shares of common stock, many brokerage firms or clearing firms may not be willing to effect transactions in the securities or accept our shares for deposit in an account. Even if an investor finds a broker willing to effect a transaction in the shares of our common stock, the combination of brokerage commissions, transfer fees, taxes, if any, and any other selling costs may exceed the selling price. Further, many lending institutions will not permit the use of low-priced shares of common stock as collateral for any loans.
Sales, offers or availability for sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock may cause the price of our common stock to decline.
Sales of substantial amounts of the common stock, or the availability of such securities for sale, could adversely affect the prevailing market prices for the common stock. A decline in the market prices of the common stock could impair our ability to raise additional capital through the sale of securities should we desire to do so. In addition, if our stockholders sell substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market or upon the expiration of any statutory holding period, under Rule 144, or upon the exercise of outstanding options or warrants, it could create a circumstance commonly referred to as an “overhang” in anticipation of which the market price of our common stock could decline. The existence of an overhang, whether or not sales have occurred or are occurring, also could make it more difficult for us to raise additional financing through the sale of equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and price that we deem reasonable or appropriate.
Our issuance of additional shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock in exchange for services would dilute the proportionate ownership and voting rights of existing stockholders and could have a negative impact on the market price of our common stock.
Our board of directors may generally issue shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock without further approval by our stockholders, based upon such factors that our board of directors may deem relevant at that time. We have also issued securities as payment for services. It is possible that we will issue additional securities to pay for services in the future. We cannot give you any assurance that we will not issue additional shares of common stock or securities convertible into common stock under circumstances we may deem appropriate at the time.
Our articles of incorporation allow for our Board to create new series of preferred stock without further approval by our stockholders, which could adversely affect the rights of the holders of our common stock.
Our board of directors has the authority to fix and determine the relative rights and preferences of preferred stock. Our board of directors also has the authority to issue preferred stock without further stockholder approval. As a result, our board of directors could authorize the issuance of a series of preferred stock that would grant to holders the preferred right to our assets upon liquidation, the right to receive dividend payments before dividends are distributed to the holders of our common stock and the right to the redemption of the shares, together with a premium, prior to the redemption of our common stock. In addition, our board of directors could authorize the issuance of a series of preferred stock that has greater voting power than our common stock or that is convertible into our common stock, which could decrease the relative voting power of our common stock or result in dilution to our existing stockholders.
Anti-takeover provisions may impede the acquisition of our Company.
Certain provisions of the Nevada Revised Statutes have anti-takeover effects and may inhibit a non-negotiated merger or other business combination. These provisions are intended to encourage any person interested in acquiring us to negotiate with, and to obtain the approval of, our board of directors in connection with such a transaction. However, certain of these provisions may discourage a future acquisition of us, including an acquisition in which the stockholders might otherwise receive a premium for their shares. As a result, stockholders who might desire to participate in such a transaction may not have the opportunity to do so.
The Company does not intend to pay dividends in the foreseeable future.
We anticipate that we will retain any future earnings to support operations and to finance the development of our business and do not expect to pay cash dividends in the foreseeable future. As a result, the success of an investment in our common stock will depend entirely upon any future appreciation in its value. There is no guarantee that our common stock will appreciate in value or even maintain the price at which stockholders have purchased their shares.
If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or publish inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.
The trading market for our common stock will depend in part on the research and reports that securities or industry analysts publish about us or our business. We have relatively little research coverage by securities and industry analysts. If no additional industry analysts commence coverage of the Company, the trading price for our common stock could be negatively impacted. If one or more of the analysts who cover us downgrades our common stock or publishes inaccurate or unfavorable research about our business, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts cease coverage of us or fail to publish reports on us regularly, demand for our common stock could decrease, which could cause our stock price and trading volume to decline.
We may not meet the continued listing requirements of the NASDAQ, which could result in a delisting of our common stock.
Our common stock is listed on the NASDAQ. We have in the past, and may in the future, be unable to comply with certain of the listing standards that we are required to meet to maintain the listing of our common shares on the NASDAQ. For instance, on November 7, 2019, we received a letter from the Listing Qualifications Department of the NASDAQ Stock Market indicating that, based upon the closing bid price of our common stock for the 30 consecutive business day period between September 26, 2019, through November 6, 2019, we did not meet the minimum bid price of $1.00 per share required for continued listing on the NASDAQ pursuant to NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2). On April 3, 2020, we received notice from the NASDAQ indicating that we have regained compliance with the minimum bid price requirement under NASDAQ Listing Rule 5550(a)(2), and the matter is now closed.
If NASDAQ delists our common stock from trading on its exchange for failure to meet the listing standards, we and our stockholders could face significant material adverse consequences including:
|●||a limited availability of market quotations for our securities;|
|●||a determination that our common stock is a “penny stock” which will require brokers trading in our common stock to adhere to more stringent rules, possibly resulting in a reduced level of trading activity in the secondary trading market for our common stock;|
|●||a limited amount of analyst coverage; and|
|●||a decreased ability to issue additional securities or obtain additional financing in the future.|
Delisting could also have other negative results, including the potential loss of confidence by employees, the loss of institutional investor interest and fewer business development opportunities.
Item 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
Item 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
From time to time we may be involved in claims and legal actions that arise in the ordinary course of business. To our knowledge, there are no material pending legal proceedings to which we are a party or of which any of our property is the subject.
Item 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Pursuant to Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act, issuers that are operators, or that have a subsidiary that is an operator, of a coal or other mine in the United States are required to disclose specified information about mine health and safety in their periodic reports. These reporting requirements are based on the safety and health requirements applicable to mines under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (the “Mine Act”) which is administered by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Mine Safety and Health Administration (“MSHA”). During the twelve months period ended April 30, 2022, we and our properties or operations were not subject to regulation by MSHA under the Mine Act and thus no disclosure is required under Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act.
Item 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Our Common Stock is traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the symbol “USAU”.
Holders of Common Stock
On August 12, 2022, we had 452 registered holders of record of our common stock, which number does not reflect beneficial stockholders who hold their stock in nominee or “street” name through various brokerage firms. On August 12, 2022, the closing sales price of our common stock as reported on NASDAQ Capital Market was $4.60 per share.
Dividends and dividend policy
We do not anticipate paying dividends on shares of its common stock in the foreseeable future as the Board of Directors intends to retain future earnings for use in our business. Any future determination as of the payment of dividends on our common stock will depend upon our financial condition, results of operations and such other factors as the Board of Directors seems relevant.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.
There were no sales of unregistered securities during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2022 that were not previously reported on a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or a Current Report on Form 8-K. None of the transactions involved any underwriters, underwriting discounts or commissions.
Item 6. [RESERVED].
Item 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
U.S. Gold Corp., formerly known as Dataram Corporation (the “Company”), was originally incorporated in the State of New Jersey in 1967 and was subsequently re-incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada in 2016. Effective June 26, 2017, the Company changed its legal name to U.S. Gold Corp. from Dataram Corporation. On May 23, 2017, the Company merged with Gold King Corp. (“Gold King”), in a transaction treated as a reverse acquisition and recapitalization, and the business of Gold King became the business of the Company. We are a gold and precious metals exploration company pursuing exploration and development properties. We own certain mining leases and other mineral rights comprising the CK Gold Project in Wyoming, the Keystone and Maggie Creek Projects in Nevada and the Challis Gold Project in Idaho. We have established an estimate of proven and probable mineral reserves under S-K 1300 at our CK Gold Project, where we are conducting exploration and pre-development activities, and all of our activities on our other properties are exploratory in nature.
On March 17, 2020, we filed a certificate of amendment to our Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of Nevada in order to effectuate a reverse stock split of our issued and outstanding common stock per share on a one-for-ten basis, effective as of 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) on March 19, 2020. All share and per share values of our common stock for all periods presented in the accompanying consolidated financial statements are retroactively restated for the effect of the reverse stock splits.
Summary of Activities for the Year ended April 30, 2022
During the year ended April 30, 2022, we focused primarily on advancing our CK Gold Project in Wyoming with the completion of an S-K 1300-compliant Pre-Feasibility Study (“PFS”), exploration drilling to enhance the estimate of mineral resources and minerals reserves, continued progress in the preparation of our permit to mine application submittal and further engineering studies towards the completion of a feasibility study. Additional exploration and geologic investigations were undertaken, enhancing our understanding of the Keystone Project deposit in Nevada, completed a drill program on our Maggie Creek Project in Nevada, analyzed the historic geological data on the Challis Gold Project in Idaho. Management focused on investor relations and awareness, resulting in the completion of two equity financings.
An overview of certain significant events follows:
CK Gold Project, Wyoming
|●||On December 1, 2021, we released the results of our PFS and published our Technical Summary Report in accordance with S-K 1300. The PFS was prepared by Gustavson Associates, LLC with an effective date of November 15, 2021. See “Items 1 and 2: Business and Properties – Our Mineral Properties and Projects – CK Gold Project, Wyoming” for a discussion of the highlights of the PFS.|
|●||On March 10, 2022, we announced that we awarded Samuel Engineering Inc. to complete the next phase of engineering for our CK Gold Project.|
|●||On April 19, 2022, we announced that drilling during our 2021 field season extended mineralization 700 feet below the proposed open pit. These holes have discovered future mineral resource expansion potential at depth below the proposed open pit and to the southeast of the proposed pit.|
|●||On June 21, 2022, we announced an update on the status of our preparations to file mine construction and operating permits within the next few months for consideration by the State of Wyoming authorities, principally the Wyoming Department of Environmental Quality (WDEQ) and the Office of State Lands and Investments.|
|●||On July 12, 2022, we announced assay results of the last three holes from our 2021 field season which continues to confirm gold and copper mineralization beyond our current resource estimate. In addition, we hosted Dr. Richard Sillitoe on site at our CK Gold Project. Dr. Sillitoe confirmed previous geological examinations which theorized that the copper and gold mineralization was derived from a porphyritic granodiorite intrusion.|
Keystone Project, Cortez Trend, Nevada
|●||On May 19, 2021, we received Bureau of Land Management (BLM) approval for an additional 50 acres of disturbance under our effective Plan of Operations (POO) for Keystone. We advanced the required reclamation bond. We also announced potential interest in the Keystone project from various industry partners for potential joint venture opportunities.|
Maggie Creek Project, Carlin Trend, Nevada
On June 30, 2021, we announced the successful completion of our Maggie Creek 2021 contractual exploration program, drilling 2 holes for a total of 4,440 feet (1,353 meters). With these 2 holes, we satisfied our 2021 contractual exploration commitments at Maggie Creek and plan to review the results for future potential exploration programs.
During the year-ended April 30, 2022 we also satisfied our 2022 contractual exploration commitments based upon the above drilling and further analysis of the results.
Challis Gold Project, Idaho
|●||On May 26, 2021, we announced an exploration and operational update for our Challis Gold Project in Idaho. Highlights included:|
|-||We continue towards the completion of a Plan of Operations as the next phase of exploration;|
|-||We engaged in mapping, geochemical and geophysical surveys in the second half of 2021; and|
|-||Potential strategic joint-venture partners have expressed interest in our Challis Gold project|
Sales of Common Shares to raise a total of $7.5 million in cash
On February 16, 2022, we completed a registered direct offering with certain institutional and accredited investors for the issuance of 384,741 shares of common stock at a price of $6.50 per share and warrants (the “February 2022 Warrants”) to purchase 192,370 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $8.00 per share (the “February 2022 Registered Offering”). The February 2022 Warrants are exercisable immediately following issuance and will expire five years from the issuance date. The aggregate gross proceeds of the February 2022 Registered Offering are approximately $2.5 million.
On March 15, 2022, we completed a registered direct offering with a single institutional investor for the issuance of 625,000 shares of common stock at a price of $8.00 per share and warrants (the “March 2022 Warrants”) to purchase 625,000 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $8.60 per share (the “March 2022 Registered Offering”). The March 2022 Warrants are exercisable six months following issuance and will expire five years from the initial exercise date. The aggregate gross proceeds of the March 2022 Registered Offering are approximately $5.0 million.
Shareholder Meeting, Appointment of Directors & Corporate Matters
On September 20, 2021, we held our annual meeting of stockholders. At that meeting, among other matters, shareholders re-elected the five incumbent Directors to hold office until the next annual meeting of stockholders and until their successors are named and qualified or until their earlier resignation or removal and approved our audit firm for our fiscal year-ended April 30, 2022.
On July 19, 2021, we appointed Kevin Francis as our Vice President – Exploration and Technical Services.
On May 18, 2022, we appointed Luke Norman to serve as non-independent Chairman of our board of directors. In connection with the appointment of Mr. Norman as Chairman, the board of directors expanded from 5 to 6 directors.
Results of Operations
The Years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021:
We are a development stage company with no operations, and we generated no revenues for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021.
Total operating expenses for the year ended April 30, 2022 as compared to the year ended April 30, 2021, were approximately $14,952,000 and $12,387,000, respectively. The approximate $2,565,000 increase in operating expenses for the year ended April 30, 2022 as compared to the year ended April 30, 2021, is comprised of (i) a decrease in compensation of approximately $1,047,000 primarily due to decrease in compensation related to stock-based compensation from RSU’s and stock option grants to our officers and stock-based compensation to two former officers from the accelerated vesting of certain stock options and restricted stock units during the prior period for a total of $1,198,000 offset by increase in cash compensation of $151,000 primarily from bonuses to our officers and hiring one full-time employee (ii) an increase of approximately $3,211,000 in exploration expenses on our mineral properties due to an increase in exploration activities in our CK Gold property and also at our Maggie Creek property, (iii) an increase in professional and consulting fees of approximately $143,000 primarily due to an increase in general strategic, investor relations, and permitting consulting services of $498,000 offset by a decrease in stock-based consulting fees of approximately $231,000, a decrease in legal fees of $76,000 and accounting fees of $48,000, and (iv) an increase in general and administrative expenses of approximately $258,000 due primarily to increases related to insurance, travel and conference related expenses, lease expense, advertising expenses and office expenses.
Loss from Operations
We reported loss from operations of approximately $14,952,000 and $12,387,000 for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
We reported a net loss of approximately $13,931,000 and $12,387,000 for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The following table summarizes total current assets, liabilities and working capital at April 30, 2022 compared to April 30, 2021, and the increase (decrease) between those periods:
As of April 30, 2022, we had working capital of $8,763,379, as compared to working capital of $13,456,727 as of April 30, 2021, a decrease of $4,693,348.
Our consolidated financial statements are prepared using the accrual method of accounting in accordance with U.S. GAAP and have been prepared assuming that we will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and the settlement of liabilities in the normal course of business. For the year ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, we incurred losses in the amounts of approximately $13.9 million and $12.4 million, respectively. As of April 30, 2022, we had cash of approximately $9.1 million, working capital of approximately $8.8 million, and an accumulated deficit of approximately $57.9 million. As a result of the utilization of cash in its operating activities, and the development of its assets, we have incurred losses since we commenced operations. Our primary source of operating funds since inception has been equity financings. As noted above, in February 2022, we completed a registered offering which raised gross proceeds of $2.5 million, in March 2022 we completed another registered offering for gross proceeds of $5.0 million before deducting fees and other estimated offering expenses and in April 2022 warrants were exercised for gross proceeds of $1.0 million.
For the twelve months ended April 30, 2023, we anticipate that we will spend approximately $1.1 million in exploration expenses, $1.5 million in development costs on the CK Gold Project and $3.1 million in general and administrative expenses. The actual amount of cash expenditures that we incur during the twelve-month period ending April 30, 2023 may vary significantly from the amounts specified above and will depend on a number of factors, including variations in the costs for continued exploration, project assessment, and advancement of the CK Gold Project and our exploration properties. If cash expenditures are greater than anticipated, we may need to take certain actions to maintain sufficient cash balances over the next twelve months, including asset dispositions or raising additional equity capital. As of the date of this report, we believe we have sufficient cash for the next twelve months to fund our corporate activities and general and administrative costs and currently undertaken project activities related to permitting and engineering studies. However, in order to advance any of its projects past the aforementioned objectives we will need to raise additional funds.
To the extent we require additional funding, we cannot be certain that additional funding will be available on acceptable terms, or at all. To the extent we raise additional funds by issuing equity securities, our stockholders may experience significant dilution. Any debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants that impact our ability to conduct business. If unable to raise additional capital when required or on acceptable terms, we may have to delay, scale back or discontinue the exploration activities or programs.
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
Net cash used in operating activities totaled $12.6 million and $8.6 million for the years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Net cash used in operating activities during the year ended April 30, 2022 primarily increase due to increase in net loss and increase in net changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities as compared to the year ended April 30, 2021. Additionally, we expensed approximately $1,670,000 in stock-based compensation for shares, RSU’s, and stock options issued to officers, employee, and consultants during the year ended April 30, 2022 and approximately $191,000 for issuance costs related to the March 2022 warrants. Net changes of approximately $270,000 in operating assets and liabilities are primarily due to net increases in prepaid expenses and other assets of approximately $42,000, increase in reclamation of bond deposits of approximately $114,000, increase of approximately $466,000 in accounts payable to trade vendors and decrease in operating lease liability of approximately $40,000.
Cash Flows from Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities totaled approximately $179,000 for the year ended April 30, 2022 primarily due to purchase of property and equipment as compared to net cash provided by investing activities for the year ended April 30, 2021 of approximately $2,457,000 primarily consisted of proceeds received in connection with a share exchange agreement of $2,500,000 minimally offset by approximately $43,000 from purchase of property and equipment.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities totaled approximately $8.2 million for the year ended April 30, 2022 primarily due to the sale of our common stock and warrants for approximately $7.2 million, net of offering costs, in February 2022 and March 2022 for cash and proceeds received from the exercise of warrants for approximately $1.0 million. Net cash provided by financing activities totaled approximately $17.0 million, net of issuance costs, for the year ended April 30, 2021 primarily due to proceeds from the issuance of Series I Preferred Stock and warrants in August 2020 for approximately $5.5 million, proceeds from exercise of stock warrants for approximately $2.5 million and the registered direct sale of common stock and warrants in February 2021 for approximately $9.0 million.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, to the consolidated financial statements for a summary of recently issued accounting pronouncements.
Critical Accounting Policies
The discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The preparation of our consolidated financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates based on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
Management believes the following critical accounting policies affect the significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of the financial statements.
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated balance sheet, and revenues and expenses for the period then ended. Actual results may differ significantly from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include, but are not limited to, valuation of mineral rights, stock-based compensation, the fair value of common and preferred stock, valuation of warrant liability, asset retirement obligations and the valuation of deferred tax assets and liabilities.
Share-based compensation is accounted for based on the requirements of ASC 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”), which requires recognition in the financial statements of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments over the period the employee or director is required to perform the services in exchange for the award (presumptively, the vesting period). ASC 718 also requires measurement of the cost of employee and director services received in exchange for an award based on the grant-date fair value of the award.
ASU 2018-07 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which the grantor acquires goods and services to be used or consumed in its own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. ASU 2018-07 also clarifies that Topic 718 does not apply to share-based payments used to effectively provide (1) financing to the issuer or (2) awards granted in conjunction with selling goods or services to customers as part of a contract accounted for under ASC 606.
Costs of leasing, exploring, carrying and retaining unproven mineral lease properties are expensed as incurred. We expense all mineral exploration costs as incurred. Where we have identified proven and probable mineral reserves on any of its properties, development costs will be capitalized when all the following criteria have been met, (a) we receive the requisite operating permits, (b) completion of a favorable Feasibility Study and (c) approval from our board of director’s authorizing the development of the ore body. Until such time all these criteria have been met we record pre-development costs to expense as incurred.
When a property reaches the production stage, the related capitalized costs will be amortized on a units-of-production basis over the proven and probable reserves following the commencement of production. We assess the carrying costs of the capitalized mineral properties for impairment under ASC 360-10, “Impairment of Long-Lived Assets”, and evaluates its carrying value under ASC 930-360, “Extractive Activities—Mining”, annually. An impairment is recognized when the sum of the expected undiscounted future cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the mineral properties. Impairment losses, if any, are measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the mineral properties over its estimated fair value.
To date, we have expenses all exploration and pre-development costs as none of its properties have satisfied the criteria above for capitalization.
ASC 930-805, “Extractive Activities—Mining: Business Combinations” (“ASC 930-805”), states that mineral rights consist of the legal right to explore, extract, and retain at least a portion of the benefits from mineral deposits. Mining assets include mineral rights.
Acquired mineral rights are considered tangible assets under ASC 930-805. ASC 930-805 requires that mineral rights be recognized at fair value as of the acquisition date. As a result, the direct costs to acquire mineral rights are initially capitalized as tangible assets. Mineral rights include costs associated with acquiring patented and unpatented mining claims.
ASC 930-805 provides that in measuring the fair value of mineral assets, an acquirer should take into account both:
● The value beyond proven and probable reserves (“VBPP”) to the extent that a market participant would include VBPP in determining the fair value of the assets.
● The effects of anticipated fluctuations in the future market price of minerals in a manner that is consistent with the expectations of market participants.
Leases to explore for or use of natural resources are outside the scope of ASU 2016-02, “Leases”.
We account for certain warrants that do not meet the criteria for equity treatment in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815 “Derivatives and Hedging” whereby under that provision these warrants must be recorded as a liability. Accordingly, we classified these warrant instruments as a liability at fair value and adjusts the instruments to fair value at each reporting period. The liability will be re-measured at each balance sheet date until the warrants are exercised or expire, and any change in fair value will be recognized in our statement of operations. The fair value of these warrants are estimated using the Monte Carlo simulation model. Such warrant classification is also subject to re-evaluation at each reporting period.
Item 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Item 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
U.S. GOLD CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
APRIL 30, 2022
|Index to Consolidated Financial Statements||Page|
|Consolidated Financial Statements:|
|Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm (PCAOB ID
|Consolidated Balance Sheets as of April 30, 2022 and 2021||F-3|
|Consolidated Statements of Operations – Years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021||F-4|
|Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity - Years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021||F-5|
|Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows - Years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021||F-6|
|Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Years ended April 30, 2022 and 2021||F-7|
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of
U.S. Gold Corp.
Opinion on the Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of U.S. Gold Corp. and Subsidiaries (the “Company”) as of April 30, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended April 30, 2022, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of April 30, 2022 and 2021, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended April 30, 2022, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
Explanatory Paragraph – Going Concern
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As more fully described in Note 3, the Company has a significant working capital deficiency, has incurred significant losses and needs to raise additional funds to meet its obligations and sustain its operations. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 3. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
Basis for Opinion
These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
Critical Audit Matter
The critical audit matter communicated below is a matter arising from the current period audit of the financial statements that was communicated or required to be communicated to the audit committee and that: (1) relates to accounts or disclosures that are material to the financial statements and (2) involved especially challenging, subjective, or complex judgments. The communication of a critical audit matter does not alter in any way our opinion on the financial statements, taken as a whole, and we are not, by communicating the critical audit matter below, providing a separate opinion on the critical audit matter or on the accounts or disclosures to which it relates.
Accounting for Complex Financial Instruments
Description of the Matter
As described in Notes 2, 9 and 10 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company entered into a definitive agreement in connection with a direct offering of 625,000 shares of the Company’s common stock and warrants to purchase 625,000 shares of the Company’s common stock. The warrants met the criteria for liability accounting and the fair value was estimated using the Monte Carlo Method. The Company determines whether the warrants are classified as either a derivative liability or equity instrument depending on the specific terms of the agreement based upon the following criteria:
Classification as equity of any contracts that:
|a)||require physical settlement or net-share settlement or|
|b)||gives the Company a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in its own shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement)|
Classification as liabilities of any contracts that:
|a)||require net-cash settlement (including a requirement to net-cash settle the contract if an event occurs and if that event is outside the control of the Company) or|
|b)||give the counterparty a choice of net-cash settlement or settlement in shares (physical settlement or net-share settlement)|
The estimate of fair value of the warrant liability requires a high degree of subjective judgment which is primarily due to the complexity of the valuation model used and the sensitivity of underlying significant assumptions.
We identified the accounting for the complex financial instruments and the estimation of the fair value of the warrant liabilities as a critical audit matter. Evaluating the Company’s judgments in determining whether the warrants are a liability and the assumptions used in the valuation required a high degree of complex auditor judgment.
How We Addressed the Matter in Our Audit
Our audit procedures related to the accounting of warrant liability to address this critical audit matter included the following:
|We gained an understanding of the Company’s process to identify and account for warrant liabilities.|
|●||We obtained and read the relevant agreement in which the Company evaluated and compared the terms of the agreement to the Company’s assessment.|
|●||We reviewed the Company’s analysis to determine if the warrants met the criteria for classification as a liability in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 815, Derivatives and Hedging.|
|●||We obtained valuation report prepared by third party valuation specialists and performed the following procedures:|
|○||Assessed the qualifications of the third party specialists|
|○||Tested the mathematical accuracy of all schedules used in the analysis|
|○||Evaluated the reasonableness of the valuation methodology and significant inputs and assumption|
|○||Performed a sensitivity analysis to determine if the third party specialists’ fair value calculations were reasonable|
|/s/ Marcum LLP|
We have served as the Company’s auditor since from 2016 through 2018 and subsequently reappointed as the Company’s auditor in 2019.
New York, NY
August 15, 2022
U.S. GOLD CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets|
|Total current assets|
|NON - CURRENT ASSETS:|
|Reclamation bond deposit|
|Operating lease right-of-use asset, net|
|Total non - current assets|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Accounts payable and accrued liabilities||$||$|
|Operating lease liabilities, current portion|
|Total current liabilities|
|LONG- TERM LIABILITIES|
|Asset retirement obligation|
|Operating lease liabilities, less current portion|
|Total long-term liabilities:|
|Commitments and Contingencies|
|STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY :|
|Preferred stock, $par value; authorized|
|Convertible Series F Preferred stock ($Par Value; Shares Authorized; issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and 2021)|
|Convertible Series G Preferred stock ($Par Value; Shares Authorized; issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and 2021)|
|Convertible Series H Preferred stock ($Par Value; Shares Authorized; issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and 2021)|
|Convertible Series I Preferred stock ($Par Value; Shares Authorized; issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and 2021)|
|Preferred stock, value|
|Common stock ($Par Value; Shares Authorized; and shares issued and outstanding as of April 30, 2022 and 2021)|
|Additional paid-in capital|
|Total stockholders’ equity|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$||$|
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
U.S. GOLD CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
|For the Year||For the Year|
|April 30, 2022||April 30, 2021|
|Compensation and related taxes - general and administrative|
|Professional and consulting fees|
|General and administrative expenses|
|Total operating expenses|
|Loss from operations||(||)||(||)|
Other income (expense):
|Offering cost related to warrant liability||(||)|
|Change in fair value of warrant liability|
|Total other income, net|
|Loss before provision for income taxes||(||)||(||)|
|Provision for income taxes|
|Deemed dividend related to beneficial conversion feature of preferred stock||(||)|
|Net loss applicable to U.S. Gold Corp. common shareholders||$||(||)||$||(||)|
|Net loss per common share, basic and diluted||$||(||)||$||(||)|
|Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted|
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
U.S. GOLD CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE YEARS ENDED APRIL 30, 2022 AND 2021
|Preferred Stock - Series F||Preferred Stock - Series G||Preferred Stock - Series H||Preferred Stock - Series I||Common Stock||Additional||Total|
|$0.001 Par Value||$0.001 Par Value||$0.001 Par Value||$0.001 Par Value||$0.001 Par Value||Paid-in||Accumulated||Stockholders’|
|Balance, April 30, 2020||$||$||$||$||$||$||$||(||)||$|
|Issuance of preferred stock and warrants, net of issuance cost||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of preferred stock and common stock in connection with the Share Exchange Agreement||-||-||-|
|Conversion of preferred stock into common stock||-||(||)||(||)||(||)||(||)||(||)||(||)|
|Common stock issued for cash||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for services||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for prepaid services||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for exercise of warrants||-||-||-||-|
|Stock options granted for services||-||-||-||-||-|
|Stock-based compensation in connection with restricted common stock award grants and restricted common stock unit grants||-||-||-||-|
|Balance, April 30, 2021||(||)|
|Issuance of common stock and warrants, net of issuance cost||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for exercise of warrants||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for prepaid services and accrued services||-||-||-||-|
|Issuance of common stock for services||-||-||-||-|
|Stock options granted for services||-||-||-||-||-|