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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended January 21, 2024
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
for the transition period from ________to________.
Commission File Number: 1-9390
jiblogo.jpg deltacologo.jpg
____________________________________________________
JACK IN THE BOX INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________________________________________________________________
Delaware95-2698708
(State of Incorporation)(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
9357 Spectrum Center Blvd.
San Diego, California 92123
(Address of principal executive offices)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (858571-2121
_______________________________________________________________________________________
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common StockJACKNASDAQ Global Select Market
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes  þ    No   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerþSmaller reporting company
Accelerated filerEmerging growth company
Non-accelerated filer
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes      No  þ
As of the close of business February 15, 2024, 19,536,206 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.



JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
INDEX
 
  Page
 PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION 
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

1


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
January 21,
2024
October 1,
2023
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash$53,975 $157,653 
Restricted cash28,559 28,254 
Accounts and other receivables, net63,251 99,678 
Inventories4,381 3,896 
Prepaid expenses8,982 16,911 
Current assets held for sale23,656 13,925 
Other current assets6,109 5,667 
Total current assets188,913 325,984 
Property and equipment:
Property and equipment, at cost1,261,323 1,258,589 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(845,375)(846,559)
Property and equipment, net415,948 412,030 
Other assets:
Operating lease right-of-use assets1,411,019 1,397,555 
Intangible assets, net11,251 11,330 
Trademarks283,500 283,500 
Goodwill329,583 329,986 
Other assets, net247,048 240,707 
Total other assets2,282,401 2,263,078 
$2,887,262 $3,001,092 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
Current liabilities:
Current maturities of long-term debt$29,941 $29,964 
Current operating lease liabilities159,045 142,518 
Accounts payable70,135 84,960 
Accrued liabilities167,788 302,178 
Total current liabilities426,909 559,620 
Long-term liabilities:
Long-term debt, net of current maturities1,718,813 1,724,933 
Long-term operating lease liabilities, net of current portion1,277,947 1,265,514 
Deferred tax liabilities27,878 26,229 
Other long-term liabilities143,872 143,123 
Total long-term liabilities3,168,510 3,159,799 
Stockholders’ deficit:
Preferred stock $0.01 par value, 15,000,000 shares authorized, none issued
  
Common stock $0.01 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized, 82,752,989 and 82,645,814 issued, respectively
827 826 
Capital in excess of par value524,970 520,076 
Retained earnings1,967,555 1,937,598 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(51,306)(51,790)
Treasury stock, at cost, 63,218,724 and 62,910,964 shares, respectively
(3,150,203)(3,125,037)
Total stockholders’ deficit(708,157)(718,327)
$2,887,262 $3,001,092 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
2


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Revenues:
Company restaurant sales$224,040 $270,191 
Franchise rental revenues113,196 108,830 
Franchise royalties and other73,330 76,390 
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services76,932 71,685 
487,498 527,096 
Operating costs and expenses, net:
Food and packaging64,132 81,933 
Payroll and employee benefits73,054 88,641 
Occupancy and other42,053 51,371 
Franchise occupancy expenses72,624 67,224 
Franchise support and other costs5,194 1,877 
Franchise advertising and other services expenses80,234 74,570 
Selling, general and administrative expenses 46,365 50,142 
Depreciation and amortization18,473 19,402 
Pre-opening costs465 331 
Other operating expenses (income), net5,170 (5,501)
Losses (gains) on the sale of company-operated restaurants254 (3,825)
408,018 426,165 
Earnings from operations79,480 100,931 
Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net2,106 2,144 
Interest expense, net24,486 26,148 
Earnings before income taxes52,888 72,639 
Income taxes14,205 19,385 
Net earnings $38,683 $53,254 
Earnings per share:
Basic$1.94 $2.55 
Diluted$1.93 $2.54 
Cash dividends declared per common share
$0.44 $0.44 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
3


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Net earnings$38,683 $53,254 
Other comprehensive income:
Actuarial losses and prior service costs reclassified to earnings657 664 
Tax effect(173)(175)
Other comprehensive income, net of taxes484 489 
Comprehensive income $39,167 $53,743 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net earnings$38,683 $53,254 
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization18,473 19,402 
Amortization of franchise tenant improvement allowances and incentives1,418 1,215 
Deferred finance cost amortization1,493 1,616 
Excess tax (benefits) deficiency from share-based compensation arrangements(9)143 
Deferred income taxes(719)3,385 
Share-based compensation expense4,820 3,534 
Pension and post-retirement expense2,106 2,144 
Gains on cash surrender value of company-owned life insurance(6,161)(6,631)
Losses (gains) on the sale of company-operated restaurants254 (3,825)
Gains on acquisition of restaurants(2,357) 
Losses (gains) on the disposition of property and equipment, net1,011 (10,009)
Impairment charges and other28 483 
Changes in assets and liabilities, excluding acquisitions:
Accounts and other receivables40,139 37,813 
Inventories(484)194 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets9,587 6,953 
Operating lease right-of-use assets and lease liabilities 12,208 11,281 
Accounts payable(13,826)(31,285)
Accrued liabilities(125,861)(24,677)
Pension and post-retirement contributions(1,698)(1,688)
Franchise tenant improvement allowance and incentive disbursements(523)(527)
Other(1,257)(303)
Cash flows (used in) provided by operating activities(22,675)62,472 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property and equipment(38,829)(24,028)
Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment516 22,103 
Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants1,739 17,609 
Cash flows (used in) provided by investing activities(36,574)15,684 
Cash flows from financing activities:
Principal repayments on debt(7,481)(7,557)
Dividends paid on common stock(8,652)(9,154)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock1  
Repurchases of common stock(25,000)(14,999)
Payroll tax payments for equity award issuances(2,992)(868)
Cash flows used in financing activities(44,124)(32,578)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and restricted cash (103,373)45,578 
Cash and restricted cash at beginning of period185,907 136,040 
Cash and restricted cash at end of period$82,534 $181,618 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
5


JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ DEFICIT
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
Number
of Shares
AmountCapital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury
Stock
Total
Balance at October 1, 2023
82,646 $826 $520,076 $1,937,598 $(51,790)$(3,125,037)$(718,327)
Shares issued under stock plans, including tax benefit107 1 — — — — 1 
Share-based compensation— — 4,820 — — — 4,820 
Dividends declared— — 74 (8,726)— — (8,652)
Purchases of treasury stock— — — — — (25,166)(25,166)
Net earnings— — — 38,683 — — 38,683 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 484 — 484 
Balance at January 21, 2024
82,753 $827 $524,970 $1,967,555 $(51,306)$(3,150,203)$(708,157)
Number
of Shares
AmountCapital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Treasury
Stock
Total
Balance at October 2, 2022
82,581 $826 $508,323 $1,842,947 $(53,982)$(3,034,306)$(736,192)
Shares issued under stock plans, including tax benefit36 — — — — — — 
Share-based compensation— — 3,534 — — — 3,534 
Dividends declared— — 67 (9,221)— — (9,154)
Purchases of treasury stock— — — — — (14,999)(14,999)
Net earnings— — — 53,254 — — 53,254 
Other comprehensive income— — — — 489 — 489 
Balance at January 22, 2023
82,617 $826 $511,924 $1,886,980 $(53,493)$(3,049,305)$(703,068)

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
6

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

1.BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Nature of operations — Jack in the Box Inc. (the “Company”), together with its consolidated subsidiaries, develops, operates, and franchises quick-service restaurants under the Jack in the Box® and Del Taco® restaurant brands.
On March 8, 2022, the Company acquired Del Taco Restaurants, Inc. (“Del Taco”) for cash according to the terms and conditions of the Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of December 5, 2021. Del Taco is a nationwide operator and franchisor of restaurants featuring fresh and fast Mexican and American inspired cuisines.
As of January 21, 2024, there were 144 company-operated and 2,048 franchise-operated Jack in the Box restaurants and 179 company-operated and 413 franchise-operated Del Taco restaurants.
References to the Company throughout these notes to condensed consolidated financial statements are made using the first person notations of “we,” “us” and “our.”
Basis of presentation — The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 1, 2023 (“2023 Form 10-K”). The accounting policies used in preparing these condensed consolidated financial statements are the same as those described in our 2023 Form 10-K.
In our opinion, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of financial condition and results of operations for these interim periods have been included. Operating results for one interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results for any other interim period or for the full year.
Fiscal year — The Company’s fiscal year is 52 or 53 weeks ending the Sunday closest to September 30. In fiscal 2023, Del Taco operated on a fiscal year ending the Tuesday closest to September 30. Beginning fiscal 2024, Del Taco’s fiscal year shifted to align with Jack in the Box. As a result, Del Taco’s fiscal 2024 results include two fewer days. Fiscal years 2024 and 2023 include 52 weeks. Our first quarter includes 16 weeks and all other quarters include 12 weeks. All comparisons between 2024 and 2023 refer to the 16 weeks (“quarter”) and 16 weeks (year-to-date”) ended January 21, 2024 and January 22, 2023, respectively, unless otherwise indicated.
Use of estimates — In preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP, management is required to make certain assumptions and estimates that affect reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingencies. In making these assumptions and estimates, management may from time to time seek advice and consider information provided by actuaries and other experts in a particular area. Actual amounts could differ materially from these estimates.
Advertising costs — The Company administers marketing funds at each of its restaurant brands that include contractual contributions. In 2024 and 2023, marketing fund contributions from Jack in the Box franchise and company-operated restaurants were approximately 5.0% of sales, and marketing fund contributions from Del Taco franchise and company-operated restaurants were approximately 4.0% of sales. Year-to-date incremental contributions made by the Company for both brands were $0.2 million and less than $0.1 million in 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Total contributions made by the Company are included in “Selling, general, and administrative expenses” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings and for the quarter totaled $10.4 million and $12.2 million in 2024 and 2023, respectively.
Allowance for credit losses — The Company closely monitors the financial condition of our franchisees and estimates the allowance for credit losses based on the lifetime expected loss on receivables. These estimates are based on historical collection experience with our franchisees as well as other factors, including current market conditions and events. Credit quality is monitored through the timing of payments compared to predefined aging criteria and known facts regarding the financial condition of the franchisee or customer. Account balances are charged off against the allowance after recovery efforts have ceased.
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
The following table summarizes the activity in the allowance for doubtful accounts (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Balance as of beginning of period$(4,146)$(5,975)
(Provision) reversal for expected credit losses (21)1,445 
Balance as of end of period$(4,167)$(4,530)
Business combinations — The Company accounts for acquisitions using the acquisition method of accounting. Accordingly, assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at their estimated fair values at the acquisition date. The excess of purchase price over fair value of net assets acquired, including the amount assigned to identifiable intangible assets, is recorded as goodwill.
Goodwill and trademarks — Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired, if any. We generally record goodwill in connection with the acquisition of restaurants from franchisees or the acquisition of another business. Likewise, upon the sale of restaurants to franchisees, goodwill is decremented. The amount of goodwill written-off is determined as the fair value of the business disposed of as a percentage of the fair value of the reporting unit prior to the disposal. If the business disposed of was never fully integrated into the reporting unit after its acquisition, and thus the benefits of the acquired goodwill were never realized, the current carrying amount of the acquired goodwill is written off.
Goodwill is not amortized and has been assigned to reporting units for purposes of impairment testing. The Company’s two restaurant brands, Jack in the Box and Del Taco, are both operating segments and reporting units. Goodwill is evaluated for impairment by determining whether the fair value of our reporting units exceed their carrying values.
The Company tests goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually, or more frequently if events and circumstances warrant. The Company performs this testing during the third quarter of each year.
Our impairment analyses first includes a qualitative assessment to determine whether events or circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying value. Significant factors considered in this assessment include, but are not limited to, macro-economic conditions, market and industry conditions, cost considerations, the competitive environment, share price fluctuations, overall financial performance, and results of past impairment tests. If the qualitative factors indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value is less than the carrying value, we perform a quantitative impairment test.
Recent accounting pronouncements — The Company reviewed all recently issued accounting pronouncements and concluded that they were either not applicable or not expected to have a significant impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.

2.REVENUE
Nature of products and services — The Company derives revenue from retail sales at Jack in the Box and Del Taco company-operated restaurants and rental revenue, royalties, advertising, and franchise and other fees from franchise-operated restaurants.
Our franchise arrangements generally provide for an initial franchise fee per restaurant for a 20-year term, and generally require that franchisees pay royalty and marketing fees based upon a percentage of gross sales. The agreements also require franchisees to pay technology fees, as well as sourcing fees for Jack in the Box franchise agreements.
Disaggregation of revenue — The following table disaggregates revenue by segment and primary source for the quarter ended January 21, 2024 (in thousands):
Jack in the BoxDel TacoTotal
Company restaurant sales$132,057 $91,983 $224,040 
Franchise rental revenues105,578 7,618 113,196 
Franchise royalties61,323 9,454 70,777 
Marketing fees61,220 7,731 68,951 
Technology and sourcing fees6,142 1,839 7,981 
Franchise fees and other services2,020 533 2,553 
Total revenue$368,340 $119,158 $487,498 
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
The following table disaggregates revenue by segment and primary source for the quarter ended January 22, 2023 (in thousands):
Jack in the BoxDel TacoTotal
Company restaurant sales$126,142 $144,049 $270,191 
Franchise rental revenues106,096 2,734 108,830 
Franchise royalties67,569 6,934 74,503 
Marketing fees60,344 5,654 65,998 
Technology and sourcing fees4,969 718 5,687 
Franchise fees and other services1,797 90 1,887 
Total revenue$366,917 $160,179 $527,096 
In October 2022, a Jack in the Box franchise operator paid the Company $7.3 million in order to sell his restaurants to a new franchisee at the current standard royalty rate, which is lower than the royalty rate in the existing franchise agreements. The payment represented the difference between the existing royalty rate and the new royalty rate based on projected future sales for the remaining term of the existing agreements. The payment was non-refundable and not subject to any adjustments based on actual future sales. The Company determined the transaction represented the termination of the existing agreement rather than the transfer of an agreement between franchisees. As such, the $7.3 million was recognized in franchise royalty revenue during the first quarter of 2023.
Contract liabilities — Contract liabilities consist of deferred revenue resulting from initial franchise and development fees received from franchisees for new restaurant openings or new franchise terms, which are recognized over the franchise term. The Company classifies these contract liabilities as “Accrued liabilities” and “Other long-term liabilities” in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
A summary of significant changes in contract liabilities is presented below (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Deferred franchise and development fees at beginning of period$50,474 $46,449 
Revenue recognized (1,988)(1,639)
Additions 1,597 2,240 
Deferred franchise and development fees at end of period$50,083 $47,050 
As of January 21, 2024, approximately $8.0 million of development fees related to unopened restaurants are included in deferred revenue. Timing of revenue recognition for development fees related to unopened restaurants is dependent upon the timing of restaurant openings and are recognized over the franchise term at the date of opening.
The following table reflects the estimated franchise fees to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that are unsatisfied as of January 21, 2024 (in thousands):
Remainder of 2024
$3,626 
20255,052 
20264,721 
20274,377 
20283,748 
Thereafter20,570 
$42,094 
The Company has applied the optional exemption, as provided for under ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which allows us to not disclose the transaction price allocated to unsatisfied performance obligations when the transaction price is a sales-based royalty.

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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
3.SUMMARY OF REFRANCHISINGS AND ASSETS HELD FOR SALE
Refranchisings The following table summarizes the number of restaurants sold to franchisees and the loss or gain recognized (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Restaurants sold to Jack in the Box franchisees 5 
Restaurants sold to Del Taco franchisees 16 
Proceeds from the sale of company-operated restaurants (1)$1,739 $17,609 
Net assets sold (primarily property and equipment) (4,093)
Goodwill related to the sale of company-operated restaurants (7,310)
Franchise fees (577)
Sublease liabilities, net (1,197)
Lease termination (393)
Other (2)
(1,993)(214)
(Loss) gain on the sale of company-operated restaurants$(254)$3,825 
____________________________
(1)Amount in 2024 relates to additional proceeds received in connection with the extension of franchise agreements and the resolution of certain contingencies related to the sale of restaurants in the prior years.
(2)Amount in 2024 includes a $2.2 million impairment of assets held for sale related to a Del Taco refranchising transaction that is expected to close in the second quarter of 2024. Amount in 2023 includes $0.2 million related to prior year refranchising transactions.
Assets held for sale — Assets classified as held for sale on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of January 21, 2024 and October 1, 2023 have carrying amounts of $23.7 million and $13.9 million, respectively. These amounts relate to i) company-owned restaurants to be refranchised, ii) operating restaurant properties which we intend to sell to franchisees and/or sell and leaseback with a third party, and iii) closed restaurant properties which we are marketing for sale.

4.FRANCHISE ACQUISITIONS
Franchise acquisitions — During the first quarter of 2024, the Company acquired 9 Del Taco franchise restaurants for $86 thousand as part of two separate transactions, and recognized related gains of $2.4 million. This amount is recorded in “Other operating expenses (income), net” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings. For further information, see Note 8, Other operating expenses (income), net, below in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statement. The following table summarizes the number of restaurants acquired from franchisees and the gains recognized (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
Restaurants acquired from Jack in the Box franchisees 
Restaurants acquired from Del Taco franchisees9 
Purchase price (1)$(86)
Closing and acquisition costs(43)
Property and equipment3,612 
Intangible assets167 
Operating lease right-of-use assets3,211 
Operating lease liabilities(4,505)
Gain on the acquisition of franchise-operated restaurants$2,357 
____________________________
(1)Comprised of outstanding receivables from franchisee forgiven upon acquisition.
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

During the first quarter of 2023, the Company did not acquire any Jack in the Box or Del Taco franchise restaurants.
We account for the acquisition of franchised restaurants using the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The purchase price allocations were based on fair value estimates determined using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3).

5.GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS, NET
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill during the quarter ended January 21, 2024 was as follows (in thousands):
Jack in the BoxDel TacoTotal
Balance at October 1, 2023
$136,027 $193,959 $329,986 
Reclassified to assets held for sale (403)(403)
Balance at January 21, 2024
$136,027 $193,556 $329,583 
The net carrying amounts of intangible assets other than goodwill with definite lives are as follows (in thousands):
January 21,
2024
October 1,
2023
Gross AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet AmountGross AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Amount
Definite-lived intangible assets:
Sublease assets$2,671 $(455)$2,216 $2,671 $(381)$2,290 
Franchise contracts9,700 (1,016)8,684 9,700 (850)8,850 
Reacquired franchise rights464 (113)351 297 (107)190 
$12,835 $(1,584)$11,251 $12,668 $(1,338)$11,330 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets:
Del Taco trademark$283,500 $— $283,500 $283,500 $— $283,500 
$283,500 $— $283,500 $283,500 $— $283,500 
The following table summarizes, as of January 21, 2024, the estimated amortization expense for each of the next five fiscal years and thereafter (in thousands):
Remainder of 2024$569 
2025816 
2026814 
2027827 
2028772 
Thereafter7,453 
$11,251 

6.LEASES
Nature of leases — The Company owns restaurant sites and also leases restaurant sites from third parties. Some of these owned or leased sites are leased and/or subleased to franchisees. Initial terms of our real estate leases are generally 20 years, exclusive of options to renew, which are generally exercisable at our sole discretion for 1 to 20 years. In some instances, our leases have provisions for contingent rentals based upon a percentage of defined revenues. Many of our restaurants also have rent escalation clauses and require the payment of property taxes, insurance, and maintenance costs. Variable lease costs include contingent rent, cost-of-living index adjustments, and payments for additional rent such as real estate taxes, insurance, and common area maintenance, which are excluded from the measurement of the lease liability.
As lessor, our leases and subleases primarily consist of restaurants that have been leased to franchisees in connection with refranchising transactions. Revenues from leasing arrangements with our franchisees are presented in “Franchise rental revenues” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings, and the related expenses are presented in “Franchise occupancy expenses.”
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
The following table presents rental income (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Operating lease income - franchise$78,249 $73,520 
Variable lease income - franchise34,598 35,235 
Amortization of sublease assets and liabilities, net349 75 
Franchise rental revenues$113,196 $108,830 
Operating lease income - closed restaurants and other (1)$2,312 $2,240 
____________________________
(1)Primarily relates to closed restaurant properties included in “Other operating expenses (income), net” in our condensed consolidated statements of earnings.

7.FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Financial assets and liabilitiesThe following table presents our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in thousands):
TotalQuoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets (2)
(Level 1)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs (2)
(Level 2)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs (2)
(Level 3)
Fair value measurements as of January 21, 2024:
Non-qualified deferred compensation plan (1)$17,798 $17,798 $ $ 
Total liabilities at fair value$17,798 $17,798 $ $ 
Fair value measurements as of October 1, 2023:
Non-qualified deferred compensation plan (1)$15,051 $15,051 $ $ 
Total liabilities at fair value$15,051 $15,051 $ $ 
____________________________
(1)The Company maintains an unfunded defined contribution plan for key executives and other members of management. The fair value of this obligation is based on the closing market prices of the participants’ elected investments. The obligation is included in “Accrued liabilities” and “Other long-term liabilities” on our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2)The Company did not have any transfers in or out of Level 1, 2 or 3.
The following table presents the carrying value and estimated fair value of our Class A-2 Notes as of January 21, 2024 and October 1, 2023 (in thousands):
January 21,
2024
October 1,
2023
Carrying AmountFair ValueCarrying AmountFair Value
Series 2019 Class A-2 Notes$705,063 $663,488 $706,875 $640,046 
Series 2022 Class A-2 Notes$1,061,500 $942,028 $1,067,000 $903,056 
The fair value of the Class A-2 Notes was estimated using Level 2 inputs based on quoted market prices in markets that are not considered active markets.
Non-financial assets and liabilities — The Company’s non-financial instruments, which primarily consist of property and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets, goodwill and intangible assets, are reported at carrying value and are not required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis. However, on an annual basis, or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying value may not be recoverable, non-financial instruments are assessed for impairment. If applicable, the carrying values are written down to fair value.
In connection with our impairment reviews performed during 2024, the Company impaired certain Del Taco assets held for sale. For further information, see Note 3, Summary of Refranchisings and Assets Held For Sale, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
8.OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES (INCOME), NET
Other operating expenses (income), net in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings is comprised of the following (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Acquisition, integration, and strategic initiatives (1)$5,621 $1,651 
Costs of closed restaurants and other (2)858 2,589 
Accelerated depreciation37 268 
Gains on acquisition of restaurants (3)(2,357) 
Losses (gains) on disposition of property and equipment, net (4)1,011 (10,009)
$5,170 $(5,501)
____________________________
(1)Acquisition, integration, and strategic initiatives are related to the acquisition and integration of Del Taco, as well as strategic consulting fees.
(2)Costs of closed restaurants and other generally includes ongoing costs associated with closed restaurants, cancelled project costs, and impairment charges as a result of our decision to close restaurants.
(3)Relates to the gains on acquisition of 9 Del Taco restaurants.
(4)In 2024, loss on disposition of property and equipment primarily related to the lease termination and early closures of Del Taco restaurants. In 2023, gains on disposition of property and equipment primarily related to the sale of Jack in the Box restaurant properties to franchisees who were leasing the properties from us prior to the sale.

9.SEGMENT REPORTING
The Company’s principal business consists of developing, operating and franchising our Jack in the Box and Del Taco restaurant brands, each of which is considered a reportable operating segment. In 2024, our chief operating decision maker revised the method by which they determine performance and strategy for our segments. This change was made to reflect a shared-services model whereby each brand’s results of operations are assessed separately and do not include costs related to certain corporate functions which support both brands. This segment reporting structure reflects the Company’s current management structure, internal reporting method and financial information used in deciding how to allocate Company resources. Based upon certain quantitative thresholds, each operating segment is considered a reportable segment. This change to our segment reporting did not change our reporting units for goodwill.
The Company measures and evaluates our segments based on segment revenues and segment profit. The reportable segments do not include an allocation of the costs related to shared service functions, such as accounting/finance, human resources, audit services, legal, tax and treasury; nor do they include certain unallocated costs such share-based compensation. These costs are reflected in the caption “Shared services and unallocated costs.”
Our measure of segment profit excludes depreciation and amortization, share-based compensation, company-owned life insurance (“COLI”) gains, net of changes in our non-qualified deferred compensation obligation supported by these policies, acquisition, integration, and strategic initiatives, losses (gains) on the sale of company-operated restaurants, gains on acquisition of restaurants, and amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases and subleases, net.

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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
The following table provides information related to our operating segments in each period (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Revenues by segment:
Jack in the Box restaurant operations$368,340 $366,917 
Del Taco restaurant operations119,158 160,179 
Consolidated revenues$487,498 $527,096 
Segment profit reconciliation:
Jack in the Box segment profit$116,043 $128,780 
Del Taco segment profit10,741 16,236 
Shared services and unallocated costs(25,203)(28,506)
Depreciation and amortization18,473 19,402 
Acquisition, integration, and strategic initiatives5,621 1,651 
Share-based compensation4,820 3,534 
Net COLI gains(4,834)(5,724)
Losses (gains) on the sale of company-operated restaurants254 (3,825)
Gains on acquisition of restaurants(2,357) 
Amortization of favorable and unfavorable leases and subleases, net124 541 
Earnings from operations$79,480 $100,931 
The Company does not evaluate, manage or measure performance of segments using asset, pension or post-retirement expense, interest income and expense, or income tax information; accordingly, this information by segment is not prepared or disclosed.

10.INCOME TAXES
The income tax provisions reflect a year-to-date effective tax rate of 26.9% in 2024, as compared to 26.7% in fiscal year 2023. The major component of the year-over-year increase in tax rates was an increase in the impact of non-deductible officers’ compensation.

11.RETIREMENT PLANS
Defined benefit pension plans — The Company sponsors two defined benefit pension plans, a frozen “Qualified Plan” covering substantially all full-time employees hired prior to January 1, 2011, and an unfunded supplemental executive retirement plan (“SERP”) which provides certain employees additional pension benefits and was closed to new participants effective January 1, 2007. Benefits under both plans are based on the employee’s years of service and compensation over defined periods of employment.
Post-retirement healthcare plans — The Company also sponsors two healthcare plans, closed to new participants, that provide post-retirement medical benefits to certain employees who have met minimum age and service requirements. The plans are contributory, with retiree contributions adjusted annually, and they contain other cost-sharing features such as deductibles and coinsurance.
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)The components of net periodic benefit cost (credit) in each period were as follows (in thousands): 
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Defined benefit pension plans:
Interest cost$5,839 $5,913 
Expected return on plan assets(4,609)(4,648)
Actuarial losses (1)933 944 
Amortization of unrecognized prior service costs (1)5 6 
Net periodic benefit cost $2,168 $2,215 
Post-retirement healthcare plans:
Interest cost$219 $215 
Actuarial gains (1)(281)(286)
Net periodic benefit credit$(62)$(71)
____________________________
(1)Amounts were reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income into net earnings as a component of “Other pension and post-retirement expenses, net.”
Future cash flows — The Company’s policy is to fund our plans at or above the minimum required by law. As of the date of our last actuarial funding valuation, there was no minimum contribution funding requirement for the Qualified Plan. Details regarding 2024 contributions are as follows (in thousands):
SERPPost-Retirement
Healthcare Plans
Net year-to-date contributions$1,310 $388 
Remaining estimated net contributions during fiscal 2024$3,828 $717 
The Company continues to evaluate contributions to our Qualified Plan based on changes in pension assets as a result of asset performance in the current market and the economic environment. The Company does not anticipate making any contributions to our Qualified Plan in fiscal 2024.

12.STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY AND REPURCHASES OF COMMON STOCK
Repurchases of common stock The Company repurchased 0.3 million shares of its common stock in the first quarter of fiscal 2024 for an aggregate cost of $25.2 million, including applicable excise tax. As of January 21, 2024, there was $225.0 million remaining under share repurchase programs authorized by the Board of Directors which do not expire.
Dividends — During the first quarter of fiscal 2024, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.44 per common share totaling $8.7 million. Future dividends are subject to approval by our Board of Directors.

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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
13.WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING
The following table reconciles basic weighted-average shares outstanding to diluted weighted-average shares outstanding (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Weighted-average shares outstanding – basic19,893 20,921 
Effect of potentially dilutive securities:
Nonvested stock awards and units145 79 
Performance share awards13  
Weighted-average shares outstanding – diluted20,051 21,000 
Excluded from diluted weighted-average shares outstanding:
Antidilutive24 23 
Performance conditions not satisfied at the end of the period136 112 

14.COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal matters — The Company assesses contingencies, including litigation contingencies, to determine the degree of probability and range of possible loss for potential accrual in our financial statements. An estimated loss contingency is accrued in the financial statements if it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. As of January 21, 2024, the Company had accruals of $15.4 million for all of its legal matters in aggregate, presented within “Accrued liabilities” on our consolidated balance sheet. Because litigation is inherently unpredictable, assessing contingencies is highly subjective and requires judgments about future events. When evaluating litigation contingencies, we may be unable to provide a meaningful estimate due to a number of factors, including the procedural status of the matter in question, the availability of appellate remedies, insurance coverage related to the claim or claims in question, the presence of complex or novel legal theories, and the ongoing discovery and development of information important to the matter. In addition, damage amounts claimed in litigation against us may be unsupported, exaggerated, or unrelated to possible outcomes, and as such are not meaningful indicators of our potential liability or financial exposure. The Company regularly reviews contingencies to determine the adequacy of the accruals and related disclosures. The ultimate amount of loss may differ from these estimates. Any estimate is not an indication of expected loss, if any, or of the Company’s maximum possible loss exposure and the ultimate amount of loss may differ materially from these estimates in the near term.
Gessele v. Jack in the Box Inc. — In August 2010, five former Jack in the Box employees instituted litigation in federal court in Oregon alleging claims under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and Oregon wage and hour laws. The plaintiffs alleged that Jack in the Box failed to pay non-exempt employees for certain meal breaks and improperly made payroll deductions for shoe purchases and for workers’ compensation expenses, and later added additional claims relating to timing of final pay and related wage and hour claims involving employees of a franchisee. In 2016, the court dismissed the federal claims and those relating to franchise employees. In June 2017, the court granted class certification with respect to state law claims of improper deductions and late payment of final wages. The parties participated in a voluntary mediation on March 16, 2020, but the matter did not settle. On October 24, 2022, a jury awarded plaintiffs approximately $6.4 million in damages and penalties. The Company continues to dispute liability and the damage award and will defend against both through post-trial motions and all other available appellate remedies. As of January 21, 2024, the Company has accrued the verdict amount above, as well as estimated pre-judgment and post-judgment interest and an estimated fee award, for an additional $8.6 million. These amounts are included within “Accrued liabilities” on our condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Company will continue to accrue for post-judgment interest until the matter is resolved.
Torrez — In March 2014, a former Del Taco employee filed a purported Private Attorneys General Act claim and class action alleging various causes of action under California’s labor, wage, and hour laws. The plaintiff generally alleges Del Taco did not appropriately provide meal and rest breaks and failed to pay wages and reimburse business expenses to its California non-exempt employees. On November 12, 2021, the court granted, in part, the plaintiff's motion for class certification. The parties participated in voluntary mediation on May 24, 2022 and June 3, 2022. On June 4, 2022, we entered into a Settlement Memorandum of Understanding which obligated the Company to pay a gross settlement amount of $50.0 million, for which in exchange we will be released from all claims by the parties. On August 8, 2023, the court issued its final approval of the settlement and on August 9, 2023 final judgement was entered. The Company made its first payment of half of the settlement amount on August 28, 2023. Payment of the second half was made on November 27, 2023. As of January 21, 2024, the Company does not have any further amounts accrued on our condensed consolidated balance sheet for this matter.
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JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
J&D Restaurant Group — On April 17, 2019, the trustee for a bankrupt former franchisee filed a complaint generally alleging the Company wrongfully terminated the franchise agreements and unreasonably denied two perspective purchasers the former franchisee presented. The parties participated in a mediation in April 2021, and again in December 2022, but the matter did not settle. Trial commenced on January 9, 2023. On February 8, 2023, the jury returned a verdict finding the Company had not breached any contracts in terminating the franchise agreements or denying the proposed buyers. However, while the jury also found the Company had not violated the California Unfair Practices Act, it found for the plaintiff on the claim for breach of implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and awarded $8.0 million in damages. On May 9, 2023, the court granted the Company’s post-trial motion, overturning the jury verdict and ordering the plaintiff take nothing on its claims. As a result, the Company reversed the prior $8.0 million accrual, and as of January 21, 2024, the Company has no amounts accrued for this case on its condensed consolidated balance sheet. The Plaintiff has appealed the trial court’s post-trial rulings.
Other legal matters — In addition to the matters described above, we are subject to normal and routine litigation brought by former or current employees, customers, franchisees, vendors, landlords, shareholders, or others. We intend to defend ourselves in any such matters. Some of these matters may be covered, at least in part, by insurance or other third-party indemnity obligation. We record receivables from third party insurers when recovery has been determined to be probable.
Lease guarantees — We remain contingently liable for certain leases relating to our former Qdoba business which we sold in fiscal 2018. Under the Qdoba Purchase Agreement, the buyer has indemnified the Company of all claims related to these guarantees. As of January 21, 2024, the maximum potential liability of future undiscounted payments under these leases is approximately $21.8 million. The lease terms extend for a maximum of approximately 14 more years and we would remain a guarantor of the leases in the event the leases are extended for any established renewal periods. In the event of default, we believe the exposure is limited due to contractual protections and recourse available in the lease agreements, as well as the Qdoba Purchase Agreement, including a requirement of the landlord to mitigate damages by re-letting the properties in default, and indemnity from the Buyer. The Company has not recorded a liability for these guarantees as we believe the likelihood of making any future payments is remote.

15.SUPPLEMENTAL CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW INFORMATION (in thousands)
Sixteen Weeks Ended
 January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Non-cash investing and financing transactions:
Decrease in obligations for purchases of property and equipment$6,053 $4,147 
Increase in dividends accrued or converted to common stock equivalents$74 $68 
Right-of use assets obtained in exchange for operating lease obligations$70,583 $54,246 

17

JACK IN THE BOX INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
16.SUPPLEMENTAL CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION (in thousands)
January 21,
2024
October 1,
2023
Accounts and other receivables, net:
Trade$56,099 $93,660 
Notes receivable, current portion2,262 2,262 
Income tax receivable755 949 
Other8,302 6,953 
Allowance for doubtful accounts(4,167)(4,146)
$63,251 $99,678 
Property and equipment, net
Land$94,151 $92,007 
Buildings971,656 968,221 
Restaurant and other equipment162,496 166,714 
Construction in progress33,020 31,647 
1,261,323 1,258,589 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization(845,375)(846,559)
$415,948 $412,030 
Other assets, net:
Company-owned life insurance policies$119,366 $113,205 
Deferred rent receivable41,538 41,947 
Franchise tenant improvement allowance44,381 43,590 
Notes receivable, less current portion11,406 11,927 
Other30,357 30,038 
$247,048 $240,707 
Accrued liabilities:
Legal accruals$15,350 $40,877 
Income tax liabilities796 58,155 
Payroll and related taxes32,962 49,521 
Insurance30,854 31,349 
Sales and property taxes25,936 30,508 
Deferred rent income5,500 19,397 
Advertising5,160 15,597 
Deferred franchise and development fees5,998 5,952 
Other45,232 50,822 
$167,788 $302,178 
Other long-term liabilities:
Defined benefit pension plans$48,045 $48,375 
Deferred franchise and development fees44,082 44,522 
Other51,745 50,226 
$143,872 $143,123 

17.SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Refranchising — Subsequent to the end of the first quarter of 2024, the Company signed an agreement to refranchise 13 restaurants in Atlanta.
Dividends — On February 16, 2024, the Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.44 per common share, to be paid on March 27, 2024, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on March 15, 2024.
18


ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
GENERAL
The Company’s fiscal year is 52 or 53 weeks ending the Sunday closest to September 30. In fiscal 2023, Del Taco operated on a fiscal year ending the Tuesday closest to September 30. Beginning fiscal 2024, Del Taco’s fiscal year shifted to align with Jack in the Box. As a result, Del Taco’s fiscal 2024 results include two fewer days. Fiscal years 2024 and 2023 include 52 weeks. Our first quarter includes 16 weeks and all other quarters include 12 weeks. All comparisons between 2024 and 2023 refer to the 16 weeks (“quarter”) and 16 weeks (“year-to-date”) ended January 21, 2024 and January 22, 2023, respectively, unless otherwise indicated.
For an understanding of the significant factors that influenced our performance during 2024 and 2023, our Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report and our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 1, 2023.
Our MD&A consists of the following sections:
Overview — a general description of our business.
Results of operations — an analysis of our condensed consolidated statements of earnings for the periods presented in our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Liquidity and capital resources — an analysis of our cash flows, including capital expenditures, share repurchase activity, dividends, and known trends that may impact liquidity.
Discussion of critical accounting estimates — a discussion of accounting policies that require critical judgments and estimates.
New accounting pronouncements — a discussion of new accounting pronouncements, dates of implementation and the impact on our consolidated financial position or results of operations, if any.
Cautionary statements regarding forward-looking statements — a discussion of the risks and uncertainties that may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements made by management.
We have included in our MD&A certain performance metrics that management uses to assess company performance and which we believe will be useful in analyzing and understanding our results of operations. These metrics include:
Changes in sales at restaurants open more than one year (“same-store sales”), systemwide sales, franchised restaurant sales, and average unit volumes (“AUVs”). Same-store sales, restaurant sales, and AUVs are presented for franchised restaurants and on a system-wide basis, which includes company and franchise restaurants. Franchise sales represent sales at franchise restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. We do not record franchise sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues, marketing fees and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchise sales. We believe franchise and system same-store sales, franchised and system restaurant sales, and AUV information are useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the Company’s profitability.
Same-store sales, systemwide sales, franchised restaurant sales, and AUVs are not measurements determined in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered in isolation, or as an alternative to earnings from operations, or other similarly titled measures of other companies.
OVERVIEW
Our Business
Founded in 1951, Jack in the Box Inc. (the “Company”) operates and franchises Jack in the Box® and Del Taco® quick-service restaurants. As of January 21, 2024, we operated and franchised 2,192 Jack in the Box quick-service restaurants, primarily in the western and southern United States, including two in Guam, and 592 Del Taco quick-service restaurants across 16 states.
We derive revenue from retail sales at company-operated restaurants and rental revenue, royalties (based upon a percent of sales), franchise fees and contributions for advertising and other services from franchisees.
19


RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following tables summarize changes in same-store sales for Jack in the Box and Del Taco company-operated, franchised, and system restaurants:
Sixteen Weeks Ended
Jack in the Box:January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Company2.0 %12.6 %
Franchise0.7 %7.4 %
System0.8 %7.8 %
Sixteen Weeks Ended
Del Taco:January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Company1.8 %3.1 %
Franchise2.4 %2.8 %
System2.2 %3.0 %

The following tables summarize year-to-date changes in the number and mix of company and franchise restaurants for our two brands:
20242023
Jack in the Box:CompanyFranchiseTotalCompanyFranchiseTotal
Beginning of year142 2,044 2,186 146 2,035 2,181 
New— 
Refranchised— — — (5)— 
Closed— (1)(1)(1)— (1)
End of period144 2,048 2,192 140 2,046 2,186 
% of system%93 %100 %%94 %100 %
20242023
Del Taco:CompanyFranchiseTotalCompanyFranchiseTotal
Beginning of year171 421 592 290 301 591 
New— — 
Acquired from franchisees(9)— — — — 
Refranchised— — — (16)16 — 
Closed(1)(2)(3)(1)— (1)
End of period179 413 592 273 319 592 
% of system30 %70 %100 %46 %54 %100 %

20


The following tables summarize restaurant sales for company-operated, franchised, and systemwide sales for our two brands (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
Jack in the Box:January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Company-operated restaurant sales$132,057 $126,142 
Franchised restaurant sales (1) 1,226,750 1,208,983 
Systemwide sales (1) $1,358,807 $1,335,125 

Sixteen Weeks Ended
Del Taco:January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Company-operated restaurant sales$91,983 $144,049 
Franchised restaurant sales (1) 198,476 146,098 
Systemwide sales (1)$290,459 $290,147 
____________________________
(1)Franchised restaurant sales represent sales at franchised restaurants and are revenues of our franchisees. System sales include company and franchised restaurant sales. We do not record franchised sales as revenues; however, our royalty revenues, marketing fees and percentage rent revenues are calculated based on a percentage of franchised sales. We believe franchised and system restaurant sales information is useful to investors as they have a direct effect on the Company's profitability.

Jack in the Box Brand
Company Restaurant Operations
The following table presents company restaurant sales and costs as a percentage of the related sales (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21, 2024January 22, 2023
Company restaurant sales$132,057 $126,142 
Company restaurant costs:
Food and packaging$39,261 29.7 %$41,326 32.8 %
Payroll and employee benefits$40,689 30.8 %$39,438 31.3 %
Occupancy and other$21,659 16.4 %$20,377 16.2 %
Company restaurant sales increased $5.9 million, or 4.7%, compared to the prior year, primarily due to an increase average check as well as an increase in the average number of company-operated restaurants, partially offset by a decline traffic. The following table presents the approximate impact of these items on company restaurant sales (in millions):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
AUV increase$3.8 
Increase in the average number of restaurants2.1 
Total change in company restaurant sales$5.9 
Same-store sales at company-operated restaurants increased 2.0% compared to a year ago. The following table summarizes the change versus a year ago:
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
Average check (1)3.7 %
Transactions(1.7)%
Change in same-store sales2.0 %
____________________________
(1)Includes price increases of approximately 7.1% in the quarter.
21


Food and packaging costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased 3.1% compared to the prior year primarily due to commodity deflation and menu price increases, partially offset by unfavorable menu item mix.
Commodity costs deflation was 2.9% in the first quarter of 2024 with the greatest impact in produce, beef and oil.
Payroll and employee benefit costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased 0.5% compared to the prior year primarily due to sales leverage, partially offset by wage inflation and higher group insurance costs. Labor inflation in the quarter was approximately 2.8%.
Occupancy and other costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, increased 0.2% compared to the prior year primarily due to higher other operating costs including security, credit card fees, rent and delivery fees, partially offset by sales leverage in the current year.
Jack in the Box Franchise Operations
The following table presents franchise revenues and costs in each period and other information we believe is useful in analyzing the change in franchise operating results (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Franchise rental revenues$105,578$106,096
Royalties61,323 67,569
Franchise fees and other2,0201,797
Franchise royalties and other63,34369,366
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services67,36265,313
Total franchise revenues$236,283$240,775
Franchise occupancy expenses $65,188$64,555
Franchise support and other costs3,7471,416
Franchise advertising and other services expenses69,89367,958
Total franchise costs$138,828$133,929
Franchise costs as a percentage of total franchise revenues58.8%55.6%
Average number of franchise restaurants2,0372,033
% increase0.2%
Franchised restaurant sales$1,226,750$1,208,983
Franchised restaurant AUVs$602$595
Royalties as a percentage of total franchised restaurant sales (1)5.0%5.6%
____________________________
(1)Excluding the impact of the $7.3 million termination fee in the first quarter of 2023 royalties as a percentage of total franchised restaurant sales would be 5.0%.
Franchise rental revenues decreased $0.5 million, or 0.5%, compared to the prior year primarily due to lower property tax revenue of $0.3 million and higher tenant improvement amortization of $0.3 million.
Franchise royalties and other decreased $6.0 million, or 8.7%, compared to the prior year primarily due to a $7.3 million termination fee paid by a franchise operator who sold his restaurants to a new franchisee in the prior year, partially offset by an increase in franchise early termination fees in the current year. Refer to Note 2, Revenue, in the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information related to the $7.3 million termination fee.
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services revenues increased $2.0 million, or 3.1%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher marketing contribution driven by higher franchise restaurant sales, as well as an increase in technology support revenue and digital fee revenue in the current year.
Franchise occupancy expenses, primarily rent, increased $0.6 million, or 1.0%, compared to the prior year primarily due to an increase in operating lease costs in the current year.
22


Franchise support and other costs increased $2.3 million compared to the prior year primarily due to the rollover of a bad debt reversal in the prior year and higher costs for brand standard audits in the current year.
Franchise advertising and other service expenses increased $1.9 million, or 2.8%, compared to the prior year primarily driven by higher franchise sales driving higher marketing, as well as higher digital processing fees in the current year.

Del Taco Brand
Company Restaurant Operations
The following table presents company restaurant sales and costs as a percentage of the related sales (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21, 2024January 22, 2023
Company restaurant sales$91,983 $144,049 
Company restaurant costs:
Food and packaging$24,872 27.0 %$40,608 28.2 %
Payroll and employee benefits$32,366 35.2 %$49,203 34.2 %
Occupancy and other$20,394 22.2 %$30,993 21.5 %
Company restaurant sales decreased $52.1 million, or 36.1%, compared to the prior year, primarily due to the refranchising of 95 company operated restaurants since the first quarter of 2023. The following table presents the approximate impact of certain items on company restaurant sales (in millions):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
AUV increase$0.2 
Change in the average number of restaurants(52.3)
Total change in company restaurant sales$(52.1)
Same-store sales at company-operated restaurants increased 1.8% compared to a year ago. The following table summarizes the change versus a year ago:
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
Average check (1)3.6 %
Transactions(1.8)%
Change in same-store sales1.8 %
________________________
(1)Includes price increases of approximately 6.3% compared to the prior year.
Food and packaging costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales decreased 1.2% compared to the prior year primarily due to menu price increases and commodity deflation.
Commodity costs deflation was 0.5% in the first quarter of 2024 with the greatest impact in produce, poultry, pork and cheese.
Payroll and employee benefit costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales increased 1.0% compared to the prior year primarily due to labor inflation, which was 3.2% in the first quarter of 2024.
Occupancy and other costs as a percentage of company restaurant sales increased 0.7% compared to the prior year primarily due to utility inflation and impact from a change in the mix of restaurants.
23


Del Taco Franchise Operations
The following table presents franchise revenues and costs in each period and other information we believe is useful in analyzing the change in franchise operating results (dollars in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Franchise rental revenues$7,618$2,734
Royalties9,4546,934
Franchise fees and other53390
Franchise royalties and other9,9877,024
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services9,5696,371
Total franchise revenues$27,174$16,129
Franchise occupancy expenses $7,436$2,668
Franchise support and other costs1,446462
Franchise advertising and other services expenses10,3416,612
Total franchise costs$19,223$9,742
Franchise costs as a percentage of total franchise revenues70.7%60.4%
Average number of franchise restaurants417310
% increase34.5%
Franchised restaurant sales$198,476$146,098
Franchised restaurant AUVs$476$471
Royalties as a percentage of total franchised restaurant sales4.8%4.7%
Franchise rental revenues increased $4.9 million, or 178.6%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher rental income resulting from new subleases related to the 95 restaurants refranchised since the first quarter of 2023.
Franchise royalties and other increased $3.0 million, or 42.2%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher franchise restaurant sales resulting from the 95 restaurants refranchised refranchised since the first quarter of 2023.
Franchise contributions for advertising and other services revenues increased $3.2 million, or 50.2%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher marketing contributions related to higher franchise restaurant sales resulting from the 95 restaurants refranchised since the first quarter of 2023.
Franchise occupancy expenses, primarily rent, increased $4.8 million, or 178.7%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher rent related to franchise subleases for the 95 restaurants refranchised since the first quarter of 2023.
Franchise support and other costs increased $1.0 million, or 213.0%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher franchise development support costs.
Franchise advertising and other service expenses increased $3.7 million, or 56.4%, compared to the prior year primarily due to higher franchise restaurant sales resulting from the 95 restaurants refranchised since the first quarter of 2023.

Company-Wide Results
Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization decreased $0.9 million compared to the prior year primarily due to the refranchising of Del Taco restaurants in the prior year resulting in a decrease in depreciation of $1.2 million, partially offset by an increase in depreciation driven by an increase in technology assets in the current year.
24


Selling, General and Administrative (“SG&A”) Expenses
The following table presents the amounts for SG&A expenses in each period (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Advertising$10,393 $12,153 
Share-based compensation4,820 3,534 
Cash surrender value of COLI policies, net(4,834)(5,724)
Litigation matters196 6,070 
Other35,790 34,109 
$46,365 $50,142 
Advertising costs represent company contributions to our marketing funds and are generally determined as a percentage of company-operated restaurant sales. Advertising costs decreased $1.8 million compared to the prior year primarily due to a decrease in company-operated restaurant sales in the current year due to refranchising.
Share-based compensation increased $1.3 million compared to the prior year primarily due higher achievement levels for performance-based equity awards.
The cash surrender value of our company-owned life insurance (“COLI”) policies, net of changes in our non-qualified deferred compensation obligation supported by these policies, are subject to market fluctuations. The changes in market values had a slightly less favorable impact of $0.9 million versus the prior year.
Litigation matters decreased $5.9 million versus the prior year primarily due to the timing of litigation developments in the prior year. Refer to Note 14, Commitments and Contingencies, in the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information related to the legal matters.
Other Operating Expenses (Income), Net
Other operating expenses (income), net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
Sixteen Weeks Ended
January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Acquisition, integration, and strategic initiatives$5,621 $1,651 
Costs of closed restaurants and other858 2,589 
Accelerated depreciation37 268 
Gains on acquisition of restaurants(2,357)— 
Losses (gains) on disposition of property and equipment, net1,011 (10,009)
$5,170 $(5,501)
Other operating expenses (income), net increased $10.7 million compared to the prior year primarily due to the $9.5 million of gains recognized in the prior year from the sale of Jack in the Box restaurant properties to franchisees who were leasing the properties from us prior to the sale, partially offset by $3.7 million of additional consulting fees for strategic initiatives in the current year, as well as the $2.4 million purchase gains related to the acquisition of 9 Del Taco restaurants in the current year.
Gains and Losses on the Sale of Company-Operated Restaurants
For the quarter-to-date period 2024, the net loss on the sale of company-operated restaurants of $0.3 million relates to a $2.2 million impairment of assets held for sale related to a Del Taco refranchising transaction that is expected to close in the second quarter of 2024, partially offset by additional proceeds received in connection with the extension of franchise agreements from the sale of restaurants in prior years.
For the first quarter of 2023, the Company sold five Jack in the Box company-operated restaurants and 16 Del Taco company-operated restaurants to franchisees, for which the Company recognized a net gain on the sale of company-operated restaurants of $3.8 million.
Refer to Note 3, Summary of Refranchisings and Assets Held for Sale, of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding these transactions.
25


Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net is comprised of the following (in thousands):
 Sixteen Weeks Ended
 January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Interest expense$25,363 $26,537 
Interest income(877)(389)
Interest expense, net$24,486 $26,148 
Interest expense, net, decreased $1.7 million primarily due to lower average borrowings resulting in a decrease of $1.2 million in interest expense compared to the prior year. Additionally, there was an increase in interest income of $0.5 million in the current year due to higher investment balances compared to fiscal year 2023.
Income Tax Expense
The income tax provisions reflect a year-to-date effective tax rate of 26.9% in 2024, as compared to 26.7% in fiscal year 2023. The major component of the year-over-year increase in tax rates was an increase in the impact of non-deductible officers’ compensation.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
General
Our primary sources of short-term and long-term liquidity and capital resources are cash flows from operations and borrowings available under our credit facilities. Our cash requirements consist principally of working capital, general corporate needs, capital expenditures, income tax payments, debt service requirements, franchise tenant improvement allowance and incentive distributions, dividend payments, and obligations related to our benefit plans. We generally use available cash flows from operations to invest in our business, service our debt obligations, pay dividends and repurchase shares of our common stock.
As of January 21, 2024, the Company had $82.5 million of cash and restricted cash on its consolidated balance sheet and available borrowings of $175.5 million under our $150.0 million Variable Funding Notes and our $75.0 million revolving credit facility. The Company continually assesses the optimal sources and uses of cash for our business. We review our balance sheet for any undervalued assets and pursue opportunities for capital sources, including the sale of our owned Jack in the Box properties and refranchising, primarily for Del Taco in the near term.
Based upon current levels of operations and anticipated growth, we expect that cash flows from operations, combined with our securitized financing facility and revolving credit facility, will be sufficient to meet our capital expenditure, working capital and debt service requirements for at least the next twelve months and the foreseeable future.
Cash Flows
The table below summarizes our cash flows from continuing operations (in thousands):
 Sixteen Weeks Ended
 January 21,
2024
January 22,
2023
Total cash provided by (used in):
Operating activities$(22,675)$62,472 
Investing activities(36,574)15,684 
Financing activities(44,124)(32,578)
Net cash flows$(103,373)$45,578